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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of cohort studies.
Match Strength: 7.226
The consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with a reduced rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) in observational cohorts. The purpose of this study was to assess the strength of this association in a meta-analysis. Cohort studies were selected if they reported relative risks (RRs) and 95% CI for coronary heart disease or mortality and if they presented a quantitative assessment of fruit and vegetable intake. The pooled RRs were calculated for each additional portion of fruit and/or vegetables consumed per day, and the linearity of the associations were examined. Nine studies were ... Read More »
» Published in J Nutr. 2006 Oct;136(10):2588-93.
2. Correlates of vegetable consumption among young men in the Norwegian National Guard.
Match Strength: 7.225
The aim of this study was to investigate socio-environmental, personal and behavioural factors associated with vegetable consumption among young men in the military. Respondents included 578 male recruits (mean age 19.7) in the Norwegian National Guard (response rate 78%). Data were collected with a food diary (4-day record) and an attitudinal questionnaire. A model including items on personal factors (attitudes, preferences, self-efficacy, knowledge and perceived availability), socio-environmental factors (social influence, socio-economic status, eating habits at home) and behavioural factors ... Read More »
» Published in Appetite. 2007 Jan;48(1):46-53. Epub 2006 Sep 12.
3. Immunity and antioxidant capacity in humans is enhanced by consumption of a dried, encapsulated fruit and vegetable juice concentrate.
Match Strength: 4.160
The daily consumption of fruits and vegetables is a common dietary recommendation to support good health. We hypothesized that a commercially available encapsulated fruit and vegetable juice powder concentrate (FVJC) could support functional indices of health due to increased intake of various phytonutrients. This was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled investigation of 59 healthy law students who consumed either FVJC or placebo capsules for 77 d. Blood was collected on d 1, 35, and 77 to examine the number of circulating alphabeta- and gammadelta-T cells, cytokine production, ... Read More »
» Published in J Nutr. 2006 Oct;136(10):2606-10.
4. PCR identification of ruminant tissue in raw and heat-treated meat meals.
Match Strength: 2.939
To control the spread of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle through contaminated animal feedstuffs, screening of feed products is essential. We designed five pairs of primers to identify specifically raw and heat-treated tissue from cattle, sheep, goat, deer, and ruminants in general. A forward common primer was designed based on a conserved DNA sequence in the mitochondrial 12S rRNA-tRNA(val)-16S rRNA gene, and reverse primers were designed to hybridize with a species-specific DNA sequence for each species considered. All primers were developed to create a specific PCR product small ... Read More »
» Published in J Food Prot. 2006 Sep;69(9):2241-7.
5. Gel electrophoresis of polyphenol oxidase with instant identification by in situ blotting.
Match Strength: 2.788
Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) or tyrosinase is an important and ubiquitous enzyme responsible for browning in plants and melanization in animals. The molecular size of the plant PPO is varied among the species and its activity can be enhanced by a variety of anionic detergents. In the present study, we developed a simple method for the first-step identification of PPO in fruit and vegetable extracts. First, 3mm chromatographic paper was immersed in 0.5% (w/v) catechol solution as an immobilized PPO substrate. After running the extract with 10% sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel ... Read More »
» Published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2006 Sep 12; [Epub ahead of print]
6. Dietary fatty acids early in life affect lipid metabolism and adiposity in young rats.
Match Strength: 2.746
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of four isoenergetic diets of differing fat composition on blood lipid profile and adiposity in young rats. Diets containing different lipid sources--partially hydrogenated vegetable oil (PHVO), palm oil (PO), canola oil (CO), and soy oil (SO)--were fed to lactating rats during the 21 days of lactation, and then fed to young males following weaning until the 45th day of life. In vivo lipogenesis rate (LR), lipid content (LC), relative level of FA, and the activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) enzyme were measured in epididymal adipose tissue ... Read More »
» Published in Lipids. 2006 Jun;41(6):535-41.
7. Dietary fiber intake, dietary glycemic load, and the risk for gestational diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 2.700
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether pregravid dietary fiber consumptions from cereal, fruit, and vegetable sources and dietary glycemic load were related to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a prospective cohort study among 13,110 eligible women in the Nurses' Health Study II. GDM was self-reported and validated by medical record review in a subsample. RESULTS: We documented 758 incident GDM cases during 8 years of follow-up. After adjustment for age, parity, prepregnancy BMI, and other covariates, dietary total fiber and cereal and fruit ... Read More »
» Published in Diabetes Care. 2006 Oct;29(10):2223-30.
8. Genetic polymorphisms in anti-inflammatory cytokine signaling and the prevalence of gastric precancerous lesions in Venezuela.
Match Strength: 2.615
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effects of genetic polymorphisms in anti-inflammatory mediators, i.e., IL10, IL4 and IL4R on the prevalence of gastric precancerous lesions and their interactions with other environmental factors. METHODS: The study population consisted of 2,033 Venezuelan subjects known to have extremely high Helicobacter Pylori (HP) infection rates. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) associated with these polymorphisms were estimated by multinominal logistic regression models for gastric precursor lesions. RESULTS: We found a 60% increase ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer Causes Control. 2006 Nov;17(9):1183-91.
9. Characterization and semiquantitative analysis of volatiles in seedless watermelon varieties using solid-phase microextraction.
Match Strength: 2.603
Seedless triploid watermelons have increased in popularity since the early 1990s, and the demand for seedless fruit is on the rise. Sweetness and sugars are crucial breeding focuses for fruit quality. Volatiles also play an important role; yet, we found no literature for seedless varieties and no reports using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) in watermelon. The objective of this experiment was to identify volatile and semivolatile compounds in five seedless watermelon varieties using carboxen divinylbenzene polydimethylsiloxane solid-phase microextraction (SPME) with gas chromatography-mass ... Read More »
» Published in J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Oct 4;54(20):7789-93. Erratum in: J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Nov 1;54(22):8654.
10. NAT2, meat consumption and colorectal cancer incidence: an ecological study among 27 countries.
Match Strength: 2.476
The polymorphic gene NAT2 is a major determinant of N-acetyltransferase activity and, thus, may be responsible for differences in one's ability to bioactivate heterocyclic amines, a class of procarcinogens in cooked meat. An unusually marked geographic variation in enzyme activity has been described for NAT2. The present study re-examines the international direct correlation reported for meat intake and colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence, and evaluates the potential modifying effects of NAT2 phenotype and other lifestyle factors on this correlation. Country-specific CRC incidence data, per ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer Causes Control. 2006 Nov;17(9):1175-82.
11. Combined effects of maternal smoking status and dietary intake related to weight gain and birth size parameters.
Match Strength: 2.441
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interaction of smoking status and dietary intake during pregnancy and its relationship to maternal weight gain and birth size parameters. DESIGN: An observational prospective study. SETTING: Free-living conditions. POPULATION: Four hundred and eight healthy pregnant Icelandic women. METHODS: Maternal smoking status, lifestyle factors and dietary habits were evaluated with questionnaires. Intake of foods and supplements was also estimated with a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire for the previous 3 months. All questionnaires were filled out between 11 ... Read More »
» Published in BJOG. 2006 Nov;113(11):1296-302. Epub 2006 Sep 27.
12. Health behaviors in breast cancer survivors experiencing bone loss.
Match Strength: 2.097
PURPOSE: To describe the baseline healthy lifestyle behaviors (dietary, calcium, vitamin D, caffeine and alcohol intake, smoking history, and physical activity) of postmenopausal breast cancer survivors (BCS); and to identify any relationship of healthy lifestyle behaviors with bone mineral density (BMD) at the forearm, total hip and spine, L1-L4. DATA SOURCES: Self-reported responses to a demographic and health status questionnaire, to a 3-day Diet Record, and to the 7-Day Physical Activity Questionnaire-Adapted provided data for the lifestyle behaviors. Baseline BMD (g/cm(2)) was determined ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2006 Oct;18(10):471-81.
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