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1. Declining Public Health Burden of Digoxin Toxicity From 1991 to 2004.
Match Strength: 11.147

We hypothesized that digoxin toxicity has declined in recent years, and that the decline is accompanied by reductions in overall utilization and dose. To analyze trends in digoxin toxicity and utilization from 1991 to 2004, we used surveys from the National Center for Health Statistics and Medicaid data in the United States and The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database in the United Kingdom. There was a significant decline in digoxin toxicity hospitalizations in the United States and a decline in ambulatory digoxin toxicity in the United Kingdom. The study demonstrated a reduction in the ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Dec 19

2. The Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree as entry level for practice: recapturing the vision in the United States.
Match Strength: 10.970

The requirement for the baccalaureate degree for entry into nursing practice is spreading throughout many countries of the world. In the United States, a similar movement has lain dormant for 4 decades. Here, the nursing education settings of the United States and Australia are compared and contrasted, describing how the systems, which were once similar, went in different directions as the United States began to rely heavily on 2-year associate's degree programs. This article advances the importance of developing a vision for the future of nursing in the United States, in which the Bachelor of ... Read More »
» Published in Health Care Manag (Frederick). 2006 Jul-Sep;25(3):263-6.

3. Do Canada and the United States differ in prevalence of depression and utilization of services?
Match Strength: 10.920

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the prevalence of depression and the determinants of mental health service use in Canada and the United States. METHODS: The study used data from preliminary analyses of the 2003 Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health, which measured Canadian (N=3,505) and United States (N=5,183) resident ratings of health and health care services. Cross-national comparisons were made for the 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV major depression, 12-month service use for mental health reasons according to the type of professional seen, and determinants of service use. RESULTS: The ... Read More »
» Published in Psychiatr Serv. 2007 Jan;58(1):63-71.

4. Do Canada and the United States differ in prevalence of depression and utilization of services?
Match Strength: 10.920

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the prevalence of depression and the determinants of mental health service use in Canada and the United States. METHODS: The study used data from preliminary analyses of the 2003 Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health, which measured Canadian (N=3,505) and United States (N=5,183) resident ratings of health and health care services. Cross-national comparisons were made for the 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV major depression, 12-month service use for mental health reasons according to the type of professional seen, and determinants of service use. RESULTS: The ... Read More »
» Published in Psychiatr Serv. 2007 Jan;58(1):63-71.

5. Measles--United States, 2005.
Match Strength: 10.777

Measles is a highly infectious, acute viral illness that can be complicated by severe pneumonia, diarrhea, and encephalitis and can result in death. In the prevaccine era, approximately 500,000 cases of measles occurred annually in the United States. During 2005, local and state health departments reported to CDC 66 confirmed cases of measles (incidence rate: less than one case per 1 million population), 34 of which were from a single outbreak in Indiana associated with infection in a traveler returning to the United States. This report describes the epidemiology of U.S. measles cases in 2005 ... Read More »
» Published in MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006 Dec 22;55(50):1348-51.

6. Contributions of American mental philosophers to psychology in the United States.
Match Strength: 10.689

Professors of mental philosophy who taught and wrote textbooks in colleges and universities in the United States before the Civil War contributed significantly to the development of the new psychology that replaced mental philosophy in the last quarter of the 19th century. Their contributions have been neglected in textbooks on the history of psychology, even those devoted to the history of psychology in the United States. These mental philosophers eased the transition to, and influenced the nature of, the new psychology in the United States by establishing a place in the curriculum for mental ... Read More »
» Published in Hist Psychol. 2000 Feb;3(1):3-19.

7. Incidence of traumatic brain injury in the United States, 2003.
Match Strength: 10.512

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health problem in the United States. In 2003, there were an estimated 1,565,000 TBIs in the United States: 1,224,000 emergency department visits, 290,000 hospitalizations, and 51,000 deaths. Findings were similar to those from previous years in which rates of TBI were highest for young children (aged 0-4) and men, and the leading causes of TBI were falls and motor vehicle traffic ... Read More »
» Published in J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2006 Nov-Dec;21(6):544-8.

8. Health Behavior Changes in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France
Match Strength: 10.477

OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in health behaviors in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France over the previous two years. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of nationally representative samples. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Surveys conducted between June and November 1988 on persons aged 16 to 50 years in the United States (n = 1,940), the United Kingdom (n = 1,833), and France (n = 2,294) regarding health behaviors, attitudes toward health, and changes in health practices during the previous two years. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Using Bonferroni's adjustment for multiple comparisons, ... Read More »
» Published in J Gen Intern Med. 1992 Nov-Dec;7(6):615-22.

9. Radical external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer in Japan: differences in the patterns of care among Japan, Germany, and the United States.
Match Strength: 10.401

Optimal management of radiotherapy for prostate cancer patients has become a major concern for physicians in Japan. We reviewed published reports identifying the differences in the patterns of care for prostate cancer patients treated with radical external beam radiotherapy in Japan, Germany, and the United States. The reports indicate that Japanese patients have more advanced primary disease than patients in Germany or the United States. These patient characteristics for Japan and the United States have been almost unchanged for several years. Regarding radiotherapy, conformal radiotherapy ... Read More »
» Published in Radiat Med. 2008 Feb;26(2):57-62. Epub 2008 Feb 27.

10. Presidential stroke: United States presidents and cerebrovascular disease.
Match Strength: 10.384

In the United States, more individuals suffer disability from stroke than from any other disease, and as many as 11 of the 43 presidents have been affected. In this article, the authors review the cases of the United States presidents who have had strokes, some of which have occurred while the president was in office, having a direct effect on the country. Publication Types: Historical Article, ... Read More »
» Published in CNS Spectr. 2006 Sep;11(9):674-8; quiz 719.

11. Demography of aging in China and the United States and the economic well-being of their older populations.
Match Strength: 10.355

Today China has the world's largest older population, defined as aged 65 and over. The size of the older population in the United States is also large, ranking third in the world in 2000. The combined older populations of China and the United States represented 29 percent of the world's population 65 and older in 2000. The large older populations in these two countries are projected to more than double in size over the next three decades. Although currently China is younger than the United States and many other countries, its aging process will accelerate in the next few decades, with a speed ... Read More »
» Published in J Cross Cult Gerontol. 2005 Sep;20(3):243-55.

12. Prospects for vaccine prevention of meningococcal infection.
Match Strength: 10.330

Neisseria meningitidis is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in the United States and worldwide. A serogroup A/C/W-135/Y polysaccharide meningococcal vaccine has been licensed in the United States since 1981 but has not been used universally outside of the military. On 14 January 2005, a polysaccharide conjugate vaccine that covers meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y was licensed in the United States for 11- to 55-year-olds and is now recommended for the routine immunization of adolescents and other high-risk groups. This review covers the changing epidemiology of meningococcal ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Microbiol Rev. 2006 Jan;19(1):142-64.

13. Pretransplant management of the cirrhotic patient.
Match Strength: 10.282

Cirrhosis is the twelfth commonest cause of death in the United States, with more than 27,000 deaths and more than 421,000 hospitalizations annually. Currently, there are more than 17,000 patients awaiting liver transplantation in the United States across the 11 United Network for Organ Sharing regions. Approximately 10% of such patients will die awaiting transplantation ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Liver Dis. 2007 May;11(2):431-49.

14. Overview of issues pertaining to the manufacture, distribution, and use of antimicrobials in animals and other information relevant to animal antimicrobial use data collection in the United States.
Match Strength: 10.271

This paper provides condensed literature review and contextual information concerning antimicrobial use in animals and antimicrobial use data collection techniques. Information is summarized into the following topics: (I) antimicrobial use for animal growth promotion; (II) regulatory framework for approval of veterinary antimicrobials and feed additives in the United States; (III) animal health product manufacturing and distribution networks; (IV) existing estimates of animal antimicrobial use in the United States; (V) additional sources for animal use data in the United States; (VI) ... Read More »
» Published in Prev Vet Med. 2006 Feb 24;73(2-3):111-31. Epub 2005 Nov 17.

15. The United States physician workforce and international medical graduates: trends and characteristics.
Match Strength: 10.212

BACKGROUND: International medical graduates (IMGs) have been a valuable resource for the United States physician workforce, and their contribution to the United States workforce is likely to increase. OBJECTIVE: To describe the historical trends and compare the characteristics of IMGs to United States medical graduates (USMGs) in the United States. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of the American Medical Association Physicians' Professional Data (AMA-PPD) database using the 1978-2004 files and a comparative analysis of the characteristics of a random sample of 1,000 IMGs and a random sample of 1 ... Read More »
» Published in J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Feb;22(2):264-8.

16. Dietary assimilation and health among hispanic immigrants to the United States.
Match Strength: 10.199

Three important findings emerge from this study using New Immigrant Survey data to examine dietary change and health among Hispanic immigrants. First, individuals who have been in the United States longer report a greater degree of dietary change. Second, after controlling for behavioral characteristics and preexisting diet-related conditions (diagnoses of high blood pressure and diabetes prior to coming to the United States), more dramatic levels of change in diet are associated with higher measures of body mass index. Based on respondents' comparisons of their current health to their health ... Read More »
» Published in J Health Soc Behav. 2007 Dec;48(4):404-17.

17. Prices and availability of biopharmaceuticals: an international comparison.
Match Strength: 10.193

This paper presents new evidence on availability, use, and prices of biopharmaceuticals in five major European Union (EU) markets, Canada, Australia, Japan, and Mexico, relative to the United States. Our data set from IMS Health includes all product sales in 2005. Per capita spending on biopharmaceuticals was at least twice as high in the United States as in the other countries. This difference reflects primarily greater availability and use of new, relatively high-price molecules and formulations. Prices for identical formulations are not higher on average in the United States. The broader ... Read More »
» Published in Health Aff (Millwood). 2006 Sep-Oct;25(5):1353-62.

18. The scope and impact of treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in the United States and Canada.
Match Strength: 10.183

RATIONALE: The scope of treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in the United States and Canada is unknown. Identifying the types of clinics that administer such treatment and patients who receive it could guide resource utilization and improve treatment initiation and completion. OBJECTIVES: Estimate the number of persons started on LTBI treatment; describe the types of clinics that treat LTBI. METHODS: The Tuberculosis Epidemiologic Studies Consortium, consisting of 19 United States and 2 Canadian sites, conducted a survey among clinics that initiated LTBI treatment for>or=10 ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Apr 15;173(8):927-31. Epub 2006 Jan 19. Comment in: Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Aug 15;174(4):480; author reply 481.

19. Stem cell policies in the United States and in Germany.
Match Strength: 10.181

The article compares policymaking in the field of human embryonic stem cell research in the United States and Germany. Although experimental research with human stem cells is controversial in both countries, restrictions on research are much more strict in Germany than in the United States. In order to explain the contrast between the United States and Germany in dealing with human embryonic stem cell research and to predict possible future developments, we need to look carefully at a number of important differences in the interpretations and discourses of embryonic stem cell research and ... Read More »
» Published in Policy Stud J. 2002;30(4):444-69.

20. Allergic rhinitis in Korean immigrants to the United States.
Match Strength: 10.062

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis among Korean immigrants to the United States is unknown. However, after arrival in the United States, many develop allergic rhinitis for the first time. This study is undertaken to investigate and establish some contributing environmental factors and the time until onset of allergic rhinitis in Korean immigrants to the United States living in Chicago. Information regarding 246 patients of Korean origin who presented to a Chicago allergy/immunology clinic from 1993 to 1998 were analyzed by retrospective chart review. The diagnosis of allergic rhinitis was ... Read More »
» Published in Allergy Asthma Proc. 2006 Jan-Feb;27(1):59-62.

21. Achieving a high-performance health care system with universal access: what the United States can learn from other countries.
Match Strength: 9.996

This position paper concerns improving health care in the United States. Unlike previous highly focused policy papers by the American College of Physicians, this article takes a comprehensive approach to improving access, quality, and efficiency of care. The first part describes health care in the United States. The second compares it with health care in other countries. The concluding section proposes lessons that the United States can learn from these countries and recommendations for achieving a high-performance health care system in the United States. The articles are based on a position ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Intern Med. 2008 Jan 1;148(1):55-75. Epub 2007 Dec 3. Comment in: Ann Intern Med. 2008 Jan 1;148(1):78-9.

22. Asthma in Hispanics in the United States.
Match Strength: 9.941

The Hispanic population in the United States is diverse in many respects. Although there is marked variation in the prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of asthma among Hispanic subgroups in the United States, these differences are poorly understood. Future stu-dies of asthma should include large samples of Hispanic subgroups that are well characterized in terms of self-reported ethnicity, country of origin, place of birth, area of residence, and indicators of socioeconomic status. Because a significant proportion of Hispanics live in poverty, public health interventions aimed at improving ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Chest Med. 2006 Sep;27(3):401-12, v.

23. Emergency department utilization in the United States and Ontario, Canada.
Match Strength: 9.937

OBJECTIVES: The current crisis in the emergency care system is characterized by worsening emergency department (ED) overcrowding. Lack of health insurance is widely perceived to be a major contributing factor to ED overcrowding in the United States. This study aimed to compare ED visit rates in the United States and Ontario, Canada, according to demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study consisting of a nationally representative sample of 40,253 ED visits included in the 2003 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey in the United States, and all ... Read More »
» Published in Acad Emerg Med. 2007 Jun;14(6):582-4. Epub 2007 Apr 30.

24. United States laws under review.
Match Strength: 9.916

As well as reauthorisation of the Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act, others isues are under consideration by the United States Congress. These include the introduction of incentives for the development of medical devices for paediatric care ... Read More »
» Published in Med Device Technol. 2007 May-Jun;18(3):44-5.

25. Renal supportive care: view from across the pond: the United States perspective.
Match Strength: 9.911

Renal supportive care is an emerging field of study and practice in the United States. Data from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) have informed us of the poor prognosis for many dialysis patients, the incidence of dialysis withdrawal, and the underutilization of hospice services. Practice guidelines, research in the field, and the available resources are discussed ... Read More »
» Published in J Palliat Med. 2007 Dec;10(6):1241-4.

26. Indian medical students' views on immigration for training and practice.
Match Strength: 9.892

PURPOSE: To assess the attitudes of medical students in India about participating in graduate medical education in the United States and other countries and in subsequent clinical practice in those countries. METHOD: A total of 240 students who were attending their final year at two medical schools in Bangalore, India, were surveyed during 2004. Surveys were completed by 166 (69%) of the students. RESULTS: Among the responding students, 98 (59%) thought of leaving India for further training abroad. Of those who wished to leave, 41 (42%) preferred the United States, 42 (43%) preferred the ... Read More »
» Published in Acad Med. 2006 Feb;81(2):185-8.

27. A Comparison of the Health of Older Hispanics in the United States and Mexico: Methodological Challenges.
Match Strength: 9.881

OBJECTIVE: This study compares various dimensions of physical and emotional health between older Mexican-origin individuals in the United States and in Mexico. METHOD: The samples are drawn from the Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS) and the Hispanic Established Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE) and include 3,875 Mexican residents with no history of residence in the United States and 2,734 Mexican-origin individuals 65 and older who live in the southwestern United States. RESULTS: Both immigrant and native-born Mexican-origin elders in the United States report more chronic ... Read More »
» Published in J Aging Health. 2008 Feb;20(1):3-31.

28. The national incident management system: a multi-agency approach to emergency response in the United States of America.
Match Strength: 9.839

This paper outlines the development of a universal incident management system across all of government in the United States of America called the National Incident Management System. The system has been incorporated into the National Response Plan and the procedures of United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) agencies, using the United States Forest Service's National Interagency Incident Management System as a model. This model has enhanced USDA's effectiveness in a wide range of emergencies that might affect American agriculture, including natural disasters (e.g. earthquakes, floods, ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Sci Tech. 2006 Apr;25(1):223-31.

29. Twenty-five years of HIV/AIDS--United States, 1981-2006.
Match Strength: 9.835

On June 5, 1981, MMWR published a report of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in five previously healthy young men in Los Angeles, California. These cases were later recognized as the first reported cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the United States. Since that time, this disease has become one of the greatest public health challenges both nationally and globally. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS have claimed the lives of more than 22 million persons worldwide, including more than 500,000 persons in the United States ... Read More »
» Published in MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006 Jun 2;55(21):585-9.

30. Trends in encephalitis-associated deaths in the United States.
Match Strength: 9.788

The United States national mortality statistics and HIV/AIDS surveillance data were analysed to determine trends in encephalitis-associated deaths and to assess the impact of HIV infection on those deaths during 1979-1998, a period when ICD-9 codes were used for coding deaths in the United States. A total of 25125 encephalitis deaths were reported; 4779 of them (19%) had concurrent HIV infection. Overall encephalitis death rates remained stable, but they increased for groups where HIV infection was common and declined or remained unchanged for others. For persons without HIV infection, the ... Read More »
» Published in Epidemiol Infect. 2006 Aug 29;:1-9

31. Changes in HIV and AIDS in the United States: entering the third decade.
Match Strength: 9.734

The epidemiology of the HIV transmission in the United States has changed considerably since the epidemic began. Our increased understanding of the virus has fostered development of new treatments to prolong life, and vaccine research has increased hope for those at risk in both developed and less developed countries. In this review, we provide information about current trends in HIV and AIDS among those in the United States most affected by the epidemic. Publication Types: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S., ... Read More »
» Published in Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2004 Dec;1(4):153-8.

32. Socioeconomic status and health-related quality of life among elderly people: Results from the Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health.
Match Strength: 9.693

The objective of this study was to assess the independent effect of income on health-related quality of life (HRQL) among older adults in Canada and the United States. Data were obtained from the 2002-2003 Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health. The sample consisted of 755 Canadians and 1151 Americans aged 65 years or older. HRQL was measured with the multidimensional Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3). The results indicated that in the elderly population, HRQL was significantly associated with household income in the United States but not in Canada, controlling for sociodemographic and ... Read More »
» Published in Soc Sci Med. 2008 Feb;66(4):803-10. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

33. Update: influenza activity--United States, 2004-05 season.
Match Strength: 9.687

Influenza activity was low in the United States during October through early December but has increased steadily since mid-December. Current surveillance indicators suggest that influenza activity for the season has not yet peaked. Laboratory-confirmed influenza infections have been reported from 45 states, and this season's influenza vaccine strains have been well matched antigenically to the influenza viruses isolated so far this season. In response to this season's influenza vaccine supply shortage, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has purchased 1.2 million doses of 2004 ... Read More »
» Published in MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2005 Jan 14;54(1):14-6. Erratum in: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2005 Jan 21;54(2):48.

34. Comparison of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from the United Kingdom and the United States that were associated with repatriated casualties of the Iraq conflict.
Match Strength: 9.668

Acinetobacter isolates associated with casualties from the Iraq conflict from the United States were compared with those from the United Kingdom by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and integron analysis. Representatives of the main outbreak strain associated with casualties from both countries were indistinguishable in DNA profile. Two further outbreak strains were common to both sets of isolates. Publication Types: Comparative ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Jul;44(7):2630-4.

35. Probiotics in the United States.
Match Strength: 9.580

Probiotics are live microbial products that have a defined health benefit. Scientific research has established that there are validated indications for the use of some probiotics available in the United States; however, in many cases, they are often used for conditions for which no benefit has been established. This article will review the uses of probiotics in the United States, as well as the current state of regulatory issues surrounding probiotics. Although the use and scientific understanding of probiotics are rapidly increasing, it is evident that there is a need to clarify the ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 1;46 Suppl 2:S67-72; discussion S144-51.

36. An overlooked source of physician-scientists.
Match Strength: 9.566

A shortage of physician-scientists in the United States is an ongoing problem. Various recommendations have been made to address this issue; however, none of them have ameliorated the situation. Foreign medical school graduates with postdoctoral training in the United States are an overlooked and untapped resource for combating the dearth of physician-scientists. Evaluation of the scientific staff at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center revealed that 11% of all postdoctoral fellows were international medical graduates. Interestingly, a survey taken by these individuals revealed ... Read More »
» Published in J Investig Med. 2007 Dec;55(8):402-5.

37. Regional Differences in Process of Care and Outcomes for Older Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients in the United States and Ontario, Canada.
Match Strength: 9.533

BACKGROUND: Previous comparisons of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treatment between the United States and Canada are limited because they compared selected patients from randomized trials, used administrative data that lacked clinical detail, or did not consider regional differences in AMI treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared medication use, invasive cardiac procedure use, and 30-day risk-standardized mortality rates of 38 886 fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized with AMI in the United States and 5634 similarly aged patients in Ontario, Canada, from 1998 and 2001. ... Read More »
» Published in Circulation. 2006 Dec 26;

38. Precautionary regulation in Europe and the United States: a quantitative comparison.
Match Strength: 9.532

Much attention has been addressed to the question of whether Europe or the United States adopts a more precautionary stance to the regulation of potential environmental, health, and safety risks. Some commentators suggest that Europe is more risk-averse and precautionary, whereas the United States is seen as more risk-taking and optimistic about the prospects for new technology. Others suggest that the United States is more precautionary because its regulatory process is more legalistic and adversarial, while Europe is more lax and corporatist in its regulations. The flip-flop hypothesis ... Read More »
» Published in Risk Anal. 2005 Oct;25(5):1215-28.

39. Comparison of wound education in medical schools in the United States, United kingdom, and Germany.
Match Strength: 9.517

Objective: Millions of patients are treated annually in the United States, United Kingdom, and Germany with either acute or chronic wounds. The purpose of this study is to compare how the medical education systems in the United States, Germany, and United Kingdom have prepared their physician trainees to deal with clinical issues of wounds. Methods: A retrospective study was performed in the United States by obtaining medical school curriculum data from the American Association of Medical Colleges, 2005. In the United Kingdom, data were obtained from the individual medical schools listed in ... Read More »
» Published in Eplasty. 2008 Jan 11;8:e8.

40. Comparison of the use of amniocentesis in two countries with different policies for prenatal testing: the case of France and the United States.
Match Strength: 9.512

OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal age- and education-specific use of amniocentesis in France and the United States. METHODS: We used two nationally representative datasets, National Perinatal Survey of 1998 in France (n = 12 816) and National Center for Health Statistics birth data for 1997 in the United States (n = 3 799 975). Analyses included binomial regression with test of interactions between country, maternal age and education. RESULTS: Amniocentesis use was more than threefold greater in France than in the United States (Risk Ratio (RR) 3.2, 95% CI, 3.1-3.4). This was true across maternal ... Read More »
» Published in Prenat Diagn. 2005 Jan;25(1):14-9.

41. Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS--United States, 1981-2005.
Match Strength: 9.500

In June 1981, the first cases of what was later called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the United States were reported in MMWR. Since 1981, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has continued to expand in the United States; at the end of 2003, approximately 1,039,000-1,185,000 persons in the United States were living with HIV/AIDS, an estimated 24%-27% of whom were unaware of their infection. This report highlights several major epidemiologic features of the U.S. HIV epidemic, including the decrease in overall AIDS incidence, the substantial increase in survival after ... Read More »
» Published in MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006 Jun 2;55(21):589-92.

42. An International Comparison of Lower Extremity Amputation Rates.
Match Strength: 9.498

The purpose of this report was to compare lower extremity amputation rates between areas of the United States and areas outside the United States using a standard format. Twelve U.S. counties similar in size, income, and land use were selected. The rate of amputation for each county was developed following the method and definitions described by the Global Lower Extremity Amputation Study (GLEAS). The data were compared to rates of amputation for non-U.S. areas that participated in the GLEAS. The U.S. counties generally had higher amputation rates than the non-U.S. areas in this standardized ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Vasc Surg. 2006 May 20;

43. Tuberculosis among foreign-born persons in the United States: achieving tuberculosis elimination.
Match Strength: 9.460

RATIONALE: In the United States, the number of annual reported cases of tuberculosis (TB) among U.S.-born persons declined by 62% from 1993 to 2004, but increased by 5% among foreign-born persons. Over half of all reported cases of TB in the United States occur among foreign-born persons, most of these due to activation of latent TB infection (LTBI). Current guidelines recommend targeting only foreign-born persons who entered the United States within the previous 5 yr for LTBI testing. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the epidemiologic basis for this guideline. METHODS: We calculated TB case ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Jan 1;175(1):75-9. Epub 2006 Oct 12.

44. Newborn screening policy in the United Kingdom & the United States: two different communities of practice.
Match Strength: 9.452

Newborn screening is a rapidly developing area driven by both technological advances and public pressure. If they are not yet, all nurses working with mothers and children will soon be involved with implementing newborn-screening programs, and it is therefore important that they appreciate both the benefits and potential harms of such programs. In the United Kingdom, policy regarding the implementation of newborn-screening programs is developed at national level, and consideration of the introduction of new tests is subject to a formalized evaluation framework. In the United States, by ... Read More »
» Published in MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2006 May-Jun;31(3):164-8.

45. Deaths from cysticercosis, United States.
Match Strength: 9.426

Cysticercosis has emerged as a cause of severe neurologic disease in the United States. We evaluated cysticercosis-related deaths in the United States for 1990-2002 by race, sex, age, state of residence, country of birth, and year of death. A total of 221 cysticercosis deaths were identified. Mortality rates were highest for Latinos (adjusted rate ratio [ARR] 94.5, relative to whites) and men (ARR = 1.8). The mean age at death was 40.5 years (range 2-88). Most patients (187 [84.6%]) were foreign born, and 137 (62%) had emigrated from Mexico. The 33 US-born persons who died of cysticercosis ... Read More »
» Published in Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Feb;13(2):230-5.

46. Urinary schistosomiasis: an uncommon cause of gross hematuria in the industrialized countries.
Match Strength: 9.421

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that can cause significant illness in humans. While schistosomiasis is not found in the United States and other developed countries, 200 million people are infected worldwide. It is estimated that 400,000 infected persons immigrate to the United States and present to emergency departments with either acute or chronic schistosomiasis. Schistosomiasis can be expected to be seen with increasing frequency in the United States and other developed countries with the continuing influx of immigrants, as well as the return of travelers and soldiers from endemic ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Nephrol. 2007 Aug;22(8):1225-1227. Epub 2007 Mar 22.

47. Financing immunization of adults in the United States.
Match Strength: 9.419

Immunization is one of the most effective and cost-effective prevention measures available. As a result of universal vaccination of children, polio has been eliminated in the United States and much of the world, measles and rubella are no longer endemic diseases in the United States, and most of the other vaccine-preventable diseases of childhood are at or near record lows. A recent review of clinical preventive services by Partnership for Prevention gave childhood immunization a perfect score of 10, based on clinically preventable burden and cost-effectiveness. Publication Types:, ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Dec;82(6):764-8. Epub 2007 Oct 31.

48. Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease death, United States.
Match Strength: 9.383

The only variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) patient identified in the United States died in 2004, and the diagnosis was confirmed by analysis of autopsy tissue. The patient likely acquired the disease while growing up in Great Britain before immigrating to the United States in 1992. Additional vCJD patients continue to be identified outside the United Kingdom, including 2 more patients in Ireland, and 1 patient each in Japan, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Spain, and the Netherlands. The reports of bloodborne transmission of vCJD in 2 patients, 1 of whom was heterozygous for methionine and ... Read More »
» Published in Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Sep;11(9):1351-4.

49. Malaria primer for clinicians in the United States.
Match Strength: 9.383

Though low, the incidence of malaria in the United States is not insignificant and can be the source of infection in febrile travelers returning from endemic areas. Clinicians practicing in the United States must have a basic understanding of the malaria life cycle and its treatments to properly diagnose and treat this potentially fatal disease. Malaria chemotherapy can be broken into clinical classes for easier understanding, and any traveler to a malaria-endemic region should be placed on prophylactic medications. Mosquito bite prevention should be undertaken by all travelers, and methods of ... Read More »
» Published in South Med J. 2005 Dec;98(12):1197-204; quiz 1205, 1230.

50. Radical external beam radiotherapy for clinically localized prostate cancer in Japan: differences in the patterns of care between Japan and the United States.
Match Strength: 9.374

The current study focused on the differences in the patterns of care between Japan and the United States for clinically localized prostate cancer patients treated with radical external beam radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Results from the 1999-2001 Japanese Patterns of Care Study (PCS) survey were compared with those of the 1999 PCS in the United States. In addition, the changing trends in the patterns of care between Japan and the United States were also analyzed. RESULTS: Patients in Japan were found to have more advanced primary disease than patients in the United States: with higher ... Read More »
» Published in Anticancer Res. 2006 Jan-Feb;26(1B):575-80.

 << Prev 50  Showing results 1 to 50 of 14,904 Next 50 >>




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