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Turmeric
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1. Turmeric extracts containing curcuminoids prevent experimental rheumatoid arthritis.
Match Strength: 7.604

Turmeric has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for inflammatory disorders including arthritis. On the basis of this traditional usage, dietary supplements containing turmeric rhizome and turmeric extracts are also being used in the western world for arthritis treatment and prevention. However, to our knowledge, no data are available regarding antiarthritic efficacy of complex turmeric extracts similar in composition to those available for use as dietary supplements. Therefore, the studies described here were undertaken to determine the in vivo efficacy of well ... Read More »
» Published in J Nat Prod. 2006 Mar;69(3):351-5.

2. Turmeric and curcumin modulate the conjugation of 1-naphthol in Caco-2 cells.
Match Strength: 7.029

Turmeric, the powdered dry rhizome of the Curcuma longa plant, and curcumin, the major anti-oxidant constituent of turmeric, have been shown to possess chemopreventive activity. To elucidate the possible interaction of turmeric and curcumin with conjugation reactions, which in many cases are involved in the activation of procarcinogens, we measured their effects in the conjugation of 1-naphthol in Caco-2 cells, a human colon carcinoma cell line, within a 24 h period. Turmeric exhibits inhibitory activity toward both sulfo- and glucuronosyl conjugations of 1-naphthol at approximately the same ... Read More »
» Published in Biol Pharm Bull. 2006 Jul;29(7):1476-9.

3. Aflatoxin induced hemolysis and its amelioration by turmeric extracts and curcumin in vitro.
Match Strength: 6.901

The present investigation is an attempt to evaluate the possible ameliorative effect of turmeric extracts/curcumin on aflatoxin induced hemolysis in vitro. Blood samples were collected from healthy adult human beings (25-30 years old) in EDTA vials and were used for preparation of RBC suspension in saline. Saline suspension of RBC was treated with aflatoxin (0.5-2.0 microg/mL) with and without turmeric extracts/curcumin (1-100 microg/mL). The results revealed that addition of aflatoxin (0.5-2.0 microg/mL) to RBC suspension caused significant dose-dependent increase in the rate of hemolysis. ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Pol Pharm. 2007 Mar-Apr;64(2):165-8.

4. Anti-inflammatory and Anti-oxidant Properties of Curcuma longa (Turmeric) Versus Zingiber officinale (Ginger) Rhizomes in Rat Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis.
Match Strength: 6.761

Turmeric (rich in curcuminoids) and ginger (rich in gingerols and shogaols) rhizomes have been widely used as dietary spices and to treat different diseases in Ayurveda/Chinese medicine since antiquity. Here, we compared the anti-inflammatory/anti-oxidant activity of these two plants in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). Both plants (at dose 200 mg/kg body weight) significantly suppressed (but with different degrees) the incidence and severity of arthritis by increasing/decreasing the production of anti-inflammatory/pro-inflammatory cytokines, respectively, and activating the anti-oxidant ... Read More »
» Published in Inflammation. 2010 Dec 1.

5. The effect of turmeric extracts on inflammatory mediator production.
Match Strength: 6.731

Major compounds of several commonly used botanicals, including turmeric, have been purported to have anti-inflammatory actions. In order to test the anti-inflammatory activity of compounds isolated from rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), we have established an in vitro test system. HL-60 cells were differentiated and exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli (1 microg/ml) in the presence or absence of botanical compounds for 24 h. Supernatants were collected and analyzed for the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) using ... Read More »
» Published in Phytomedicine. 2005 Jun;12(6-7):445-52.

6. Use of liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry to identify diarylheptanoids in turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) rhizome.
Match Strength: 6.657

LC-ESI-MS/MS coupled to DAD analysis was used as an on-line tool for identification of diarylheptanoids in fresh turmeric rhizome extracts. Based on their mass spectra, from both negative and positive mode LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis, and supported by their DAD spectra, 19 diarylheptanoids were identified. Among these 19 compounds, curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin were identified by comparing their chromatographic and spectral data with those of authentic standard compounds. The other diarylheptanoid compounds were identified or tentatively identified based on comparison to the ... Read More »
» Published in J Chromatogr A. 2006 Apr 7;1111(1):21-31. Epub 2006 Feb 21.

7. Curcumin and turmeric delay streptozotocin-induced diabetic cataract in rats.
Match Strength: 6.545

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of curcumin and its source, turmeric, on streptozotocin-induced diabetic cataract in rats. METHODS: Wistar-NIN rats were selected and diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (35 mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneally) and divided into four groups (group II-V). The control (group I) rats received only vehicle. Group I and II animals received an unsupplemented AIN-93 diet, and those in groups III, IV, and V received 0.002% and 0.01% curcumin and 0.5% turmeric, respectively, in an AIN-93 diet for a period of 8 weeks. Cataract ... Read More »
» Published in Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jun;46(6):2092-9.

8. Metabolic profiling of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) plants derived from in vitro micropropagation and conventional greenhouse cultivation.
Match Strength: 6.521

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) was considered only a culinary spice in many parts of the world until the notable anti-inflammation curcuminoids were discovered from this herb. Because it is a sterile triploid and is propagated vegetatively by rhizome division, turmeric is susceptible to pathogens that accumulate and are transmitted from generation to generation, and amplification of particularly useful stocks is a slow process. An in vitro propagation method has been developed to alleviate these problems. Metabolic profiling, using GC-MS and LC-ESI-MS, was used to determine if chemical differences ... Read More »
» Published in J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Dec 13;54(25):9573-83.

9. Curcumin content of turmeric and curry powders.
Match Strength: 6.375

Curcumin, derived from the rhizome curcuma longa, is one of the primary ingredients in turmeric and curry powders that are used as spices in Middle Eastern and Asian countries, especially on the Indian subcontinent. More recently, laboratory studies have demonstrated that dietary curcumin exhibits various biological activities and significantly inhibits colon tumorigenesis and tumor size in animals. Curcumin displays both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, giving it the potential to be considered in the development of cancer preventive strategies and applications in clinical ... Read More »
» Published in Nutr Cancer. 2006;55(2):126-31.

10. Multiple biological activities of curcumin: a short review.
Match Strength: 6.123

Turmeric (Curcuma longa rhizomes), commonly used as a spice is well documented for its medicinal properties in Indian and Chinese systems of medicine. It has been widely used for the treatment of several diseases. Epidemiological observations, though inconclusive, are suggestive that turmeric consumption may reduce the risk of some form of cancers and render other protective biological effects in humans. These biological effects of turmeric have been attributed to its constituent curcumin that has been widely studied for its anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anti-oxidant, wound healing and ... Read More »
» Published in Life Sci. 2006 Mar 27;78(18):2081-7. Epub 2006 Jan 18.

11. Chili, but not turmeric, inhibits iron absorption in young women from an iron-fortified composite meal.
Match Strength: 5.930

Chili and turmeric are common spices in indigenous diets in tropical regions. Being rich in phenolic compounds, they would be expected to bind iron (Fe)(3) in the intestine and inhibit Fe absorption in humans. Three experiments were conducted in healthy young women (n = 10/study) to assess the effect of chili and turmeric on Fe absorption from a rice-based meal containing vegetables and iron fortified fish sauce in vivo. Iron absorption was determined by erythrocyte incorporation of stable isotope labels ((57)Fe/(58)Fe) using a randomized crossover design. Addition of freeze-dried chili (4.2 g ... Read More »
» Published in J Nutr. 2006 Dec;136(12):2970-4.

12. Pharmacological basis for the use of turmeric in gastrointestinal and respiratory disorders.
Match Strength: 5.889

This study was carried out to provide scientific basis for the medicinal use of turmeric (Curcuma longa) in gastrointestinal and respiratory disorders. The crude extract of turmeric (Cl.Cr), relaxed the spontaneous and K+ (80 mM)-induced contractions in isolated rabbit jejunum as well as shifted the CaCl2 concentration-response curves. In rabbit tracheal preparation, Cl.Cr inhibited carbachol and K(+)-induced contractions. In anesthetized rats, Cl.Cr produced variable responses on blood pressure with a mixture of weak hypertensive and hypotensive actions. In rabbit aorta, Cl.Cr caused a weak ... Read More »
» Published in Life Sci. 2005 May 13;76(26):3089-105.

13. Microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography for separation and analysis of curcuminoids in turmeric samples.
Match Strength: 5.855

Microemulsion EKC (MEEKC) was developed for quantitative analysis of curcuminoids, such as curcumin (C), demethoxycurcumin (D), and bis-demethoxycurcumin (B). MEEKC separation of curcuminoids was optimized, and a change in resolution was explained using a modified equation for resolution in MEEKC without electroosmosis. The suitable MEEKC conditions for separation of curcuminoids were obtained to be the microemulsion buffer containing 50 mM phosphate buffer at pH 2.5, 1.1% v/v n-octane as oil droplets, 180 mM SDS as surfactant, 890 mM 1-butanol as cosurfactant, and 25% v/v 2-propanol as ... Read More »
» Published in J Sep Sci. 2006 Mar;29(5):666-76.

14. Contact urticaria from curcumin.
Match Strength: 5.781

Turmeric, a spice derived from the rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa, contains the chemical curcumin, which is responsible for turmeric's taste, color, and biologic properties. Curcumin is used as a spice in foods, as a treatment in traditional medicine, as a dye for fur, and as a component in nutritional supplements. A few cases of allergic contact dermatitis from curcumin have been reported. We report two cases of contact urticaria from curcumin. These cases are mediated by two different mechanisms of contact urticaria: nonimmunologic and immunologic (immunoglobulin-E mediated) ... Read More »
» Published in Dermatitis. 2006 Dec;17(4):196-7.

15. Curcumin/turmeric solubilized in sodium hydroxide inhibits HNE protein modification--an in vitro study.
Match Strength: 5.565

Free radical mediated lipid peroxidation has been implicated in multiple diseases. A major oxidation by-product of this deleterious process is 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE). HNE is cytotoxic, mutagenic and genotoxic and is involved in disease pathogenesis. Curcumin, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (occurring as the yellow pigment found in the rhizomes of the perennial herb Curcuma longa known as turmeric), has emerged as the newest "nutraceutical" agent that has been shown to be efficacious against colon cancer and other disorders, including correcting cystic fibrosis defects. Since ... Read More »
» Published in J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Mar 21;110(2):368-73. Epub 2006 Oct 13.

16. Immunomodulation by curcumin.
Match Strength: 5.540

Turmeric, the bright yellow spice extracted from the tuberous rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa, has been used in traditional Indian and Chinese systems of medicine for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, including jaundice and hepatic disorders, rheumatism, anorexia, diabetic wounds, and menstrual difficulties. Most of the medicinal effects of turmeric have been attributed to curcumin, the principal curcumanoid found in turmeric. Recent evidence that curcumin exhibits strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities and modulates the expression of transcription factors, cell cycle ... Read More »
» Published in Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;595:321-41.

17. Biosynthesis of curcuminoids and gingerols in turmeric (Curcuma longa) and ginger (Zingiber officinale): identification of curcuminoid synthase and hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA thioesterases.
Match Strength: 5.396

Members of the Zingiberaceae such as turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) accumulate at high levels in their rhizomes important pharmacologically active metabolites that appear to be derived from the phenylpropanoid pathway. In ginger, these compounds are the gingerols; in turmeric these are the curcuminoids. Despite their importance, little is known about the biosynthesis of these compounds. This investigation describes the identification of enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway leading to the production of these bioactive natural products. Assays for enzymes in ... Read More »
» Published in Phytochemistry. 2006 Sep;67(18):2017-29. Epub 2006 Aug 7.

18. Curcumin: the Indian solid gold.
Match Strength: 5.283

Turmeric, derived from the plant Curcuma longa, is a gold-colored spice commonly used in the Indian subcontinent, not only for health care but also for the preservation of food and as a yellow dye for textiles. Curcumin, which gives the yellow color to turmeric, was first isolated almost two centuries ago, and its structure as diferuloylmethane was determined in 1910. Since the time of Ayurveda (1900 Bc) numerous therapeutic activities have been assigned to turmeric for a wide variety of diseases and conditions, including those of the skin, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal systems, aches, pains ... Read More »
» Published in Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;595:1-75.

19. Potential therapeutic effects of curcumin, the anti-inflammatory agent, against neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, pulmonary, metabolic, autoimmune and neoplastic diseases.
Match Strength: 5.273

Although safe in most cases, ancient treatments are ignored because neither their active component nor their molecular targets are well defined. This is not the case, however, with curcumin, a yellow-pigment substance and component of turmeric (Curcuma longa), which was identified more than a century ago. For centuries it has been known that turmeric exhibits anti-inflammatory activity, but extensive research performed within the past two decades has shown that this activity of turmeric is due to curcumin (diferuloylmethane). This agent has been shown to regulate numerous transcription factors ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009 Jan;41(1):40-59. Epub 2008 Jul 9.

20. Enhanced antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Monascus pilosus fermented products by addition of turmeric to the medium.
Match Strength: 5.264

Monascus sp. fermented products are known for their antihypercholesterolemic effects; however, their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities are different from those of many plant-derived foods. To evaluate the effect of turmeric addition into the medium on the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Monascus pilosus fermented products, we cultured uninoculated PDB medium (PDB), inoculated PDB medium (MP), uninoculated turmeric-containing PDB medium (PDBT), and inoculated turmeric-containing PDB medium (MPT). The broth and mycelia were collected, freeze-dried, and extracted to ... Read More »
» Published in J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Dec 9;57(23):11397-405.

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* All information on Level1Diet.com is for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Before changing your diet, or adding supplements to your diet, or beginning an exercise program, everyone should consult a qualified and licensed health practitioner; a physician, dietician or similar professional.



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