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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. L-methionine as immune supportive supplement: a clinical evaluation.
Match Strength: 5.074
The objective of the study was to test L-methioinine as a possible immune supportive supplement in HIV infected patients by means of a clinical study. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study was designed. The patients (n = 253) from four different trial centres were randomly divided into two groups, active and placebo, and regularly assessed by clinical and safety parameters. After six months from commencement, clinically and statistically significant differences were observed. The females of the active treatment group presented with a decreased level of decline in their CD4 counts (p = 0 ... Read More »
» Published in Amino Acids. 2006 Sep 29;
2. Hypolipidemic effect of lactobacillus ferment as a functional food supplement.
Match Strength: 4.805
The Lactobacillus ferment used in this study was composed of Lactobacillus fermented wheat, barley and kefir grains. Fermentation increased the CFU of lactic acid bacteria with a reduction in pH value and in the contents of dietary fi ber and glucan. Male SD rats were fed a high fat diet with or without 10% Lactobacillus ferment for 4 weeks. In the Lactic-F group (group fed high-fat diet with Lactobacillus ferment) there was a significantly reduced increase of body weight compared with the HF-control (group fed high-fat diet without Lactobacillus ferment). The food efficiency ratio (FER) ... Read More »
» Published in Phytother Res. 2006 Dec;20(12):1056-60.
3. Effects of resistance training and protein plus amino acid supplementation on muscle anabolism, mass, and strength.
Match Strength: 4.786
This study examined 10 wks of resistance training and the ingestion of supplemental protein and amino acids on muscle performance and markers of muscle anabolism. Nineteen untrained males were randomly assigned to supplement groups containing either 20 g protein (14 g whey and casein protein, 6 g free amino acids) or 20 g dextrose placebo ingested 1 h before and after exercise for a total of 40 g/d. Participants exercised 4 times/wk using 3 sets of 6-8 repetitions at 85-90% of the one repetition maximum. Data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA (p<0.05). The protein supplement resulted in ... Read More »
» Published in Amino Acids. 2006 Sep 20;
4. Effect of ionophore supplementation on the incidence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella and antimicrobial susceptibility of fecal coliforms in Stocker cattle.
Match Strength: 4.192
To examine the effect of ionophore supplementation on fecal shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella, crossbred beef calves (n=113; mean body weight [BW], 243 kg) were fed a mineral supplement with ionophore (1.76 g lasalocid/kg) for 61 days (d). Control calves received an identical mineral supplement without lasalocid. Calves were pastured on fescue/bermudagrass paddocks and supplemented with a corn/wheat midds/soybean meal supplement (1.5% of BW/d). Upon arrival, cattle were fed a commercial receiving ration containing 1 g chlorotetracycline/kg for 10 d. Sick calves were ... Read More »
» Published in Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2006 Fall;3(3):284-91.
5. Vitamin A supplementation reduces the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 intestinal immune response of Mexican children.
Match Strength: 3.667
The impact of vitamin A supplementation on childhood diarrhea may be determined by the regulatory effect supplementation has on the mucosal immune response in the gut. Previous studies have not addressed the impact of vitamin A supplementation on the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), an essential chemokine involved in pathogen-specific mucosal immune response. Fecal MCP-1 concentrations, determined by an enzyme-linked immuno absorption assay, were compared among 127 Mexican children 5-15 mo of age randomized to receive a vitamin A supplement (<12 mo of age, 20,000 IU ... Read More »
» Published in J Nutr. 2006 Oct;136(10):2600-5.
6. Lonidamine: basic science and rationale for treatment of prostatic proliferative disorders.
Match Strength: 3.255
Normal and hyperplastic prostatic tissues concentrate citrate within the epithelium; however, a unique biochemical property within prostate epithelial cells renders them dependent on glycolysis, rather than the citric acid cycle, for energy production. Lonidamine, an orally administered small molecule that inhibits glycolysis by the inactivation of hexokinase, may represent a unique and novel approach to the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Results of a phase II trial of lonidamine in BPH (described elsewhere in this supplement) are encouraging. Lonidamine is already used in ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2005;7 Suppl 7:S21-6.
7. Using journal impact factors to correct for the publication bias of medical studies.
Match Strength: 2.943
Publication bias of the results of medical studies can invalidate evidence-based medicine. The existing methodology for modeling this essentially relies upon the symmetry of the funnel plot. We present a new method of modeling publication bias that uses this information plus the impact factors of the publishing journals. A simple model of the publication process enables the estimation of bias-corrected intervention effects. The procedure is illustrated using a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of single-dose oral aspirin for acute pain, and results are also obtained for five other meta ... Read More »
» Published in Biometrics. 2006 Sep;62(3):785-92.
8. US men discussing prostate-specific antigen tests with a physician.
Match Strength: 2.716
PURPOSE: Informed decision making is recommended for prostate cancer screening. I wanted to examine demographic and screening-related factors associated with men's discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests with their physicians. METHODS: I used data from 2,184 men aged 50 years and older who reported a screening prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test in the 2000 National Health Interview Survey cancer control supplement. The dependent variable was discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of the test before it was conducted. RESULTS: Sixty-three ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Fam Med. 2006 Sep-Oct;4(5):433-6.
9. Improvement in human semen quality after oral supplementation of vitamin C.
Match Strength: 2.651
This study was carried out to monitor the effect of oral supplementation of vitamin C on various semen parameters in oligospermic, infertile, otherwise healthy individuals. Various semen parameters, including sperm motility, sperm count, and sperm morphology, were studied before and after the vitamin C treatment. A total of 13 infertile patients were included. Their ages ranged between 25 and 35 years. They had no genital infection or varicocele. Physical examination and other routine laboratory investigations were normal. General semen analysis revealed oligozoospermia (mean sperm count was ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Food. 2006 Fall;9(3):440-2.
10. Obesity in bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder: results from a national community health survey on mental health and well-being.
Match Strength: 2.495
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to ascertain the prevalence of obesity in individuals with a mood disorder (MD) (that is, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder), compared with the general population. We further aimed to examine the likelihood of an association between obesity and MD, while controlling for the influence of sociodemographic variables. METHOD: The analysis was based on data from Statistics Canada's Canadian Community Health Survey: Mental Health and Well-Being (CCHS 1.2), conducted in 2002. The sample (n = 36 984; > or = aged 15 years) was drawn from the Canadian household ... Read More »
» Published in Can J Psychiatry. 2006 Apr;51(5):274-80.
11. Fatty acids and coccidiosis: effects of dietary supplementation with different oils on coccidiosis in chickens.
Match Strength: 2.374
This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of dietary oils on coccidiosis of chickens infected with Eimeria tenella. Five hundred and four 1-day-old male Arbor Acres chicks were randomly assigned to seven groups. Seven diets were supplemented with poultry oil at 25 and 45 g/kg, corn oil at 25 and 45 g/kg, fish oil at 25 and 45 g/kg, and without oils, respectively, from 1 to 42 days of age. Chickens were inoculated by gavage with 3 x 10(5) sporulated oocysts at 21 days of age. Diets supplemented with oils at 45 g/kg resulted in higher body weight gain than with oils at 25 g/kg or ... Read More »
» Published in Avian Pathol. 2006 Oct;35(5):373-8.
12. Milk folate secretion is not impaired during iron deficiency in humans.
Match Strength: 2.373
The purpose of this study was to examine whether maternal iron and/or folate status influences human milk folate secretion and is responsible for growth faltering of Otomi infants in Capulhuac, Mexico. Breast-feeding mothers (n = 71) were randomized at 22 +/- 13 d (baseline) postpartum to receive a daily multivitamin supplement containing folic acid (400 microg) with and without iron (18 mg). Mothers provided blood and milk samples at baseline, and at 82 +/- 15 and 138 +/- 18 d postpartum. Iron supplementation significantly improved hematocrit and transferrin receptor concentrations but had no ... Read More »
» Published in J Nutr. 2006 Oct;136(10):2617-24.
13. A new statistical method for estimating the usual intake of episodically consumed foods with application to their distribution.
Match Strength: 2.313
OBJECTIVE: We propose a new statistical method that uses information from two 24-hour recalls to estimate usual intake of episodically consumed foods. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: The method developed at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) accommodates the large number of nonconsumption days that occur with foods by separating the probability of consumption from the consumption-day amount, using a two-part model. Covariates, such as sex, age, race, or information from a food frequency questionnaire, may supplement the information from two or more 24-hour recalls using correlated mixed model ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Oct;106(10):1575-87. Comment in: J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Oct;106(10):1533.
14. Statistically designed survey of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and co-planar polychlorinated biphenyls in U. S. meat and poultry, 2002-2003: results, trends, and implications.
Match Strength: 2.248
To obtain information on dioxin levels in the human diet, the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture recently determined levels of dioxin-like compounds (dioxins/dibenzofurans/PCBs) in four major slaughter classes (steers and heifers, market hogs, young chickens, and young turkeys) that comprise over 90% of the meat and poultry production in the United States. The data were analyzed and compared to data from smaller surveys carried out from 1994 to 1996. These surveys were conducted by different laboratories nearly 10 years apart, so a direct ... Read More »
» Published in Environ Sci Technol. 2006 Sep 1;40(17):5340-6. Comment in: Environ Sci Technol. 2006 Sep 1;40(17):5168.
15. Arabinoxylan consumption decreases postprandial serum glucose, serum insulin and plasma total ghrelin response in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance.
Match Strength: 2.231
Objective:Arabinoxylan (AX) consumption is associated with metabolic improvement during diabetes and with modulation of ghrelin, an orexigenic gut hormone. The effect of AX consumption on ghrelin secretion in disturbed metabolic states is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the postprandial responses to AX consumption of serum glucose, insulin and triglycerides and plasma total and acylated ghrelin in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).Design:Randomized, single-blind, controlled, crossover intervention trial.Subjects:Seven female and four male adults with IGT, aged 55.5 years, and ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Sep 20;
16. Involving communities in the design of clinical trial protocols: the BAN Study in Lilongwe, Malawi.
Match Strength: 2.161
OBJECTIVE: To learn the attitudes and concerns of the local community on participating in research, infant feeding practices, and maternal nutrition in order to inform the design of a clinical trial in Lilongwe, Malawi on the safety and efficacy of antiretroviral and nutrition interventions to reduce postnatal transmission of HIV. DESIGN: Formative research methods were used, including semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, home observations, and taste trials. Data were collected, analyzed, and incorporated into the protocol within 3 months. RESULTS: Participants were supportive ... Read More »
» Published in Contemp Clin Trials. 2007 Jan;28(1):59-67. Epub 2006 Aug 11.
17. Associations of iron status with dietary and other factors in 6-year-old children.
Match Strength: 2.075
Objective:To investigate the associations of iron status at 6 years of age with dietary and other factors.Design:In a cross-sectional study, children's dietary intakes (3-day weighed food record) were recorded, body size was measured and blood samples were taken near their sixth birthday.Subjects:A sample of 188 children, from two previous studies (cohorts 1 and 2), was contacted, and 139 (74%) agreed to participate.Results:Multiple regression analyses with dietary and other factors showed that meat and fish consumption, multivitamin/mineral supplement intake (both positively) and cow's milk ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Sep 20;
18. Dexmedetomidine infusion is associated with enhanced renal function after thoracic surgery.
Match Strength: 2.074
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha-2 agonist, enhances urine flow rate and perioperative renal function, a post hoc analysis was conducted on a recently completed study of dexmedetomidine used as an adjunct to epidural analgesia after thoracotomy. DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care university medical center. PATIENTS: 28 patients undergoing elective thoracotomy. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were prospectively randomized to receive a supplemental 24-hour intravenous infusion ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Anesth. 2006 Sep;18(6):422-6.
19. Are state patterns of smoking different for different racial/ethnic groups? an application of multilevel analysis.
Match Strength: 2.049
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco use research has often assumed "average" effects across place, race, and socioeconomic position. We explored and mapped the variation in smoking prevalence for racial/ethnic groups by gender and state after adjusting for demographic factors. METHODS: We executed a cross-sectional, weighted, two-level multilevel multiple regression analysis (individuals in states), with current smoking as the outcome, using the 1995-1996 Current Population Survey Tobacco Use Supplement, for non-Hispanic (NH) whites, NH blacks, and Hispanics. We also calculated adjusted smoking prevalence, 95 ... Read More »
» Published in Public Health Rep. 2006 Sep-Oct;121(5):563-77.
20. Policy and practice in Myanmar's protected area system.
Match Strength: 1.966
Myanmar's protected area (PA) system began nearly 150 years ago under royal patronage. Park policies and practices, embodied in 19 pieces of legislation developed sporadically during and after the colonial period. As a result of the FAO-UNDP's Nature Conservation and National Parks Project (1981-1985) the government established the Nature & Wildlife Conservation Division and placed it within the Forest Department as the agency responsible for PA management. As a consequence the number of parks increased from 14 to 33. Myanmar's median park size is less than 50km(2), but only five parks (15%) ... Read More »
» Published in J Environ Manage. 2006 Sep 14;
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