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1. Normal obstetric ultrasound reduces the risk of Down syndrome in fetuses of older mothers.
Match Strength: 3.945

The objective of this study is to determine whether a normal fetal morphology ultrasound scan in women older than 35 years reduces the risk of aneuploidy. We reviewed the results of amniocentesis and second trimester sonogram in all women older than 35 years from 1991 to 1995. None had prior screening. We excluded fetuses with structural anomalies. We determined the sensitivity and specificity of minor markers in detecting Down syndrome and also determined the reduction in risk of a normal sonogram. Among the 2060 women older than 35 years giving birth during the study period, 16 (0.78%) ... Read More »
» Published in Australas Radiol. 2006 Oct;50(5):429-34.

2. Acupuncture reduces experimental renovascular hypertension through mechanisms involving nitric oxide synthases.
Match Strength: 3.558

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that acupuncture on stomach 36 point (ST-36) reduces hypertension by activating nitric oxide synthase signaling mechanisms. METHODS: The authors used the two-kidney, one-clip renal hypertension (2K1C) hamster model with electroacupuncture treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-minute daily electroacupuncture treatment for 5 days reduced mean arterial pressure from 160.0 +/- 7.6 to 128.0 +/- 4.3 mmHg (mean +/- SEM), compared to 115.0 +/- 7.2 mmHg in sham-operated hamsters. Electroacupuncture increased periarteriolar NO concentration from 309.0 +/- 21.7 nM to 417.9 +/- 20.9 ... Read More »
» Published in Microcirculation. 2006 Oct-Nov;13(7):577-85.

3. Disruption of tissue plasminogen activator gene reduces macrophage migration.
Match Strength: 3.453

Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is an essential component of the proteolytic cascade that lyses blood clots. Various studies also suggest that tPA plays important roles in peripheral nerve regeneration. Here we show that disruption of tPA gene reduces macrophage migration after sciatic nerve injury in mice. Moreover, lack of tPA activity attenuates migrating ability of macrophages and affects MMP-9 expression and activity in macrophages in vitro. Addition of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), which inhibits MMPs, abolished the differences of migration ability of macrophages between tPA ... Read More »
» Published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Oct 27;349(3):906-12. Epub 2006 Aug 28.

4. Chronic activation of spinal adenosine A1 receptors results in hypersensitivity.
Match Strength: 3.393

Spinally administered adenosine reduces hypersensitivity in animals and humans with nerve injury, but also causes transient pain in humans and reduces tonic inhibition in spinal neurons. Nerve injury results in increased tonic spinal cord adenosine A1 receptor activation, consistent with a role for adenosine to generate hypersensitivity. Here, we demonstrate that chronic intrathecal adenosine induces hypersensitivity in normal animals and that chronic blockade of spinal adenosine A1 receptors by the A1 antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine partially prevents nerve injury-induced ... Read More »
» Published in Neuroreport. 2006 Oct 23;17(15):1619-22.

5. Quantitative data generation for systems biology: the impact of randomisation, calibrators and normalisers.
Match Strength: 3.157

Systems biology is an approach to the analysis and prediction of the dynamic behaviour of biological networks through mathematical modelling based on experimental data. The current lack of reliable quantitative data, especially in the field of signal transduction, means that new methodologies in data acquisition and processing are needed. Here, we present methods to advance the established techniques of immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting to more accurate and quantitative procedures. We propose randomisation of sample loading to disrupt lane correlations and the use of normalisers and ... Read More »
» Published in Syst Biol (Stevenage). 2005 Dec;152(4):193-200.

6. Oxyntomodulin : a novel potential treatment for obesity.
Match Strength: 3.033

The prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly and the associated morbidity and mortality has led to an urgent need for potential therapeutic targets to reduce appetite and food intake. Gut hormones released after eating that coordinate digestive activity and promote satiety are novel potential treatments for obesity. Oxyntomodulin is a gut hormone that is produced by the L cells in the small intestine and reduces food intake. It is timely to review some of the original literature on oxyntomodulin, to evaluate what is already known about the peptide, and also to set the recent findings on its ... Read More »
» Published in Treat Endocrinol. 2006;5(5):265-72.

7. Effect of flumazenil-augmentation on microsleep and mood in depressed patients during partial sleep deprivation.
Match Strength: 3.002

The antidepressive effect of sleep deprivation (SD) in depressed patients disappears after sleep of the recovery night and after early morning naps. Both can provoke a rapid relapse into depression in SD-responders. In addition, the occurrence of short episodes of sleep (termed microsleep, MS) during partial SD (PSD) is associated with SD-nonresponse, suggesting that MS during the time awake may be related to relapse or PSD-nonresponse. The GABA-benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil augments vigilance and reduces NonREM-sleep pressure in early morning recovery sleep in volunteers after ... Read More »
» Published in J Psychiatr Res. 2006 Sep 13;

8. D2-like dopamine receptors depolarize dorsal raphe serotonin neurons through the activation of nonselective cationic conductance.
Match Strength: 2.852

The dorsal raphe (DR) receives a prominent dopamine (DA) input that has been suggested to play a key role in the regulation of central serotoninergic transmission. DA is known to directly depolarize DR serotonin neurons, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we show that activation of D2-like dopamine receptors on DR 5-HT neurons elicits a membrane depolarization and an inward current associated with an increase in membrane conductance. The DA-induced inward current (I(DA)) exhibits a linear I-V relationship and reverses polarity at around -15 mV, suggesting the ... Read More »
» Published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2007 Jan;320(1):376-85. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

9. Mutation of His-157 in the second pore loop drastically reduces the activity of the Synechocystis Ktr-type transporter.
Match Strength: 2.806

Mutation of a conserved His-157 in the second pore loop of KtrB drastically reduced the activity of the K+ transporter from Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803. This result suggests that His-157 plays an essential role in the K+ transport activity of the transporter system. Publication Types: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov ... Read More »
» Published in J Bacteriol. 2006 Nov;188(22):7985-7. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

10. Steroid withdrawal increases risk of acute rejection but reduces infection: a meta-analysis of 1681 cases in renal transplantation.
Match Strength: 2.789

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of steroid withdrawal in renal transplantation recipients. METHODS: These following databases were searched: Medline (1966 to September 2005), OVID (1966 to 2004), Embase (1984 to 2004), Cochrane library (issue 4, 2005), Highwire (1849 to September 2005), American Transplant Congress (2005), Chinese Biomedicine database (CBM 1994 to 2005). The safety was measured by the following factors: patient and graft survival, acute rejection, chronic rejection, infection, serum creatinine. We performed meta-analysis by using Revman 4.2.7. RESULTS: Nine randomized ... Read More »
» Published in Transplant Proc. 2006 Sep;38(7):2054-6.

11. Melagatran reduces advanced atherosclerotic lesion size and may promote plaque stability in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.
Match Strength: 2.788

OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory mechanisms are involved in atherosclerotic plaque rupture and subsequent thrombin formation. Thrombin not only plays a central role in thrombus formation and platelet activation, but also in the induction of inflammatory processes. We assessed the hypothesis that melagatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, attenuates plaque progression and promotes stability of advanced atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Melagatran (500 micromol/kg/d) or control diet was administered to apolipoprotein E-deficient mice (n=54) with advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Treatment ... Read More »
» Published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2006 Dec;26(12):2787-92. Epub 2006 Sep 21.

12. The effectiveness of intensive glycemic control for the prevention of vascular complications in diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 2.708

Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus have reached epidemic proportions in the US, and indeed, globally. While microvascular complications contribute to considerable morbidity, much of the excess mortality (around 70%) is due to macrovascular disease. Hyperglycemia has predictable toxic effects on multiple organs ('glucotoxicity') including the pancreas, where it impairs insulin secretion and insulin gene expression through mechanisms that lead to glucose densensitization and beta-cell exhaustion, eventually resulting in irreversible beta-cell failure. There is robust evidence to suggest that ... Read More »
» Published in Treat Endocrinol. 2006;5(5):273-86.

13. Biologic prosthesis reduces recurrence after laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair: a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial.
Match Strength: 2.615

OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPEHR) is associated with a high recurrence rate. Repair with synthetic mesh lowers recurrence but can cause dysphagia and visceral erosions. This trial was designed to study the value of a biologic prosthesis, small intestinal submucosa (SIS), in LPEHR. METHODS: Patients undergoing LPEHR (n = 108) at 4 institutions were randomized to primary repair -1 degrees (n = 57) or primary repair buttressed with SIS (n = 51) using a standardized technique. The primary outcome measure was evidence of recurrent hernia (> or =2 cm) on UGI, read by a ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Surg. 2006 Oct;244(4):481-90.

14. Why do women have back pain more than men? A representative prevalence study in the federal republic of Germany.
Match Strength: 2.613

OBJECTIVES: In comparison with men, women have a healthier lifestyle, are more rarely overweight, have less stressful occupations, or are not employed outside the home. The "gender pain bias" is the fact that women nevertheless have a higher prevalence of back pain. This paper looks at the possible underlying reasons for this as yet unexplained gender difference, using Stokols' socioecological health model as a basis. METHODS: The first National Health Survey for the Federal Republic of Germany was carried out from October 1997 to March 1999. It comprised a representative total sample of 5315 ... Read More »
» Published in Clin J Pain. 2006 Oct;22(8):738-47.

15. Thyroid hormone insufficiency during brain development reduces parvalbumin immunoreactivity and inhibitory function in the hippocampus.
Match Strength: 2.599

Thyroid hormones are necessary for brain development. gamma-Amino-butyric acid (GABA)ergic interneurons comprise the bulk of local inhibitory circuitry in brain, many of which contain the calcium binding protein, parvalbumin (PV). A previous report indicated that severe postnatal hypothyroidism reduces PV immunoreactivity (IR) in rat neocortex. We examined PV-IR and GABA-mediated synaptic inhibition in the hippocampus of rats deprived of thyroid hormone from gestational d 6 until weaning on postnatal d 30. Pregnant dams were exposed to propylthiouracil (0, 3, 10 ppm) via the drinking water, ... Read More »
» Published in Endocrinology. 2007 Jan;148(1):92-102. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

16. Enhanced external counterpulsation treatment improves arterial wall properties and wave reflection characteristics in patients with refractory angina.
Match Strength: 2.550

OBJECTIVES: To determine if arterial properties and wave reflection characteristics are favorably altered after enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) treatment in patients with refractory angina. BACKGROUND: Early return of reflected waves from the lower body, resulting from increased arterial stiffness, augments central aortic pressure and increases left ventricular (LV) afterload and myocardial oxygen demand. EECP acutely enhances coronary perfusion (supply) and reduces LV afterload (demand). However, the mechanisms responsible for the sustained beneficial effects of EECP treatment are ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Sep 19;48(6):1208-14. Epub 2006 Aug 28. Comment in: J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Sep 19;48(6):1215-6.

17. Computational principles of sensorimotor control that minimize uncertainty and variability.
Match Strength: 2.500

Sensory and motor noise limits the precision with which we can sense the world and act upon it. Recent research has begun to reveal computational principles by which the central nervous system reduces the sensory uncertainty and movement variability arising from this internal noise. Here we review the role of optimal estimation and sensory filtering in extracting the sensory information required for motor planning, and the role of optimal control, motor adaptation and impedance control in the specification of the motor output signal ... Read More »
» Published in J Physiol. 2007 Jan 15;578(Pt 2):387-96. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

18. Reducing the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia progression.
Match Strength: 2.477

The incidence of benign prostatic hyperplasia increases with age; the probability of progression rises with age at diagnosis and with baseline symptom severity. Although it is not life-threatening, the condition and its complications have a serious impact on quality of life. Acute urinary retention (AUR), though no longer thought an indication for immediate surgery, still requires treatment, often including surgery. Drug therapy with alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers or 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, such as finasteride, reduces the risk for AUR and the need for surgery, as well as symptoms ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2002;4 Suppl 5:S29-38.

19. Growth-hormone-releasing peptide 6 (GHRP6) prevents oxidant cytotoxicity and reduces myocardial necrosis in a model of acute myocardial infarction.
Match Strength: 2.434

Therapies aimed at enhancing cardiomyocyte survival following myocardial injury are urgently required. As GHRP6 [GH (growth hormone)-releasing peptide 6] has been shown to stimulate GH secretion and has beneficial cardiovascular effects, the aim of the present study was to determine whether GHRP6 administration reduces myocardial infarct size following acute coronary occlusion in vivo. Female Cuban Creole pigs were anaesthetized, monitored and instrumented to ensure a complete sudden left circumflex artery occlusion for 1 h, followed by a 72 h reperfusion/survival period. Animals were screened ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Sci (Lond). 2007 Apr;112(4):241-50.

20. SIRT1 interacts with p73 and suppresses p73-dependent transcriptional activity.
Match Strength: 2.418

The tumor suppressor p53-related p73 shares significant amino-acid sequence identity with p53. Like p53, p73 recognizes canonical p53 DNA-binding sites and activates p53-responsive target genes and induces apoptosis. Moreover, SIRT1 binds to p53 while repressing the expression of their target genes. Here, we report that SIRT1 also binds to p73 and suppresses p73-dependent transcriptional activity. SIRT1 in human cells reduces the transcriptional activity of p73, and partly inhibits apoptosis induced by p73. Furthermore, SIRT1 can deacetylate p73 protein acetylation both in vivo and in vitro. ... Read More »
» Published in J Cell Physiol. 2007 Jan;210(1):161-6.

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