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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Understanding barriers to implementation of an adaptive land management program.
Match Strength: 3.175
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission manages over 650,000 ha, including 26 wildlife management and environmental areas. To improve management, they developed an objective-based vegetation management (OBVM) process that focuses on desired conditions of plant communities through an adaptive management framework. Our goals were to understand potential barriers to implementing OBVM and to recommend strategies to overcome barriers. A literature review identified 47 potential barriers in six categories to implementation of adaptive and ecosystem management: logistical, communication ... Read More »
» Published in Conserv Biol. 2006 Oct;20(5):1516-27.
2. Therapeutic strategies for localized prostate cancer.
Match Strength: 3.022
Prostate-specific antigen determinations for prostate cancer screening have led to a dramatic increase in the number of men who are diagnosed with organ-confined and therefore potentially curable prostate cancer. Advances in predicting outcomes with artificial neural networks may help to recommend one therapy over another. Less invasive forms of treatment, such as high-intensity focused ultrasound, may ultimately give patients additional options for treatment. Furthermore, attempts to better define the role of both neoadjuvant hormonal therapy and chemotherapy may give higher-risk patients ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2001;3 Suppl 2:S39-48.
3. Specific primers for rapid detection of Microsporum audouinii by PCR in clinical samples.
Match Strength: 2.967
This report describes application of PCR fingerprinting to identify common species of dermatophytes using the microsatellite primers M13, (GACA)4, and (GTG)5. The initial PCR analysis rendered a specific DNA fragment for Microsporum audouinii, which was cloned and sequenced. Based on the sequencing data of this fragment, forward (MA_1F) and reverse (MA_1R) primers were designed and verified by PCR to establish their reliability in the diagnosis of M. audouinii. These primers produced a singular PCR band of 431 bp specific only to strains and isolates of M. audouinii, based on a global test of ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Dec;44(12):4336-41. Epub 2006 Sep 27.
4. Vitamin D, aging, and the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Match Strength: 2.894
The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that older adults, people with dark skin, and those exposed to insufficient ultraviolet radiation (i.e., sunlight) consume extra vitamin D from vitamin D-fortified foods and/or supplements. Individuals in these high-risk groups should consume 25 microg (1000 IU) of vitamin D daily to maintain adequate blood concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, the biomarker for vitamin D status. This review considers recommendations for vitamin D-rich foods and dietary supplements, as well as specific problems with self-prescribing sun exposure or ... Read More »
» Published in Nutr Rev. 2006 Sep;64(9):410-21.
5. Maternal obesity in pregnancy: Is it time for meaningful research to inform preventive and management strategies?
Match Strength: 2.833
The growing epidemic of obesity in our society has become a major public health issue, with serious social and psychological consequences in addition to the physical health implications. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally with a similar rise in prevalence among women in the reproductive age group. This has critical consequences for fetal and maternal health in the antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum periods. The aims of this study were to summarise the implications of maternal obesity on maternal, fetal and neonatal health and to recommend good practice guidelines on the ... Read More »
» Published in BJOG. 2006 Oct;113(10):1134-40.
6. Cantilever TLIF with structural allograft and RhBMP2 for correction and maintenance of segmental sagittal lordosis: long-term clinical, radiographic, and functional outcome.
Match Strength: 2.744
STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective cohort study in a tertiary care spine center. OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of the cantilever transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (C-TLIF) technique in creating and maintaining lordosis, avoiding nerve problems, and obtaining fusion was studied. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: C-TLIF is a microscope-assisted transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion technique, emphasizing no dural retraction with placement of structural allograft and RhBMP2 anteriorly under the cortical apophyseal ring, followed by middle column cancellous autograft placed under compression with ... Read More »
» Published in Spine. 2006 Sep 15;31(20):E748-53.
7. Measles and rubella antibody status in children after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Match Strength: 2.723
OBJECTIVE: To assess the vaccination history and the status of vaccine-induced protection from measles and rubella in children after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. METHODS: Measles and rubella immunological status was assessed by the ELISA technique for 22 children previously treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. RESULTS: From the total of 22 patients, 20 had been given two doses of measles vaccine and 18 had had one dose of rubella vaccine. The percentage of patients seropositive for measles and rubella were 65 and 88.9%, respectively, with no correlation with age of patient, ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr (Rio J). 2006 Nov-Dec;82(6):481-4. Epub 2006 Sep 21.
8. The leaking pancreatic duct in childhood chronic pancreatitis.
Match Strength: 2.650
The leaking pancreatic duct in childhood chronic pancreatitis presents with ascites and pleural effusion and is a potentially lethal condition. Seven children with this condition were seen in the period 2003-2006. The correct diagnosis was not entertained till a raised serum amylase was discovered. The diagnosis was confirmed by very high levels of amylase in the aspirated abdominal or pleural fluid. Computerized tomogram was the most useful imaging study and demonstrated a dilated pancreatic duct. All children were operated within 6 days of diagnosis by a Puestow's procedure in six and ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Surg Int. 2007 Jan;23(1):65-8. Epub 2006 Sep 26.
9. Treatment of cereal products with a tailored preparation of trichoderma enzymes increases the amount of soluble dietary fiber.
Match Strength: 2.581
Nutritionists recommend increasing the intake of soluble dietary fiber (SDF), which is very low in most cereal-based products. Conversion of insoluble DF (IDF) into SDF can be achieved by chemical treatments, but this affects the sensorial properties of the products. In this study, the possibility of getting a substantial increase of SDF from cereal products using a tailored preparation of Trichoderma enzymes is reported. Enzymes were produced cultivating Trichoderma using durum wheat fiber (DWF) and barley spent grain (BSG) as unique carbon sources. Many Trichoderma strains were screened, and ... Read More »
» Published in J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Oct 4;54(20):7863-9.
10. Conversion from temporary external fixation to definitive fixation: shaft fractures.
Match Strength: 2.525
Temporary external fixation is the most common method of initial stabilization of diaphyseal fractures in forward surgical hospitals. Once the patient arrives at a stable environment, usually the United States, the fracture is managed with intramedullary nailing, small-pin external fixation, or a modified external fixator. Future research should be directed toward improving methods of care. It is not precisely known when is the best time to convert to definitive fixation without increasing the risk of infection. The risk factors leading to infection and nonunion are not well-established, ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006 Oct;14(10 Suppl):S124-7.
11. Orbital implant exposure treatment with porcine dermal collagen patching.
Match Strength: 2.523
PURPOSE: To present a small case series of orbital implant exposures treated with porcine dermal collagen (Permacol, Tissue Science Laboratories PLC, Aldershot, Hants, UK) patching. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of three cases of orbital implant exposure treated with Permacol patching. RESULTS: Three cases were identified. There were 4 operative episodes of Permacol patching (one socket had two attempts at permacol patching). In all 4 cases the patch rapidly failed and melted away leaving behind the orbital implant exposure. All 3 patients required implant removal. CONCLUSIONS: Orbital ... Read More »
» Published in Orbit. 2006 Sep;25(3):253-6.
12. Recurrent diving-related inner ear barotrauma.
Match Strength: 2.444
OBJECTIVE: To present two cases of recurrent diving-related inner ear barotrauma (IEB) and to discuss the possible cause and pathogenesis of the increased inner ear vulnerability. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Two scuba divers suffering from repeated cochleovestibular barotrauma. INTERVENTIONS: Neurotological evaluation, perilymphatic fistulae repair, and conservative treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The increasing popularity of scuba diving expose the individuals involved in this sport to unique pathologies that are not common under terrestrial ... Read More »
» Published in Otol Neurotol. 2006 Dec;27(8):1193-6.
13. Is pain ever "normal"?
Match Strength: 2.382
This article analyzes the Pain Terminology adopted by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP), noting that most of their pain categories are defined in terms of a reference standard of "normal" pain. Given the lack of any officially adopted operational definition of the word "normal," we argue that the use of this word expresses and maintains a paradigm that drives many clinicians' reasoning about their patients' pain. We offer evidence that this uninterrogated paradigm is being tacitly used to differentiate legitimate pain reports from malingering and drug seeking. We ... Read More »
» Published in Clin J Pain. 2006 Oct;22(8):692-9.
14. Difficult to Treat Patients in Primary Care: Are They Satisfied With the Care Received in Their Health Centre?
Match Strength: 2.354
OBJECTIVES. To evaluate the satisfaction of difficult to treat patients (DTP) cared for by a primary care team (PCT), as regards the organisational aspects and the care received, and to compare it with that obtained by a sample of the general patient population (GPP). DESIGN. Cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING. Urban health centre. PARTICIPANTS. One hundred-one DTP participated, after being selected using Ellis and O'Dowd criteria by 8 doctors. METHOD. Between March and May 2004 the DTP were given self-administered anonymous questionnaires, prepared and validated by the Catalonian ... Read More »
» Published in Aten Primaria. 2006 Sep 15;38(4):192-198.
15. Biomechanical analysis of cranial settling after transoral odontoidectomy.
Match Strength: 2.342
The authors conducted a biomechancial study to determine whether C-1 ring integrity is important in maintaining normal occiput-C-2 separation, specifically when the anterior arch is transected to provide access to the dens during an odontoidectomy procedure. Six human cadaveric occiput-C3 specimens were loaded under axial compression, and the bilateral horizontal separation of the C-1 lateral masses and the vertical compression of the occiput relative to C-2 were recorded. Specimens were first studied after odontoidectomy without C-1 ring transection, then after C-1 anterior arch transection, ... Read More »
» Published in Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Jun 15;6(6):e7.
16. The Great Lakes Regional Stroke Network experience.
Match Strength: 2.332
Stroke is a leading cause of disability and the third leading cause of death among adults in the United States and in the Great Lakes states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. The Great Lakes Regional Stroke Network was created to enhance collaboration and coordination among the Great Lakes states to reduce the burden of stroke and stroke-related disparities associated with race, sex, and geography. Three priorities were identified for reducing the effects of stroke in the Great Lakes region: 1) build epidemiologic capacity to improve stroke prevention and control ... Read More »
» Published in Prev Chronic Dis. 2006 Oct;3(4):A128. Epub 2006 Sep 15.
17. Outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention in hospitals with and without on-site cardiac surgery standby.
Match Strength: 2.288
OBJECTIVE To compare characteristics and outcome of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in clinics with (SB) or without (NOSB) on-site cardiac surgery backup. DESIGN Analysis according to hospital type of prospectively collected data of all patients that underwent PCI 2000-2003. SETTING The Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR) covers all PCI procedures done in Sweden. PATIENTS 34363 patients between January 2000 and December 2003. 8838 procedures were done in NOSB hospitals, 25525 in SB hospitals. RESULTS The mean age of the patients was 64.1 ... Read More »
» Published in Heart. 2006 Sep 15;
18. Collection, processing, and storage of biological samples in epidemiologic studies: sex hormones, carotenoids, inflammatory markers, and proteomics as examples.
Match Strength: 2.279
The measurement of biomarkers in blood specimens has become an integral component of many epidemiologic studies and introduces several decision points about specimen collection, processing, and storage for the investigator. We briefly discuss the current state of knowledge for four commonly assessed biomarkers: estrogens and other sex hormones, ascorbic acid and carotenoids, cytokines involved in the inflammatory response, and proteomics. Sex hormones are relatively robust to type of sample collected, delayed processing (if chilled), and long-term storage at <-70 degrees C. Ascorbic acid ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006 Sep;15(9):1578-81.
19. Electrodermal responses to words in chronic low back pain patients: a comparison between pain descriptors, other emotional words, and neutral words.
Match Strength: 2.193
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the electrodermal reactivity of chronic sufferers to emotional words. The hypothesis that patients are over-sensitive to pain descriptors is tested. METHODS: Electrodermal activity was recorded in 12 chronic low back pain patients and 12 healthy controls during passive viewing of words on a video monitor. These words were pain descriptors, other emotional words, and neutral words, in a pseudo-randomized order. A jingle was associated with the word occurrence. RESULTS: In chronic low back pain patients, skin conductance responses (SCRs) induced by pain descriptors ... Read More »
» Published in Clin J Pain. 2006 Oct;22(8):686-91.
20. Deep-fill hyaluronic acid for the temporary treatment of the naso-jugal groove: a report of 303 consecutive treatments.
Match Strength: 2.160
PURPOSE: To report a 2-year experience of treating the naso-jugal groove with injectable hyaluronic acid gel, using a deep-fill method. METHODS: This was a consecutive, retrospective, nonrandomized case series of patients presenting with concerns involving dark circles, lower eyelid hollows, or other contour irregularities that make up the naso-jugal groove. One author performed all treatments, consisting of transcutaneous injection of hyaluronic acid gel filler, to address the naso-jugal groove. The filler was placed deep on the anterior lip of the orbital rim and molded to the desired shape. ... Read More »
» Published in Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Sep-Oct;22(5):344-8.
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