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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Understanding the lives of older gay people.
Match Strength: 5.559
Ten research articles were examined with the aim of increasing our understanding of the lives of older gay people. It is clear from the literature that nurses must not rely on stereotypes of older gay people to inform their professional practice. It is also important for nurses to appreciate that older homosexuals have different health and social care needs from their heterosexual contemporaries. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Nurs Older People. 2006 Sep;18(8):31-6.
2. Depression and older people.
Match Strength: 5.164
Nearly a third of older people admitted for acute hospital care experience depression. Rates of depression are even higher in care homes. The purpose of this article is to raise awareness among nurses of this debilitating condition and its potentially fatal consequences, and to suggest interventions that can bring about improvement. Although challenging for nurses, detecting and treating depression can bring enormous benefits for older people and, in some cases, can mean the difference between life and death. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Nurs Older People. 2006 Sep;18(8):27-30.
3. 'When I am together with them I feel more ill.' The stigma of multiple sclerosis experienced in social relationships.
Match Strength: 5.031
OBJECTIVES: We explored the stigma that people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experienced in social relationships. Informed by the symbolic integrationist paradigm, this sociological study focuses on the creation of personal identity through interaction with others. The symbolic interactionist account of stigma examines the meaning and reality being negotiated in communication with others. METHODS: Fourteen people with MS and their relatives were interviewed. The unstructured interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed and coded in accordance with the procedure of grounded theory. RESULTS: ... Read More »
» Published in Chronic Illn. 2006 Sep;2(3):195-208. Comment in: Chronic Illn. 2006 Sep;2(3):161-2.
4. Obesity--a growing issue.
Match Strength: 4.581
OBJECTIVES: This article, based on longitudinal data, follows a sample of people who were aged 20 to 56 in 1994/95 to determine the percentage who made the transition from normal to overweight, or from overweight to obese by 2002/03. Characteristics that increased the chances of overweight people becoming obese are examined. DATA SOURCES: The data are from five cycles of the National Population Health Survey, 1994/95 through 2002/03. ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES: Cox proportional hazards modelling was used to identify variables associated with an increased or decreased risk of becoming obese; 1,937 ... Read More »
» Published in Health Rep. 2006 Aug;17(3):43-50.
5. Sickle cell disease in the perioperative setting.
Match Strength: 4.571
This article explores Sickle Cell Disease and Sickle Cell Trait. These are hereditary conditions that affect thousands of people in the UK and abroad. The disease tends to occur in people of Afro-Caribbean or Mediterranean descent. The specific Pre-, Peri- and postoperative care of affected patients is examined ... Read More »
» Published in J Perioper Pract. 2006 Sep;16(9):443-6.
6. Development of a screening tool for identifying elderly people at risk of abuse by their caregivers.
Match Strength: 4.430
OBJECTIVE: This study developed and assessed an instrument to identify older people at high risk of abuse based on Reis and Nahmiash's Indicators of Abuse (IOA) screen. METHOD: A total of 108 people 65 and older, hospitalized in internal medicine departments at two major hospitals in Israel, were screened together with their principal caregivers. The interview was based on the expanded IOA (E-IOA) and a list of evident signs of abuse. RESULTS: Reliability and validity of the E-IOA were tested and confirmed. Indicators proved to be a significant predictor of evident signs of abuse. The E-IOA ... Read More »
» Published in J Aging Health. 2006 Oct;18(5):660-85.
7. Physical health, self-reliance, and emotional control as moderators of the relationship between locus of control and mental health among men treated for prostate cancer.
Match Strength: 4.300
This investigation examined the moderating effects of physical health and scripts for masculinity (i.e., self-reliance and emotional control) on the relationship between powerful other people locus of control and mental health for 230 men treated for prostate cancer. Regression analyses indicated that physical health and masculine gender scripts moderated the association between powerful other people locus of control and mental health. Specifically, men with poor physical health evinced negative mental health when they endorsed masculine gender scripts and believed powerful other people (i.e., ... Read More »
» Published in J Behav Med. 2006 Dec;29(6):561-72. Epub 2006 Sep 19.
8. Computer access for people after stroke.
Match Strength: 4.282
This article will focus on computer access options for people who have had a stroke. The role of the occupational therapist and assistive technology specialist in evaluation, prescription, and training will be addressed. Options related to physical, perceptual, or cognitive impairments (following a stroke) to allow for access to the computer or to increase efficiency will be discussed. Alternative hardware, software options, and modifications to the operating system will be described. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Top Stroke Rehabil. 2006 Summer;13(3):22-30.
9. Life goals of patients with Parkinson's disease: A pilot study on correlations with mood and cognitive functions.
Match Strength: 4.192
OBJECTIVE: To identify the life goals of people with Parkinson's disease, to assess whether patients felt that these goals were 'on track', and to assess the relation of these life goals to neuropsychologic and mood function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study with an age-matched control group. SETTING: Outpatient Movement Disorders Clinics Veterans Hospital. SUBJECTS: Twenty-two patients with mid-stage Parkinson's disease and 22 age-matched controls. MEASURES: Rivermead Life Goals Inventory, neuropsychological and mood scales. RESULTS: People with Parkinson's disease were less likely ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Rehabil. 2006 Sep;20(9):818-26.
10. Trends in HIV Postexposure Prophylaxis Prescription and Compliance After Sexual Exposure in Amsterdam, 2000-2004.
Match Strength: 4.133
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to evaluate trends in HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) requests after sexual exposure, compliance, and outcome of follow-up HIV tests. STUDY DESIGN:: The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of all HIV PEP requests after sexual exposure between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2004, in Amsterdam. RESULTS:: In 5 years, there was a very modest increase in PEP requests, of which most (75%) came from men who have sex with men (MSM). Although 70% reported side effects, 85% completed their PEP course. Sexual assault victims less often completed ... Read More »
» Published in Sex Transm Dis. 2006 Sep 13;
11. Perceptions of issues associated with the maintenance and improvement of long-term health in people with SCI.
Match Strength: 3.851
Study design:Qualitative design using focus groups.Objective:To explore the perceptions of people with SCI and their caregivers about information needs and service delivery options that may assist them to maintain or improve their long-term health.Setting:Province wide project in Alberta, Canada.Methods:Eight focus groups were conducted; five with community dwelling people with SCI and three with unpaid caregivers (family and friends). Content analysis was used to identify categories and themes arising from the data.Results:The findings from the study are broader than the original objective to ... Read More »
» Published in Spinal Cord. 2006 Sep 26;
12. Serious mental illness and physical health problems: A discussion paper.
Match Strength: 3.829
People with serious mental illness have higher morbidity and mortality rates of chronic diseases than the general population. This discussion paper explores the complex reasons for these disparities in health, such as limitations of health services, the effects of having a serious mental illness, health behaviours and the effects of psychotropic medication. Physical health can be enhanced by improved monitoring and lifestyle interventions initiated at the start of treatment. There are opportunities for mental health nurses to play a significant role in improving both the physical and mental ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Nurs Stud. 2006 Sep 26;
13. Measuring autonomy in disabled people: Validation of a new scale in a UK population.
Match Strength: 3.810
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of an English version of the Impact on Participation and Autonomy Questionnaire (IPA). The original Dutch IPA has been shown to load onto five factors. DESIGN: A validation study. SETTING: Outpatients clinics and people's homes. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and thirteen people with multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, spinal cord injury, and general practice attendees, stratified by level of disability (median age 54, 42% male, 58% female). Inclusion criteria: English as first language, aged 18-75, Mental Status Questionnaire score >6. ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Rehabil. 2006 Sep;20(9):793-803.
14. Validation of the Spanish version of the EURO-D scale: an instrument for detecting depression in older people.
Match Strength: 3.792
OBJECTIVE: To standardize the EURO-D scale as a method for detecting depression in Spanish older people. METHODS: In a first phase, a sample of 1080 community older people was assessed with the GMS-AGECAT by lay interviewers. In a second phase, all the probable cases and a similar number of randomly selected probable non-cases were assessed using DSM-III-R diagnosis by psychiatrists. To test reliability, internal consistency with the Cronbach alpha coefficient and test-retest reliability (Kappa value) were obtained. Validity, sensitivity and specificity, predictive values, Receiver Operating ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Dec;21(12):1199-205.
15. No-take marine reserves and reef fisheries management in the Philippines: a new people power revolution.
Match Strength: 3.772
The marine-conservation and reef fisheries-management program that exists today in the Philippines had humble beginnings in the 1970s at Sumilon and Apo islands. These islands have produced some of the best evidence available that no-take reserves, protected and managed by local communities, can play a key role in biodiversity conservation and fisheries management. Perhaps more importantly, they served as models for an extraordinary expansion of no-take reserves nationally in the Philippines in the past 2 decades. This expansion contributed substantially to a major shift in national policy of ... Read More »
» Published in Ambio. 2006 Aug;35(5):245-54.
16. Treatment of overactive bladder and incontinence in the elderly.
Match Strength: 3.723
The prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder rises with age, and elderly people are the fastest-growing segment of the population. Many elderly people assume UI is a normal part of the aging process and do not report it to their doctors, who must therefore make the effort to elicit the information from them. Coexisting medical problems in older patients and the multiple medications many of them take make diagnosis and treatment more complex in this population. Just as the etiology of incontinence is often multifactorial, the treatment approach may need to be multipronged, ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2002;4 Suppl 4:S38-43.
17. Three-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Therapy for the Prevention of Psychosis in People at Ultrahigh Risk.
Match Strength: 3.698
There have been recent advances in the ability to identify people at high risk of developing psychosis. This has led to interest in the possibility of preventing the development of psychosis. A randomized controlled trial compared cognitive therapy (CT) over 6 months with monthly monitoring in 58 patients meeting criteria for ultrahigh risk of developing a first episode of psychosis. Participants were followed up over a 3-year period. Logistic regression demonstrated that CT significantly reduced likelihood of being prescribed antipsychotic medication over a 3-year period, but it did not ... Read More »
» Published in Schizophr Bull. 2006 Sep 14;
18. The experience of being disabled and obese.
Match Strength: 3.663
PURPOSE: This qualitative study was designed to explore the experiences of disabled and severely obese people living in the community. The challenges that their size and disabilities posed within their homes and in accessing community facilities were explored, with particular reference to the provision and use of assistive technologies. METHODS: The study comprised in-depth interviews with a sample of six severely obese, disabled people using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: Three key themes emerged: the experience of daily life; accessing services; and responses to challenges. The study ... Read More »
» Published in Disabil Rehabil. 2006 Oct 15;28(19):1211-20.
19. Will Filmed Presentations of Education and Contact Diminish Mental Illness Stigma?
Match Strength: 3.575
This study examines the impact of two versions of anti-stigma programs-education and contact-presented on videotape. A total of 244 people were randomly assigned to education or contact conditions and completed pre-test, post-test, and follow-up measures of stereotypes. Results suggest that the education videotape had limited effects, mostly showing improvement in responsibility (people with mental illness are not to blame for their symptoms and disabilities). Watching the contact videotaped showed significant improvement in pity, empowerment, coercion, and segregation. Contact effects were ... Read More »
» Published in Community Ment Health J. 2006 Sep 19;
20. Vitamin D, aging, and the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Match Strength: 3.556
The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that older adults, people with dark skin, and those exposed to insufficient ultraviolet radiation (i.e., sunlight) consume extra vitamin D from vitamin D-fortified foods and/or supplements. Individuals in these high-risk groups should consume 25 microg (1000 IU) of vitamin D daily to maintain adequate blood concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, the biomarker for vitamin D status. This review considers recommendations for vitamin D-rich foods and dietary supplements, as well as specific problems with self-prescribing sun exposure or ... Read More »
» Published in Nutr Rev. 2006 Sep;64(9):410-21.
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