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1. Systemic lupus erythematosus and the brain: what mice are telling us.
Match Strength: 5.880

Neuropsychiatric symptoms occur in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a complex, autoimmune disease of unknown origin. Although several pathogenic mechanisms have been suggested to play a significant role in the etiology of the disease, the exact underlying mechanisms still remain elusive. Several inbred strains of mice are used as models to study SLE, which exhibit a diversity of central nervous system (CNS) manifestations similar to that observed in patients. This review will attempt to give a brief overview of the CNS alterations observed in these models, including biochemical, structural ... Read More »
» Published in Neurochem Int. 2007 Jan;50(1):5-11. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

2. Imbalance of interleukin 18 and interleukin 18 binding protein in patients with lupus nephritis.
Match Strength: 5.066

To evaluate the balance status of interleukin 18 (IL-18) and interleukin 18 binding protein (IL-18BP) in circulation in patients with lupus nephritis (LN) and primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS), plasma levels as well as mRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of IL-18 and IL-18BP were measured by ELISA and RT-PCR respectively. The ratio of IL-18/IL-18BP was also calculated. Both plasma IL-18 and IL-18BP increased significantly in LN patients while only IL-18BP increased in PNS, which resulted in an elevated ratio of IL-18/IL-18BP in LN but not in PNS patients when compared ... Read More »
» Published in Cell Mol Immunol. 2006 Aug;3(4):303-6.

3. Revised British Isles Lupus Assessment Group 2004 index: a reliable tool for assessment of systemic lupus erythematosus activity.
Match Strength: 5.024

OBJECTIVE: To test the interrater reliability of the revised British Isles Lupus Assessment Group 2004 (BILAG-2004) index for the assessment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) activity. METHODS: Patients with SLE were recruited from 11 centers. Two physician raters separately assessed the patients' disease activity using the BILAG-2004 index in routine clinical practice. Scores ranged from A (for very active disease) to E (for inactivity). Two reliability exercises were performed. Changes were made to the index after the first exercise (E1), and additional training was provided to the ... Read More »
» Published in Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Oct;54(10):3300-5.

4. Fluctuation in self-perceived stress and increased risk of flare in patients with lupus nephritis carrying the serotonin receptor 1A -1019 G allele.
Match Strength: 4.943

OBJECTIVE: Stress is believed to be a risk factor for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) flare. Two serotonin-related gene polymorphisms, the serotonin receptor 1A (5-HT1A) polymorphism at -1019C>G and the serotonin transporter LS polymorphism, have been reported to affect stress-related behaviors. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between self-perceived stress (SPS), variability in SPS, and the 2 serotonin-related gene polymorphisms as risk factors for SLE flare. METHODS: Seventy-seven SLE patients (50 with lupus nephritis) were evaluated every 2 months (mean +/- SD ... Read More »
» Published in Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Oct;54(10):3291-9.

5. Pathophysiology of cutaneous lupus erythematosus -- novel aspects.
Match Strength: 4.487

The pathophysiology of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) has been investigated in numerous studies demonstrating that the combination of specific cellular and molecular events is leading to inflammation and tissue damage in this disease. However, a complete understanding of the diverse pathophysiological mechanisms and interactions does not exist. Various environmental factors influence the clinical expression of CLE and a striking relationship has emerged between sunlight exposure and the various subtypes of this disease. In the past years, photoprovocation tests with different ultraviolet ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatology (Oxford). 2006 Oct;45 Suppl 3:iii14-iii16.

6. The effect of menopause on disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Match Strength: 4.310

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of menopause on disease activity and course of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Patients were identified from the University of Toronto lupus clinic database. Menopause was diagnosed on the basis of 12 months of amenorrhea. A 3 part study was carried out. Part 1 included an inception cohort of 190 women with SLE diagnosed in the premenopausal years (Group A) and an inception cohort of 55 women with SLE diagnosed in the postmenopausal years (Group B), both followed for a minimum of 3 years. Part 2 included 49 patients followed in the clinic for at ... Read More »
» Published in J Rheumatol. 2006 Nov;33(11):2192-8. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

7. Low blood concentration of hydroxychloroquine is a marker for and predictor of disease exacerbations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Match Strength: 4.137

OBJECTIVE: To study the possible relationship between whole-blood hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) concentrations and clinical efficacy of HCQ in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Whole-blood HCQ concentrations were measured, under blinded conditions, in 143 unselected patients with SLE who had been receiving HCQ 400 mg daily for at least 6 months. The relationship of these concentrations to current disease activity and to subsequent exacerbations during 6 months of followup was investigated. RESULTS: At baseline, 23 patients had active disease (mean +/- SD SLE Disease ... Read More »
» Published in Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Oct;54(10):3284-90. Comment in: Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Oct;54(10):3068-70.

8. Abrogation of skin disease in LUPUS-prone MRL/FASlpr mice by means of a novel tylophorine analog.
Match Strength: 4.087

OBJECTIVE: To test the therapeutic effect of DCB-3503, a synthetic compound derived from a natural product that inhibits NF-kappaB, on end-organ disease in the MRL-Fas(lpr) murine model of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Eight-week-old female MRL/Fas(lpr) mice were treated intraperitoneally with a low (2 mg/kg) or high (6 mg/kg) dose of DCB-3503 for 10 weeks. Control groups were administered vehicle treatment alone (negative control) or 25 mg/kg cyclophosphamide (positive control). Mice were bled before (8 weeks) and during (13 weeks) treatment, and when they were killed (20 weeks ... Read More »
» Published in Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Oct;54(10):3277-83.

9. The Overlap of Sjogren's Syndrome with Other Systemic Autoimmune Diseases.
Match Strength: 3.915

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the main diagnostic problems caused by the overlap between Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and other systemic autoimmune diseases (SAD). METHODS: We performed a MEDLINE search for articles published between January 1966 and December 2005 that specifically analyzed the overlap between SS and other SAD. We identified a list of diagnostic problems in patients with primary SS who had features considered typical of other SAD. RESULTS: Clinically, the main diagnostic problems occur in SS patients presenting with arthritis, Raynaud phenomenon, cutaneous features (subacute cutaneous ... Read More »
» Published in Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Feb;36(4):246-255. Epub 2006 Sep 22.

10. Cardiac arrhythmias and conduction disturbances in autoimmune rheumatic diseases.
Match Strength: 3.838

Rhythm and conduction disturbances and sudden cardiac death (SCD) are important manifestations of cardiac involvement in autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs). In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a major cause of SCD is atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, leading to acute coronary syndrome and ventricular arrhythmias. In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and atrial ectopic beats are the major cardiac arrhythmias. In some cases, sinus tachycardia may be the only manifestation of cardiac involvement. The most frequent cardiac rhythm ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatology (Oxford). 2006 Oct;45 Suppl 4:iv39-iv42.

11. Association between calciphylaxis and inflammation in two patients on chronic dialysis.
Match Strength: 3.705

The pathogenesis of calciphylaxis, which has a rising incidence in the chronic dialysis population and a high mortality rate, is poorly understood. Abnormalities in the calcium-phosphorus-parathyroid axis are clinically related to calciphylaxis, but alone, they cannot explain this condition. Here, we present two patients who had chronic inflammatory conditions and hyperparathyroidism and who developed calciphylaxis. A 41-year-old white woman on hemodialysis following scleroderma, hepatitis C, liver transplant, and failed kidney transplant, developed progressive ulcerative lower extremity ... Read More »
» Published in Adv Perit Dial. 2006;22:171-4.

12. Localization and replication of the systemic lupus erythematosus linkage signal at 4p16: interaction with 2p11, 12q24 and 19q13 in European Americans.
Match Strength: 3.610

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by both population and phenotypic heterogeneity. Our group previously identified linkage to SLE at 4p16 in European Americans (EA). In the present study we replicate this linkage effect in a new cohort of 76 EA families multiplex for SLE by model-free linkage analysis. Using densely spaced microsatellite markers in the linkage region, we have localized the potential SLE susceptibility gene(s) to be telomeric to the marker D4S2928 by haplotype construction. In addition, marker D4S394 showed marginal evidence of ... Read More »
» Published in Hum Genet. 2007 Jan;120(5):623-31. Epub 2006 Sep 16.

13. Immune-mediated etiology of acquired von Willebrand syndrome in systemic lupus erythematosus and in benign monoclonal gammopathy: therapeutic implications.
Match Strength: 3.345

The most common nonimmune etiology of acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AvWS) includes hypothyroidism, Wilms' tumor, thrombocythemia, or congenital heart defects, and the use of various drugs. AvWS type 1 in patients with hypothyroidism is due to decreased Willebrand factor (vWF) synthesis and is reversible by treatment with thyroxin. AvWS type 1 or 3 in children with Wilms' tumor disappears after successful chemotherapy or tumor resection but the mechanism of the vWF deficiency is unknown. The AvWS type 2 in patients with thrombocythemia of various myeloproliferative disorders is caused by ... Read More »
» Published in Semin Thromb Hemost. 2006 Sep;32(6):577-88.

14. Anesthetic implications of the catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome.
Match Strength: 3.011

The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (or the anticardiolipin antibody syndrome) is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies. Its major association is with systemic lupus erythematosus. 'Catastrophic' antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is defined as an accelerated form of APS usually resulting in multiorgan failure and can be precipitated by surgery. We present the case of a 12-year-old male child who presented for enucleation of his left eye for fungal endopthalmitis. This patient had a history of CAPS 2 months before surgery with myocardial, gastrointestinal, renal and laryngeal ... Read More »
» Published in Paediatr Anaesth. 2006 Oct;16(10):1090-3.

15. Epidemiology of connective tissue disorders.
Match Strength: 2.949

The reported prevalence and incidence of connective tissue disorders are quite variable, depending on differences in study methodology. Most important differences are the study duration, the classification criteria used for diagnosis and the country in which the study was undertaken. Sjogren's syndrome has the highest prevalence ranging between 0.5 and 3% of a given population. The prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is estimated between 15 and 50 per 100 000 individuals, with a female:male ratio of 6-10:1 in the age group between 15 and 40 yrs. The prevalence of systemic ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatology (Oxford). 2006 Oct;45 Suppl 3:iii3-iii4.

16. Toll-like receptor 7-dependent loss of B cell tolerance in pathogenic autoantibody knockin mice.
Match Strength: 2.705

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the production of autoantibodies that are frequently directed against nucleic acid-associated antigens. To better understand how B cells reactive with such antigens are regulated, we generated a model system in which heavy and light chain genes encoding 564 immunoglobulin have been targeted to the heavy and light chain loci of the nonautoimmune C57BL/6 mouse strain. This antibody recognizes RNA, single-stranded DNA, and nucleosomes. We show that B cells expressing this immunoglobulin were activated, producing class-switched autoantibody in ... Read More »
» Published in Immunity. 2006 Sep;25(3):429-40. Comment in: Immunity. 2006 Sep;25(3):397-9.

17. Anti-calreticulin antibodies in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Match Strength: 2.583

PURPOSE: Although the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unclear, autoimmune processes seem to play roles in IBD because several types of autoantibodies have been found in it. Calreticulin (CRT) is a soluble Ca2+ binding protein which is present in a wide variety of cells. CRT is localized mainly in the endoplasmic reticulum and is often a target for autoantibodies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of anti-CRT antibodies measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using the sera of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's ... Read More »
» Published in Fukushima J Med Sci. 2006 Jun;52(1):1-11.

18. Connective tissue diseases: evaluation of clinical response.
Match Strength: 2.555

Systemic connective tissue diseases (CTDs) are disease entities characterized by a systemic and heterogeneous spectrum of clinical symptoms. The treatment of CDTs has improved substantially, but with the developments of new and probably more expensive targeted therapies, there will be a need of rigorous evaluation in patient-oriented research. Proposed domains for outcome measurement of CTDs are activity, damage by disease and/or medications and quality of life. To evaluate the overall disease activity in CTDs, scores are developed that include typical signs and symptoms. For example, in ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatology (Oxford). 2006 Oct;45 Suppl 3:iii5-iii7.

19. Comprehensive findings on clinical, bacteriological, histopathological and therapeutic aspects of cutaneous tuberculosis.
Match Strength: 2.487

OBJECTIVE: To define the bacteriological and histological correlates of the three predominant clinical forms of cutaneous tuberculosis and to evaluate the efficacy of a 9-month daily regimen containing rifampicin and isoniazid. METHODS: In the dermatological clinics of two major teaching hospitals in Chennai, 213 patients with suspected clinical manifestations of cutaneous tuberculosis underwent examination and a skin biopsy for bacteriological and histological tests. They were treated with a daily regimen of rifampicin and isoniazid for 9 months and follow-up for 3 years. RESULTS: ... Read More »
» Published in Trop Med Int Health. 2006 Oct;11(10):1521-8.

20. NFkappaB and its inhibitor IkappaB in relation to type 2 diabetes and its microvascular and atherosclerotic complications.
Match Strength: 2.405

Nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) is an important transcription factor that together with its inhibitor (IkappaB) participates in the activation of genes involved in immune responses. We examined the CA repeat polymorphism of the NFKB1 gene (encoding for NFkappaB) and A/G point variation in the 3'UTR region of the nuclear factor kappa B inhibitor alpha (NFKBIA) gene (encoding for IkappaB) in Czech and German patients with type 2 diabetes. The sample consisted of 211 patients, both with and without kidney complications, and 159 controls. Additionally, 152 patients with systemic lupus ... Read More »
» Published in Hum Immunol. 2006 Sep;67(9):706-13. Epub 2006 Jun 22.

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