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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Good documentation: what it means for your physicians--and your revenue cycle.
Match Strength: 3.425
To powerfully influence physician documentation behavior--and improve patient care, reduce claim denials, and increase revenues: Examine each physician's documentation and coding habits and history through audits and, if possible, by observing physicians during typical patient encounters. Show physicians how they can improve record-keeping using specific examples from their own practices. Design encounter templates, superbills, and other documentation tools that address individual practice needs ... Read More »
» Published in Healthc Financ Manage. 2006 Sep;60(9):68-72.
2. Meeting the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services requirements for quality assessment and performance improvement: a model for hospitals.
Match Strength: 3.242
The Quality Assessment and Performance Improvement (QAPI) model seeks to improve the structures and processes of delivering healthcare to gain better outcomes in patient care. The goal of the model described in this article is to create an integrated approach for hospitals to meet the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) quality requirements. This article describes the results of this data-driven QAPI method via utilization of this model and its processes. The Safety without Restraint task force of Swedish Covenant Hospital was created to evaluate compliance with CMS restraint ... Read More »
» Published in J Nurs Care Qual. 2006 Oct-Dec;21(4):325-30.
3. Quality improvement in New Zealand healthcare. Part 6: keeping the patient front and centre to improve healthcare quality.
Match Strength: 2.870
Patient-centred care is arguably the most important of the dimensions of quality as it is likely that a healthcare system which is patient-centred will also perform well against the other dimensions--safety as well as timely, accessible, effective, and efficient care. What does it mean to be patient-centred and how can it be achieved? This article explores several definitions of patient-centred care and discusses two interpretations--the expert patient and shared decision-making. Being sick is inherently a vulnerable position to be in and our current healthcare system does little to recognise ... Read More »
» Published in N Z Med J. 2006 Sep 22;119(1242):U2174.
4. Importance of bile acids for novel oral absorption system containing polyamines to improve intestinal absorption.
Match Strength: 2.760
The synergetic improving effect of bile acids with spermine (SPM), a major polyamine, on the absorption of rebamipide, a poorly soluble and poorly absorbable drug (BCS Class IV), was evaluated in rats and beagle dogs. Although the absorption of rebamipide was improved by the addition of polyamines alone in normal rats, it was not improved in bile duct ligated (BDL) rats. The combinatorial use of sodium taurocholate (STC), a bile acid, with SPM improved the absorption of rebamipide even in BDL rats. In the beagle dogs, the oral administration of SPM alone did not enhance the absorption of ... Read More »
» Published in J Control Release. 2006 Oct 10;115(2):130-3. Epub 2006 Jul 21.
5. The effect of serial casting on gait in children with cerebral palsy: preliminary results from a crossover trial.
Match Strength: 2.745
Serial casting aims to improve an equinus gait pattern in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). We evaluated the effect of short-term stretch casting on gait in children with SCP, compared to the natural history. A crossover trial, consisting of a control phase and a casting phase, was conducted with children randomised into two groups. Both groups were assessed clinically, and using 3D gait analysis, at 0, 5 and 12 weeks. Subjects in one group had the 3 month casting phase first and in the other had the 3 month control period first. Casts were changed weekly and set at maximum available ... Read More »
» Published in Gait Posture. 2006 Sep 26;
6. Impact of sourdough on the texture of bread.
Match Strength: 2.723
Sourdough has been used since ancient times and its ability to improve the quality and increase the shelf-life of bread has been widely described. During sourdough fermentation, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) produce a number of metabolites which have been shown to have a positive effect on the texture and staling of bread, e.g. organic acids, exopolysaccharides (EPS) and/or enzymes. EPS produced by LAB have the potential to replace more expensive hydrocolloids used as bread improvers. Organic acids affect the protein and starch fractions of flour. Additionally, the drop in pH associated with acid ... Read More »
» Published in Food Microbiol. 2007 Apr;24(2):165-74. Epub 2006 Sep 20.
7. New trends in radiotherapy for breast cancer.
Match Strength: 2.622
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New radiotherapy techniques are under development to improve tumor control and to decrease the long-term side effects of breast cancer. These include accelerated partial breast irradiation, intensity modulated and image guided radiotherapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Follow-up data of multicatheter brachytherapy accelerated partial breast irradiation and intraoperative electron beam radiotherapy confirm excellent 5-year local control rates in well selected patients. Early side effects seem to be improved, but recent data show increasing skin toxicity in multicatheter and intracavitary ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Oncol. 2006 Nov;18(6):555-62.
8. RNA unrestrained molecular dynamics ensemble improves agreement with experimental NMR data compared to single static structure: a test case.
Match Strength: 2.575
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) provides structural and dynamic information reflecting an average, often non-linear, of multiple solution-state conformations. Therefore, a single optimized structure derived from NMR refinement may be misleading if the NMR data actually result from averaging of distinct conformers. It is hypothesized that a conformational ensemble generated by a valid molecular dynamics (MD) simulation should be able to improve agreement with the NMR data set compared with the single optimized starting structure. Using a model system consisting of two sequence-related self ... Read More »
» Published in J Comput Aided Mol Des. 2006 May;20(5):263-79. Epub 2006 Sep 28.
9. Monitoring extracellular glutamate in hippocampal slices with a microsensor.
Match Strength: 2.571
The direct local assessment of glutamate in brain slices may improve our understanding of glutamatergic neurotransmission significantly. However, an analytical technique that monitors glutamate directly in brain slices is currently not available. Most recording techniques either monitor derivatives of glutamate or detect glutamate that diffuses out of the slice. Microsensors provide a promising solution to fulfill this analytical requirement. In the present study we have implanted a 10mum diameter hydrogel-coated microsensor in the CA1 area of hippocampal slices to monitor extracellular ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurosci Methods. 2007 Feb 15;160(1):37-44. Epub 2006 Sep 15.
10. Journal quality and visibility: Is there a way out of the scientific periphery?
Match Strength: 2.562
Scientific journals play an important role in the transfer of scientific information, and international visibility is a prerequisite for fulfilling this role. However, entering international bibliographic databases is a major challenge for the journals from the so-called scientific periphery. These journals have an unfavourable starting position because of the small number of manuscripts received, an insufficient pool of reviewers, the low quality of published articles, and poor international visibility, all of which reduce the pool of potential authors and close a "vicious circle of ... Read More »
» Published in Prilozi. 2006;27(1):151-61.
11. The effectiveness of passive stretching in children with cerebral palsy.
Match Strength: 2.550
Passive stretching is widely used for individuals with spasticity in a belief that tightness or contracture of soft tissues can be corrected and lengthened. Evidence for the efficacy of passive stretching on individuals with spasticity is limited. The aim of this review was to evaluate the evidence on the effectiveness of passive stretching in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Seven studies were selected according to the selection criteria and scored against the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. Effect size and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for comparison. There was limited ... Read More »
» Published in Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006 Oct;48(10):855-62.
12. Cultural competence of baccalaureate nursing faculty: are we up to the task?
Match Strength: 2.514
Reported low levels of cultural competence among baccalaureate nursing students, as well as professional nurses, have raised questions about nursing faculty's readiness to prepare culturally competent graduates. This study examined cultural competence among faculty of baccalaureate nursing programs in Louisiana. Using a five-point Likert-type scale, the respondents were asked to express their level of agreement with statements addressing the components of cultural competence. The data analysis revealed the respondents' rating of their cultural awareness (4.14), desire (3.67) knowledge (3.65), ... Read More »
» Published in J Cult Divers. 2006 Fall;13(3):131-40.
13. New developments in palliative therapy.
Match Strength: 2.511
Over the past 5years, new developments in the palliative treatment of incurable cancer of the oesophagus and gastro-oesophageal junction have been introduced with the aim of palliating dysphagia and improving the survival of patients. Stent placement is currently the most widely used treatment for palliation of dysphagia from oesophageal cancer. A stent offers rapid relief of dysphagia; however, current recurrent dysphagia rates vary between 30 and 40%. Recently introduced new stent designs are likely to reduce recurrent dysphagia by decreasing stent migration and non-tumoral tissue overgrowth ... Read More »
» Published in Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2006;20(5):959-78.
14. Dietary acidification enhances phosphorus digestibility but decreases H+/K+-ATPase expression in rainbow trout.
Match Strength: 2.509
Oxynticopeptic cells of fish stomach are thought to secrete less acid than the specialized parietal cells of mammalian stomach. Gastric acidity, however, has not been directly compared between fish and mammals. We therefore fed rainbow trout and rats the same meal, and found that the lowest postprandial pH of trout stomach was 2.7, which was only transiently sustained for 1 h, whereas that of rat stomach was 1.3, which was sustained for 3 h. Postprandial pH of the small intestine was slightly higher in trout (approximately 8.0) than in rats (approximately 7.6), but pH of the large intestine ... Read More »
» Published in J Exp Biol. 2006 Oct;209(Pt 19):3719-28.
15. Evidence-based HIV behavioral prevention from the perspective of the CDC's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Team.
Match Strength: 2.438
The evidence-based approach to health promotion and disease prevention is growing in many public health sectors, including HIV behavioral prevention. This approach is based on utilizing relevant and rigorous scientific evidence, most appropriately identified through a systematic research synthesis process. With regard to HIV behavioral prevention, this research synthesis process provides decision makers and prevention planners with the evidence base and recommendations they need to translate proven scientific research into practice. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV/AIDS ... Read More »
» Published in AIDS Educ Prev. 2006 Aug;18(4 Suppl A):21-31.
16. Effect of guided imagery with relaxation on health-related quality of life in older women with osteoarthritis.
Match Strength: 2.431
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common cause of disability in older adults, which, in turn, leads to poor quality of life (QOL). Disability is caused primarily by the joint degeneration and pain associated with OA. A randomized pilot study was conducted to test the effectiveness of guided imagery with relaxation (GIR) to improve health-related QOL (HRQOL) in women with OA. A two-group (intervention versus control) longitudinal design was used to determine whether GIR leads to better HRQOL in these individuals and whether improvement in HRQOL could be attributed to intervention-associated ... Read More »
» Published in Res Nurs Health. 2006 Oct;29(5):442-51.
17. Improvement in human semen quality after oral supplementation of vitamin C.
Match Strength: 2.415
This study was carried out to monitor the effect of oral supplementation of vitamin C on various semen parameters in oligospermic, infertile, otherwise healthy individuals. Various semen parameters, including sperm motility, sperm count, and sperm morphology, were studied before and after the vitamin C treatment. A total of 13 infertile patients were included. Their ages ranged between 25 and 35 years. They had no genital infection or varicocele. Physical examination and other routine laboratory investigations were normal. General semen analysis revealed oligozoospermia (mean sperm count was ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Food. 2006 Fall;9(3):440-2.
18. Advances in the Management of Post-Radical Prostatectomy Erectile Dysfunction: Treatment Strategies When PDE-5 Inhibitors Don't Work.
Match Strength: 2.369
Phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors have revolutionized the treatment of post-radical prostatectomy erectile dysfunction. For those patients who undergo a non-nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy or whose condition fails to respond to PDE-5 inhibitors, alternative treatment with intracavernous injection therapy, transurethral alprostadil, vacuum erection devices, and recently described combination therapy is available. The goals of therapy are to provide the patient with a means of obtaining an erection so that the patient and his partner may resume sexual relations as soon as possible ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2005;7 Suppl 2:S39-50.
19. Prostate cancer: epidemiology and screening.
Match Strength: 2.360
The 13th International Prostate Cancer Update provided an overview of diagnosis, treatment, and management strategies in prostate cancer. This article provides a summary of the reports presented during the epidemiology and screening session. Methods to improve early detection and treatment are being developed. Proposed refinements to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing include the use of age-specific PSA levels, PSA velocity, prostate volume-adjusted PSA densities, free-to-total PSA ratios, and complexed PSA. Optimal follow-up screening intervals for persons who elect PSA testing and are ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2003;5 Suppl 6:S3-9.
20. Less toxicity by optimizing chemotherapy, but not by addition of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in children and adolescents with acute myeloid leukemia: results of AML-BFM 98.
Match Strength: 2.359
PURPOSE: To improve prognosis in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by randomized comparisons of (1) two short consolidation cycles versus the Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster (BFM) -type biphasic 6-week consolidation and (2) the prophylactic administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) versus no G-CSF. Further, therapy for standard risk patients was intensified by addition of a second induction, HAM (high-dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hundred seventy-three patients younger than 18 years with de novo AML were enrolled in trial AML-BFM 98. ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Oncol. 2006 Sep 20;24(27):4499-506.
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