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1. Dietary fiber intake, dietary glycemic load, and the risk for gestational diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 7.928

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether pregravid dietary fiber consumptions from cereal, fruit, and vegetable sources and dietary glycemic load were related to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a prospective cohort study among 13,110 eligible women in the Nurses' Health Study II. GDM was self-reported and validated by medical record review in a subsample. RESULTS: We documented 758 incident GDM cases during 8 years of follow-up. After adjustment for age, parity, prepregnancy BMI, and other covariates, dietary total fiber and cereal and fruit ... Read More »
» Published in Diabetes Care. 2006 Oct;29(10):2223-30.

2. Nano-structured lead dioxide as a novel stationary phase for solid-phase microextraction.
Match Strength: 6.934

The first study on the high efficiency of nano-structured lead dioxide as a new fiber for solid-phase microextraction (SPME) purposes has been reported. The size of the PbO2 particles was in the range of 34-136 nm. Lead dioxide-based fibers were prepared via electrochemical deposition on a platinum wire. The extraction properties of the fiber to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) were examined using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) mode coupled to gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). The results obtained proved the suitability of proposed ... Read More »
» Published in J Chromatogr A. 2006 Nov 17;1134(1-2):24-31. Epub 2006 Sep 25.

3. Influence of fiber detargeting on adenovirus-mediated innate and adaptive immune activation.
Match Strength: 6.727

The major adenovirus (Ad) capsid proteins hexon, penton, and fiber influence the efficiency and tropism of gene transduction by Ad vectors. Fiber is the high-affinity receptor binding protein that serves to mediate cell attachment in vitro when using coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR)-containing cell lines. This contrasts with transduction efficiency in macrophages or dendritic cells that lack high concentrations of CAR. To determine how fiber influences gene transduction and immune activation in a murine model, we have characterized Ad type 5 (Ad5) vectors with two classes of chimeric fiber, ... Read More »
» Published in J Virol. 2005 Sep;79(18):11627-37.

4. Investigating treatment dose error due to beam attenuation by a carbon fiber tabletop.
Match Strength: 6.426

Carbon fiber is commonly used in radiation therapy for treatment tabletops and various immobilization and support devices, partially because it is generally perceived to be almost radiotransparent to high-energy photons. To avoid exposure to normal tissue during modern radiation therapy, one must deliver the radiation from all gantry angles; hence, beams often transit the couch proximal to the patient. The effects of the beam attenuation by the support structure of the couch are often neglected in the planning process. In this study, we investigate the attenuation of 6-MV and 18-MV photon ... Read More »
» Published in J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2006 Aug 24;7(3):21-7.

5. Association of non-starch polysaccharides and ferulic acid in grain amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus L.) dietary fiber.
Match Strength: 6.404

The association of ferulic acid, an alkali-extractable phenolic acid in amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus L., Amaranthaceae) insoluble fiber (trans-ferulic acid: 620 microg.g-1, cis-ferulic acid: 203 microg.g-1), and non-starch polysaccharides was investigated. Enzymatic hydrolysis of insoluble amaranth fiber released several feruloylated oligosaccharides that were separated using Sephadex LH-20-chromatography and reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Three compounds were unambiguously identified: O-(6-O-trans-feruloyl-beta-D-galactopyranosyl)-(1-->4)-D-galactopyranose, ... Read More »
» Published in Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005 Jun;49(6):551-9.

6. Fiber deposition pattern in two human respiratory tract replicas.
Match Strength: 6.394

This study consisted of a series of experiments to investigate the factors that might affect the fiber deposition pattern in the human respiratory tract. Carbon fibers with uniform diameter and polydispersed length were chosen as the test material. Two geometry-defined human respiratory tract replicas encompassing the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, trachea, and first few bifurcations of the tracheobronchial airways were used in this research. Deposition studies were conducted by delivering aerosolized carbon fibers into the replicas at constant inspiratory flow rates of 15, 43.5, and 60 L ... Read More »
» Published in Inhal Toxicol. 2006 Sep;18(10):749-60.

7. Anterior cervical interbody fusion with radiolucent carbon fiber cages: clinical and radiological results.
Match Strength: 6.228

The authors retrospectively evaluated 30 patients with an anterior cervical interbody fusion for cervical spondylosis or disc herniation. Open box carbon fiber cages were used at 45 levels. The visual analogue scales (VAS), respectively for neck and for arm pain, and the neck disability index (NDI) improved significantly (p < 0.001). Fusion occurred in 87% of the operated levels. Subsidence of the cages into the endplates was observed in 49% of the operated levels, which increased to 54% when more levels were fused. No correlation between subsidence of the cage and clinical outcome or ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Orthop Belg. 2005 Oct;71(5):604-9.

8. Assessment of hormonal and metabolic effects of dietary fiber in young Thai women.
Match Strength: 6.124

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether daily dietary fiber intake at the reference level has any impact on studied hormones in a population of Thai women. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty-eight healthy Thai women (aged 18-20 years, BMI 18.5-25 kg/m2) with a history of regular menstrual cycles committed themselves to prepared food without changing the usual ratio of three major macronutrients. Dietary fiber from natural source at the amount of 8-10 g/day equal to their regular consumption was added to their daily diet for one menstrual cycle, then, increased to be 25-30 g/day for another 2 successive ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Assoc Thai. 2006 Jul;89(7):997-1003.

9. Basal metabolic rate and organ size in Brandt's voles (Lasiopodomys brandtii): Effects of photoperiod, temperature and diet quality.
Match Strength: 6.075

This study examined the effects of photoperiod (long day [16 Light:8 Dark] and short day [8 Light:16 Dark]), temperature (cold [5 degrees C] and warm [23 degrees C]), and diet quality (high-fiber diet [36% neutral-detergent fiber (NDF)] and low-fiber diet [23% NDF]) on basal metabolic rate (BMR), digestible energy intake, and organ size in the Brandt's vole (Lasiopodomys brandtii). Cold increased BMR and showed a significant interaction with diet quality. Cold and short photoperiod increased intake of food and digestible energy. The high-fiber diet increased food intake, but decreased ... Read More »
» Published in Physiol Behav. 2006 Dec 30;89(5):704-10. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

10. Does nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use modify the effect of a low-fat, high-fiber diet on recurrence of colorectal adenomas?
Match Strength: 5.891

The Polyp Prevention Trial was designed to evaluate the effects of a high-fiber (18 g/1,000 kcal), high-fruit and -vegetable (3.5 servings/1,000 kcal), low-fat (20% energy) diet on recurrence of adenomatous polyps. Participants > or =35 years of age, with histologically confirmed colorectal adenoma(s) removed in the prior 6 months, were randomized to the intervention or control group. Demographic, dietary, and clinical information, including use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), was collected at baseline and four annual visits. Adenoma recurrence was found in 754 of 1,905 ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Oct;14(10):2359-65.

11. Dietary fiber, low-molecular-weight food constituents and colo-rectal inflammation in animal models -- a review.
Match Strength: 5.725

This review provides an overview over studies in experimental animals aimed at elucidating the influence of dietary constituents on colo-rectal inflammation. Human studies as well as in vitro investigations will not be covered. In experimental animals, a variety of chemical treatments and genetic modifications, lead to various types of gut inflammation. In a number of these models, there is good evidence for an anti-inflammatory action of dietary tocopherols, certain polyphenols, and curcumin at relatively high oral doses. It has also been established, that oral application of fats and oils ... Read More »
» Published in Mol Nutr Food Res. 2009 Oct;53(10):1281-8.

12. Fiber type-specific muscle glycogen sparing due to carbohydrate intake before and during exercise.
Match Strength: 5.590

The effect of carbohydrate intake before and during exercise on muscle glycogen content was investigated. According to a randomized crossover study design, eight young healthy volunteers (n = 8) participated in two experimental sessions with an interval of 3 wk. In each session subjects performed 2 h of constant-load bicycle exercise ( approximately 75% maximal oxygen uptake). On one occasion (CHO), they received carbohydrates before ( approximately 150 g) and during (1 g.kg body weight(-1).h(-1)) exercise. On the other occasion they exercised after an overnight fast (F). Fiber type-specific ... Read More »
» Published in J Appl Physiol. 2007 Jan;102(1):183-8. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

13. The effects of fat and protein on glycemic responses in nondiabetic humans vary with waist circumference, fasting plasma insulin, and dietary fiber intake.
Match Strength: 5.523

The effects of protein and fat on glycemic responses have not been studied systematically. Therefore, our aim was to determine the dose-response effects of protein and fat on the glycemic response elicited by 50 g glucose in humans and whether subjects' fasting plasma insulin (FPI) and diet influenced the results. Nondiabetic humans, 10 with FPI < [corrected] or =40 pmol/L and 10 with FPI >40 pmol/L, were studied on 18 occasions after 10 14-h overnight fasts. Subjects consumed 50 g glucose dissolved in 250 mL water plus 0, 5, 10, or 30 g fat and/or 0, 5, 10, or 30 g protein. Each level ... Read More »
» Published in J Nutr. 2006 Oct;136(10):2506-11. Erratum in: J Nutr. 2006 Dec;136(12):3084.

14. Effect of direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B immobilized fiber column on high mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) in severe septic shock: report of a case.
Match Strength: 5.464

Because of the many difficult aspects in the treatment of septic shock and poor outcome of this condition, establishing the most appropriate therapeutic strategy is problematic. Recently, high mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) has been shown to activate inflammatory responses and to be a late mediator in endotoxemia and sepsis. Therefore, we considered that it might be worthwhile to investigate the therapeutic potential of HMGB-1 blockade in cases of septic shock.Herein, we describe the case of a patient with septic shock with hepatic portal venous gas caused by intestinal obstruction. Hepatic ... Read More »
» Published in ASAIO J. 2006 Nov-Dec;52(6):e37-9.

15. Nitric oxide sensor based on carbon fiber covered with nickel porphyrin layer deposited using optimized electropolymerization procedure.
Match Strength: 5.348

Electropolymerization regime of meso-tetrakis(3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl) porphyrin is optimized to yield films possessing both electrocatalytical and permselective properties towards nitric oxide oxidation. The sensor composed of electrochemically oxidized carbon fiber, covered solely with nickel porphyrin derivative layer electropolymerized using our method, is characterized by high selectivity towards nitrite (1:600), ascorbate (1:8000) and dopamine (>1:80), determined by constant potential amperometry at 830 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl). Selectivity for ascorbate and dopamine as well as detection limit ... Read More »
» Published in Bioelectrochemistry. 2007 Sep;71(1):46-53. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

16. A carbon fiber microelectrode-based third-generation biosensor for superoxide anion.
Match Strength: 5.110

Implantable and miniature carbon fiber microelectrode (CFME)-based third-generation biosensor for superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) was fabricated for the first time. The CFME-based biosensor was constructed by electro-deposition of Au nanoparticles on the CFMEs and then modification of the Au nanoparticles by cysteine followed by immobilization of superoxide dismutase (SOD) on the electrodes. The direct electrochemistry of the SOD immobilized on the CFME-based electrodes was efficiently realized by electron transfer promoter - cysteine molecules confined on the Au nanoparticles deposited on the ... Read More »
» Published in Biosens Bioelectron. 2005 Oct 15;21(4):557-64. Epub 2005 Jan 8.

17. Encapsulating drugs in biodegradable ultrafine fibers through co-axial electrospinning.
Match Strength: 5.056

This article describes an electrospinning process to fabricate double-layered ultrafine fibers. A bioabsorbable polymer, Polycaprolactone (PCL), was used as the outer layer or the shell and two medically pure drugs, Resveratrol (RT, a kind of antioxidant) and Gentamycin Sulfate (GS, an antibiotic), were used as the inner layers or the cores. Morphology and microstructure of the ultrafine fibers were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), whereas mechanical performance of them was understood through tensile test. In vitro degradation ... Read More »
» Published in J Biomed Mater Res A. 2006 Apr;77(1):169-79.

18. Polymyxin B-immobilized fiber hemoperfusion with low priming volume in an elderly septic shock patient with marked endotoxemia.
Match Strength: 5.042

An 84-year-old woman with septic shock caused by pyelonephritis is described herein. She was admitted for severe back pain and high fever. Her white blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein (CRP) and endotoxin levels were elevated at 38,000/microl, 40.0 mg/dl, and 8,400 pg/ml, respectively. Her blood pressure was 80/34 mm Hg. Urinalysis revealed occult blood with innumerable WBCs. Plain abdominal radiography showed calcium stones in both kidneys. Septic shock with endotoxemia was diagnosed, and the patient was treated with antibiotics, gamma-globulin, and dopamine. However, her plasma ... Read More »
» Published in ASAIO J. 2005 Jul-Aug;51(4):482-4.

19. Diet-dependent shifts in ruminal butyrate-producing bacteria.
Match Strength: 4.944

The influence of a host's diet on Butyrivibrio and Pseudobutyrivibrio populations was investigateded by competitive PCR. Specific primers were designed and competitive PCRs developed for both groups. Results (from 4 cows with different diets) suggested that high-fiber intake essentially increases the Butyrivibrio amounts in the rumen, whereas high-energy food additives lead to its suppression. The Pseudobutyrivibrio concetration also changed during the experiment but without any significant relation to the host's diet. Publication Types: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov ... Read More »
» Published in Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2006;51(4):294-8.

20. Relationship between effect of polymyxin B-immobilized fiber and high-mobility group box-1 protein in septic shock patients.
Match Strength: 4.943

Direct hemoperfusion (DHP) using a polymyxin B (PMX)-immobilized fiber column has been used for treatment of endotoxemia-induced septic shock in Japan since 1994 and is now an accepted therapy for reducing serum endotoxin levels. Although a reduction in inflammatory cytokines has been reported, the detailed mechanism of DHP-PMX is not known. We investigated the high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) level in septic shock patients treated with DHP-PMX. Subjects (n = 20) were separated into two group: those whose systolic blood pressure increased to more than 30 mm Hg immediately after DHP-PMX ... Read More »
» Published in ASAIO J. 2007 May-Jun;53(3):324-8.

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* All information on Level1Diet.com is for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Before changing your diet, or adding supplements to your diet, or beginning an exercise program, everyone should consult a qualified and licensed health practitioner; a physician, dietician or similar professional.



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