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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. The future of emergency medicine public health research.
Match Strength: 4.256
This chapter addresses past successes and challenges and then elaborates on the potential for further advances in three areas that bridge emergency medicine and the broader public health and health services research agenda: (1) monitoring health care access; (2) surveillance of diseases, injuries, and health risks; and (3) delivering clinical preventive services. This article also suggests ways to advance policy-relevant research on systems of health and social welfare that impact the health of the public. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2006 Nov;24(4):1053-73.
2. Social determinants of health: a veil that hides socioeconomic position and its relation with health.
Match Strength: 4.122
The emergence of theoretical models of social determinants of health has added conceptual ambiguity to the understanding of social inequalities in health, as it is often not possible to clearly distinguish between socioeconomic position and these determinants. Whether the existence of social inequalities in health is based on differences in health or on differences in social determinants of health that are systematically associated with socioeconomic position, policymakers should be clearly informed of the importance of socioeconomic position for health. Thus, the following three basic ... Read More »
» Published in J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Oct;60(10):896-901.
3. Serious mental illness and physical health problems: A discussion paper.
Match Strength: 4.052
People with serious mental illness have higher morbidity and mortality rates of chronic diseases than the general population. This discussion paper explores the complex reasons for these disparities in health, such as limitations of health services, the effects of having a serious mental illness, health behaviours and the effects of psychotropic medication. Physical health can be enhanced by improved monitoring and lifestyle interventions initiated at the start of treatment. There are opportunities for mental health nurses to play a significant role in improving both the physical and mental ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Nurs Stud. 2006 Sep 26;
4. The demand for private health care under national health insurance : The case of the self-employed.
Match Strength: 4.030
This study explores the demand for private health care and supplemental health insurance in Israel, where universal national health insurance provides all inhabitants with a standard package of medical care. Our theoretical model and empirical study follow research previously conducted in four other countries. It was found that the self-employed in Israel demand more private health services and supplemental health insurance than wage-earners. Income, age, education, health status, marital status, origin, and profession were found to play a part in explaining these demands ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Health Econ. 2006 Sep 16;
5. Prisons and health reforms in England and Wales.
Match Strength: 3.973
Prison health in England and Wales has seen rapid reform and modernization. Previously it was characterized by over-medicalization, difficulties in staff recruitment, and a lack of professional development for staff. The Department of Health assumed responsibility from Her Majesty's Prison Service for health policymaking in 2000, and full budgetary and health care administration control were transferred by April 2006. As a result of this reorganization, funding has improved and services now relate more to assessed health need. There is early but limited evidence that some standards of care and ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Public Health. 2006 Oct;96(10):1730-3.
6. Health identities: from expert patient to resisting consumer.
Match Strength: 3.894
This article explores the formation of 'health identities': embodied subjectivities that emerge out of complex psychosocial contexts of reflexive modernity, in relation to data on health and illness practices among groups of people and patients using medical technologies including weight-loss drugs and the erectile dysfunction drug sildenafil (Viagra). We examine a range of health identities, from the 'expert patient'--a person who broadly adopts a biomedical model of health and illness, to a 'resisting consumer', who fabricates a health identity around lay experiential models of health and ... Read More »
» Published in Health (London). 2006 Oct;10(4):461-79.
7. The skinny on weight-loss surgery: what occupational health nurses need to know.
Match Strength: 3.880
Occupational health nurses are in a position to follow individuals undergoing bariatric surgery before and after the procedure. By fully understanding the health problems caused by obesity, occupational health nurses can effectively communicate the importance of diet and exercise. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in AAOHN J. 2006 Sep;54(9):405-10; quiz 411-2.
8. Role of graduate mental health workers within primary care.
Match Strength: 3.874
The concept of primary healthcare graduate mental health workers came into being following the implementation of The NHS Plan (Department of Health, 2000) and the National Service Framework for Mental Health (DH, 1999). It is now generally agreed that service users must be consulted in order to fully understand and judge the effectiveness of this new role. It is this knowledge that can then position precisely where this new role will fit within the NHS's mental health organisational structure ... Read More »
» Published in Nurs Times. 2006 Sep 12-18;102(37):27-8.
9. How language barriers impact patient care: a commentary.
Match Strength: 3.868
The population of the United States population is growing more diverse at a rapid rate through the 21st century. Health care providers are interacting more frequently with patients of diverse ethnic affiliations where health beliefs, languages, and life experiences may differ greatly from their own. According to Timmins (2002), "...the U.S. health care system is largely geared toward serving English speakers." This is because language is the most common barrier in any health care setting and has been found to be a risk factor with adverse outcomes. Health care providers and patient ... Read More »
» Published in J Cult Divers. 2006 Fall;13(3):168-9.
10. Update on public health surveillance in emergency departments.
Match Strength: 3.852
The development of public health surveillance systems based on ED visits, in conjunction with other health and non-health-related data, is an important step to better understanding the health needs of the US population. There are multiple steps to develop a functional organization, and these actions require the support and involvement of many different partners. The ability to (1) analyze data; (2) distribute results; and (3) influence policy, funding, and patients' behavior are important outgrowths of these activities. This chapter discusses the opportunities and obstacles related to public ... Read More »
» Published in Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2006 Nov;24(4):1035-52.
11. Emergency medicine and the health of the public: the critical role of emergency departments in US public health.
Match Strength: 3.839
This issue of the Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America focuses on the spectrum of public health issues that significantly impact the practice of emergency medicine and which are faced by practicing emergency physicians on daily basis. Topics include public health research in the emergency department; respiratory threats; emerging infectious diseases; emergency department overcrowding; end-of-life care; racial and ethnic disparities; issues of health promotion and disease prevention encompassing substance abuse, alcohol, and injury and violence; and public health surveillance; and the ... Read More »
» Published in Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2006 Nov;24(4):815-9.
12. Privatization of public services: organizational reform efforts in public education and public health.
Match Strength: 3.786
The public health and the public education systems in the United States have encountered problems in quality of service, accountability, and availability of resources. Both systems are under pressure to adopt the general organizational reform of privatization. The debate over privatization in public education is contentious, but in public health, the shift of functions from the public to the private sector has been accepted with limited deliberation. We assess the benefits and concerns of privatization and suggest that shifting public health functions to the private sector raises questions ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Public Health. 2006 Oct;96(10):1733-9.
13. Explaining paralysis in Chile's health sector, 1990-2000.
Match Strength: 3.777
This article looks at the health sector in Chile between 1990 and 2000 to examine the obstacles that policymakers face in implementing reforms. Given that the health sector is highly politicized, it is important to pay attention not only to what kind of reforms are needed but even more to how the desired reforms may be implemented. The author identifies the key actors in the Chilean health sector and shows how the given politico-institutional context allowed them to obstruct reforms. As a result, the health sector came to be characterized by paralysis, despite widespread recognition that ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Health Serv. 2006;36(3):605-22.
14. Health as a meaningful social practice.
Match Strength: 3.755
The pursuit of health has become a highly valued activity in modern and contemporary life, commanding enormous resources and generating an expansive professionalization and commercialization along with attendant goods, services and knowledge. Health has also become a focal, signifying practice. As a 'key word', health is constructed in relation to social structures and experience and systematically articulated with other meanings and practices. Although the cogency of health as a practical concept is largely a product of the enormous influence of modern medicine, medical conceptions have never ... Read More »
» Published in Health (London). 2006 Oct;10(4):401-20.
15. Physical health, self-reliance, and emotional control as moderators of the relationship between locus of control and mental health among men treated for prostate cancer.
Match Strength: 3.724
This investigation examined the moderating effects of physical health and scripts for masculinity (i.e., self-reliance and emotional control) on the relationship between powerful other people locus of control and mental health for 230 men treated for prostate cancer. Regression analyses indicated that physical health and masculine gender scripts moderated the association between powerful other people locus of control and mental health. Specifically, men with poor physical health evinced negative mental health when they endorsed masculine gender scripts and believed powerful other people (i.e., ... Read More »
» Published in J Behav Med. 2006 Dec;29(6):561-72. Epub 2006 Sep 19.
16. Adolescent sexual health & practice--a review of the literature: implications for healthcare providers, educators, and policy makers.
Match Strength: 3.703
Regardless of the era, youth have engaged in activities that put them at risk and can compromise their health and well-being, in particular sexual experimentation. This article highlights current national and international literature focusing on adolescent sexual health related to health promotion and educational strategies. This information can be useful to family, educators, community health professionals, and policy makers in planning, implementing, and evaluating interventions that target adolescents of diverse cultural backgrounds. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Fam Community Health. 2006 Oct-Dec;29(4):299-313.
17. Trends in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services at the Nation's Community Health Centers: 1998-2003.
Match Strength: 3.666
OBJECTIVE: We examined trends in delivery of mental health and substance abuse services at the nation's community health centers. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Bureau of Primary Care's (BPHC) 1998 and 2003 Uniform Data System, merged with county-level data. RESULTS: Between 1998 and 2003, the number of patients diagnosed with a mental health/substance abuse disorder in community health centers increased from 210,000 to 800,000. There was an increase in the number of patients per specialty mental health/substance abuse treatment ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Public Health. 2006 Oct;96(10):1779-84.
18. Government health expenditures and health outcomes.
Match Strength: 3.653
This paper provides econometric evidence linking a country's per capita government health expenditures and per capita income to two health outcomes: under-five mortality and maternal mortality. Using instrumental variables techniques (GMM-H2SL), we estimate the elasticity of these outcomes with respect to government health expenditures and income while treating both variables as endogenous. Consequently, our elasticity estimates are larger in magnitude than those reported in literature, which may be biased up. The elasticity of under-five mortality with respect to government expenditures ... Read More »
» Published in Health Econ. 2006 Sep 26;
19. The making of health:: a reflection on the first 10 years in the life of a journal.
Match Strength: 3.601
This introduction to the Tenth Anniversary Issue surveys articles that have been published in health: since its launch. Reviewing the original aims of the journal, the editors discuss some of the main issues that authors have raised, both about health and illness. Focusing upon articles that have been published in this particular journal, we discuss the way that new medical technologies--particularly global ones--have shaped ideas about disease and its treatment, and in consequence about what 'good health' should be. Related to the growth in medical and other technology--not least the rise of ... Read More »
» Published in Health (London). 2006 Oct;10(4):389-400.
20. The cumulative effect of rural and regional residence on the health of older adults.
Match Strength: 3.578
OBJECTIVE: This study considers whether rural status or living in a particular region of the United States has effects on mental and physical health. The analyses examine whether there are independent and interactive effects of rural status and region of residence on health, beyond individual level factors related to poverty. METHODS: Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models are used to examine the relationships between rural and regional residence and health across three time periods. RESULTS: Negative health effects of rural residence were found only in the South region. Positive ... Read More »
» Published in J Aging Health. 2006 Oct;18(5):631-59.
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