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1. A novel dentifrice technology for advanced oral health protection: A review of technical and clinical data.
Match Strength: 6.836

Throughout the world, dentifrices have played a key role in the practice of good oral hygiene and promotion of better oral health. In addition to providing general dental cleaning, toothpastes also have served as an excellent vehicle for the introduction of new agents that deliver therapeutic and cosmetic benefits. Key examples of using dentifrices to provide added benefits include the introduction in 1955 of the first fluoridated toothpaste clinically proven to fight caries (Crest Cavity Protection) and the launch of the first tartar-control dentifrice (Crest Tartar Control) in the mid-1980s. ... Read More »
» Published in Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2005 Sep;26(9 Suppl 1):4-11.

2. The genetic conception of health: is it as radical as claimed?
Match Strength: 6.772

The so-called new genetics is widely predicted to radically transform medicine and public health and deliver considerable benefits in the future. This article argues that, although it is doubtful that many of the promised benefits of genetic research will be delivered, an increasingly pervasive genetic worldview and expectations about future genetic innovations are profoundly shaping conceptions of health and illness and priorities in healthcare. Further, it suggests that debates about the normative and justice implications of new genetic technologies thus far have been constrained by ... Read More »
» Published in Health (London). 2006 Oct;10(4):481-500.

3. Having sex and condom use: potential risks and benefits reported by young, sexually inexperienced adolescents.
Match Strength: 6.464

PURPOSE: This study determines what young adolescents themselves identify as the potential positive and negative outcomes of having sex, using a condom and not using a condom. METHODS: Using written surveys, 418 ethnically diverse ninth graders, 86% of whom had never had sex, responded to a scenario describing two adolescents who had sex. One randomly selected group read a scenario in which a condom was used; the other group read a scenario in which no condom was used. All participants were asked to list the risks and benefits of having sex. Depending on the scenario read, participants were ... Read More »
» Published in J Adolesc Health. 2006 Oct;39(4):588-95. Epub 2006 Jul 10.

4. Privatization of public services: organizational reform efforts in public education and public health.
Match Strength: 5.961

The public health and the public education systems in the United States have encountered problems in quality of service, accountability, and availability of resources. Both systems are under pressure to adopt the general organizational reform of privatization. The debate over privatization in public education is contentious, but in public health, the shift of functions from the public to the private sector has been accepted with limited deliberation. We assess the benefits and concerns of privatization and suggest that shifting public health functions to the private sector raises questions ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Public Health. 2006 Oct;96(10):1733-9.

5. The cumulative effect of rural and regional residence on the health of older adults.
Match Strength: 5.544

OBJECTIVE: This study considers whether rural status or living in a particular region of the United States has effects on mental and physical health. The analyses examine whether there are independent and interactive effects of rural status and region of residence on health, beyond individual level factors related to poverty. METHODS: Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models are used to examine the relationships between rural and regional residence and health across three time periods. RESULTS: Negative health effects of rural residence were found only in the South region. Positive ... Read More »
» Published in J Aging Health. 2006 Oct;18(5):631-59.

6. Does sex education affect adolescent sexual behaviors and health?
Match Strength: 5.171

This study examines whether offering sex education to young teenagers affects several measures of adolescent sexual behavior and health: virginity status, contraceptive use, frequency of intercourse, likelihood of pregnancy, and probability of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, I find that while sex education is associated with adverse health outcomes, there is little evidence of a causal link after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity via fixed effects and instrumental variables. These findings suggest that ... Read More »
» Published in J Policy Anal Manage. 2006 Fall;25(4):783-802.

7. A clinical report of adverse health effects due to bed sharing in two children with spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury.
Match Strength: 4.957

This paper explores the possibility that bed sharing may carry particular risks for children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN). Two cases of CSHCN who may have sustained adverse health effects from bed sharing are described. These two case reports indicate that CSHCN may be particularly susceptible to risks associated with bed sharing. Healthcare providers for CSHCN may need to inquire about patients' sleeping arrangements and, when bed sharing is acknowledged, provide counseling regarding the potential risks and benefits. They may need to monitor more closely for adverse events when bed ... Read More »
» Published in South Med J. 2006 Sep;99(9):1007-12. Summary for patients in: South Med J. 2006 Sep;99(9):1019.

8. Assessing health consumerism on the Web: a demographic profile of information-seeking behaviors.
Match Strength: 4.846

The growing diversity of the online health information community is increasingly cited as a limiting factor related to the potential of the Internet as an effective health communication channel and information resource. Public-access Internet portals and decreasing costs of personal computers have created a consensus that unequal access to information, or a "Digital Divide," presents a like problem specific to health care consumers. Access to information, however, is an essential part of the consumer-centric framework outlined in the recently proposed U.S. National Health Information ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Syst. 2006 Aug;30(4):251-8.

9. A randomized controlled trial of a health promotion education programme for people with multiple sclerosis.
Match Strength: 4.835

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a health promotion education programme for people with multiple sclerosis (the OPTIMISE programme) in terms of increasing the level of health-promoting activity undertaken, improving self-efficacy and enhancing quality of life. DESIGN: A randomized controlled single blinded trial. Non-parametric analysis was undertaken to test for significant differences between treatment and control groups change scores. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Sixty-two adults (32 treatment and 30 control subjects) with multiple sclerosis of any type, Expanded Disability Status Scale ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Rehabil. 2006 Sep;20(9):783-92.

10. Understanding prebiotics in infant and childhood nutrition.
Match Strength: 4.776

Prebiotics and probiotics are ingredients in the diet that strengthen beneficial microbes in the gut, especially bifidobacteria. This article discusses their effects on health and their use in infant formula and foods for children and adults. They may also have benefits for the elderly population, since bifidobacteria are known to decrease with old age ... Read More »
» Published in J Fam Health Care. 2006;16(4):119-22.

11. Health economic evaluation in Greece.
Match Strength: 4.669

OBJECTIVES: There is a growing volume of literature on health economic evaluation, with this form of analysis becoming increasingly influential at the decision-making level worldwide. The purpose of this study was to review the current state of health economic evaluation in Greece, with a view to uncovering reasons why its use in this country is limited. METHODS: A search of the NHS Economic Evaluation Database was undertaken. The search included cost, cost-of-illness, cost-minimization, cost-effectiveness, cost-consequences, cost-utility, and cost-benefit analyses and was narrowed only to ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2006 Summer;22(3):388-95.

12. Will choice-based reform work for Medicare? Evidence from the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program.
Match Strength: 4.646

OBJECTIVE:. To examine the effect of premiums and benefits on the health plan choices of older enrollees who choose Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP) health plans as their primary payer. DATA SOURCES: Administrative enrollment data from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and plan premiums and benefits data taken from the Checkbook Guide to health plans. STUDY DESIGN: We estimate individual plan choice models where the choice of health plan is a function of out-of-pocket premium, actuarial value, plan attributes, and individual characteristics. Plan attributes include plan ... Read More »
» Published in Health Serv Res. 2006 Oct;41(5):1741-61.

13. Does the evidence about health risks associated with nitrate ingestion warrant an increase of the nitrate standard for drinking water?
Match Strength: 4.487

Several authors have suggested that it is safe to raise the health standard for nitrate in drinking water, and save money on measures associated with nitrate pollution of drinking water resources. The major argument has been that the epidemiologic evidence for acute and chronic health effects related to drinking water nitrate at concentrations near the health standard is inconclusive. With respect to the chronic effects, the argument was motivated by the absence of evidence for adverse health effects related to ingestion of nitrate from dietary sources. An interdisciplinary discussion of these ... Read More »
» Published in Environ Health. 2006 Sep 21;5:26.

14. A new approach to assessing the health benefit from obesity interventions in children and adolescents: the assessing cost-effectiveness in obesity project.
Match Strength: 4.248

OBJECTIVE: To report on a new modelling approach developed for the assessing cost-effectiveness in obesity (ACE-Obesity) project and the likely population health benefit and strength of evidence for 13 potential obesity prevention interventions in children and adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We used the best available evidence, including evidence from non-traditional epidemiological study designs, to determine the health benefits as body mass index (BMI) units saved and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) saved. We developed new methods to model the impact of behaviours on BMI post ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Oct;30(10):1463-75.

15. Extrinsic whitening effects of sodium hexametaphosphate--a review including a dentifrice with stabilized stannous fluoride.
Match Strength: 4.116

The number of tooth whitening products available to patients has grown dramatically during recent years. While peroxide is the primary agent found in products that bleach and remove intrinsic sources of discoloration, various ingredients are incorporated in formulations to remove and inhibit extrinsic sources of tooth discoloration, ie, tooth stain. Recently, an advanced antitartar ingredient with extrinsic-stain-inhibiting benefits was introduced: sodium hexametaphosphate. This long-chain condensed phosphate, also known as polypyrophosphate, chemically removes existing stains and provides ... Read More »
» Published in Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2005 Sep;26(9 Suppl 1):47-53.

16. Risks versus benefits of cyclooxygenase-2-selective nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
Match Strength: 4.107

PURPOSE: A summary of the basic science underlying the current controversies regarding cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-selective nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including data on their cardiovascular safety, their gastrointestinal (GI) benefits, cost-effectiveness, physician-prescribing trends, and recommendations for prescribing these agents is presented. SUMMARY: A number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have reported that COX-2-selective NSAIDs increase cardiovascular events, although there appear to be gradations of risks among the COX-2-selective NSAIDs. In addition, ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2006 Oct 1;63(19):1837-51.

17. Evidence-Based Health Benefits Management: Strategies to Optimize Antiretroviral Medication Adherence and Outcomes in HIV/AIDS.
Match Strength: 4.041

OBJECTIVE: To review how evidence-based principles can be applied to benefit design, specialty network management, and medication therapy management to successfully manage pharmaceutical benefits for patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). SUMMARY: The most critical barrier to successfully managing HIV disease is suboptimal patient adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Managing HIV infection is unique in that the risk of treatment failure increases remarkably with even relatively minor lapses in patient adherence. The incremental cost of HIV treatment failure has been ... Read More »
» Published in J Manag Care Pharm. 2006 Sep;12(7 Suppl B):12-6.

18. Alternatives for protecting privacy while respecting patient care and public health needs.
Match Strength: 3.838

This paper begins with a discussion of the value of privacy, especially for medical records in an age of advancing technology. I then examine three alternative approaches to protection of medical records: reliance on governmental guidelines, the use of corporate self-regulation, and my own third hybrid view on how to maintain a presumption in favor of privacy with respect to medical information, safeguarding privacy as vigorously and comprehensively as possible, without sacrificing the benefits of new information technology in medicine. None of the three models I examine are unproblematic, yet ... Read More »
» Published in Ethics Inf Technol. 1999;1(4):249-55.

19. Insurance coverage for obesity treatment.
Match Strength: 3.826

Recent work demonstrates the benefits of weight loss from intensive lifestyle modification. One barrier to counseling may be lack of reimbursement. We sought to quantify the obesity coverage policies of insurers in Pennsylvania. A three-page questionnaire was sent to eligible Pennsylvania health plans. Respondents included company medical directors and administrators from other departments, including public relations, provider relations, disease management, and utilization review. The questionnaire inquired about major treatment modalities for obesity, including details of coverage. Sixteen of ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Oct;106(10):1651-5.

20. Multiplex PCR for the detection of toxigenic cyanobacteria in dietary supplements produced for human consumption.
Match Strength: 3.682

The production of food supplements containing cyanobacteria is a growing worldwide industry. While there have been several reports of health benefits that can be gained from the consumption of these supplements, there have also been a growing number of studies showing the presence of toxins some of which (for example microcystins) are known to affect human health. In this paper, we report a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique that can be used to identify microcystin contamination in dietary supplements produced for human consumption. This method involves a PCR reaction ... Read More »
» Published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007 Jan;73(5):1136-42. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

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* All information on Level1Diet.com is for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Before changing your diet, or adding supplements to your diet, or beginning an exercise program, everyone should consult a qualified and licensed health practitioner; a physician, dietician or similar professional.



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