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1. Are there Gender-Specific Pathways from Early Adolescence Psychological Distress Symptoms Toward the Development of Substance Use and Abnormal Eating Behavior?
Match Strength: 7.771

The aim of the present longitudinal community study was to test whether psychological distress at 13 years of age predicted reported substance use problems in boys and abnormal eating behavior in girls 2 years later. The sample consisted of 500 male and 576 female students. The use of substances was evaluated using a semi-structured interview, psychological distress with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and eating psychopathology with the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40), and the Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE). Controlling the effect of initial substance use problems, ... Read More »
» Published in Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2007 Feb;37(3):193-203.

2. Eating, sleeping and rewarding: orexin receptors and their antagonists.
Match Strength: 6.882

The orexin system plays a key role in the control of eating, sleeping and rewarding. This review summarizes the latest developments in the identification of orexin receptor antagonists. By using a selective orexin-1 receptor antagonist, SB-334867-A (GlaxoSnzithKline plc), the in vivo futctions of both the orexin-1 and orexin-2 receptors have been elucidated. This review also sunmmarizes the literature and current opinions up to May 2006 on the therapeutic utility of orexin receptor antagonists for the treatment of eating disorders, sleeping disorders and drug addiction. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Drug Discov Devel. 2006 Sep;9(5):551-9.

3. Constructing identities in cyberspace: the case of eating disorders.
Match Strength: 6.261

This paper consists of a discourse analysis of data collected from websites that have been created by and for people who wish to share experiences of eating disorders in a positive and supportive environment. These sites have earned the broad description 'pro-ana' (where 'ana' is short for 'anorexia'). Site users have come to see themselves as a broad on-line community of like-minded individuals, but within this community there are many subgroups, and the boundaries between these subgroups are fiercely contested. In addition, frequent attacks on such websites in the media (charged with ... Read More »
» Published in Br J Soc Psychol. 2006 Sep;45(Pt 3):463-77.

4. Influence of physiological and subjective arousal on food intake in humans.
Match Strength: 5.852

OBJECTIVES: This study explored the influence of physiologic and subjective arousal on ambient factors of the food environment, such as the eating location, the presence of other people, sound, and time of day and on food intake. It was hypothesized that the influence of environmental stimuli on food intake would be mediated by arousal. METHODS: College students were asked to wear heart rate monitors and to record their food intake in a 7-d diet diary. Subjective arousal (elation and excitement) and aspects of the eating environment were recorded for each meal occasion. RESULTS: Results showed ... Read More »
» Published in Nutrition. 2006 Oct;22(10):996-1004. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

5. Eating habits in relation to body fatness and gender in adolescents - results from the 'SWEDES' study.
Match Strength: 5.301

Objective:To investigate if eating habits among adolescents are related to body fatness and gender.Design:Cross-sectional study.Setting:Obesity Unit, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden, 2001-2002.Subjects:Two hundred and seventy-five girls and 199 boys, aged 16-17 years.Method:Questionnaires were used for dietary intake and meal frequency, BodPod for measuring body fatness (BF%). In all, 169 girls and 128 boys were classified as adequate reporters (AR) of energy intake, and were used in the dietary analyses. The whole sample was used in the meal frequency analyses.Results:The correlation ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Sep 27;

6. Just three more bites: an observational analysis of parents' socialization of children's eating at mealtime.
Match Strength: 5.106

The objective of this study was to describe comprehensively the structure and process of the childhood mealtime environment. A socioeconomically diverse sample of 142 families of kindergarteners (52% females) was observed at dinnertime using a focused-narrative observational system. Eighty-five percent of parents tried to get children to eat more, 83% of children ate more than they might otherwise have, with 38% eating moderately to substantially more. Boys were prompted to eat as often as girls and children were prompted to eat as many times in single- as in two-parent households. Children ... Read More »
» Published in Appetite. 2007 Jan;48(1):37-45. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

7. Childhood adversity, poly-substance use, and disordered eating in adolescent Latinas: mediated and indirect paths in a community sample.
Match Strength: 4.821

OBJECTIVE: Although many studies have identified associations between childhood maltreatment and later substance use and disordered eating, few have examined causal or explanatory pathways, and whether victim characteristics predict the development of one versus the other of these outcomes remains uninvestigated. Furthermore, relatively little childhood maltreatment research has examined Latino samples. To address these gaps, this study examined among Latina adolescents the effects of sexual abuse, physical/emotional abuse, neglect, disconnection from family, and parental alcohol problems on ... Read More »
» Published in Child Abuse Negl. 2006 Sep;30(9):1017-36. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

8. Correlates of fat intake behaviors in participants in the eating for a healthy life study.
Match Strength: 4.447

OBJECTIVE: This study identified socioeconomic correlates of total dietary fat intake in the Eating for a Healthy Life Study, a community-based dietary intervention study involving religious organizations. SUBJECTS/DESIGN: To create our sampling frame for the Eating for a Healthy Life Study, a pool of religious organizations was identified from a list of religious faith organizations provided by the Church Council of Greater Seattle. Individual members were randomly selected from recruited religious organizations to complete a telephone-administered, baseline, cross-sectional survey. There ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Oct;106(10):1605-13.

9. Increased expression of mu opioid receptors in animals susceptible to diet-induced obesity.
Match Strength: 4.119

Stimulation of mu opioid receptors preferentially increases the intake of a high fat diet. In this paper we investigated whether there was a difference in the expression of mu opioid receptors between animals susceptible (Osborne-Mendel) or resistant (S5B/Pl) to obesity induced by eating a high fat diet. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated that Osborne-Mendel rats eating a chow diet had an increased number of mu opioid receptors in the arcuate nucleus when compared to S5B/Pl rats. These immunohistochemical findings were supported by Real Time-PCR which demonstrated that the mRNA level of ... Read More »
» Published in Peptides. 2006 Dec;27(12):3292-8. Epub 2006 Sep 25.

10. Sex differences in dieting trends, eating habits, and nutrition beliefs of a group of midwestern college students.
Match Strength: 4.097

The influence of sex on dietary trends, eating habits, and nutrition self-assessment and beliefs of a group of college students at a large Midwestern university was investigated. A questionnaire was completed by 105 male and 181 female undergraduate students. Men had significantly higher (P<0.0001) height, weight, and body mass index values. Significantly higher percentages of women than men had tried a low-fat diet (P=0.0075) and a low-carbohydrate diet (P=0.0285). Significantly lower percentages of women than men had never tried a diet (P=0.0173). Significantly higher percentages of women ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Oct;106(10):1673-7.

11. Freedom of information: a case study.
Match Strength: 4.080

The purpose of this case study was to find out how easy it was to access information on the hygiene standards of eating places open to the public. Using the Freedom of Information (FOI) Act 2000, four adjacent local authorities in South Wales were asked to provide the last food hygiene report of an eating place in their area. The disclosed reports were assessed to determine how useful they would be to an individual seeking more information on a food premise. It was relatively easy to obtain information from two authorities and difficult if not impossible with the others. One local authority ... Read More »
» Published in J R Soc Health. 2006 Sep;126(5):228-32. Comment in: J R Soc Health. 2006 Nov;126(6):250.

12. Ginkgo nut intoxication in a 2-year-old male.
Match Strength: 3.326

This report describes a case of ginkgo nut intoxication in a 2-year-old male. The patient presented with vomiting and afebrile convulsion 4 hours after eating a large number of roasted gingko nuts. There was a large volume of ginkgo nuts in his vomited matter, and on admission the concentrations of 4-O-methoxypyridoxine in his serum and urine were elevated. The patient was diagnosed as having ginkgo nut intoxication, and diazepam and pyridoxal phosphate were administered intravenously. After the treatment, his symptoms were resolved. The neurotoxicity of ginkgo nuts should be recognized by ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Neurol. 2006 Oct;35(4):275-6.

13. Co-occurrence of aflatoxin B1, fumonisin B1, ochratoxin A and zearalenone in cereals and peanuts from Cote d'Ivoire.
Match Strength: 2.830

This survey examined 30 samples of rice (n = 10), maize (n = 10) and peanuts (n = 10) from Cote d'Ivoire for aflatoxin B1, fumonisin B1 and zearalenone using immunoassays, and ochratoxin A using a validated HPLC method with fluorescence detection. In Cote d'Ivoire, as in other countries, several mycotoxins are present in the same commodities. These mycotoxins are from different structural families: aflatoxin B1, fumonisin B1, zearalenone and ochratoxin A, normally produced by fungal species from Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium genera. Some samples contained four mycotoxins (86%). Four ... Read More »
» Published in Food Addit Contam. 2006 Oct;23(10):1000-7.

14. Spirituality of African-American women: correlations to health-promoting behaviors.
Match Strength: 2.705

The purpose of this study was to investigate how spirituality relates to health-promoting behaviors in African-American women. Using Burkhart's theoretical framework for spirituality, a descriptive cross-sectional correlational design was used. A group of 260 (N=260) women completed Rosenbergh's Self-Esteem Scale, the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, the Spiritual Perspective Scale, the Brief Block 2000 Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). These women also provided the researchers with their socio-demographic data. Canonical correlation analysis identified a significant pair of canonical ... Read More »
» Published in J Natl Black Nurses Assoc. 2006 Jul;17(1):1-8.

15. Beyond frequency: habit as mental construct.
Match Strength: 2.704

Progress in habit theory can be made by distinguishing habit from frequency of occurrence, and using independent measures for these constructs. This proposition was investigated in three studies using a longitudinal, cross-sectional and experimental design on eating, mental habits and word processing, respectively. In Study 1, snacking habit and past snacking frequency independently predicted later snacking behaviour, while controlling for the theory of planned behaviour variables. Habit fully mediated the effect of past on later behaviour. In Study 2, habitual negative self-thinking and past ... Read More »
» Published in Br J Soc Psychol. 2006 Sep;45(Pt 3):639-56.

16. Endogenous opiates and behavior: 2005.
Match Strength: 2.583

This paper is the 28th consecutive installment of the annual review of research concerning the endogenous opioid system, now spanning over a quarter-century of research. It summarizes papers published during 2005 that studied the behavioral effects of molecular, pharmacological and genetic manipulation of opioid peptides, opioid receptors, opioid agonists and opioid antagonists. The particular topics that continue to be covered include the molecular-biochemical effects and neurochemical localization studies of endogenous opioids and their receptors related to behavior (Section 2), and the ... Read More »
» Published in Peptides. 2006 Dec;27(12):3391-478. Epub 2006 Sep 12.

17. Obesity, waist-hip ratio and hunter-gatherers.
Match Strength: 2.517

Obesity is a rapidly growing global problem. It is not simply the result of eating too much, and not all types of obesity have the same significance. Obesity is in part genetic, and one particularly important genetic type of obesity is the tendency to 'truncal obesity',-that is, a raised waist-to-hip ratio. Such obesity is powerfully associated not only with a tendency to diabetes, but also to cardiovascular disease, ('Syndrome X'). Interestingly, this is the type of obesity seen in every hunter-gatherer (HG) population around the globe. Such people are intolerant of carbohydrate, especially ... Read More »
» Published in BJOG. 2006 Oct;113(10):1110-6.

18. Oxyntomodulin : a novel potential treatment for obesity.
Match Strength: 2.370

The prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly and the associated morbidity and mortality has led to an urgent need for potential therapeutic targets to reduce appetite and food intake. Gut hormones released after eating that coordinate digestive activity and promote satiety are novel potential treatments for obesity. Oxyntomodulin is a gut hormone that is produced by the L cells in the small intestine and reduces food intake. It is timely to review some of the original literature on oxyntomodulin, to evaluate what is already known about the peptide, and also to set the recent findings on its ... Read More »
» Published in Treat Endocrinol. 2006;5(5):265-72.

19. Body mass index, sex, interview protocol, and children's accuracy for reporting kilocalories observed eaten at school meals.
Match Strength: 2.322

This pilot study investigated body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)), sex, interview protocol, and children's accuracy for reporting kilocalories. Forty 4th-grade children (20 low-BMI: >or=5th and <50th percentiles, 10 boys, 15 African American; 20 high-BMI: >or=85th percentile, 10 boys, 15 African American) were observed eating school meals (breakfast, lunch) and interviewed either that evening about the prior 24 hours or the next morning about the previous day, with 10 low-BMI (5 boys) and 10 high-BMI (5 boys) children per interview protocol. Five kilocalorie variables were ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 Oct;106(10):1656-62.

20. Correlates of vegetable consumption among young men in the Norwegian National Guard.
Match Strength: 2.273

The aim of this study was to investigate socio-environmental, personal and behavioural factors associated with vegetable consumption among young men in the military. Respondents included 578 male recruits (mean age 19.7) in the Norwegian National Guard (response rate 78%). Data were collected with a food diary (4-day record) and an attitudinal questionnaire. A model including items on personal factors (attitudes, preferences, self-efficacy, knowledge and perceived availability), socio-environmental factors (social influence, socio-economic status, eating habits at home) and behavioural factors ... Read More »
» Published in Appetite. 2007 Jan;48(1):46-53. Epub 2006 Sep 12.

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* All information on Level1Diet.com is for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Before changing your diet, or adding supplements to your diet, or beginning an exercise program, everyone should consult a qualified and licensed health practitioner; a physician, dietician or similar professional.



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