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Dyslipidemia
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1. Influence of dyslipidemia on moxidectin distribution in plasma lipoproteins and on its pharmacokinetics.
Match Strength: 6.208

PURPOSE: We studied the influence of dyslipemia on the distribution of moxidectin, a potent antiparasitic drug of the macrocyclic lactone (ML) family, in plasma lipoproteins and on its pharmacokinetic behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma samples from normolipidemic or dyslipidemic subjects were spiked with moxidectin (20 ng/ml). Rabbits fed with standard (n = 5) or cholesterol-enriched diet (n = 5) were injected subcutaneously with moxidectin (300 microg/kg) and blood samples were collected over 32 days. Lipoproteins were separated from plasma samples by ultracentrifugation on density ... Read More »
» Published in Pharm Res. 2006 Nov;23(11):2672-80. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

2. Aging associated with mild dyslipidemia reveals that COX-2 preserves dilation despite endothelial dysfunction.
Match Strength: 4.777

The endothelial function declines with age, and dyslipidemia (DL) has been shown to hasten this process by favoring the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) can be induced by ROS, but its contribution to the regulation of the endothelial function is unknown. Since COX-2 inhibitors may be deleterious to the cardiovascular system, we hypothesized that DL leads to ROS-dependent endothelial damage and a protective upregulation of COX-2. Dilations to acetylcholine (ACh) of renal arteries isolated from 3-, 6-, and 12-mo-old wild-type (WT) and DL mice expressing the ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Jan;292(1):H451-8. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

3. Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth.
Match Strength: 2.914

Parallel to the increase in obesity worldwide, there has been a rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in children and adolescents. The etiology of T2DM in youth, similar to adults, is multifactorial including genetic and environmental factors, among them obesity, sedentary lifestyle, family history of the disease, high-risk ethnicity and insulin resistance phenotype playing major roles. Treatment of T2DM should not have a glucocentric approach; it should rather target improving glycemia, dyslipidemia, hypertension, weight management and the prevention of short- and long ... Read More »
» Published in Horm Res. 2006 Sep 28;67(1):22-34

4. The relationship between oxidized LDL and other cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical CVD in different ethnic groups: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).
Match Strength: 2.903

Several groups have demonstrated an association between established CHD and elevated oxidized LDL (oxLDL). The relation with cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical CVD is less clear. Therefore, we examined this association in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cohort: 879 persons without CHD, all non-statin users, examined cross-sectionally. oxLDL was measured with a monoclonal antibody 4E6-based ELISA. The presence of subclinical CVD was defined as plaque occurrence in carotid arteries with >/=25 stenosis, ankle-brachial blood pressure index (ABI) <0.9 and coronary ... Read More »
» Published in Atherosclerosis. 2006 Sep 16;

5. A 1,3-diacylglycerol-rich oil induces less atherosclerosis and lowers plasma cholesterol in diabetic apoE-deficient mice.
Match Strength: 2.810

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have demonstrated that 1,3-diacylglycerol (1,3-DAG) has several metabolic advantages over triacylglycerol (TAG) in humans and in animal models despite both oils having a similar fatty acid composition. In our current study, we have examined the effects of long-term feeding of a 1,3-DAG-rich oil on the dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis in the experimental model of the diabetic apolipoprotein E (apoE)-deficient mouse that develops accelerated atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Diets containing 1,3-DAG-rich oil or TAG oil were administered to control non-diabetic apoE ... Read More »
» Published in Atherosclerosis. 2006 Sep 20;

6. Low-density lipoproteins are more electronegatively charged in type 1 than in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 2.794

Multifactorial etiology is involved in premature atherosclerosis related to diabetes. Most of the mechanisms that are responsible for the etiology in diabetes have remained unsolved so far. Type 1 diabetes is associated with a favorable lipid pattern and with microangiopathy, which is not true for type 2 diabetes, which is related to dyslipidemia and macroangiopathy. The aim of this work was to evaluate the degree of LDL modification related to the types of diabetes. The question is whether the LDL could be differently modified since the pathogenesis of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is different. ... Read More »
» Published in Lipids. 2006 Jun;41(6):529-33.

7. Interaction between Chlamydia pneumoniae seropositivity, inflammation and risk factors for atherosclerosis in patients with severe coronary stenosis.
Match Strength: 2.785

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cpn) seropositivity in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) (n = 81) is associated with increases in markers of inflammation, the severity of coronary atherosclerosis, and traditional risk factors for cardiovascular events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The severity of coronary atherosclerosis was ranked by Gensini score. Inflammation and endothelial dysfunction were evaluated using white blood cell counts and levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), ferritin, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukins ... Read More »
» Published in Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2006;66(6):523-34.

8. PPARalpha and PPARgamma dual agonists for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome.
Match Strength: 2.724

The discovery of the crucial role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) as regulators of lipid and glucose metabolism has raised interest in the development of synthetic ligands as potential tools for therapeutic intervention in type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. PPARalpha activators primarily improve dyslipidemia, whereas thiazolidinediones are potent PPARgamma activators that improve insulin resistance. Important research programs to develop agonists that combine the therapeutic effects of both PPARalpha- and PPARgamma-selective agonists, creating the expectation of ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Pharmacol. 2006 Dec;6(6):606-14. Epub 2006 Sep 14.

9. Relationship between lipid abnormalities and insulin resistance in Japanese school children.
Match Strength: 2.659

OBJECTIVE: Dyslipidemia and insulin resistance (IR) are risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) in adults. To help prevent the development of CHD, it may be useful to understand the relationship between lipid abnormalities and IR during childhood. METHODS AND RESULTS: IR was assessed by the homeostasis model approximation index. We studied 1175 Japanese school children (642 boys and 533 girls), aged between 7 and 12 years. Obesity was defined by the body mass index standard deviation score (BMISD) (obese: BMISD > or = 2.0). BMISD was most significantly associated with IR in nonobese ... Read More »
» Published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2006 Dec;26(12):2781-6. Epub 2006 Sep 21.

10. The RXR agonist bexarotene improves cholesterol homeostasis and inhibits atherosclerosis progression in a mouse model of mixed dyslipidemia.
Match Strength: 2.629

OBJECTIVE: The activity of the antitumoral agent bexarotene (Targretin, Bexarotene) depends on its binding to the nuclear retinoid-X receptor (RXR) and subsequent transcriptional regulation of target genes. Through RXR activation, bexarotene may modulate numerous metabolic pathways involved in atherosclerosis. Here, we investigated the effect of bexarotene on atherosclerosis progression in a dyslipidemic murine model, the human apolipoprotein E2 knockin mouse, that develops essentially macrophage-laden lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atherosclerotic lesions together with different metabolic ... Read More »
» Published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2006 Dec;26(12):2731-7. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

11. The effectiveness of intensive glycemic control for the prevention of vascular complications in diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 2.441

Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus have reached epidemic proportions in the US, and indeed, globally. While microvascular complications contribute to considerable morbidity, much of the excess mortality (around 70%) is due to macrovascular disease. Hyperglycemia has predictable toxic effects on multiple organs ('glucotoxicity') including the pancreas, where it impairs insulin secretion and insulin gene expression through mechanisms that lead to glucose densensitization and beta-cell exhaustion, eventually resulting in irreversible beta-cell failure. There is robust evidence to suggest that ... Read More »
» Published in Treat Endocrinol. 2006;5(5):273-86.

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