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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Ethnic identity and the daily psychological well-being of adolescents from Mexican and Chinese backgrounds.
Match Strength: 5.370
Protective effects of ethnic identity on daily psychological well-being were examined in a sample of 415 ninth graders from Mexican and Chinese backgrounds. Utilizing daily diary assessments and multilevel modeling, adolescents with a greater regard for their ethnic group exhibited greater levels of daily happiness and less daily anxiety averaged over the 2-week study period. Ethnic regard moderated the daily association between normative stressful demands and happiness, and between stressful demands and happiness experienced 1 day after stressors occurred. Moderating effects were significant ... Read More »
» Published in Child Dev. 2006 Sep-Oct;77(5):1338-50.
2. Whole-abdomen radiotherapy for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma using twice-daily fractionation.
Match Strength: 4.817
PURPOSE: To report the tolerability and efficacy of twice-daily whole-abdomen irradiation (WAI) for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Of 123 patients treated for NHL with WAI, 37% received previous chemotherapy, 28% received WAI as part of comprehensive lymphatic irradiation (CLI), and 32% received WAI for palliation. The median dose to the whole abdomen was 25.0 Gy, followed by a median tumor boost of 9.8 Gy in 58 patients. Fractionation was 1.0 Gy once daily (54%) or 0.8 Gy twice daily (46%). Blood counts were measured weekly. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 4.3 years, ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Dec 1;66(5):1440-5. Epub 2006 Sep 25.
3. IGRT of prostate cancer; is the margin reduction gained from daily IG time-dependent?
Match Strength: 4.510
The aim of this study was to assess the set-up uncertainties and the possible CTV-PTV margin reduction when adopting daily IGRT. Further, to identify any intrafraction time trends in the prostate movements to ensure the margin reduction gained from IGRT. Fifteen prostate cancer patients treated with IMRT using daily IG of three implanted fiducial markers were included. The interfraction uncertainties were assessed by statistically evaluating the daily prostate marker displacement. The intrafraction uncertainties were represented by the difference in prostate marker displacement before and ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Oncol. 2006;45(7):907-14.
4. Once-daily vs. twice-daily intrapleural urokinase treatment of complicated parapneumonic effusion in paediatric patients: A randomised, prospective study.
Match Strength: 4.450
To evaluate the effective dose frequency (once daily vs. twice daily) of intrapleural urokinase treatment in children who required tube thoracostomy for drainage of a complicated parapneumonic effusion, we designed a randomised prospective study in a tertiary medical centre in Taiwan. From June 2002 to January 2005, 30 paediatric patients with complicated parapneumonic effusion who had received chest tube drainage were randomised 1 : 1 to the once-daily (urokinase 5000-6000 IU/kg/dose) or twice-daily (urokinase 2500-3000 IU/kg/dose) treatment. We compared clinical manifestations and outcomes ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Clin Pract. 2006 Oct;60(10):1225-30.
5. Time use and daily activities in people with persistent mental illness.
Match Strength: 4.232
The aim of this study was to investigate time use in work/education, self-care/self-maintenance, play/leisure, rest/relaxation, and sleep in people with persistent mental illness. A further aim was to investigate how time use in the daily activities was associated with health-related variables and social interaction. The study comprised 103 participants with a diagnosis of persistent mental illness who completed self-ratings and interviews in order to assess (1) time use of activities during one 24-hour day, (2) social interaction and (3) health-related factors. The major results indicated ... Read More »
» Published in Occup Ther Int. 2006;13(3):123-41.
6. An empirical basis for domains in the analysis of dependency in the activities of daily living (ADL): results of a confirmatory factor analysis of the Cleveland Scale for Activities of Daily Living (CSADL).
Match Strength: 3.981
This study examines the empirical basis for dividing activities of daily living (ADLs) into broad behavioral domains. Following an exploratory factor analysis of results from the Cleveland Scale for Activities of Daily Living (CSADL), a two-factor model of ADLs was tested in a confirmatory factor analysis using two groups of demented patients. The model, which included a Basic and an Instrumental factor, was confirmed. Comparison of the item composition of the CSADL factors with a priori domains used by other ADL scales suggested that the results of the present study are broadly generalizable. ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Neuropsychol. 2006 Dec;20(4):662-77.
7. Adolescent snus use in Finland in 1981-2003: trend, total sales ban and acquisition.
Match Strength: 3.882
OBJECTIVE: To study changes in adolescent snus use from 1981 to 2003, the effects of the total snus sales ban (1995) and snus acquisition. DESIGN: Biennial postal surveys in 1981-2003. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Entire Finland; 12-, 14-, 16-, and 18-year-olds (n = 73,946; 3105-8390 per year). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Snus use (experimental, daily/occasionally), snus acquisition (2001, 2003). RESULTS: Snus experimentation grew in popularity before the total sales ban in 16- and 18-year-old boys and after the ban in all age and sex groups. A decrease was seen between 2001 and 2003, except for 18 ... Read More »
» Published in Tob Control. 2006 Oct;15(5):392-7.
8. Medication persistence with weekly versus daily doses of orally administered bisphosphonates.
Match Strength: 3.796
OBJECTIVE: To compare medication persistence among patients receiving daily orally administered bisphosphonates with persistence among patients receiving weekly orally administered bisphosphonates to ascertain whether less frequent dosing is associated with better long-term treatment persistence. METHODS: A large, longitudinal cohort of female patients (N = 211,319) receiving prescriptions for alendronate or risedronate from approximately 14,000 US retail pharmacies was assessed. Medication persistence was defined as the percentage of patients who continued to take bisphosphonate therapy ... Read More »
» Published in Endocr Pract. 2006 Sep-Oct;12(5):522-8.
9. An easy approach to calculating estimated energy requirements.
Match Strength: 3.728
The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) define the daily requirement for energy as the Estimated Energy Requirement (EER). The EER is based on calculations that account for an individual's energy intake, energy expenditure, age, sex, weight, height, and physical activity level. Including physical activity level in the calculations makes determining energy expenditure possible and achieving energy balance a more realistic goal. However, physical activity level is often difficult to measure and accurate assessment of energy expenditure not always possible. We provide an easy way to calculate daily ... Read More »
» Published in Prev Chronic Dis. 2006 Oct;3(4):A129. Epub 2006 Sep 15.
10. Effect of growth hormone in an experimental model of protein hypercatabolism induced by glucocorticoids.
Match Strength: 3.581
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to evaluate whether growth hormone could be beneficial in a model of hypercatabolism induced by glucocorticoids and to examine its effects on ACTH, corticosterone and IGF-1 levels. The effects of growth hormone on the expression of both glucocorticoid receptor and tyrosine aminotransferase were also evaluated. METHODS: Fifty Wistar rats were divided into five groups and treated as follows: (A) daily subcutaneous injection of growth hormone (4.8 IU/kg/day) and oral placebo, (B) daily injection of placebo and oral dexamethasone (3 mg/kg/day), (C) daily ... Read More »
» Published in Horm Metab Res. 2006 Sep;38(9):556-62.
11. Successful treatment of patients with severe secondary Raynaud's phenomenon with the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan.
Match Strength: 3.544
Secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and other collagen vascular diseases is a serious manifestation of microvascular damage that may precede the onset of visceral and/or cutaneous sclerosis for years. Recent studies have demonstrated that the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan prevents the development of new digital ulcers in SSc. We investigated the potential benefits of bosentan in patients with secondary RP associated with pre-scleroderma and with SSc, independent of digital ulcers. Three patients with secondary RP received bosentan 62.5 mg ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatology (Oxford). 2006 Oct;45 Suppl 3:iii45-iii48.
12. Psychological assessment of patients with Meniere's disease.
Match Strength: 3.490
The objective of this study was to evaluate daily stressors, coping, personality, physical and mental health, and quality of life in Meniere patients. 110 consecutive patients with definite Meniere's disease were assessed using the Dutch Daily Hassles List, Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), Symptoms Checklist 90 (SCL-90), NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and the Short Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36). Duration and subjective severity of symptoms were scored using a self-report questionnaire. It was shown that Meniere patients had more ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Audiol. 2006 Sep;45(9):496-502.
13. Manifestations of mental slowness in the daily life of patients with stroke: A qualitative study.
Match Strength: 3.364
OBJECTIVE: To explore the consequences of mental slowness in the daily life of patients with stroke. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional survey semi-structured interviews were completed. Interviews were transcribed and coded by two independent reviewers. Qualitative analysis was done by means of the 'constant comparison method'. SETTING: Three rehabilitation centres in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 13 patients with stroke, suffering from mental slowness, was derived from December 2003 to May 2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Interview descriptions of the everyday consequences of ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Rehabil. 2006 Sep;20(9):827-34.
14. Course of the fatigue dimension "activity level" and the interference of fatigue with daily living activities for patients with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.
Match Strength: 3.339
The purpose of this study was to determine the course of the activity level, seen as a dimension of fatigue, as a function of chemotherapy within a breast cancer population receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. The second purpose of this study was to determine the course of the interference of fatigue, in general, with daily activities within a breast cancer population receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. In a prospective cohort study, a sample of 157 patients with breast cancer was interviewed, at the first, third, and fifth cycle of adjuvant chemotherapy as well as 4 and 12 weeks after the last cycle ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer Nurs. 2006 Sep-Oct;29(5):E1-13.
15. Effects of constant, 9 and 16-h light cycles on sperm quality, semen storage ability and motile sperm subpopulations structure of boar semen.
Match Strength: 3.276
This study was performed to test the effect that two separate, daily, constant-light regimes of both 9 and 16 h could have on the main parameters of boar-semen quality analysis, as well as on the motile sperm subpopulations structure and the ability of its conservation at 16 degrees C. Results show that both luminous regimes have slight, specific effects on the main parameters of boar-semen quality analysis, as well as on the motile sperm subpopulations structure. Furthermore, the conservation ability at 16 degrees C of boar semen was not significantly different between both photoperiods. When ... Read More »
» Published in Reprod Domest Anim. 2006 Oct;41(5):386-93.
16. Short-term effects of atmospheric temperature and humidity on morbidity from acute coronary syndromes in free of air pollution rural Greece.
Match Strength: 3.273
STUDY OBJECTIVE: An evaluation of the effect of ambient temperature on morbidity from acute coronary syndromes (ACS) while avoiding confounding by air pollution. DESIGN: An ecological study in rural Greece. METHODS: Daily admissions to hospital because of ACS were recorded for 1 year and analysed versus daily temperature and humidity. RESULTS: For a 1 degrees C decrease in temperature there was a 1.6% (95% confidence interval 0.9-2.2%) increase in admissions. This effect was more prominent in the elderly. No difference was detected according to sex or type of ACS. CONCLUSION: It is important ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2006 Oct;13(5):846-8.
17. Comprehensive findings on clinical, bacteriological, histopathological and therapeutic aspects of cutaneous tuberculosis.
Match Strength: 3.228
OBJECTIVE: To define the bacteriological and histological correlates of the three predominant clinical forms of cutaneous tuberculosis and to evaluate the efficacy of a 9-month daily regimen containing rifampicin and isoniazid. METHODS: In the dermatological clinics of two major teaching hospitals in Chennai, 213 patients with suspected clinical manifestations of cutaneous tuberculosis underwent examination and a skin biopsy for bacteriological and histological tests. They were treated with a daily regimen of rifampicin and isoniazid for 9 months and follow-up for 3 years. RESULTS: ... Read More »
» Published in Trop Med Int Health. 2006 Oct;11(10):1521-8.
18. Physician-attributable differences in intensive care unit costs: a single-center study.
Match Strength: 3.172
RATIONALE: Variation in practice and outcomes, not explained by patient or illness characteristics, is common in health care, including in intensive care units (ICUs). OBJECTIVE: To quantify within-ICU, between-physician variation in resource use in a single medical ICU. METHODS: This was a prospective, noninterventional study in a medical ICU where nine intensivists provide care in 14-d rotations. Consecutive sample consisted of 1,184 initial patient admissions whose care was provided by a single intensivist. Multivariate models were constructed for average daily discretionary costs, ICU ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Dec 1;174(11):1206-10. Epub 2006 Sep 14. Comment in: Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Dec 1;174(11):1167-8.
19. Effect of oligofructose supplementation on gut microflora and well-being in young children attending a day care centre.
Match Strength: 3.099
The effect of daily administration of oligofructose (OF) on 7-19 months old healthy children intestinal microflora, intestinal tolerance and well-being was assessed in a double blind placebo controlled study. The study comprised 8 days of observation, 21 days of supplementation, and 15 days of post-supplementation. Exclusion criteria included antibiotic use and intake of other prebiotic and probiotic at any time following enrolment. Faecal flora was analysed by culture methods, and health information was recorded daily. Bifidobacteria, tended to slightly increase with OF supplementation, but ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Food Microbiol. 2007 Jan 1;113(1):108-13. Epub 2006 Sep 22.
20. Effect of a metabolically created systemic acidosis on calcium homeostasis and the diurnal variation in urine pH in the non-lactating pregnant dairy cow.
Match Strength: 3.017
Reducing the dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) has been shown to be an effective means of preventing parturient paresis in confinement systems where cows are offered a total mixed ration containing DCAD-reducing mineral compounds (anionic salts). Such a supplementation strategy is not possible in cows being group fed forages precalving, and little is known about the effect of supplementing these cows with large amounts of anionic salts twice daily.Eight non-lactating, pregnant Holstein-Friesian cows were allocated to two levels of DCAD (-20 and +18 meq/100 g DM) for 24 d, with an ... Read More »
» Published in J Dairy Res. 2006 Sep 15;:1-6
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