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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Tick control: further thoughts on a research agenda.
Match Strength: 2.992
Tick control is a subject that has stimulated intense interest for more than a century. This article is a commentary on the research needs for tick control proposed in Peter Willadsen's recent article and it calls attention to tick control strategies that were either poorly represented or omitted from the latter. Special consideration is given to host-targeted devices to control disease vector ticks infesting wildlife, to pheromone-impregnated decoys for attracting and killing ticks in the natural environment and on hosts, and to more up-to-date advances in vaccine development ... Read More »
» Published in Trends Parasitol. 2006 Dec;22(12):550-1. Epub 2006 Sep 26.
2. Human processes of control: tracing the goals and strategies of control room teams.
Match Strength: 2.891
This study utilized a process tracing methodology to analyse the goals and strategies of control room teams in dealing with an unpredicted plant disturbance. The human processes of control used by operators and their supervisors, and interactions between them, were analysed during phases of detection, diagnosis, and control of a small plant leak. Five control room teams were videotaped tackling this simulated scenario on a full-scale simulator. The results found substantial differences both within and between teams in how the goals of monitoring and implementing procedures during the detection ... Read More »
» Published in Ergonomics. 2006 Oct 10-22;49(12-13):1395-414.
3. Attention control in middle childhood: Relations to psychopathological symptoms and threat perception distortions.
Match Strength: 2.718
The present study examined the construct of attention control, which is an important aspect of effortful control, in a sample of non-clinical children aged between 9 and 13 years. Results demonstrated that attention control was associated with a broad range of psychopathological complaints, including symptoms of anxiety, aggression, depression, and ADHD. As predicted, lower levels of attention control were accompanied by higher levels of these symptoms. Further, attention control was also negatively related to threat perception distortions, which indicates that children who display low levels ... Read More »
» Published in Behav Res Ther. 2006 Sep 18;
4. Reaching and educating the global tobacco control community: innovative approaches to tobacco control training.
Match Strength: 2.510
To slow and end the growing global burden of tobacco-related death and disease, schools of public health need to provide tobacco control education and training for public health professionals generally, and for the next generation of tobacco control professionals in low- and middle-income countries specifically. As the tobacco epidemic continues to grow, there is an increasing need for training to develop the research and intervention skills required to stem the epidemic and reduce the inevitable burden of disease and death. A wide range of educational approaches has been developed to increase ... Read More »
» Published in Public Health Rep. 2006 Sep-Oct;121(5):521-8.
5. Upper gastrointestinal function and glycemic control in diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 2.495
Recent evidence has highlighted the impact of glycemic control on the incidence and progression of diabetic micro- and macrovascular complications, and on cardiovascular risk in the non-diabetic population. Postprandial blood glucose concentrations make a major contribution to overall glycemic control, and are determined in part by upper gastrointestinal function. Conversely, poor glycemic control has an acute, reversible effect on gastrointestinal motility. Insights into the mechanisms by which the gut contributes to glycemia have given rise to a number of novel dietary and pharmacological ... Read More »
» Published in World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Sep 21;12(35):5611-21.
6. Hypolipidemic effect of lactobacillus ferment as a functional food supplement.
Match Strength: 2.495
The Lactobacillus ferment used in this study was composed of Lactobacillus fermented wheat, barley and kefir grains. Fermentation increased the CFU of lactic acid bacteria with a reduction in pH value and in the contents of dietary fi ber and glucan. Male SD rats were fed a high fat diet with or without 10% Lactobacillus ferment for 4 weeks. In the Lactic-F group (group fed high-fat diet with Lactobacillus ferment) there was a significantly reduced increase of body weight compared with the HF-control (group fed high-fat diet without Lactobacillus ferment). The food efficiency ratio (FER) ... Read More »
» Published in Phytother Res. 2006 Dec;20(12):1056-60.
7. Reconciling differences in trophic control in mid-latitude marine ecosystems.
Match Strength: 2.431
The dependence of long-term fishery yields on primary productivity, largely based on cross-system comparisons and without reference to the potential dynamic character of this relationship, has long been considered strong evidence for bottom-up control in marine systems. We examined time series of intensive empirical observations from nine heavily exploited regions in the western North Atlantic and find evidence of spatial variance of trophic control. Top-down control dominated in northern areas, the dynamics evolved from bottom-up to top-down in an intermediate region, and bottom-up control ... Read More »
» Published in Ecol Lett. 2006 Oct;9(10):1096-105.
8. Legacy of the Pacific Islander cancer control network.
Match Strength: 2.419
The groundwork for the Pacific Islander cancer control network (PICCN) began in the early 1990s with a study of the cancer control needs of American Samoans. The necessity for similar studies among other Pacific Islander populations led to the development of PICCN. The project's principal objectives were to increase cancer awareness and to enhance cancer control research among American Samoans, Tongans, and Chamorros. PICCN was organized around a steering committee and 6 community advisory boards, 2 from each of the targeted populations. Membership included community leaders, cancer control ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer. 2006 Oct 15;107(8 Suppl):2091-8.
9. Cholesterol absorption and synthesis in children with type 1 diabetes.
Match Strength: 2.366
OBJECTIVE: The levels of the surrogate markers of cholesterol absorption (cholestanol and plant sterols) and synthesis (cholesterol precursors) in serum have suggested that in adult type 1 diabetes, cholesterol absorption is high and synthesis is low compared with type 2 diabetic or control subjects. Accordingly, these findings were further studied in children with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty-eight children with diabetes were compared with 79 age- and sex-matched control subjects. The serum ratios of cholesterol absorption and synthesis markers were measured with gas ... Read More »
» Published in Diabetes Care. 2006 Oct;29(10):2300-4.
10. Positive Emotion, Negative Emotion, and Emotion Control in the Externalizing Problems of School-aged Children.
Match Strength: 2.363
The present study examined the role of emotion and emotion control in children's externalizing problems. Third- to sixth-grade children were administered a self-report measure of positive emotion, negative emotion, and emotion control. Peer- and teacher-reported adjustment problems were assessed. Structural equations modeling revealed that negative emotion, especially anger, was important in externalizing problems. Less positive emotion was associated with more externalizing problems. However, when negative emotion was examined in a more differentiated manner (anger, sadness and fear), the ... Read More »
» Published in Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2007 Spring;37(3):221-39.
11. Mild oliguria in preterm infants who later developed periventricular leukomalacia.
Match Strength: 2.333
The aim of this study is to determine whether or not renal involvement was present during the early neonatal period in preterm infants with PVL. We conducted a case-control study. The following items were evaluated; urine output, serum levels of sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), urea nitrogen (UN), and creatinine (Cr). The factors that could influence the urine output were also compared between the PVL and the control group. The mean urine output during the first 24h in the PVL group was 19.8ml/kg/day, and was significantly lower than in the control group (28.8ml/kg/day, p<0.05). ... Read More »
» Published in Brain Dev. 2006 Sep 16;
12. Adequacy of glycemic control in hemodialysis patients with diabetes.
Match Strength: 2.299
OBJECTIVE: We sought to measure the prevalence of inadequate glycemic control in prevalent hemodialysis patients with diabetes and to examine independent predictors of inadequate glycemic control in these patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of prevalent hemodialysis patients with diabetes in southeastern Ontario (n = 100). Data were collected by chart review and interview. The outcome variable was inadequate glycemic control defined as HbA1c (A1C) >0.07. Other measured variables were diabetes type, diabetes duration, diabetes physician, blood glucose ... Read More »
» Published in Diabetes Care. 2006 Oct;29(10):2247-51.
13. Financial analysis of various strategies for the control of Neospora caninum in dairy cattle in Switzerland.
Match Strength: 2.285
The present study was conducted to estimate the direct losses due to Neospora caninum in Swiss dairy cattle and to assess the costs and benefits of different potential control strategies. A Monte Carlo simulation spreadsheet module was developed to estimate the direct costs caused by N. caninum, with and without control strategies, and to estimate the costs of these control strategies in a financial analysis. The control strategies considered were "testing and culling of seropositive female cattle", "discontinued breeding with offspring from seropositive cows", "chemotherapeutical treatment of ... Read More »
» Published in Prev Vet Med. 2006 Dec 18;77(3-4):230-53. Epub 2006 Sep 18.
14. Computational principles of sensorimotor control that minimize uncertainty and variability.
Match Strength: 2.280
Sensory and motor noise limits the precision with which we can sense the world and act upon it. Recent research has begun to reveal computational principles by which the central nervous system reduces the sensory uncertainty and movement variability arising from this internal noise. Here we review the role of optimal estimation and sensory filtering in extracting the sensory information required for motor planning, and the role of optimal control, motor adaptation and impedance control in the specification of the motor output signal ... Read More »
» Published in J Physiol. 2007 Jan 15;578(Pt 2):387-96. Epub 2006 Sep 28.
15. Study design V. Case-control studies.
Match Strength: 2.263
Previously in this series I have given an overview of the main types of study design and the techniques used to minimise biased results. In this article I describe more fully case control studies, their uses, advantages and limitations ... Read More »
» Published in Evid Based Dent. 2006;7(3):83-4.
16. MR imaging with remote control: feasibility study in cardiovascular disease.
Match Strength: 2.263
The institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant study and waived informed consent. The purpose was to retrospectively evaluate remote control magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in complex cardiovascular procedures, whereby operational expertise was made available locally from a remote location. Thirty patients underwent cardiac (12 patients) and/or vascular (30 patients) 1.5-T MR imaging with a remote operator by using a personal computer. All patient studies were compared with 30 control studies obtained with conventional local imaging. Cardiac cine, myocardial delayed enhancement, ... Read More »
» Published in Radiology. 2006 Nov;241(2):528-37. Epub 2006 Sep 27.
17. Tight control of type 1 diabetes: recommendations for patients.
Match Strength: 2.261
Tight control of blood glucose levels and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia) can substantially reduce the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications from type 1 diabetes. Physicians play an important role in helping patients make essential lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of these complications. Key recommendations that family physicians can give patients to optimize their outcomes include: take control of daily decisions regarding your health, focus on preventing and controlling risk factors for cardiovascular disease, ... Read More »
» Published in Am Fam Physician. 2006 Sep 15;74(6):971-8.
18. Cultivating systemic capacity: the rhode island tobacco control enhancement project.
Match Strength: 2.243
This paper describes the Rhode Island Tobacco Control Enhancement Project (TCEP), a state-university-community technical assistance system. TCEP was developed under the auspices of the Rhode Island Department of Health's Tobacco Control program and was designed to build capacity among nine community-based organizations to mount comprehensive tobacco control interventions in five diverse communities within the state. This paper: (1) provides a description of community mobilization; (2) presents a logic model for planning and decision making used by state-university-community partners; (3) ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Community Psychol. 2006 Dec;38(3-4):213-20.
19. Physical health, self-reliance, and emotional control as moderators of the relationship between locus of control and mental health among men treated for prostate cancer.
Match Strength: 2.239
This investigation examined the moderating effects of physical health and scripts for masculinity (i.e., self-reliance and emotional control) on the relationship between powerful other people locus of control and mental health for 230 men treated for prostate cancer. Regression analyses indicated that physical health and masculine gender scripts moderated the association between powerful other people locus of control and mental health. Specifically, men with poor physical health evinced negative mental health when they endorsed masculine gender scripts and believed powerful other people (i.e., ... Read More »
» Published in J Behav Med. 2006 Dec;29(6):561-72. Epub 2006 Sep 19.
20. The role of BRCA1 in transcriptional regulation and cell cycle control.
Match Strength: 2.236
The exact functions of BRCA1 have not been fully described but it now seems apparent that it has roles in DNA damage repair, transcriptional regulation, cell cycle control and most recently in ubiquitylation. These functions of BRCA1 are most likely interdependent but this review will focus on the role of BRCA1 in relation to transcriptional regulation and in particular how this impacts upon cell cycle control. We will (i) describe the structure of BRCA1 and how it may contribute to its transcription function; (ii) describe the interaction of BRCA1 with the core transcriptional machinery (RNA ... Read More »
» Published in Oncogene. 2006 Sep 25;25(43):5854-63.
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