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1. The impact of HIV on mortality during in-patient rehabilitation of severely malnourished children in Malawi.
Match Strength: 6.053

A prospective cohort study measured mortality during nutritional rehabilitation among HIV-infected and uninfected children, aged 6-59 months, with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Children were tested for HIV and CD4% on admission to the nutrition rehabilitation unit (NRU). Mortality was assessed by following children to 4 months post discharge from the NRU or death if earlier. Overall mortality was 14.8% (67/454) and HIV prevalence was 17.4% (79/454). HIV-infected children were significantly more likely to die than uninfected children [35.4% (28/79) vs. 10.4% (39/375), P<0.001], and 85.7% of ... Read More »
» Published in Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Jul;102(7):639-44. Epub 2008 Jun 4.

2. The referential communication skills of children with imaginary companions.
Match Strength: 5.994

The present study investigated the referential communication skills of children with imaginary companions (ICs). Twenty-two children with ICs aged between 4 and 6 years were compared to 22 children without ICs (NICs). The children were matched for age, gender, birth order, number of siblings, and parental education. All children completed the Test of Referential Communication (Camaioni, Ercolani & Lloyd, 1995). The results showed that the children with ICs performed better than the children without ICs on the speaker component of the task. In particular, the IC children were better able to ... Read More »
» Published in Dev Sci. 2008 Jul;11(4):531-40.

3. Memory profiles in children with mild intellectual disabilities: strengths and weaknesses.
Match Strength: 5.838

Strengths and weaknesses in short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) were identified in children with mild intellectual disabilities (MID) by comparing their performance to typically developing children matched on chronological age (CA children) and to younger typically developing children with similar mental capacities (MA children). Children with MID performed less well on all measures compared to the CA children. Relative to the MA children, especially verbal WM was weak. Subsequent analyses yielded distinct MID subgroups each with specific memory strengths and weaknesses. These ... Read More »
» Published in Res Dev Disabil. 2009 Nov-Dec;30(6):1237-47. Epub 2009 May 27.

4. Influenza in children.
Match Strength: 5.835

Excess mortality associated with annual influenza epidemics is highest among persons over 65 y of age, and therefore influenza is often regarded as an illness of the elderly population. Ample evidence indicates, however, that the burden of influenza is also substantial in children, and that children have a central role in the spread of influenza in the community during epidemics. Vaccination of children against influenza could bring about substantial health benefits not only to children themselves but also to persons in other age groups. Conclusion: General awareness about the total impact of ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Paediatr. 2006 Jul;95(7):778-84. Comment in: Acta Paediatr. 2006 Jul;95(7):774-7.

5. The movement assessment battery for children: similarities and differences between 4- and 5-year-old children from Flanders and the United States.
Match Strength: 5.786

PURPOSE: To explore the possibility that 4- and 5-year-old Flemish children would perform differently from children of the same age in the US standardization sample of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC). PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred sixty-seven 4-year-old and 239 5-year-old Flemish children without known impairments, from regular schools, took part in the study (260 boys, 246 girls). METHODS: All children were individually assessed using the M-ABC. RESULTS:: The total M-ABC score of the 4-year-old children was similar to that of their peers in the United States. The 5-year-old ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Phys Ther. 2008 Spring;20(1):30-8.

6. Airway reconstruction in children.
Match Strength: 5.773

AIM/BACKGROUND: Airway anomalies are infrequent but potentially life threatening in children. A program to care for these difficult children was set up at our institution, and this paper summarizes our experience. METHODS: A total of 34 children were enrolled in the program over a period of three years. These children were evaluated as per the standard protocols. Treatment was individualized. RESULTS: Of these 34 children, 28 had their airways restored and are doing well. Four children continue to remain on tracheostomy and two will require long term tracheostomy. There were two deaths. All ... Read More »
» Published in J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg. 2009 Jul;14(3):94-7.

7. Aggressiveness and hostility in the family environment and chronic constipation in children.
Match Strength: 5.760

OBJECTIVE: To compare the emotional aspects of children with and without constipation. METHODOLOGY: Some emotional aspects were studied in children with and without constipation. A nonstructured interview was performed with the mothers regarding the emotional aspects of their children. The children were asked to tell a story based on the observation of a board from the thematic children apperception test. This is a qualitative study using the technique of constant comparison. RESULTS: In the interview with the mothers of constipated children. CONCLUSION: In the children with constipation a ... Read More »
» Published in Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Sep;53(9):2458-63. Epub 2008 Jul 1.

8. Slow progression of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus disease in a cohort of coinfected children.
Match Strength: 5.717

We carried out a retrospective study to determine the evolution of 23 vertically HIV-1/HCV coinfected children and 30 vertically HIV-1 infected children (control group). Six out of 23 HIV-1/HCV coinfected children developed AIDS versus 20 out of 30 HIV-1 children (P < 0.05). HIV-1/HCV children had a good evolution in relation to CD4 and HIV-RNA viral load. They presented higher CD8 counts than HIV-1 children during long periods, and slower progression of HCV liver disease ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Sep;26(9):846-9.

9. Evaluation of hearing in children with autism by using TEOAE and ABR.
Match Strength: 5.717

Assessment of auditory abilities is important in the diagnosis and treatment of children with autism. The aim was to evaluate hearing objectively by using transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and auditory brainstem response (ABR). Tests were performed on 30 children with autism and 15 typically developing children, following otomicroscopy and tympanometry. The children with autism were sedated before the tests. Positive emissions and normal hearing level at ABR were obtained in both ears of all children in the control group and of 25 children with autism. TEOAE and ABR results varied ... Read More »
» Published in Autism. 2007 Jan;11(1):73-9.

10. Feeding and eating behaviors in children with autism and typically developing children.
Match Strength: 5.684

Mothers of children aged 2-12 years completed an exhaustive questionnaire assessing feeding and eating behaviors for both themselves and their children with autism, and typically developing siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (where available), or typically developing children with no sibling with a disability. Results indicate that children with autism were only marginally more likely to exhibit picky eating behavior (overall style) than their siblings or matched typically developing children. Rates of ritualistic feeding behaviors were equivalent in all groups of children ... Read More »
» Published in J Autism Dev Disord. 2008 Nov;38(10):1878-87. Epub 2008 May 16.

11. Audiovisual processing in children with and without autism spectrum disorders.
Match Strength: 5.676

Fifteen children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and twenty-one children without ASD completed six perceptual tasks designed to characterize the nature of the audiovisual processing difficulties experienced by children with ASD. Children with ASD scored significantly lower than children without ASD on audiovisual tasks involving human faces and voices, but scored similarly to children without ASD on audiovisual tasks involving nonhuman stimuli (bouncing balls). Results suggest that children with ASD may use visual information for speech differently from children without ASD. Exploratory ... Read More »
» Published in J Autism Dev Disord. 2008 Aug;38(7):1349-58. Epub 2008 Feb 29.

12. A Comparison of Motor Delays in Young Children: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Developmental Delay, and Developmental Concerns.
Match Strength: 5.626

This study assessed motor delay in young children 21-41 months of age with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and compared motor scores in children with ASD to those of children without ASD. Fifty-six children (42 boys, 14 girls) were in three groups: children with ASD, children with developmental delay (DD), and children with developmental concerns without motor delay. Descriptive analysis showed all children with ASD had delays in gross motor skills, fine motor skills, or both. Children with ASD and children with DD showed significant impairments in motor development compared to children who ... Read More »
» Published in J Autism Dev Disord. 2006 Jul 26;

13. Supporting children with complex health needs.
Match Strength: 5.571

An increasing number of children have complex and continuing health needs. Caring for these children often requires nurses to develop a range of medical and technical skills and knowledge. It is equally important that children with complex health needs are supported in a way that enables them to enjoy the opportunities that other children do. This article explores the ways in which nurses can help children who have complex health needs to communicate, participate in play and leisure activities, socialise with their peers and access education ... Read More »
» Published in Nurs Stand. 2010 Jan 13-19;24(19):50-6; quiz 58.

14. Concepts of illness in children: a comparison between children with and without intellectual disability.
Match Strength: 5.551

The present study explored concepts of illness held by children with intellectual disability (ID) and compared them with the beliefs of two comparison groups of typically developing children who were matched for cognitive developmental level and chronological age (ns = 11). Content of responses to questions regarding illness causation, symptoms, treatment, and prevention was analyzed; children with ID provided significantly different responses than did children without ID. A positive association between cognitive development and prevention concepts was found for children with ID. Children with ... Read More »
» Published in Intellect Dev Disabil. 2008 Feb;46(1):44-53.

15. Causes of blindness among children identified through village key informants in Malawi.
Match Strength: 5.519

BACKGROUND: To determine the causes of blindness among children in rural Malawi. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children in communities of Chikwawa district, Malawi. Children were identified through trained, community-based key informants. All identified children were examined by an ophthalmologist and the cause of blindness determined. RESULTS: In total, 151 children were identified, of whom 37 (25%) were blind. Among the blind, 21 (60%) were girls and 16 (40%) were boys. Cataract (congenital/developmental) was the leading cause of blindness (35%), followed by corneal conditions ... Read More »
» Published in Can J Ophthalmol. 2008 Aug;43(4):425-7.

16. Neuropathology of Hiv Infection: Adults Versus Children
Match Strength: 5.511

The lower incidence of complicating opportunistic and reactivated latent infections in the CNS of children with HIV infection has resulted in a "cleaner" system, allowing better appreciation of the lesions associated with primary HIV brain infection. The most striking differences that we have seen in the CNS of children, when compared to adults with regard to primary HIV infection, have been the following: More florid inflammation and more frequent MGC in the children; more frequent localization of MGC in the cerebral cortex in children; more basophilic mineralization in the children; more ... Read More »
» Published in Prog AIDS Pathol. 1989;1:131-41.

17. Hospitalizations of children who have fetal alcohol syndrome or incomplete fetal alcohol syndrome.
Match Strength: 5.489

INTRODUCTION: The study describes the hospitalization rates and medical diagnoses of children with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and incomplete FAS. METHODS: Two retrospective case-control studies were conducted of Northern Plains American Indian children with FAS or incomplete FAS identified from 1981-93 by using the ICD-9-CM code 760.71. Children who had FAS or incomplete FAS were compared to each other and to children who did not have FAS. RESULTS: Compared to the controls, the 43 children with FAS (Study 1) and 35 children with incomplete FAS (Study 2) were hospitalized more often with ... Read More »
» Published in S D Med. 2009 Mar;62(3):97, 99, 101-3.

18. Education and nutritional status of orphans and children of HIV-infected parents in Kenya.
Match Strength: 5.485

We examined whether orphaned and fostered children and children of HIV-infected parents are disadvantaged in schooling, nutrition, and health care. We analyzed data on 2,756 children aged 0-4 years and 4,172 children aged 6-14 years included in the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, with linked anonymous HIV testing, using multivariate logistic regression. Results indicate that orphans, fostered children, and children of HIV-infected parents are significantly less likely to attend school than non-orphaned/non-fostered children of HIV-negative parents. Children of HIV-infected parents ... Read More »
» Published in AIDS Educ Prev. 2007 Oct;19(5):383-95.

19. Nutritional recovery in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children with severe acute malnutrition.
Match Strength: 5.483

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have reported on nutritional recovery, survival and growth among severely malnourished children with HIV. This study explores nutritional recovery in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children during inpatient nutrition rehabilitation and 4 months of follow-up. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Lilongwe district, Malawi. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight gain, anthropometrics. RESULTS: In our sample of 454 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 17.4% (n = 79) of children were HIV infected. None of the children were on antiretroviral therapy upon admission. ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Dis Child. 2009 Jul;94(7):512-6. Epub 2008 Oct 31.

20. Yoga for children.
Match Strength: 5.465

There is an increasing interest in the use of yoga for children to calm the mind and increase health and well being. Despite scant but increasing evidence supporting the efficacy of yoga in children, special yoga programs within schools are being developed for children and adolescents. This increasing popularity of the potential benefits of yoga may encourage parents to consider yoga for their children and request referrals or clarification of the purported effects. A description of the philosophical basis of yoga, the basic components of a yoga practice, safety concerns, and how to locate and ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Nurs. 2009 Sep-Oct;35(5):277-83, 295.

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