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Cervical Cancer
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1. Sexual health in women treated for cervical cancer: Characteristics and correlates.
Match Strength: 8.834

OBJECTIVE.: A large proportion of women with a history of cervical cancer experience sexual problems as a result of treatment. The present study examined whether differences in sexual health between cervical cancer survivors and women with no history of cervical cancer could be explained by selected demographic, clinical, and psychosocial and physical factors. METHODS.: Women treated between 1 and 5 years previously for stage 0 to II cervical cancer and age- and education-matched women with no history of cancer undergoing routine cervical cancer screening were recruited to participate. All ... Read More »
» Published in Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Feb;104(2):428-34. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

2. Cervical cancer prevention in the era of prophylactic vaccines: a preview for gynecologic oncologists.
Match Strength: 8.682

OBJECTIVE: The recent approval of a vaccine to prevent HPV infection is an important advance in cervical cancer prevention. This article is intended to provide gynecologic oncologists with a comprehensive background in modern cervical cancer prevention strategies. METHODS: We describe and contrast the quadrivalent and bivalent vaccines. More established cervical cancer prevention strategies are reviewed, with comments on the impact of HPV vaccination. Clinical guidance is provided for use of the approved quadrivalent vaccine. Safety and side effects of both vaccines are reviewed and future ... Read More »
» Published in Gynecol Oncol. 2006 Sep;102(3):552-62.

3. Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening (pap smear) among female nurses in Nnewi, South Eastern Nigeria.
Match Strength: 8.471

OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening among practicing female nurses with a view to sensitizing them as a first step towards increasing screening uptake in the community. METHOD: A self administered questionnaire survey of all the female nurses working in Nnamdi Azikiwe university Teaching Hospital Nnewi center. RESULTS: 144 out of 166 questionnaires were correctly completed and returned. 122 (87%) were aware of the existence of screening services. Although 9.3% had lost relations to cancer of the cervix, only 5.7% had ever undergone a pap smear. While ... Read More »
» Published in Niger J Clin Pract. 2006 Jun;9(1):40-3.

4. Tumor hypoxia and expression of c-met in cervical cancer.
Match Strength: 8.351

OBJECTIVES: Hypoxia enhances malignant progression by promoting the development of metastases and increasing invasiveness. One key regulator that controls growth, invasion and metastasis in cancer cells is the growth factor receptor c-met. The aim of this study, therefore, was to investigate the expression of the c-met protooncogene in cervical cancers in relation to intratumoral hypoxia levels and to clinico-pathological parameters. METHODS: 43 Patients with cervical cancer were subjected to intratumoral pO(2) measurement with the Eppendorf electrode and biopsies were taken. The tissue was ... Read More »
» Published in Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Jan;104(1):181-5. Epub 2006 Sep 22.

5. An assessment of rural women's knowledge, constraints and perceptions on cervical cancer screening: the case of two districts in Zimbabwe.
Match Strength: 8.288

This paper gives a sociological and anthropological insight into the rural women's perceptions and understanding of cervical symptomatology, screening and cancer. Qualitative data was collected through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with women and health personnel. Quantitative data was obtained through questionnaires administered to 356 women from Mutoko and Shurugwi districts. The study revealed that cervical cancer is a disease that is of concern among health practitioners and women. 95.78% of the interviewed women had never gone for screening and had little knowledge about ... Read More »
» Published in Afr J Reprod Health. 2006 Apr;10(1):91-103.

6. Different T-cell receptor (TCR) zeta chain expression in cervical cancer and its precursor lesions.
Match Strength: 8.254

OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is associated with infection of epithelial cells with the human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 and HPV18. A functional signalling machinery in T-cells is required in order to successfully fight and eradicate HPV16+ transformed epithelial cells. One of the key signalling molecules associated with the T-cell receptor (TCR) is the homodimeric zeta chain molecule. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 28 formalin fixed und paraffin embedded samples of cervical tissue with cervical intraepithelial lesions CIN I (n = 3), CIN III (n = 7), invasive cervical carcinoma (CC) (n = 13) and normal ... Read More »
» Published in Zentralbl Gynakol. 2006 Oct;128(5):266-70.

7. Introducing HPV triage into the English cervical cancer screening program: consequences for participation.
Match Strength: 7.408

OBJECTIVE: To predict the likely impact of adding human papillomavirus (HPV) triage for minor abnormalities on participation in the English cervical cancer screening program. METHOD: Contingent valuations of the existing Pap program and a possible HPV-augmented screening program, obtained from questionnaires completed by 1141 women in east-central England. RESULTS: The value of participating in Pap screening was negatively associated with age, positively associated with educational level, and positively associated with the level of household income. Higher levels of worry about cervical cancer ... Read More »
» Published in Women Health. 2006;43(2):17-34.

8. SDF-1 alone and in co-operation with HGF regulates biology of human cervical carcinoma cells.
Match Strength: 7.177

Stromal Derived Factor-1 (SDF-1)-CXCR4 axis plays a pivotal role in biology and metastasis of several tumors. The aim of this study was to see if SDF-1 alone or in combination with Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) affects biology of human cervical carcinoma (HCC) cells. We found that HCC cell lines investigated in our study highly express CXCR4 on their surface. CXCR4 was also expressed on tumor cells in tissue sections derived from cervical cancer patients. At the same time normal cervical epithelium was negative for CXCR4 expression what suggests a strong correlation between CXCR4 and ... Read More »
» Published in Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2006;44(3):155-64.

9. Human papillomavirus type distribution in cervical cancer in Delhi, India.
Match Strength: 6.938

This hospital-based study in New Delhi, North India was performed to evaluate the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in cases of invasive cervical carcinoma (ICC). A total of 10 cases presenting with an obvious cervical growth were included in this study. 108 cases that was shown to be ICC on histology (101 squamous cell carcinomas, 4 adenocarcinomas, and one neuroendocrine carcinoma) were included in the analysis. DNA was extracted from tumor tissue and HPV genotype was determined by a consensus PCR assay using a reverse line blot hybridization assay. Of 106 evaluable cases, 104 (98.1%) ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2006 Oct;25(4):398-402.

10. Combined treatment of ionizing radiation with genistein on cervical cancer HeLa cells.
Match Strength: 6.867

The anticancer agent genistein inhibits cell growth of tumor cell lines from various malignancies. In our study, we investigated the effectiveness of combined treatment of ionizing radiation (IR) with genistein on cervical HeLa cells and its possible mechanism. It was found that the inhibitory rate in cells with combined treatment was significantly higher than that of the cells treated with IR or genistein alone. After treatments of IR (4 Gy) combined with genistein (40 micromol/L), the apoptotic index of the cells was significantly increased and the cells were arrested in the G2/M phase. ... Read More »
» Published in J Pharmacol Sci. 2006 Sep;102(1):129-35.

11. A new method for the classification of invasive cervical cancer screening histories.
Match Strength: 6.856

OBJECTIVES: To examine the ability of existing classification systems to provide screening histories for invasive cervical cancers which can be used in the evaluation of the NHS Cervical Screening Programme (NHSCSP), and to provide the diagnostic route data item required for the National Cancer Data Set (NCDS). METHODS: The ability of existing classification systems to derive unique, consistent screening histories for a cohort of invasive cervical cancers diagnosed in the West Midlands region in the period 2000-03 was tested using two separate timelines for women on normal routine recall ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Screen. 2006;13(3):137-47.

12. Cyclooxygenase-2 impairs treatment effects of radiotherapy for cervical cancer by inhibition of radiation-induced apoptosis.
Match Strength: 6.822

PURPOSE: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a pivotal role in regulation of radiation-induced apoptosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between COX-2 expression and postradiotherapy outcomes of patients with cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Biopsy specimens from 47 consecutive patients who had undergone definitive radiotherapy alone or radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy between October 2002 and November 2004 were investigated. RESULTS: The COX-2 expression rate of the pretreatment samples was 46.1% +/- 21.0%, and the apoptotic index (AI) 1 week after start of ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Dec 1;66(5):1347-55. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

13. Concurrent weekly cisplatin plus external beam radiotherapy and high-dose rate brachytherapy for advanced cervical cancer: a control cohort comparison with radiation alone on treatment outcome and complications.
Match Strength: 6.763

PURPOSE: To test, though a control-cohort study, the hypothesis that concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using weekly cisplatin, plus high-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy (HDRICB) is superior to radiation (RT) alone in patients with advanced cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 171 patients with Stage IIB-III cervical cancer were enrolled in this study. Seventy patients were treated with CCRT and the results were compared with those of 101 patients who had been treated with RT using the same protocol at an early period. RT consisted of 45 Gy in 25 fractions to the whole ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Dec 1;66(5):1370-7. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

14. Radiochemotherapy combined with regional pelvic hyperthermia induces high response and resectability rates in patients with nonresectable cervical cancer >/=FIGO IIB "bulky".
Match Strength: 6.719

Purpose: To evaluate preoperative radiochemotherapy combined with regional pelvic hyperthermia in patients with nonresectable cervical cancer >/= International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) IIB "bulky" in a Phase II study. Methods and Materials: Thirty-two patients with nonresectable FIGO IIB-IVA cervical cancer confined to the pelvis were treated with radiochemotherapy (5 x 1.8 Gy/wk, 45-50.4 Gy; cisplatin, 40 mg/m(2)/wk) and weekly regional pelvic hyperthermia (SIGMA-60 applicator, system BSD-2000; BSD Medical Corp., Salt Lake City, UT). Responders underwent hysterectomy ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Nov 15;66(4):1159-67. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

15. A randomized phase III trial of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer: preliminary results.
Match Strength: 6.621

OBJECTIVE: Concurrent chemoradiation is the standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer. This study was a preliminary result of a randomized two arms, prospective, open-label phase III trial comparing the activity and safety of the concurrent chemoradiation of Tegafur-Uracil and carboplatin or carboplatin alone in locally advanced cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer patients were randomized to have Tegafur-Uracil 225 mg/m(2)/day orally, 5 days a week and carboplatin 100 mg/m(2) IV over 30-60 min, weekly on day 1 concurrent with standard ... Read More »
» Published in Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Jan;104(1):15-23. Epub 2006 Sep 25.

16. Primary screening for cervical cancer through self sampling.
Match Strength: 6.597

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of community health agents (CHAs) to instruct women living in poor rural areas in obtaining self-collected cervical samples and compare the high-risk HPV (hrHPV) hybrid capture (HC) results obtained to those for gynecologist-collected samples. METHODS: After a one-day training, CHAs visited sexually active women, instructing each in the use of collection brush and the Universal Collection Medium tube. One week thereafter, a gynecologist collected cervical samples from, and performed colposcopies on, the same women. A single reference lab performed all HCs. ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2006 Nov;95(2):179-84. Epub 2006 Sep 25.

17. Over-expression of topoisomerase IIalpha is related to the grade of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), but does not predict prognosis in cervical cancer or HPV clearance after cone treatment.
Match Strength: 6.558

OBJECTIVE: One of the pathways leading to cervical cancer is a loss of normal cell cycle control. Topoisomerase IIalpha and IIbeta are important nuclear proteins controlling the G2/M checkpoint, and shown to be over-expressed in many human cancers. Their links to oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) types and their prognostic value in cervical cancer are practically unexplored. MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of our HPV-PathogenISS study, a series of 150 squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and 152 CIN lesions were examined using immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for topoisomerase IIalpha (topo ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2006 Oct;25(4):383-92.

18. Creating alliances to improve cancer prevention and detection among urban medically underserved minority groups: the East Harlem Partnership for Cancer Awareness.
Match Strength: 5.974

The East Harlem Partnership for Cancer Awareness (EHPCA) was formed in 1999 to reduce disparities in cancer screening and prevention among medically underserved minorities residing in a large urban community (East Harlem, New York City) by increasing awareness of cancer risk, prevention, and treatment, and promoting greater participation in breast, cervical, colorectal, and prostate cancer screening and early detection. The Partnership augments a 20-year collaboration between an academic medical center, a public hospital, and 2 community health centers. Needs assessments were conducted to ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer. 2006 Oct 15;107(8 Suppl):2043-51.

19. Human papillomavirus as a risk factor for the increase in incidence of tonsillar cancer.
Match Strength: 5.869

Smoking and alcohol are well-known etiological factors in tonsillar cancer. However, as in cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) is currently found in a sizable proportion of tonsillar cancer. Recent reports from the U.S. and Finland show an increase in the incidence of tonsillar cancer, without a parallel rise in smoking and alcohol consumption. This study investigates whether the incidence of tonsillar cancer has also changed in Sweden and whether a possible explanation of the increase is a higher proportion of HPV-positive tonsillar cancer. The incidence of tonsillar cancer between ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Cancer. 2006 Dec 1;119(11):2620-3.

20. 'What does it mean?' uncertainty, trust and communication following treatment for pre-cancerous cervical abnormalities.
Match Strength: 5.860

The early detection of pre-cancerous cervical conditions has risen dramatically, prompting more in-depth investigations regarding psychological implications inherent within the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. This study aimed to identify factors that influence women's experience of diagnosis and treatment of cervical abnormalities and factors that facilitate positive adjustment. Using a semi-structured telephone interview, we interviewed 21 women (age 24-54) treated at a colposcopy clinic. Systematic recruitment of women with varying degrees of cervical abnormality (CIN 1-3) and ... Read More »
» Published in Psychooncology. 2006 Sep 20;

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