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1. Blood sugar profile in diabetics receiving plain insulin.
Match Strength: 11.500

Blood sugar profile was studied by checking multiple plasma venous samples at 1/2 hr interval after porcine plain insulin. Mean blood sugar was the highest (198.8 +/- 24.6 mg%) at 1 1/2 hrs and the lowest (86.3 +/- 18.4) at 4 1/2 hrs after breakfast. 52% of the patients had hypoglycemias between 4 and 5 hrs. It is recommended that pre-lunch blood sugar be checked in those receiving plain insulin ... Read More »
» Published in Indian J Med Sci. 2001 May;55(5):263-5.

2. The effect of electroconvulsive therapy treatments on blood sugar in nondiabetic patients.
Match Strength: 11.118

There are conflicting data in the literature about the effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on blood sugar. In general, glycemic control and insulin requirements show no changes over a course of treatments, although there is interindividual variation. What is understudied is the acute effect of single ECT treatments on blood sugar in the post-ictal time period. To shed more light on this issue, we conducted a simple study of blood sugar assessed by fingerstick before and 20 minutes after ECT treatments in 33 nondiabetic patients. There was a small though statistically significant rise of ... Read More »
» Published in J ECT. 2005 Dec;21(4):232-4.

3. Effects of soybean fibers on blood sugar, lipid levels and hepatic-nephritic histomorphology in mice with diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 10.256

OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of soybean fibers on blood sugar, blood-lipid metabolism, and histomorphology in mice models with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHOD: After normal mice and mice with Streptozocin (STZ)-induced DM were fed with forage containing a certain amount of soybean fiber (SF) for 5 weeks, blood sugar and blood lipid were determined, and morphological changes of hepatic and nephritic tissues were observed. RESULT: The results of 5-week experiment had shown: 1. In normal mice fed with SF, the blood sugar level was decreased (P < 0.05). There were no obvious changes in ... Read More »
» Published in Biomed Environ Sci. 2001 Sep;14(3):256-61.

4. Superior reproductive success on human blood without sugar is not limited to highly anthropophilic mosquito species.
Match Strength: 10.088

Anthropophilic mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) have been shown to have superior reproductive success on human blood when sugar is not available. Life-table experiments were conducted with Aedes albopictus Skuse and Ae. aegypti to compare the effects of sugar availability on age-specific survivorship, lifetime and daily fecundity, and blood-feeding frequency when offered human blood daily. There were no significant interactions between the effects of sugar availability and mosquito species for these four variables, indicating similar effects of sugar availability for ... Read More »
» Published in Med Vet Entomol. 2006 Mar;20(1):53-9.

5. The Mean Third Trimester Postprandial Blood Glucose Of Diabetic Pregnant Patients And Infant Birth Weight In The Kuwaiti Population
Match Strength: 10.038

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the mean third-trimester postprandial blood sugar can predict macrosomia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of 281 diabetic patients who had delivered their babies between May 1996 and May 2000. Mean 1-hour postprandial blood sugar in the third trimester was calculated for all patients. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to determine the statistical significance. The receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the significant cutoff point for the blood sugar level. RESULTS: The mean third-trimester blood ... Read More »
» Published in Medscape Womens Health. 2001 Oct;6(5):2.

6. Vanadium - help for blood sugar problems?
Match Strength: 9.804

AIDS: People on protease inhibitors (PIs) may develop problems controlling their blood sugar, and may also have an increased risk of diabetes. An Australian study found that 25 percent of people on PIs had problems with glucose levels, possibly resulting from PI-induced insulin resistance. Supplements with the trace element Vanadium may help control blood sugar. Research conducted during the 1990s, showed that Vanadium sulfate supplementation significantly reduced blood sugar levels. Vanadium is found in foods such as navy beans, peas, and squash. The element has some insulin-like activity, ... Read More »
» Published in Treatmentupdate. 1999 Aug 1;11(6):5-7.

7. Development of a Portable Blood Sugar Apparatus and GOD Enzyme Strip.
Match Strength: 9.757

A pocket blood sugar apparatus tested by enzyme electrode, which was designed using carbon and silver plasma as conducting materials. Both the work and reference electrodes are applied to the parts of enzyme electrode. The glucose oxidase is taken as the medium of blood sugar measuring. And the range of measuring glucose is about 50mg/dL - 500mgl/dL. It has better linear for the results and fit coefficient arrives at 0.985. Its sensitivity of measurement is higher than current glucose biosensor obviously. A single chip microcomputer, AD mu C812, is used for central control processor of the ... Read More »
» Published in Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2005;1:248-51.

8. Diel timing and frequency of sugar feeding in the mosquito Anopheles gambiae, depending on sex, gonotrophic state and resource availability.
Match Strength: 9.689

Little is known about the sugar-feeding behaviour of equatorial Africa's principal vector of malaria, Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae). It is suspected to feed on plant sugar infrequently, but possibly the timing depends on environmental circumstances, and males may differ markedly from females. These points of uncertainty were clarified in the laboratory, by monitoring both diel and longterm sugar-feeding activity in both sexes. Males fed on sugar in a nocturnal diel rhythm closely approximating non-specific flight activity. Female diel sugar-feeding patterns resembled published ... Read More »
» Published in Med Vet Entomol. 2006 Sep;20(3):308-16.

9. Chromium(III) complexes of D-glucosaminic acid and their effect on decreasing blood sugar in vivo.
Match Strength: 9.462

Two chromium(III) complexes of glucosaminic acid were synthesized by neutralization and exchange reaction. The formation of 1 : 1 and 2 : 3 (Cr : glucosaminate) complexes was confirmed by elemental analyses and spectroscopic studies. The effect of the complexes on decreasing blood sugar was investigated on type-2 diabetes model rats induced by tetraoxypyrimidine. The results indicated that the effect on decreasing blood sugar was comparable to that of picolinate chromium complex (Cr(pic)(3)) currently used world wide ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Pharm (Weinheim). 2006 Sep;339(9):527-30.

10. Controlling blood sugar before surgery helps reduce infections, mortality rates.
Match Strength: 9.215

Hospitals should expand point-of-care testing programs for blood sugar levels for all patients--including as a pre-operating screening program for hyperglycemia--because testing costs are so low and the potential for quality improvement and cost savings are so high ... Read More »
» Published in Perform Improv Advis. 2006 Aug;10(8):90-3, 85.

11. Consequences Of Alcohol Use In Diabetics
Match Strength: 9.195

The hormone insulin, which is produced in the pancreas, is an important regulator of blood sugar levels. In people with diabetes, the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the body does not respond appropriately to the insulin (type 2 diabetes). Alcohol consumption by diabetics can worsen blood sugar control in those patients. For example, long-term alcohol use in well-nourished diabetics can result in excessive blood sugar levels. Conversely, long-term alcohol ingestion in diabetics who are not adequately nourished can lead to dangerously low blood sugar levels. ... Read More »
» Published in Alcohol Health Res World. 1998;22(3):211-9.

12. The red blood cell glucose transporter presents multiple, nucleotide-sensitive sugar exit sites.
Match Strength: 9.095

At any instant, the human erythrocyte sugar transporter presents at least one sugar export site but multiple sugar import sites. The present study asks whether the transporter also presents more than one sugar exit site. We approached this question by analysis of binding of [3H]cytochalasin B (an export conformer ligand) to the human erythrocyte sugar transporter and by analysis of cytochalasin B modulation of human red blood cell sugar uptake. Phloretin-inhibitable cytochalasin B binding to human red blood cells, to human red blood cell integral membrane proteins, and to purified human red ... Read More »
» Published in Biochemistry. 2001 Dec 25;40(51):15549-61.

13. Effect of sucrose consumption on alcohol-induced impairment in male social drinkers.
Match Strength: 8.882

Two studies were conducted to examine the interaction between sucrose and ethanol in normal young fasting adult males. The first experiment employed a 3 (100 g sugar, 35 g sugar, 0 g sugar) x 3 (alcohol, placebo and sober) factorial design, which was carried out double-blind using aspartame to ensure that all the drinks were equally sweet. Subjects were tested for mood, memory, subjective intoxication and psychomotor performance at baseline and at times up to 3.5 h after ingestion of the drinks. An alcohol by sugar interaction was seen at 0.5 after drinking. Sugar attenuated alcohol ... Read More »
» Published in Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1991;105(1):49-56.

14. Preliminary findings of the effects of comorbidities on a web-based intervention on self-reported blood sugar readings among adults age 60 and older with diabetes.
Match Strength: 8.866

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a Web-based intervention on self-reported blood sugars for older adults with diabetes. Participants who were randomized in the first phase to the intervention group (n = 15) aged 60 and older with diabetes accessed a study Web site that provided them access to an on-line library, advice and counseling from a nurse via e-mail, a personal electronic log of self-management activities, and weekly on-line problem-solving group discussions. Longitudinal mixed-effects modeling was used to investigate the effects of the Web-based ... Read More »
» Published in Telemed J E Health. 2006 Dec;12(6):707-10.

15. Reproductive physiology of Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles atroparvus.
Match Strength: 8.804

When exposed to a human host, Anopheles gambiae started probing 4 h post-eclosion, but 95% successfully blood-fed by 16-20 h with maximal blood volumes of 5- 10 microl per female. When fed sugar, the 95% feeding was not observed until 36-40 h post-eclosion; sugar meals appeared to interfere with blood meals. Similarly in An. atroparvus, maximum volumes were 10 microl when starved but only 6 microl when fed sugar. This species did not bite before 2 d, and 95% biting was by 4 d. Given single blood meals to water-kept An. gambiae, a threshold body size for oogenesis was detected. With wing ... Read More »
» Published in J Vector Ecol. 2005 Jun;30(1):11-26.

16. Evolutionary Legacy: Form of Ingestion, Not Quantity, Is the Key Factor in Producing the Effects of Sugar on Human Health
Match Strength: 8.755

Tens of dietary trials have been conducted to investigate the metabolic effects of sugar (sucrose) and its impact on human health. All of those studies took into account only the quantity of ingested sugar. By contrast, not a single study attempted to assess whether the form in which sugar is consumed plays a role in producing its metabolic effects. The failure of cohorts of researchers to specify how they administered sugar in their dietary trials may well explain why the results of those studies are extremely contradictory. These discrepant findings, understandably, resulted in conflicting ... Read More »
» Published in Med Hypotheses. 2004;63(6):933-8. Erratum in: Med Hypotheses. 2005;65(6):1208. Riccardo Baschetti, MD [corrected to Baschetti, Riccardo].

17. Study on increasing expression of adrenomedullin in diabetic rats' retinal pigment epithelium cells.
Match Strength: 8.612

To explore the possible involvement of adrenomedullin (AM)in the pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy, we employed streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats to study the alteration of the AM expression in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells of diabetic and normal rats by immunohistochemistry. The weight, blood sugar and urine sugar were also measured before and after model induction in both groups. The data of weight, blood sugar and urine sugar indicated no significant difference between the two groups before animal model induction. Four weeks after the induction of diabetes,the ... Read More »
» Published in Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2006 Aug;39(4):373-7.

18. Raised serum TNF-alpha, blood sugar and uric acid in preeclampsia in third trimester of pregnancy.
Match Strength: 8.592

In preeclampsia, insulin resistance occurs but the exact cause is unknown. It is uncertain whether women destined to develop preeclampsia have preexisting insulin resistance or it is acquired with the development of the disease. Fasting blood samples were collected from 10 normal control pregnant women and from 30 cases of preeclampsia in the third trimester of pregnancy to measure circulating level of glucose, uric acid and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) concentrations. Preeclampsia was diagnosed as per standard guideline adapted from national high blood pressure education program working ... Read More »
» Published in JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2005 Apr-Jun;44(158):36-8.

19. Raised serum TNF-alpha, blood sugar and uric acid in preeclampsia in third trimester of pregnancy.
Match Strength: 8.592

In preeclampsia, insulin resistance occurs but the exact cause is unknown. It is uncertain whether women destined to develop preeclampsia have preexisting insulin resistance or it is acquired with the development of the disease. Fasting blood samples were collected from 10 normal control pregnant women and from 30 cases of preeclampsia in the third trimester of pregnancy to measure circulating level of glucose, uric acid and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) concentrations. Preeclampsia was diagnosed as per standard guideline adapted from national high blood pressure education program working ... Read More »
» Published in JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2005 Apr-Jun;44(158):36-8.

20. Effect Of Ginger (Zingiber Officinale Rosc.) And Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenumgraecum L.) On Blood Lipids, Blood Sugar And Platelet Aggregation In Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
Match Strength: 8.368

In a placebo-controlled study the effect of ginger and fenugreek was examined on blood lipids, blood sugar, platelet aggregation, fibrinogen and fibrinolytic activity. The subjects included in this study were healthy individuals, patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) who either had CAD or were without CAD. In patients with CAD powdered ginger administered in a dose of 4 g daily for 3 months did not affect ADP- and epinephrine-induced platelet aggregation. Also, no change in the fibrinolytic activity and fibrinogen level ... Read More »
» Published in Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 1997 May;56(5):379-84.

21. Sugar sensing by enterocytes combines polarity, membrane bound detectors and sugar metabolism.
Match Strength: 8.360

Sugar consumption and subsequent sugar metabolism are known to regulate the expression of genes involved in intestinal sugar absorption and delivery. Here we investigate the hypothesis that sugar-sensing detectors in membranes facing the intestinal lumen or the bloodstream can also modulate intestinal sugar absorption. We used wild-type and GLUT2-null mice, to show that dietary sugars stimulate the expression of sucrase-isomaltase (SI) and L-pyruvate kinase (L-PK) by GLUT2-dependent mechanisms, whereas the expression of GLUT5 and SGLT1, did not rely on the presence of GLUT2. By providing sugar ... Read More »
» Published in J Cell Physiol. 2007 Dec;213(3):834-43.

22. Differential effects of sugar-mimic alkaloids in mulberry latex on sugar metabolism and disaccharidases of Eri and domesticated silkworms: enzymatic adaptation of Bombyx mori to mulberry defense.
Match Strength: 8.242

Mulberry leaves (Morus spp.) exude latex rich in sugar-mimic alkaloids, 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-d-arabinitol (d-AB1) and 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ), as a defense against herbivorous insects. Sugar-mimic alkaloids are inhibitors of sugar-metabolizing enzymes, and are toxic to the Eri silkworm, Samia ricini, a generalist herbivore, but not at all to the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, a mulberry specialist. To address the phenomena, we fed both larvae diets containing different sugar sources (sucrose, glucose or none) with or without sugar-mimic alkaloids from mulberry latex. In S. ricini, ... Read More »
» Published in Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Dec;37(12):1348-58. Epub 2007 Sep 12.

23. Low calorie commercial sugar is a sensitive marker of glomerular filtration rate.
Match Strength: 8.224

BACKGROUND: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in humans and animals might be determined with precision by measuring the clearance of an ideal marker, such as inulin. However, the use of inutest, an inulin analog, is limited by its cost and accessibility. The present study tested whether low calorie commercial sugar (LC sugar) can be used to measure GFR during normal and renal dysfunction. METHODS: Two groups of 6 male Wistar rats weighing 300 to 350 g were included. One group was treated with a daily dose of cyclosporine (CsA) 30 mg/kg subcutaneously for 7 days and the other group was formed by ... Read More »
» Published in Kidney Int. 2005 Oct;68(4):1888-93.

24. A Clinical Study On Treatment Of Vascular Complications Of Diabetes With The Sugar--Reducing And Pulse--Invigorating Capsule
Match Strength: 8.135

The capsule is effective in replenishing qi, nourishing yin, activating blood, and resolving stasis. It can correct abnormalities in blood rheology, improve fat metabolism, enhance functioning of the islets of Langerhans, lower blood sugar, and alleviate clinical symptoms. Efficacious also against the chief vascular complications of diabetes, it helps in abating myocardial anoxia, improving left heart function, stimulating blood circulation to the brain, resisting coagulation and resolving thrombosis, also dilating the arteries of the legs. It is of some benefit in early diabetic retinopathy ... Read More »
» Published in J Tradit Chin Med. 1994 Mar;14(1):3-9.

25. Mortality and reproductive dynamics of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) fed human blood.
Match Strength: 8.135

Mortality is a critical factor in determining a mosquito's ability to transmit pathogens. We investigated the effect of human blood feeding and reproduction on mortality of the dengue virus vector, Aedes aegypti, by conducting a life-table study of male and female mosquitoes maintained on one of three diets: 10% sucrose, human blood or human blood plus 10% sucrose. We examined the effect of host availability by offering human blood to mosquitoes every day or every other day. Mortality of females was age-dependent and best fit by a logistic or logistic-Makeham model. The availability of blood ... Read More »
» Published in Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2007 Spring;7(1):86-98.

26. Effects of Jambolan Seed Treatment on Blood Sugar, Lipids and Urea in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetes in Rabbits
Match Strength: 8.054

In New Zealand rabbits a single intravenous injection of streptozotocin (STZ 65 mg/kg) elevated the levels of blood sugar to 340 mg percent, which was associated with glycolysis, ureamia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and loss of body weight. Oral administration of jambolan seed (1 g/kg) in casein diet significantly lowered the elevated postmeal (1 1/2 hr after) values of blood sugar, cholesterol, FFA and triglyceride down to levels comparable to phenformin. Jambolan seed treatment failed to check ureamia. Weight loss was checked by phenformin and jambolan seed but the gain was ... Read More »
» Published in Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1983 Apr-Jun;27(2):135-40.

27. Improving glycemic control: the case for self-monitoring blood glucose levels.
Match Strength: 7.737

Diabetes can be potentially identified, monitored, treated, and prevented more easily now than at any other time in history. Yet, the prevalence of diabetes continues to grow and the complications associated with it continue to afflict millions of Americans. Glycemic control, or the maintenance of appropriate levels of blood sugar, measured through the self-monitoring of blood glucose or a glycated hemoglobin test, represents the best opportunity for persons with diabetes to prevent complications by helping them understand the effect of their lifestyle choices and medications on their health. ... Read More »
» Published in Manag Care Interface. 2006 Jun;19(6):29-34.

28. Blood Sugar Control Among Fasting Muslims With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Ilorin
Match Strength: 7.703

Fasting in the month of Ramadan represents a recurring annual event in the life of a Muslim. It also represents one of the five pillars around which the Islamic faith revolves making it desirable to even diabetic Muslims if only to live a spiritually fulfilling life. We therefore embarked upon the study of 33 patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus who fasted in the month of Ramadan of 1417 Hijra year (1997 Gregorian) with a view to establishing the effect of fasting on their blood sugar control. This is meant to serve as a framework for establishing a scientific basis for advice to Muslim ... Read More »
» Published in Niger J Med. 2001 Jul-Sep;10(3):132-4.

29. Postingestive factors influencing operant sugar intake in pigs.
Match Strength: 7.685

Intravenous injections of glucose, which increased plasma glucose levels to approximately 10 times the normal level, had no significant effects on the amount of glucose consumed in operant tests carried out immediately after the injection. The importance of gastrointestinal factors in regulating glucose intake was demonstrated in experiments in which pigs with gastric cannulae sham drank significantly (p < 0.01) more glucose over a 1-h period than control sessions with the cannula closed. Intraduodenal injection of glucose or mannitol significantly reduced glucose intake, with glucose ... Read More »
» Published in Physiol Behav. 1996 Jul;60(1):283-6.

30. Identification of acinetobacters on blood agar in presence of D-glucose by unique browning effect.
Match Strength: 7.664

A positive phenotypic characteristic of glucose-oxidizing acinetobacters was demonstrated with blood agar containing D-glucose. Glucose-oxidizing Acinetobacter baumannii, Acinetobacter genospecies 3, Acinetobacter lwoffii, and Acinetobacter genospecies 13 sensu Tjernberg and Ursing caused a unique brown discoloration of media supplemented with 5% blood (of horse, sheep, or human origin) and an aldose sugar (0.22 M D-glucose, D-galactose, D-mannose, D-xylose, or lactose). The browning effect was not observed when a ketose sugar (D-fructose or sucrose) was substituted for the aldose sugar or ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Microbiol. 1998 May;36(5):1404-7.

31. Relationship between casual blood sugar and body mass index in a suburban northern Nigerian population: a short communication.
Match Strength: 7.598

BACKGROUND: Obesity is the most important modifiable risk factor in the pathogenesis of type-2 diabetes reported in most cross sectional studies. However, racial factors seem to be important in the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and glucose intolerance. This study aims at defining the relationship between these variables in two suburban populations in Nigeria. METHOD: A prospective survey of Adults aged 55 years or younger who gave informed consent, in two communities (Makarfi and Giwa) near Zaria, northern Nigeria was done. The BMI and casual blood sugar using capillary blood ... Read More »
» Published in Niger J Med. 2007 Jan-Mar;16(1):77-8.

32. Attenuated response of the serum triglyceride concentration to ingestion of a chocolate containing polydextrose and lactitol in place of sugar.
Match Strength: 7.581

We examined the effects of ingesting a non-sugar chocolate containing polydextrose and lactitol in place of sucrose and lactose on the concentrations of plasma glucose and serum insulin and triglyceride in humans. A regular chocolate was used as the control. A crossover study was employed, and the subjects each ingested 46 g of the control or non-sugar chocolate in the experiments. Alterations in the blood components were monitored for a period of 150 min after ingestion. The control chocolate elevated the concentrations of plasma glucose and serum insulin, with the peak occurring 30 min after ... Read More »
» Published in Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005 Oct;69(10):1819-23.

33. Is blood sugar the next lactate?
Match Strength: 7.554

This study evaluates whether an initial blood glucose level is similarly predictive of injury severity and outcome as admission lactate in trauma patients. Between February 2004 and June 2005, we prospectively compared patients with presenting blood sugars of < or =150 mg/dL (LBS) with those with blood sugars >150 mg/dL (HBS). Fifty patients had BS above 150 mg/dL, whereas 176 patients were < or = 150 mg/dL. These groups had similar demographics except for age. Injury Severity Score (ISS) of > or = 15 was seen in 56.0 per cent of HBS patients versus 28.4 per cent of LBS patients (P ... Read More »
» Published in Am Surg. 2006 Jul;72(7):613-7; discussion 617-8.

34. Clinical Evaluation Of A Herbal Antidiabetic Product
Match Strength: 7.547

Sixty-seven diabetic patients and 12 normal subjects were selected for a clinical study with an indigenous herbal product. The study consisted of 2 phases. In phase 1 study out of 25 diabetics (both insulin dependent and non-insulin dependent) only those in the age group of 41-50 years ie, 11 cases showed lowering of mean high blood sugar level in all samples from 1/2 an-hour to 2 hours with the test drug containing guar gum, methi, tundika and mesha shringi. But in phase 2 study there was lowering of blood sugar level with the test drug and with 2 of its constituents ie, guar gum and methi ... Read More »
» Published in J Indian Med Assoc. 1994 Apr;92(4):115-7.

35. Diapause in the mosquito Culex pipiens evokes a metabolic switch from blood feeding to sugar gluttony.
Match Strength: 7.497

A key characteristic of overwintering dormancy (diapause) in the mosquito Culex pipiens is the switch in females from blood feeding to sugar gluttony. We present evidence demonstrating that genes encoding enzymes needed to digest a blood meal (trypsin and a chymotrypsin-like protease) are down-regulated in diapause-destined females, and that concurrently, a gene associated with the accumulation of lipid reserves (fatty acid synthase) is highly up-regulated. As the females then enter diapause, fatty acid synthase is only sporadically expressed, and expression of trypsin and chymotrypsin-like ... Read More »
» Published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 1;102(44):15912-7. Epub 2005 Oct 24.

36. Study of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Cases At Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital
Match Strength: 7.440

A total of 110 cases attending diabetic clinic at Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital were studied. Associated risk factors and co-morbid conditions were analyzed. Among them 63.6% have systolic BP more than 130 mm of Hg and 24.5% have diastolic BP more than 85 mm of Hg reflecting hypertension as most common co-morbid condition. Various complications of diabetes in studied subjects are highlighted. Eighty percent of patients have fasting blood sugar more than 110 mg% and 93.0% have post-prandial blood sugar more than 140 mg% reflecting poor overall glycemic control despite the use of ... Read More »
» Published in Nepal Med Coll J. 2004 Dec;6(2):92-7.

37. Blood metabolites and hormones--especially glucose and insulin--in veal calves: effects of age and nutrition.
Match Strength: 7.426

Veal calves often develop insulin resistance, hyperglycaemia and glucosuria. We have studied effects of age and nutrition on blood metabolites and hormones, with major emphasis on glucose and insulin, in four groups of veal calves from 66-69 kg until slaughter at 175-196 kg. Calves were fed milk replacers which differed with respect to lactose, total sugar, protein and fat content. Mean intakes in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 of lactose (1.24, 1.08, 0.95 and 0.66 kg/d), total sugar (1.27, 1.10, 1.01 and 96 kg/d), crude protein (0.40, 0.48, 0.65 and 0.49 kg/d) and crude fat (0.32, 0.31, 0.37 and 0.46 ... Read More »
» Published in Zentralbl Veterinarmed A. 1997 Sep;44(7):407-16.

38. Evidence of Impaired Gallbladder Function in Patients with Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus by Quantitative Cholescintigraphy
Match Strength: 7.368

Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is considered to predispose impaired gallbladder function and an increased prevalence of gallbladder disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the gallbladder function of patients with NIDDM by quantitative technetium-99m-labeled imino-diacetic acid analogue (Tc-99m DISIDA) cholescintigraphy. One hundred and forty-five NIDDM patients (100 males, 45 females; age: 58.7+/-9.5 years) with the absence of autonomic or peripheral neuropathy and without gallbladder or liver disorders were enrolled in this study. The patients were categorized by ... Read More »
» Published in J Diabetes Complications. 2002 Sep-Oct;16(5):347-51.

39. Serum Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels in Weight Reduction Program Dropouts
Match Strength: 7.368

Dropouts of a weight reduction program are not evaluated for the lasting effects of weight reduction. This study was an attempt to learn about the benefits of weight reduction received and sustained by the dropouts of the program. Ninety-seven males and females dropping out of a dietary weight management program after 16-18 weeks of treatment, and after 9-9.4kg weight loss and wishing to rejoin the program for a second time after at least 9 months' absence from it, were considered for the study. Their body weight, serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride, and blood sugar levels at the beginning ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Food Sci Nutr. 1995 Feb;46(1):17-20.

40. Hemodynamic changes in postprandial state.
Match Strength: 7.319

Several experimental data suggest that single sugar intake may induce heart rate acceleration and blood pressure elevation as a result of sympathetic activation secondary to insulin response and from alterations in endothelial function due to activation of oxidative stress. These hemodynamic effects might be more marked in patients with arterial hypertension or metabolic disorders, in particular in hypertensive patients with diabetes. A high-fat load may also induce activation of oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. However, the long-term effect of repeated intake of single sugar and ... Read More »
» Published in Diabetes Metab. 2006 Sep;32 Spec No2:2S37-41.

41. Adverse effects on risk of ischaemic heart disease of adding sugar to hot beverages in hypertensives using diuretics. A six year follow-up in the Copenhagen Male Study.
Match Strength: 7.308

Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and essential hypertension (EH) are two of several manifestations of the insulin resistance syndrome. Although subjects with NIDDM and subjects with EH share a common defect in carbohydrate metabolism, only diabetics are advised to avoid sugar. We tested the theory that an adverse effect of diuretics treatment in men with EH with respect to risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) would depend on the intake of dietary sugar using sugar in hot beverages as a marker. The cohort consisted of 2,899 men from the Copenhagen Male Study aged 53-74 years ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press. 1996 Mar;5(2):91-7.

42. Endogenous ethanol production in a patient with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
Match Strength: 7.267

The case of the gastrointestinal production of ethanol from Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a Caucasian man with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is reported. The patient, who declared to have always abstained from alcohol, was hospitalized for abdominal pain, belching and mental confusion. The laboratory findings showed the presence of ethanol in the blood. Gastric juice and faecal microbiological cultures were positive for C. albicans and S. cerevisiae. At home, he was on oral antibiotic therapy with amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid for a small bowel bacterial ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Jul;18(7):799-802.

43. Salt intake is related to soft drink consumption in children and adolescents: a link to obesity?
Match Strength: 7.234

Dietary salt is a major determinant of fluid intake in adults; however, little is known about this relationship in children. Sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption is related to childhood obesity, but it is unclear whether there is a link between salt and sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption. We analyzed the data of a cross-sectional study, the National Diet and Nutrition Survey for young people in Great Britain. Salt intake and fluid intake were assessed in 1688 participants aged 4 to 18 years, using a 7-day dietary record. There was a significant association between salt intake and total ... Read More »
» Published in Hypertension. 2008 Mar;51(3):629-34.

44. Effect Of Cold Remedies On Metabolic Control Of Niddm
Match Strength: 7.221

OBJECTIVE--To compare the effects of two cough syrup formulations (one with sugar and alcohol and one without) on the metabolic control of NIDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--A prospective, blinded cross-over study was performed at the Endocrinology Clinic of a U.S. Army Medical Center on 20 volunteers with NIDDM, treated with diet alone or diet plus an oral hypoglycemic agent. After a 7-day lead-in period, patients took 3-day courses of each cough syrup (10 ml 4 times/day) with an intervening 4-day wash-out period. Fasting and postprandial blood glucose and lipids before and immediately after ... Read More »
» Published in Diabetes Care. 1993 Feb;16(2):426-8.

45. Prevalence Of Abnormal Glucose Tolerance In Khon Kaen Province And Validity Of Urine Stick And Fasting Blood Sugar As Screening Tools
Match Strength: 7.126

Three hundred and fifty-five individuals, 152 males and 203 females, aged between 30 and 74 years, were randomly selected in a two stage selection process from rural communities in three districts of Khon Kaen Province, Northeast Thailand. The prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in the rural area of Northeast Thailand were measured. In addition, the validity of the urine stick and fasting blood sugar as screening tools against the two hours glucose loading test as golden standard were determined. The survey was conducted in July ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Assoc Thai. 1997 Jun;80(6):363-71.

46. Conditioned insulin and blood sugar responses in humans in relation to binge eating.
Match Strength: 7.109

This study proposed to demonstrate a classically conditioned blood sugar decrease in humans and to clarify its relevance for binge eating. Six conditioning trials were run in healthy females. The conditioned stimulus (CS) was a compound peppermint flavor/fragrance, whereas the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) consisted of 50 g of oral glucose. Control subjects received an aspartame drink as the UCS. Ad lib glucose intake, blood parameters, and subjective craving were monitored before and after conditioning. Results showed that the experimental group failed to show conditioned blood sugar and ... Read More »
» Published in Physiol Behav. 1997 Apr;61(4):569-75.

47. Diabetes Mellitus Is Equally Frequent in Chronic Hcv and Hbv Infection
Match Strength: 7.063

OBJECTIVE: To see the association of type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM) in patients suffering from chronic HBV or HCV related liver disease. SETTING: Patients were selected from the gastroenterology OPD of the medical research centre, diabetic controls from private diabetes clinic and healthy controls from the blood bank of the hospital. METHODS: Patients with chronic liver disease had HBV, HCV tested using ELISA and blood sugar using a glucometer mostly as a 2 hour post prandial sample. Healthy controls had their sugar and ALT checked while donating blood and HBV, HCV were checked routinely ... Read More »
» Published in J Pak Med Assoc. 2002 Jul;52(7):280-3. Comment in: J Pak Med Assoc. 2002 Jul;52(7):278-9.

48. The Management Of Diabetes In Patients With Advanced Cancer
Match Strength: 7.030

The management of diabetes mellitus is often complicated in patients with advanced cancer. Anorexia and nausea or vomiting make caloric intake erratic. The use of diabetogenic medications such as glucocorticoids can produce profound hyperglycemia. Many malignant tumors cause derangement in intermediary metabolism and abnormal glucose tolerance in up to one-third of patients. Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia impair the quality of life of dying patients. Swings in blood sugar should be avoided wherever possible, but aggressive blood sugar monitoring also impairs quality of life. This paper ... Read More »
» Published in J Pain Symptom Manage. 1997 Jun;13(6):339-46. Comment in: J Pain Symptom Manage. 1998 Mar;15(3):147-8.

49. Prediction of Asymptomatically Poor Muscle Perfusion of Lower Extremities in Patients with Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Using an Objective Radionuclide Method
Match Strength: 7.005

Foot problems are the most common cause of hospital admission in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM). Poor muscle perfusion of lower extremities is thought to be the major component in the pathogenesis of foot problems. We used a well-established and non-invasive radionuclide method to objectively evaluate the anterior tibial muscle perfusion of 120 type II DM patients without symptoms/signs of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) in the lower extremities. The patients were separated into groups according to the duration of the disease and condition of blood sugar control. Meanwhile, 60 ... Read More »
» Published in Endocr Res. 2002 Aug;28(3):265-70.

50. Hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic effects of Coptis chinensis franch inflorescence.
Match Strength: 6.984

Hypocholesterolemic and hypoglycemic activities of Coptis chinensis franch inflorescence (Coptis inflorescence) were studied using animal models. Serum total and LDL cholesterol of rats fed a diet containing 1% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid increased, as compared with those of rats fed a normal diet. The level of total and LDL cholesterol were reduced markedly in a dose dependent manner, in rats given Coptis inflorescence extract orally at doses of 0.25, 0.5 g/kg.day for 4 weeks. In diabetic rats induced by alloxan, Coptis inflorescence extract showed a significant (p < 0.05) blood sugar ... Read More »
» Published in Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2006 Sep;61(3):139-44.

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