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1. Blood pressure measurement.
Match Strength: 9.498

Blood pressure measurement is the basis for the diagnosis, management, treatment, epidemiology and research of hypertension and the decisions affecting these aspects of hypertension will be influenced by the accuracy of measurement. Although blood pressure measurement is one of the most common clinical techniques, there are some factors affecting it, such as blood pressure variability or blood pressure measuring devices. Blood pressure can be measured in different ways: Clinic blood pressure measurement is taken in physician's office. The accurate measurement of blood pressure in clinical ... Read More »
» Published in EDTNA ERCA J. 2006 Oct-Dec;32(4):210-3.

2. Effects of exercise, diet and their combination on blood pressure.
Match Strength: 9.153

Epidemiological studies suggest an inverse relationship between physical activity or fitness and blood pressure. In a meta-analysis of 44 randomized controlled intervention trials, the weighted net change in conventional systolic/diastolic blood pressure in response to dynamic aerobic training averaged -3.4/-2.4 mmHg (P < 0.001). The effect on blood pressure was more pronounced in hypertensives than in normotensives. This type of training also lowered the blood pressure measured during ambulatory monitoring and during exercise. However, exercise appears to be less effective than diet in ... Read More »
» Published in J Hum Hypertens. 2005 Dec;19 Suppl 3:S20-4.

3. Heritability of blood pressure traits and the genetic contribution to blood pressure variance explained by four blood-pressure-related genes.
Match Strength: 8.895

OBJECTIVE: To study the heritability of four blood pressure traits and the proportion of variance explained by four blood-pressure-related genes. METHODS: All participants are members of an extended pedigree from a Dutch genetically isolated population. Heritability and genetic correlations of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure were assessed using a variance components approach (SOLAR). Polymorphisms of the alpha-adducin (ADD1), angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and G protein beta3 (GNB3) genes were typed. ... Read More »
» Published in J Hypertens. 2007 Mar;25(3):565-570.

4. Do we need out-of-office blood pressure in every patient?
Match Strength: 8.873

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The limitations affecting office blood pressure readings have spurred the development of techniques for measuring blood pressure out of a clinical environment. The increasing use of home and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has allowed the identification of specific blood pressure patterns related either to a discrepancy between office and out-of-office blood pressure or to alterations in the 24-h blood pressure profiles. This review offers an update on the most recent data published on the above issues. RECENT FINDINGS: A critical overview is provided on recent data ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Cardiol. 2007 Jul;22(4):321-8.

5. Algorithms for converting random-zero to automated oscillometric blood pressure values, and vice versa.
Match Strength: 8.858

Many surveys and cohort studies have used a random-zero sphygmomanometer blood pressure device (RZS) to measure subjects' blood pressure and to assess the value of blood pressure in predicting cardiovascular events. Recent studies used automated oscillometric blood pressure devices (AODs) that systematically measure higher blood pressure values than RZSs do, hampering comparability of values between these studies. In 2000-2003, the authors randomly used both an RZS and an AOD in an ongoing cohort study in Germany. This analysis aimed to compare blood pressure values by device and to develop an ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Jul 1;164(1):85-94. Epub 2006 May 4.

6. Blood pressure, C-reactive protein, and risk of future cardiovascular events
Match Strength: 8.830

BACKGROUND: Accumulating data suggest a link between blood pressure and vascular inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the relationship between blood pressure, C-reactive protein (CRP), and incident first cardiovascular events among 15 215 women followed prospectively over a median of 8.1 years. In cross-sectional analyses at baseline, median levels of CRP for women with blood pressure <120/75, 120 to 129/75 to 84, 130 to 139/85 to 89, 140 to 159/90 to 94, and > or =160/95 mm Hg were 0.96, 1.42, 2.20, 2.82, and 3.34 mg/L, respectively (P for trend <0.0001). Increasing categories of ... Read More »
» Published in Circulation. 2003 Dec 16;108(24):2993-9. Epub 2003 Nov 24.

7. Putting blood pressure in its place.
Match Strength: 8.795

The benefit of blood pressure-lowering therapy in individuals with normal blood pressure who are at high cardiovascular risk creates a challenge in how best to advocate such therapy. Arguments based on a putative causal role for blood pressure and the need to reduce blood pressure may be less likely to succeed than arguments based on the need to prevent and to reverse the cardiovascular disease that causes cardiovascular events. Publication Types: Editorial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov ... Read More »
» Published in J Hypertens. 2007 May;25(5):921-3. Comment in: J Hypertens. 2007 May;25(5):925-8.

8. Office blood pressure measurements overestimate blood pressure control in renal transplant patients.
Match Strength: 8.777

OBJECTIVE: As hypertension is an important risk factor for renal allograft failure, we aimed to assess blood pressure control in renal transplant patients with deteriorating graft function using different methods of blood pressure measurements. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with a graft survival of >1 year, and with more than a two-fold increase in urinary albumin excretion, and/or an increase in serum creatinine level >20% during the previous 12 months, were included. Office blood pressure and home BP were measured, and ambulatory blood pressures were obtained in all patients. RESULTS: ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press Monit. 2006 Jun;11(3):125-33.

9. Blood pressure reference tables for children and adolescents of Karnataka.
Match Strength: 8.470

BACKGROUND: The blood pressure levels may vary in population because of genetic, ethnic and socio economic factors. Local reference values have to be established to understand the blood pressure variable. METHODS: Blood pressure data of 2278 boys and 2930 girls in the age group of 3-18 years were analysed to study the distribution pattern of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure and to develop reference values to define hypertension. Blood pressure was measured using standardised techniques in all. The first and fifth phases of Korotkoff sounds were taken as indicative of ... Read More »
» Published in Indian Pediatr. 2006 Jun;43(6):491-501.

10. The effect of chelation on blood pressure in lead-exposed children: a randomized study.
Match Strength: 8.462

Studies in children suggest a weak association between blood lead concentration and blood pressure. To understand this better, we tested the strength of the association in children with elevated blood lead concentrations and whether succimer chelation changed blood pressure as it did blood lead. In a randomized clinical trial of 780 children with blood lead concentrations of 20-44 microg/dL at 12-33 months of age, we compared the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the succimer-treated group and placebo group for up to 5 years of follow-up. We also analyzed the relation of blood lead to ... Read More »
» Published in Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Apr;114(4):579-83.

11. Office and Ambulatory Blood Pressure Are Independently Associated with Albuminuria in Older Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes
Match Strength: 8.413

Blood pressure strongly predicts microalbuminuria and later progression to renal failure in people with diabetes. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring seems to be superior to office blood pressure in predicting progression to microalbuminuria in type 1 diabetes. The associations of ambulatory blood pressure with office blood pressure and microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes remain unclear. We studied the association of office blood pressure taken with an automated device and ambulatory blood pressure with spot urine albumin:creatinine ratio in 1180 older people with type 2 diabetes ... Read More »
» Published in Hypertension. 2006 May;47(5):955-61. Epub 2006 Apr 3.

12. Pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity: a review of blood pressure interpretation 100 years after Korotkov.
Match Strength: 8.377

The pulsatile component of blood pressure (ie, pulse pressure) has received considerable attention as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In particular, central blood pressure measurements in the ascending aorta or in the carotid artery are expected to be more useful than conventional brachial pressure measurements for predicting cardiovascular events because central pressure, not the brachial pressure, is the pressure that target organs encounter. Due to wave reflection, the blood pressure in the upper limb does not represent the central blood pressure; therefore, leading ... Read More »
» Published in Circ J. 2006 Oct;70(10):1231-9.

13. Alteration of blood pressure among the donors in a blood donation camp.
Match Strength: 8.359

Anxiety can alter the cardiovascular parameters. In the present study, among the normotensive donors, the effect of anxiety on alteration of blood pressure and heart rate was assessed. Blood pressure and pulse rate were recorded in the volunteers just before blood donation and the results were compared with the blood pressure and heart rate recorded previously (one week before the camp) in the same population. There was a rise of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure with a significant increase in pulse rate just before blood donation. As the donors had previous experience of blood ... Read More »
» Published in Mymensingh Med J. 2005 Jul;14(2):189-90.

14. The Effects of Weight Reduction on Blood Pressure in 301 Obese Patients
Match Strength: 8.359

The effects of weight reduction on blood pressure were assessed in 301 obese patients. Weight reduction was achieved by behavior modification, medication, or their combination and was associated with significant reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The weight reduction method was less important than the amount of weight lost in determining reductions in blood pressure. The greatest reductions in weight and blood pressure occurred during the first half of weight loss, suggesting that even brief treatment (ie, 8 to 10 weeks) may benefit obese, hypertensive patients. Despite ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Intern Med. 1990 Aug;150(8):1701-4.

15. Normal ambulatory blood pressure: a clinical-practice-based analysis of recent American Heart Association recommendations.
Match Strength: 8.348

PURPOSE: The American Heart Association Council on High Blood Pressure Research recently issued recommendations for blood pressure measurement in humans. According to these recommendations, normal 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure is defined as less than 130/80 mm Hg. Concurrently, normal daytime and nighttime blood pressure levels are defined as less than 135/85 mm Hg and less than 120/70 mm Hg, respectively. Our aim was to investigate the intrinsic compatibility of these blood pressure cutoffs in clinical practice. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 4121 consecutive ambulatory blood pressure ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Med. 2006 Jan;119(1):69.e13-8.

16. INVEST: results of combined strategies to control blood pressure.
Match Strength: 8.315

The treatment of hypertension continues to be challenging due to the lack of understanding regarding underlying modulators of blood pressure as well as co-existing conditions such as atherosclerosis and diabetes. This has led to uncertainty regarding treatment strategy and intensity. The INternational VErapamil SR/trandolapril STudy (INVEST) is designed to evaluate the relationship between cardiovascular risk and blood pressure modulators. Based on a review of preliminary data, it appears that the treatment regimen used in the INVEST trial has been more successful than other studies at ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Cardiol. 2001 Nov;24(11 Suppl):V12-3.

17. Blood pressure assessment practices of dental hygienists.
Match Strength: 8.300

An estimated 50 million Americans have high blood pressure (HBP), with 30% of them unaware of their condition. Both the American Dental Association (ADA) and the American Dental Hygienists' Association (ADHA) have advocated including recording blood pressure during the dental appointment. Recording blood pressure is also a standard procedure in patient care. This study surveyed 236 dental hygienists attending a continuing education program to document their blood pressure assessment practices. The majority (55%) of participants indicated they rarely or never record blood pressure. The primary ... Read More »
» Published in J Contemp Dent Pract. 2006 May 1;7(2):55-62.

18. Accuracy of the blood pressure measurement.
Match Strength: 8.295

Blood pressure measurement is the cornerstone for the diagnosis, the treatment and the research on arterial hypertension, and all of the decisions about one of these single aspects may be dramatically influenced by the accuracy of the measurement. Over the past 20 years or so, the accuracy of the conventional Riva-Rocci/Korotkoff technique of blood pressure measurement has been questioned and efforts have been made to improve the technique with automated devices. In the same period, recognition of the phenomenon of white coat hypertension, whereby some individuals with an apparent increase in ... Read More »
» Published in Minerva Cardioangiol. 2006 Aug;54(4):399-416.

19. Arm and ankle blood pressure during caesarean section.
Match Strength: 8.290

BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that measurement of non-invasive blood pressure during caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia fails in over 50% of cases. We felt that errors would be less likely if blood pressure could be measured at the ankle as it is immobile during caesarean section. The purpose of our study was to determine whether blood pressure measurement at the ankle was equivalent to the arm. METHOD: Following ethical approval, informed consent was obtained from 30 women scheduled for elective caesarean section. Two non-invasive blood pressure cuffs, one on the upper arm ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Obstet Anesth. 2006 Jan;15(1):24-7. Epub 2005 Oct 26.

20. Office and ambulatory blood pressure are independently associated with albuminuria in older subjects with type 2 diabetes.
Match Strength: 8.289

Blood pressure strongly predicts microalbuminuria and later progression to renal failure in people with diabetes. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring seems to be superior to office blood pressure in predicting progression to microalbuminuria in type 1 diabetes. The associations of ambulatory blood pressure with office blood pressure and microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes remain unclear. We studied the association of office blood pressure taken with an automated device and ambulatory blood pressure with spot urine albumin:creatinine ratio in 1180 older people with type 2 diabetes ... Read More »
» Published in Hypertension. 2006 May;47(5):955-61. Epub 2006 Apr 3.

21. Systolic hypertension in elderly patients.
Match Strength: 8.271

Pulsatile arterial hemodynamics in cardiovascular diseases indicate that the aortic blood pressure curve may be represented by 2 different phenotypes: one in patients 64 years old and younger and the other in subjects older than 65 years. The 2 blood pressure curves may have exactly the same mean arterial pressure (ie, the same cross-sectional area under the curve) but quite different shapes. In older subjects, systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure are higher, whereas diastolic blood pressure is lower than in younger subjects ... Read More »
» Published in Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2006 Sep;10(3):203-5.

22. Has blood pressure increased in children in response to the obesity epidemic?
Match Strength: 8.265

The associations between elevated blood pressure and overweight, on one hand, and the increasing prevalence over time of pediatric overweight, on the other hand, suggest that the prevalence of elevated blood pressure could have increased in children over the last few decades. In this article we review the epidemiologic evidence available on the prevalence of elevated blood pressure in children and trends over time. On the basis of the few large population-based surveys available, the prevalence of elevated blood pressure is fairly high in several populations, whereas there is little direct ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatrics. 2007 Mar;119(3):544-53.

23. Blood pressure changes in acute haemorrhagic stroke.
Match Strength: 8.255

The relationship between hypertension and cerebrovascular disease is well established. As blood pressure is a dynamic and continually distributed variable, 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring may be valuable as a risk stratifying tool in determining the "hypertensive load" as assessed by the presence of dipping or non-dipping status of an individual. Indeed, the association between reduced nocturnal blood pressure dipping and increased target organ damage is well established. Raised blood pressures are often seen in those presenting with strokes, although the precise mechanisms are ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press Monit. 2005 Aug;10(4):197-9.

24. The effect of crossing legs on blood pressure.
Match Strength: 8.250

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether crossing of the legs at the knee or at the ankles during blood pressure measurement in sitting position has an effect on blood pressure. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients, 60 women, mean age 52+/-17 years (19-80): 49 chronically treated hypertensives, 28 treated diabetics and 34 normotensives were measured by one trained investigator, with an oscillometric device (Omron 705CP) on the left arm. We looked for the difference of blood pressure with the ankle or the knee crossed versus the uncrossed position. RESULTS: Leg crossing at the knee during blood ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press Monit. 2007 Jun;12(3):189-93.

25. Blood pressure usually considered normal is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease.
Match Strength: 8.246

PURPOSE: Research on the risk of cardiovascular disease among individuals with prehypertension (blood pressure 120/80 to 139/89 mm Hg) is incomplete. Additional information among individuals with a high risk of cardiovascular disease complications may help to focus current and future efforts. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort analysis among 8960 middle-aged adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. The exposure variables were blood pressure levels: high normal blood pressure, systolic blood pressure 130-139 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure 85-89 mm ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Med. 2006 Feb;119(2):133-41.

26. Limited (6-h) ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is a valid replacement for the office blood pressure by trained nurse clinician in the diagnosis of hypertension.
Match Strength: 8.236

OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of limited ambulatory blood pressure monitoring as a valid replacement for office blood pressure measurement done to American Heart Association criteria in diagnosing hypertension. METHODS: In all, 105 adults, who had been referred for limited ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, participated in the study. Limited ambulatory blood pressure monitoring consisted of 6 h of blood pressure measurement while ambulatory at the Mayo Clinic, using a SpaceLabs 90207 (SpaceLabs Medical, Issaquah, Washington, USA) collecting six readings per hour for the period of ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press Monit. 2005 Aug;10(4):169-74.

27. Continuous noninvasive blood pressure measurement by pulse transit time.
Match Strength: 8.215

Blood pressure measurement is performed either invasively by an intra arterial catheter or noninvasively by cuff sphygmomanometry. The invasive method is continuous and accurate but has increased risk; the cuff is safe but less reliable and infrequent. A reliable continuous noninvasive blood pressure measurement is highly desirable. While the possibility of using pulse transit time to monitor blood pressure has previously been investigated, most studies were limited to calculating the correlation of the pulse transit time and blood pressure under rather static conditions. The relationship ... Read More »
» Published in Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2004;1:738-41.

28. Homocysteine and blood pressure.
Match Strength: 8.208

Several studies, some population-based, have linked plasma homocysteine levels to blood pressure, especially systolic pressure. The strength of this association is weak, but may be underestimated due to inaccurate blood pressure measurements. In addition, the association may be confounded by renal function. Observations that homocysteine-lowering therapies with folic acid-based treatments have been followed by decreases in blood pressure, however, raise the possibility that the link between homocysteine and blood pressure is real, which is important as homocysteine levels can easily be lowered ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Hypertens Rep. 2003 Feb;5(1):26-31.

29. Reaching for aggressive blood pressure goals: role of angiotensin receptor blockade in combination therapy.
Match Strength: 8.185

Elevated blood pressure, particularly systolic blood pressure, increases the risk of cardiovascular and renal complications in patients with diabetes. Current national guidelines set the blood pressure goal for those with diabetes at < 130/80 mm Hg, which is lower than the goal for the general population (<140/90 mm Hg). Achieving this goal, however, remains difficult, with blood pressure control rates being lower for patients with diabetes than for those without diabetes. Large clinical trials have demonstrated that in most cases, patients will require 2 or more antihypertensive agents ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Manag Care. 2005 Sep;11(7 Suppl):S220-7.

30. Weekly Averaged Blood Pressure Is More Important than a Single-Point Blood Pressure Measurement in the Risk Stratification of Dialysis Patients.
Match Strength: 8.180

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With regard to monitoring blood pressure in hemodialysis patients, it is important to define clearly the time point at which the blood pressure is measured, because the blood pressure of hemodialysis patients varies with each hemodialysis session as a result of loss of excess fluid. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Using weekly averaged blood pressure, 96 hemodialysis patients were studied prospectively for 35 mo. All patients were followed up for cardiovascular events or death from all causes. RESULTS: Pulse weekly averaged blood pressure and age at ... Read More »
» Published in Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Jan 16

31. Relationship between increased blood pressure and hematocrit during modified ultrafiltration for pediatric open heart surgery.
Match Strength: 8.175

OBJECTIVE: Modified ultrafiltration increases blood pressure after cardiopulmonary bypass in children. To investigate the cause of this hemodynamic improvement, we assessed the relationship between increased blood pressure and hematocrit. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 30 consecutive patients who underwent ventricular septal defect closure, and divided them into two groups: group M (modified ultrafiltration, n=15) and group C (conventional ultra-filtration, n=15). We compared the intraoperative transitions of blood pressure and hematocrit, and analyzed the correlations between blood ... Read More »
» Published in Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Jan;55(1):12-8.

32. The effect of oral appliance therapy on blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
Match Strength: 8.138

The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of oral appliance (OA) therapy on ambulatory blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Eleven OSA patients who received OA therapy were prospectively investigated. Ambulatory blood pressure was measured for 20 h from 4:00 P.M.: to 12:00 noon the next day using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor. The Respiratory Disturbance Index (RDI) was measured in the pretreatment and posttitration periods. The OA was titrated to reach a therapeutic jaw position over 2 to 8 months, and posttitration measurements were repeated. ... Read More »
» Published in Sleep Breath. 2006 Mar;10(1):29-36.

33. Do Statins Reduce Blood Pressure? A Meta-Analysis of Randomized, Controlled Trials.
Match Strength: 8.113

A meta-analysis was performed of the effect of 3hydroxy3methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) on blood pressure in humans including the randomized, controlled trials of statin therapy (20 trials and 828 patients) in which concomitant antihypertensive treatment (if any) remained unchanged throughout the study. A total of 291 and 272 patients were given a statin or placebo, respectively, in parallel group trials, whereas 265 took part in crossover trials receiving a statin and placebo (or probucol, in 1 trial). Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower in patients on ... Read More »
» Published in Hypertension. 2007 Feb 19;

34. Ankle blood pressure as a predictor of total and cardiovascular mortality.
Match Strength: 8.112

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The ankle blood pressure is commonly used as a ratio to the brachial blood pressure, called ankle-brachial index (ABI). Very few studies have considered the independent value of the ankle blood pressure without indexing it to the brachial blood pressure. We examined the value of ankle blood pressure, together with the exercise blood pressure, as a predictor of cardiovascular (CVD) and total mortality. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study of 3,858 consecutive ambulatory patients (mean age 51 years, 65,9 % male) referred to a symptom-limited exercise test between August ... Read More »
» Published in BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2008 Feb 12;8(1):3

35. A new approach for non-intrusive monitoring of blood pressure on a toilet seat.
Match Strength: 8.111

Pulse arrival time (PAT) was measured non-intrusively to estimate each individual's blood pressure. Electrocardiogram (ECG) was measured with copper-coated electrodes and photoplethysmogram (PPG) was measured using a specially designed toilet seat apparatus. Non-intrusively measured PATs were compared with PATs measured by the standard method, and the results showed a good correlation. An equation was used to estimate blood pressure from the measured PAT during a training period for each individual. Estimated blood pressures were compared with measured blood pressures in a series of blood ... Read More »
» Published in Physiol Meas. 2006 Feb;27(2):203-11. Epub 2006 Jan 6.

36. Blood pressure centiles for Great Britain.
Match Strength: 8.075

OBJECTIVE: To produce representative cross- sectional blood pressure reference centiles for children and young people living in Great Britain. DESIGN: Analysis of blood pressure data from seven nationally representative surveys: Health Surveys for England 1995-98, Scottish Health Surveys 1995 and 1998 and National Diet & Nutrition Survey 1997. METHODS: Blood pressure was measured using the Dinamap 8100 to the same protocol throughout, and weight and height. Data for 11 364 male and 11 537 females aged 4-<24y were included in the analysis, after excluding 0.3% missing or outlying data. ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Dis Child. 2006 Aug 11;

37. Blood pressure before and after electroconvulsive therapy in hypertensive and nonhypertensive patients.
Match Strength: 8.072

The effect of a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients has not been studied. We retrospectively examined pre- and post-ECT blood pressures in hypertensive and nonhypertensive patients. In neither group was there a statistically significant change in blood pressure with a course of ECT. We conclude that a course of ECT does not worsen blood pressure in hypertensive patients beyond the peritreatment period ... Read More »
» Published in J ECT. 2007 Mar;23(1):9-10.

38. Practical advice for home blood pressure measurement.
Match Strength: 8.045

Early diagnosis of hypertension is one benefit of home blood pressure monitoring. Home measurement may also be used for the detection of masked hypertension. Home blood pressure readings have a strong correlation with risk, and the method has many advantages over office measurement in the management of hypertension, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease or diabetes. The present article provides practical advice on incorporating home blood pressure monitoring into practice. Patient education and training are discussed, as are tips to aid in the selection of devices for blood ... Read More »
» Published in Can J Cardiol. 2007 May 15;23(7):577-80.

39. Insulin sensitivity and blood pressure in black and white children.
Match Strength: 8.045

Although insulin sensitivity is correlated with high blood pressure in adults, it is unclear whether such a relationship exists in children across ethnic groups. Therefore, the aims of the study were to establish (1) if body composition and insulin sensitivity were related to blood pressure in children, and (2) if any differences in blood pressure between white and black children were explained by body composition and/or insulin sensitivity. Insulin sensitivity and the acute insulin response were established by the minimal model and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Blood ... Read More »
» Published in Hypertension. 2002 Jul;40(1):18-22.

40. Association of clinic and ambulatory blood pressure with vascular damage in the elderly: the EPICARDIAN study.
Match Strength: 8.044

OBJECTIVES: In middle-aged adults, vascular damage correlates better with ambulatory than with clinic blood pressure. This study aimed to determine whether vascular damage evaluated by carotid ultrasonography in the elderly is also more closely related to ambulatory than to clinic blood pressure, and which blood pressure variables are better associated with vascular damage. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 292 randomly selected >65 years old participants who underwent 24-h noninvasive ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Blood pressure variables analyzed were (a) clinic blood pressure: ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press Monit. 2006 Dec;11(6):329-35.

41. Heart rate-corrected QT interval duration is significantly associated with blood pressure in Chinese hypertensives.
Match Strength: 8.013

INTRODUCTION: Many studies demonstrated that a prolonged heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) increases the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. METHODS: We measured the electrocardiogram and blood pressure of 1480 hypertensive patients and assessed the relationship between the length of QTc and blood pressure. RESULTS: The mean QTc is longer in female than in male participants. There was a positive association between QTc and blood pressure in both men and women. The estimated increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure for each 100-millisecond increase in QTc ... Read More »
» Published in J Electrocardiol. 2006 Apr;39(2):206-10. Epub 2005 Nov 9.

42. Reproducibility of postural changes of blood pressure in hypertensive elderly patients in primary care.
Match Strength: 7.989

OBJECTIVE: To determine the reproducibility of postural changes of blood pressure among hypertensive elderly patients in a primary care setting. METHODS: Measurements of blood pressure were carried out in 60 community-dwelling hypertensive patients aged 65 years or more, in a sitting position and after 1-min and 3-min standing, and were repeated not more than 10 days later. RESULTS: A significant (P<0.05) fall in systolic and diastolic sitting blood pressure was observed between the first visit (151.1+/-20.8/79.7+/-10.1 mmHg) and the second visit (143.5+/-20.6/76.8+/-10.9 mmHg). The ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press Monit. 2006 Feb;11(1):17-20.

43. Impact Of Blood Pressure On Diabetic Retinopathy
Match Strength: 7.982

Although an elevated blood pressure has been proposed as one of the major risk factors for the development and acceleration of diabetic retinopathy, demonstration of an unequivocal association between high blood pressure and retinopathy is lacking. Recent epidemiologic, cross-sectional studies indicated a close relationship between elevated systolic blood pressure and diabetic retinopathy, particularly in NIDDM subjects. In IDDM patients, the association with diastolic blood pressure was more pronounced. In the few prospective studies with sufficient number of individuals and acceptable ... Read More »
» Published in Diabete Metab. 1989;15(5 Pt 2):333-7.

44. Hyperinsulinemia and blood pressure sensitivity to sodium in young blacks.
Match Strength: 7.980

The relationship of blood pressure sensitivity to sodium with plasma insulin concentration was examined in young adult (22 to 28 yr) blacks (N = 45). The study included normotensive and borderline hypertensive subjects. Blood pressure sensitivity to sodium was determined by the change in mean blood pressure after 14 days of sodium loading (10 g of NaCl daily plus usual diet). Plasma insulin concentration was determined during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The correlation of fasting plasma insulin concentration with blood pressure or blood pressure sensitivity to sodium was not ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Soc Nephrol. 1992 Oct;3(4):940-6.

45. A prospective comparative study to examine the effects of oral diazepam on blood pressure and anxiety levels in patients with acute epistaxis.
Match Strength: 7.980

Objective: To examine the effects of oral diazepam on blood pressure and anxiety in patients with acute epistaxis.Study design and setting: A prospective comparative study in an otorhinolaryngology tertiary referral centre.Participants: Patients with acute epistaxis requiring hospital admission.Intervention: Oral diazepam.Main outcome measures: Anxiety and blood pressure levels.Results: 32 patients received diazepam and 45 did not (control). On average, patients were hypertensive on admission (mean [standard deviation (SD)] systolic blood pressure diazepam group=157 mmHg [26], control=152 mmHg ... Read More »
» Published in J Laryngol Otol. 2007 Feb;121(2):124-9. Epub 2006 Nov 3.

46. Central venous pressure and arterial blood pressure measurements.
Match Strength: 7.976

Arterial blood pressure measurement and central venous pressure monitoring are important tools in the management of the critically ill pet. Central venous pressure is reflective of right atrial pressure and provides information concerning volume status. Arterial blood pressure is helpful in determining if perfusion to vital tissues is adequate. By providing more information with which to tailor fluid therapy and by prompt recognition of hypo- or hypertension, these monitoring tools are instrumental in the management of the critically ill pet. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2001 Nov;31(6):1163-74, vi.

47. Ambulatory arterial stiffness index: rationale and methodology.
Match Strength: 7.973

OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and may even predict its development at an early stage. Increased pulse pressure is seen as a marker of increased arterial stiffness and can be readily measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. We propose another surrogate measure of arterial stiffness derived from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring that may predict cardiovascular mortality over and above pulse pressure, namely, the dynamic relationship between diastolic and systolic blood pressure over 24 h--the ambulatory arterial ... Read More »
» Published in Blood Press Monit. 2006 Apr;11(2):103-5.

48. Utility of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in children and adolescents.
Match Strength: 7.967

Diagnosis of hypertension is critically dependent on accurate blood pressure measurement. "Accurate" refers to carefully following the guidelines for blood pressure measurement laid out for children and adults to minimize observer and subject errors that commonly occur in clinical blood pressure measurement. Accurate blood pressure measurement is more important in children and adolescents as the misdiagnosis of hypertension may have a life-long adverse impact on insurability and employment. Automated blood pressure measurement offers multiple advantages in achieving high-quality blood pressure ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Nephrol. 2006 Nov;21(11):1640-52. Epub 2006 Jul 6.

49. Treating High Blood Pressure in Diabetes: The Evidence
Match Strength: 7.966

Increases in blood pressure, even at modest levels, are associated with an increased risk of complications in diabetes. Trials have shown that treatment with blood pressure-lowering agents in type 2 diabetes lowers the risk of complications of cardiovascular and microvascular complications. ACE inhibitors appear superior in patients with microalbuminuria, although the choice of other agents is less clear, making blood pressure control itself more important than the particular agent used. The probability that a patient will require multiple therapies is increased in patients with diabetes, in ... Read More »
» Published in Semin Vasc Med. 2002 May;2(2):127-37.

50. Effect of serotonin on respiration, cerebral circulation, and blood pressure in rats.
Match Strength: 7.965

The effects of intravenous serotonin on respiration, cerebral circulation, and blood pressure were examined in narcotized rats. Serotonin rapidly decreased local cerebral blood flow (by almost 30%) and blood pressure. Hemodynamic phenomena were accompanied by sharp changes in the respiration pattern: short-term apnea in all cases. The mechanism of this apnea was related to initial stages in blood pressure changes and had a neurogenic nature ... Read More »
» Published in Bull Exp Biol Med. 2005 Jan;139(1):64-7.

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