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1. Atherogenic diet causes lethal ileo-ceco-colitis in cyclooxygenase-2 deficient mice.
Match Strength: 5.969

Cyclooxygenases (COX) regulate a variety of inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). While the pathological effects of COX-1 inhibition by NSAIDs on intestinal ulceration are well established, the role of COX-2 on intestinal inflammation remains under investigation. In this paper, we report a protective role for COX-2 against diet-mediated intestinal inflammation in mice. COX-2(-/-) mice fed an atherogenic diet or diet containing cholate, but not chow or fat alone, had a high mortality whereas COX-1(-/-) mice and wild-type mice were unaffected by the dietary changes. ... Read More »
» Published in Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2007 Nov;84(3-4):98-107. Epub 2007 Apr 25.

2. Anti-inflammatory effects of the Mediterranean diet: the experience of the PREDIMED study.
Match Strength: 5.429

Several epidemiological and clinical studies have evaluated the effects of a Mediterranean diet (Med-Diet) on total cardiovascular mortality, and all concluded that adherence to the traditional Med-Diet is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk. However, the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Since atherosclerosis is nowadays considered a low-grade inflammatory disease, recent studies have explored the anti-inflammatory effects of a Med-Diet intervention on serum and cellular biomarkers related to atherosclerosis. In a pilot study of the PREvencion con DIeta ... Read More »
» Published in Proc Nutr Soc. 2010 Aug;69(3):333-40. Epub 2010 Jun 2.

3. Reduced pain and inflammation in juvenile and adult rats fed a ketogenic diet.
Match Strength: 5.337

The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate regimen that forces ketone-based rather than glucose-based cellular metabolism. Clinically, maintenance on a ketogenic diet has been proven effective in treating pediatric epilepsy and type II diabetes, and recent basic research provides evidence that ketogenic strategies offer promise in reducing brain injury. Cellular mechanisms hypothesized to be mobilized by ketone metabolism and underlying the success of ketogenic diet therapy, such as reduced reactive oxygen species and increased central adenosine, suggest that the ketolytic metabolism ... Read More »
» Published in PLoS One. 2009 Dec 23;4(12):e8349.

4. Effect of the cannabinoid receptor-1 antagonist rimonabant on inflammation in mice with diet-induced obesity.
Match Strength: 5.326

We studied whether cannabinoid receptor (CB1) blockade with rimonabant has an anti-inflammatory effect in obese mice, and whether this effect depends on weight loss and/or diet consumption. High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice were treated orally with rimonabant (HFD-R) or vehicle (HFD-V) for 4 weeks. Paired-feeding was conducted in two additional groups of obese mice to achieve either the same body weight (HFD-BW) or the same HFD intake (HFD DI) as HFD-R. All these groups of mice were maintained on HFD throughout, with mice on normal diet (ND) throughout as lean controls. Rimonabant ... Read More »
» Published in Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Mar;19(3):505-13. Epub 2010 Sep 30.

5. The effects of diet on inflammation: emphasis on the metabolic syndrome.
Match Strength: 5.269

Reducing the incidence of coronary heart disease with diet is possible. The main dietary strategies include adequate omega-3 fatty acids intake, reduction of saturated and trans-fats, and consumption of a diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains and low in refined grains. Each of these strategies may be associated with lower generation of inflammation. This review examines the epidemiologic and clinical evidence concerning diet and inflammation. Dietary patterns high in refined starches, sugar, and saturated and trans-fatty acids, poor in natural antioxidants and fiber from ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Aug 15;48(4):677-85. Epub 2006 Jul 24.

6. Mediterranean diet and metabolic syndrome: the evidence.
Match Strength: 5.227

BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet has long been related to a lower cardiovascular disease risk; however, more recent evidences also indicate that it has a favourable effect on adiposity and type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Review of the available literature in relation to Mediterranean diet and metabolic syndrome. RESULTS: Several components of Mediterranean diet patterns have been inversely related with body mass index. They are considered to be modulators of insulin resistance, can exert beneficial effects on blood pressure, improve atherogenic dyslipidemia or attenuate the inflammatory burden ... Read More »
» Published in Public Health Nutr. 2009 Sep;12(9A):1607-17.

7. The treatment with antibody of TNF-alpha reduces the inflammation, necrosis and fibrosis in the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis induced by methionine- and choline-deficient diet.
Match Strength: 5.191

To assess the effects of anti-TNF-alpha antibody (infliximab) in experimental steatohepatitis induced by methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet. The study included thirty rats. One group received normal rat food, and two groups received MCD diet. The treatment group received a single dose intra-peritoneal infliximab (4 mg/kg), at week 8. MCD diet increased levels of AST, ALT, TNF-alpha, TGF-beta(1), tissue and plasma MDA (p < 0.05 for each). Moreover, it led to steatosis, ballooning degeneration, inflammation, fibrosis and increased actin expression, histopathologically (p < 0.05 for ... Read More »
» Published in Inflammation. 2008 Apr;31(2):91-8. Epub 2007 Dec 8.

8. Anti-inflammatory diets for obesity and diabetes.
Match Strength: 5.190

Obesity and type 2 diabetes are strongly associated with increased inflammation. As the inflammation in adipose tissue increases, this becomes a strong driving force for the development of increased systemic inflammation that results in metabolic syndrome, eventually followed by the development of overt type 2 diabetes. The potential reversal of both conditions can be achieved by reducing the levels of inflammation through the use of an anti-inflammatory diet. The composition of such a diet and its molecular mode of action will be discussed ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Coll Nutr. 2009 Aug;28 Suppl:482S-491S.

9. Dietary modulation of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced adrenal toxicity in female Sprague-Dawley rats.
Match Strength: 5.185

In this study, dietary modulation of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced adrenal toxicity in rats was investigated. Beginning at postnatal day (PND) 21, female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either soy-containing NIH-31 diet or soy- and alfalfa-free 5K96 diet. On the first day of diestrus when the animals were PND 50 +/- 5, rats received either an oral dose of 80 mg/kg DMBA or sesame oil, the vehicle, and were sacrificed at 24, 36, or 48 h after treatment. Apoptosis was manifested at 24 and 36 h after DMBA treatment in the zona reticularis (ZR) and the zona fasciculata (ZF) of the ... Read More »
» Published in Food Chem Toxicol. 2005 May;43(5):765-74.

10. VSL#3 probiotic treatment attenuates fibrosis without changes in steatohepatitis in a diet-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis model in mice.
Match Strength: 5.014

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its advanced stage, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), are the most common causes of chronic liver disease in the United States. NASH features the metabolic syndrome, inflammation, and fibrosis. Probiotics exhibit immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory activity. We tested the hypothesis that probiotic VSL#3 may ameliorate the methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet-induced mouse model of NASH. MCD diet resulted in NASH in C57BL/6 mice compared to methionine-choline-supplemented (MCS) diet feeding evidenced by liver steatosis, increased ... Read More »
» Published in Hepatology. 2009 Mar;49(3):989-97.

11. Methanol extract of Sorbus commixta cortex prevents vascular inflammation in rats with a high fructose-induced metabolic syndrome.
Match Strength: 4.941

Feeding high fructose (Frc) to rats induces a moderate increase in blood pressure, which is associated with insulin resistance. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of the methanol extract of Sorbus commixta cortex (MSC) on vascular inflammation in a rat model of the metabolic syndrome induced by a high Frc-diet. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups and treated for 7 weeks as follows: 1) control, 2) high Frc-diet group, 3) Frc/MSC1 group; high Frc-diet group treated with MSC (100 mg/kg/day), and 4) Frc/MSC2 group; high Frc-diet group treated with MSC (200 mg/kg ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Chin Med. 2007;35(2):265-77.

12. Novel anti-inflammatory functions for endothelial and myeloid cyclooxygenase-2 in a new mouse model of Crohn's disease.
Match Strength: 4.931

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an important regulator of inflammation implicated in the development of a variety of diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the regulation of intestinal inflammation by COX-2 is poorly understood. We previously reported that COX-2(-/-) mice fed a cholate-containing high-fat (CCHF) diet had high mortality of unknown mechanisms attributable to severe intestinal inflammation in the ileo-ceco-colic junction that presented characteristics similar to Crohn's disease (CD). To further characterize the role of COX-2 in intestinal inflammation, we ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2010 Jun;298(6):G842-50. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

13. Effects of Grape Pomace Antioxidant Extract on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Diet Induced Obese Mice.
Match Strength: 4.807

Norton grape is one of the most important wine grapes in Southern and Midwestern states and generates massive pomace byproducts. The objective of this study is to characterize the antioxidant compounds and activity in Norton grape pomace extract (GPE) and further assess the potential health promoting properties of Norton GPE using an animal disease model. The total phenolic content and anthocyanins in Norton GPE were 475.4 mg of gallic acid equiv/g and 156.9 mg of cyanidin 3-glucoside equiv/g, respectively. Catechin and epicatechin in GPE were 28.6 and 24.5 mg/g, respectively. Other major ... Read More »
» Published in J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Oct 7.

14. C-C chemokine receptor 2 inhibitor improves diet-induced development of insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in mice.
Match Strength: 4.781

AIM: Adipose tissue inflammation induced by macrophage infiltration through the MCP-1/CCR2 pathway is considered to play a pivotal role in the development of visceral obesity and insulin resistance. In the present study, therefore, we examined whether pharmacological inhibition of CCR2 is effective against the development of diet-induced metabolic disorders. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed a high fat and sucrose diet with or without propagermanium (CCR2 inhibitor, 5 or 50 mg/kg BW/day) for 12 weeks from 6 weeks of age. Then we analyzed lipid and glucose metabolism and tissue inflammation in the ... Read More »
» Published in J Atheroscler Thromb. 2010 Mar 31;17(3):219-28. Epub 2010 Feb 24.

15. p27kip1 in intestinal tumorigenesis and chemoprevention in the mouse.
Match Strength: 4.736

Targeted inactivation of p27(kip1) was sufficient for intestinal tumor formation in mice, but this was strictly a function of diet: tumors formed in p27(+/-) or p27(-/-) mice fed control AIN-76A diet and were increased by a western-style diet but did not develop in mice fed standard chow diet. When crossed with the Apc1638N(+/-) mouse, Apc(+/-),p27(+/-) or Apc(+/-),p27(-/-) mice not only formed twice as many tumors than the sum of the tumors from mutation at either locus alone, but on AIN76A diet also developed intestinal intussusception, a tumor-associated pathology in patients leading to ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer Res. 2005 Oct 15;65(20):9363-8.

16. Anti-inflammatory salicylate beneficially modulates pre-existing atherosclerosis through quenching of NF-?B activity and lowering of cholesterol.
Match Strength: 4.687

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation plays an important role in all stages of atherosclerosis, but little is known about the therapeutic effects of quenching inflammation in already existing atherosclerotic lesions. Putative beneficial effects of salicylate, an inhibitor of NF-?B activation, were studied in mice with established lesions. METHODS: ApoE*3-Leiden mice received a high-cholesterol diet (HC) to establish atherosclerotic lesions. Reference mice (REF) were sacrificed to determine the lesion area at the start of two interventions. In one intervention group HC diet feeding was continued, but the ... Read More »
» Published in Atherosclerosis. 2010 Nov;213(1):241-6. Epub 2010 Sep 21.

17. Dietary nitrite prevents hypercholesterolemic microvascular inflammation and reverses endothelial dysfunction.
Match Strength: 4.686

The nitrite anion is an endogenous product of mammalian nitric oxide (NO) metabolism, a key intermediate in the nitrogen cycle in plants, and a constituent of many foods. Research over the past 6 years has revealed surprising biological and cytoprotective activity of this anion. Hypercholesterolemia causes a proinflammatory phenotype in the microcirculation. This phenotype appears to result from a decline in NO bioavailability that results from a reduction in NO biosynthesis, inactivation of NO by superoxide, or both. Since nitrite has been shown to be potently cytoprotective and restore NO ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 May;296(5):H1281-8. Epub 2009 Feb 27.

18. Dietary ganglioside decreases cholesterol content, caveolin expression and inflammatory mediators in rat intestinal microdomains.
Match Strength: 4.684

Membrane microdomains rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids, including gangliosides (GGs), are known to be important regions for cell signaling and binding sites for various pathogens. Cholesterol depletion inhibits the cellular entry of pathogens and also reduces inflammatory signals by disrupting microdomain structure. Our previous study showed that dietary gangliosides increased total ganglioside incorporation while decreasing cholesterol in the intestinal mucosa. We hypothesized that diet-induced reduction in cholesterol content in the intestinal mucosa disrupts microdomain structure ... Read More »
» Published in Glycobiology. 2005 Oct;15(10):935-42. Epub 2005 May 25.

19. The effects of a calorie-reduced diet on periodontal inflammation and disease in a non-human primate model.
Match Strength: 4.650

BACKGROUND: Low-calorie diets are commonplace for reducing body weight. However, no information is available on the effects of a reduced-calorie diet on periodontal inflammation and disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of a long-term calorie-restriction (CR) diet on periodontitis in an animal model of periodontitis. METHODS: Periodontitis was induced in 55 young, healthy, adult rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) by tying 2.0 silk ligatures at the gingival margins of maxillary premolar/molar teeth. Animals on a CR diet (30% CR; N = 23) were compared to ad libitum ... Read More »
» Published in J Periodontol. 2008 Jul;79(7):1184-91.

20. Diabetes-prone BioBreeding rats do not have a normal immune response when weaned to a diet containing fermentable fibre.
Match Strength: 4.642

Diet is known to modulate the development of diabetes in diabetes-prone BioBreeding (BBdp) rats. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of fermentable fibre (FF) on immune function in BBdp and diabetes-resistant BioBreeding (BBdr) rats after weaning. Weanling BBdp (thirty-six to thirty-eight per diet) and BBdr rats (thirty to thirty-two per diet) were fed a nutritionally complete, semi-purified, casein-based diet containing either cellulose (control diet, 8 % w/w) or FF (3.2 % cellulose+4.8 % w/w inulin). At 35 d, the small intestine was excised and lymphocytes isolated ... Read More »
» Published in Br J Nutr. 2005 May;93(5):645-53.

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* All information on Level1Diet.com is for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Before changing your diet, or adding supplements to your diet, or beginning an exercise program, everyone should consult a qualified and licensed health practitioner; a physician, dietician or similar professional.



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