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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. The Korean American woman's nose: an in-depth nasal photogrammatic analysis.
Match Strength: 5.698
OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences in nasal anthropometric measurements between Korean American women and North American white women and to perform an in-depth nasal index calculation. METHODS: This anthropometric survey included a volunteer sample of Korean American women (n = 72) aged 18 to 35 years with Korean parents and no previous nasal surgery or trauma to the nose. Standardized and referenced frontal, lateral, and basal photographs of the nose were taken of the subjects and 22 standard anthropometric measurements of the nose were determined. Results were compared with published ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006 Sep-Oct;8(5):319-23.
2. Suicide attempts among adolescent Mexican American students enrolled in special education classes.
Match Strength: 4.948
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among school-aged students between the ages of 15 and 19. There is an increasing frequency of suicide and other self-destructive behaviors among Mexican American youth and students in special education classrooms for emotional and behavioral disabilities. Recognizing Mexican American youth in special education classes as a separate risk group, this study (a) identifies factors that contribute to suicide, (b) reviews the signs and characteristics associated with these factors, (c) interviews Mexican American students in special education who have ... Read More »
» Published in Adolescence. 2006 Summer;41(162):299-312.
3. Platelet functional implications of glycoprotein Ibalpha polymorphisms in African Americans.
Match Strength: 4.671
The platelet glycoprotein Ibalpha is crucial in the binding of platelets to Von Willebrand Factor within areas of high stress. A single nucleotide polymorphism of GP Ibalpha gives rise to the Ko(a) (HPA-2b) and the -5C Kozak polymorphism. The presence of these polymorphisms has been associated with an increased risk for atherothrombotic disease. The Ko(a) polymorphism has been shown to have a higher prevalence in African Americans compared to American Caucasians. However, very little is known regarding any functional consequences of these platelet polymorphisms in African Americans. We ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Hematol. 2007 Jan;82(1):15-22.
4. Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research, and Training's Legacy: the first 5 years.
Match Strength: 4.653
The Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research, and Training (AANCART) is the first special populations network for Asian Americans on a national basis and includes collaborating organizations from Boston, New York, Houston, Seattle, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Hawaii, and Sacramento (where it is headquartered at the University of California, Davis). NCI funding of AANCART in 2000 brought together investigators and leaders from 9 cities across 6 states to establish an infrastructure for addressing cancer awareness, research, and training. Since 2000, AANCART has conducted needs ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer. 2006 Oct 15;107(8 Suppl):2006-14.
5. Low rates of acceptance of BRCA1 and BRCA2 test results among African American women at increased risk for hereditary breast-ovarian cancer.
Match Strength: 4.624
PURPOSE: This study evaluated rates of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) test result acceptance among African American women and identified determinants of test result acceptance. METHODS: Acceptance of BRCA1/2 test results was evaluated among 157 African American women at high and moderate risk for having a BRCA1/2 mutation who were offered genetic testing as part of a clinical genetic counseling research program. RESULTS: Twenty-two percent of women received BRCA1/2 test results. Test result acceptance differed between women with > or =10% prior probability of having a BRCA1/2 mutation (34%) and ... Read More »
» Published in Genet Med. 2006 Sep;8(9):576-82.
6. Serious emotional and behavioral problems and mental health contacts in American and British children and adolescents.
Match Strength: 4.565
OBJECTIVE: To compare prevalence of serious emotional and behavioral problems and mental health contacts for these problems among American and British children and adolescents. METHOD: Data on children and adolescents ages 5 to 16 years were drawn from the 2004 U.S. National Health Interview Survey (response rate = 79.4%) and the 2004 survey of Mental Health of Children and Young People in Great Britain (response rate = 76.0%). Emotional problems, hyperactivity/inattention, and conduct problems were assessed using the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 Oct;45(10):1215-23.
7. Enhancing adoption of evidence-based HIV interventions: promotion of a suite of HIV prevention interventions for African American women.
Match Strength: 4.431
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) currently promotes an HIV prevention intervention for young adult African American women, known as SISTA, through the Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions (DEBI) program. Nationally, more than 700 agencies have completed a 1-week CDC-funded training to implement SISTA. Agencies that have been trained in SISTA are also eligible to receive training in a newly published HIV prevention intervention for African American adolescent females, known as SiHLE (Sistering, Informing, Healing, Living, and Empowering), as well as to receive ... Read More »
» Published in AIDS Educ Prev. 2006 Aug;18(4 Suppl A):161-70.
8. Increased prevalence of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency in African-Americans compared with Caucasians.
Match Strength: 4.379
PURPOSE: African-American patients with colorectal cancer were observed to have increased 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-associated toxicity (leukopenia and anemia) and decreased overall survival compared with Caucasian patients. One potential source for this disparity may be differences in 5-FU metabolism. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), the initial and rate-limiting enzyme of 5-FU catabolism, has previously been shown to have significant interpatient variability in activity. Several studies have linked reduced DPD activity to the development of 5-FU toxicity. Although the distribution of DPD ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Sep 15;12(18):5491-5.
9. Caregiving in rural African American families for older adult stroke survivors.
Match Strength: 4.253
Stroke disproportionately affects African Americans, but stroke caregiving research on this group is missing from the literature. The purpose of this grounded theory study was to examine rural African American family caregiving for older adult stroke survivors. Eight African American families participated in the study. The sample included 8 stroke survivors, 8 primary caregivers, and 18 secondary caregivers. Data were generated through interactive interviews and focused observations that took place in caregivers' or stroke survivors' homes. A multistep data analysis technique incorporating the ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurosci Nurs. 2006 Sep;38(4 Suppl):270-81, 330.
10. Temporal characteristics of nasalization in children and adult speakers of American English and Korean during production of three vowel contexts.
Match Strength: 4.196
The purpose of this study was to identify and compare the temporal characteristics of nasalization in relation to (1) languages, (2) vowel contexts, and (3) age groups. Two distinct acoustic energies from the mouth and nose were recorded during speech production (/pamap, pimip, pumup/) using two microphones to obtain the absolute and proportional measurements on the acoustic temporal characteristics of nasalization. Twenty-eight normal adults (14 American English and 14 Korean speakers) and 28 normal children (14 American English and 14 Korean speakers) participated in this study. In both ... Read More »
» Published in J Acoust Soc Am. 2006 Sep;120(3):1622-30.
11. HIV incidence trends among white and african-american active duty United States Army personnel (1986-2003).
Match Strength: 4.167
OBJECTIVE: To analyze HIV incidence rate (IR) trends among white and African-American active duty US Army personnel between 1986 and 2003. METHODS: Joinpoint regression was applied to identify time periods when significant changes in HIV IRs occurred, along with the corresponding annual percentage changes (APCs). RESULTS: African-Americans had a higher IR than white personnel (0.34/1,000 vs. 0.07/1,000; P < 0.001). Among white personnel, 2 significant time periods of changing HIV IRs were found: between 1986 and 1989 (APC = -31.1; P = 0.006) and between 1989 and 2003 (APC = -5.7; P = 0.003) ... Read More »
» Published in J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Nov 1;43(3):351-5.
12. Mexican body mass index values in the late-19th-century American West.
Match Strength: 3.892
No research has been done on the body mass index values of the 19th-century Mexican population. This paper introduces a new data source of 19th-century Mexican male inmates in American prisons and finds that the majority of Mexican body mass was in the normal range (18.5-24.9). Few Mexicans were underweight or obese by modern standards. Body mass varied little (0-0.9units) by occupations possibly because criminals probably came from the lower end of the socioeconomic distribution; however, it did vary with crimes for which inmates were incarcerated ... Read More »
» Published in Econ Hum Biol. 2006 Sep 20;
13. Elevated male European and female African contributions to the genomes of African American individuals.
Match Strength: 3.855
The differential relative contribution of males and females from Africa and Europe to individual African American genomes is relevant to mapping genes utilizing admixture analysis. The assessment of ancestral population contributions to the four types of genomic DNA (autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, and mitochondrial) with their differing modes of inheritance is most easily addressed in males. A thorough evaluation of 93 African American males for 2,018 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers, 121 X chromosome SNPs, 10 Y chromosome haplogroups specified by SNPs, and six haplogroup ... Read More »
» Published in Hum Genet. 2007 Jan;120(5):713-22. Epub 2006 Sep 28.
14. Birth outcomes among urban African-American women: a multilevel analysis of the role of racial residential segregation.
Match Strength: 3.709
Residential segregation is a common aspect of the urban experiences of African-Americans in the United States (US), yet few studies have considered how segregation might influence perinatal health. Here, we develop a conceptual model of relationships between segregation and birth outcomes and test the implications of the model in a sample of 434,376 singleton births to African-American women living in 225 US Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Data from the National Center for Health Statistics 2002 birth files were linked to data from the 2000 US Census and two distinct measures of ... Read More »
» Published in Soc Sci Med. 2006 Dec;63(12):3030-45. Epub 2006 Sep 25.
15. A primary care weight management intervention for low-income African-American women.
Match Strength: 3.693
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a tailored weight management program, addressing the needs of obese, low-income African-American women, would produce greater weight loss than standard medical care. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A randomized, controlled trial was conducted between 1999 and 2003 with 144 overweight or obese women (predominantly African-American) enrolled at two primary care clinics. Four physicians at each clinic were randomly assigned to provide either tailored weight management interventions or standard care. The tailored condition consisted of six monthly outpatient visits ... Read More »
» Published in Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Aug;14(8):1412-20.
16. American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for cancer prevention: reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity.
Match Strength: 3.657
The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines to serve as a foundation for its communication, policy, and community strategies and ultimately, to affect dietary and physical activity patterns among Americans. These Guidelines, published every 5 years, are developed by a national panel of experts in cancer research, prevention, epidemiology, public health, and policy, and as such, they represent the most current scientific evidence related to dietary and activity patterns and cancer risk. The ACS Guidelines include recommendations for individual choices ... Read More »
» Published in CA Cancer J Clin. 2006 Sep-Oct;56(5):254-81; quiz 313-4. Summary for patients in: CA Cancer J Clin. 2006 Sep-Oct;56(5):310-2.
17. The importance of colonoscopy in colorectal surgeons' practices: results of a survey.
Match Strength: 3.642
PURPOSE: The role of colonoscopy in the prevention of colorectal cancer has been accepted, not only by the medical community but by the federal government as well. This study sought to document the current role of colonoscopy in the practices of colorectal surgeons. METHODS: A survey was mailed to members of The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons detailing the scope of colonoscopy in their practices. RESULTS: Surveys were mailed to 1,800 members of The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons; responses were received from 778 (43.2 percent). The mean age was 48 +/- 10 (range, ... Read More »
» Published in Dis Colon Rectum. 2006 Nov;49(11):1763-7.
18. From American city to Japanese village: a cross-cultural investigation of implicit race attitudes.
Match Strength: 3.519
This study examined the development of implicit race attitudes in American and Japanese children and adults. Implicit ingroup bias was present early in both populations, and remained stable at each age tested (age 6, 10, and adult). Similarity in magnitude and developmental course across these 2 populations suggests that implicit intergroup bias is an early-emerging and fundamental aspect of human social cognition. However, implicit race attitudes toward favored outgroups are more positive in older than in younger participants, indicating that "cultural prestige" enjoyed by a group moderates ... Read More »
» Published in Child Dev. 2006 Sep-Oct;77(5):1268-81.
19. Polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene and moderators of prolactin response to meta-chlorophenylpiperazine in African-American cocaine abusers and controls.
Match Strength: 3.455
Serotonin (5-HT) function is altered in several psychiatric disorders, including cocaine dependence (CD), and its role in impulsive-aggressive behaviors has been widely studied. However, the relationship between psychopathological and behavioral dimensions and mechanisms of 5-HT alterations remains unclear. We investigated the relationship of a polymorphism in the 5' promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) with prolactin (PRL) response to meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP) in a sample of 68 African-American individuals, 35 CD subjects and 33 controls. We also examined ... Read More »
» Published in Psychiatry Res. 2006 Nov 15;144(2-3):99-108. Epub 2006 Sep 25.
20. Violence and minority youth: the effects of risk and asset factors on fighting among African American children and adolescents.
Match Strength: 3.304
This cross-sectional study examined risk and asset factors thought to be associated with fighting among a sample of 1,642 African American children and adolescents in a central Alabama school district. Results show that poor grades, parental abuse, and gang affiliation were significant risk factors associated with higher frequency of fighting. Results also show that parental monitoring and being happy at school were associated with lower frequency of fighting, suggesting the importance of continued support for outreach to parents and further efforts to reduce or eliminate the community factors ... Read More »
» Published in Adolescence. 2006 Summer;41(162):251-62.
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