Health Information Search Results
Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Eye movement correlates of younger and older adults' strategies for complex addition.
Match Strength: 5.438
This study examined performance measures and eye movements associated with complex arithmetic strategies in young and older adults. Participants added pairs of three-digit numbers using two different strategies, under choice and no-choice conditions. Older adults made more errors but were not significantly slower than young adults, and response times and errors showed no interaction between age and the number of carries. Older adults chose strategies less adaptively than young adults. Eye movements were consistent with use of required strategies on no-choice trials and reported strategies on ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Psychol (Amst). 2006 Sep 26;
2. Electroconvulsive therapy in older adults: 13-year trends.
Match Strength: 4.659
OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal trends in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use among all 12 million Ontario residents between January 1992 and December 2004 and to examine the differential trends in older adults, compared with younger ones. METHODS: We undertook a time-series analysis to examine annual trends in the use and prevalence of ECT, using linked provincial datasets. Descriptive data were presented for the population as a whole, and then trends were described separately by age groups (younger and older). As a comparator, we similarly examined antidepressant prevalence for older adults ... Read More »
» Published in Can J Psychiatry. 2006 Aug;51(9):616-9.
3. Gender differences in body esteem among older adults.
Match Strength: 4.390
Ninety-five adults aged 60-91 completed measures of Body-as-Object Esteem (BOE) (i.e., appearance) and Body-as-Process Esteem (BPE) (i.e., function) to explore gender differences in body esteem among older adults. As hypothesized, a significant age by gender interaction revealed that men become more disparaging of the appearance and function of their bodies in their last decades of life, while women do not. Level of physical disability was negatively correlated with BOE, particularly for disabled women. Furthermore, as is seen across the lifespan, self-esteem is a significant predictor of BOE. ... Read More »
» Published in J Women Aging. 2006;18(3):19-35.
4. The relationship of air pollution to ED visits for asthma differ between children and adults.
Match Strength: 4.303
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between air pollution and asthma exacerbation in children and adults. Pearson analysis was used to establish correlations between air pollutants-sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and particles with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 microm or less (PM(10))--and ED visits for asthma in 2004. Among children, there were significant positive correlations between nitrogen dioxide (r = 0.72), carbon monoxide (r = 0.65), and PM(10) (r = 0.63) and ED visits for asthma. Among adults, only weakly positive, non significant ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Emerg Med. 2006 Oct;24(6):709-13.
5. Has the risk for coronary heart disease changed among U.S. adults?
Match Strength: 4.224
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the 10-year risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) among U.S adults during the years 1988 to 1994 with that among U.S. adults during the years 1999 to 2002. BACKGROUND: A decline in deaths as the result of CHD has been reported. Data about changes in actual risk of developing CHD among U.S. adults are sparse. METHODS: Data for noninstitutionalized U.S. residents ages 20 to 79 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)-III (1988 to 1994) or NHANES 1999 to 2002 were examined to compute 10 ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Sep 19;48(6):1177-82. Epub 2006 Aug 28.
6. The effect of music on pain and acute confusion in older adults undergoing hip and knee surgery.
Match Strength: 4.168
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music listening in older adults following hip or knee surgery. Acute confusion and pain after surgery can increase length of stay and reduce function. Study results demonstrate a reduction in acute confusion and pain and improved ambulation and higher satisfaction scores in older adults who listened to music. Publication Types: Controlled Clinical Trial, Randomized Controlled ... Read More »
» Published in Holist Nurs Pract. 2006 Sep-Oct;20(5):218-24; quiz 225-6.
7. Less than one-quarter of California adults walk regularly.
Match Strength: 4.044
This policy brief presents information about the walking habits of California adults based on data from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS 2003). We examine the prevalence of regular walking and no walking by socio-demographic and neighborhood characteristics. Regular walking is defined as walking on at least five separate occasions for a combined total of at least 150 minutes in the previous seven days. This definition is based on the recommendation that adults engage in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes on five or more days of the week. Occasional walking is ... Read More »
» Published in Policy Brief UCLA Cent Health Policy Res. 2006 Aug;(PB2006-4):1-12.
8. Pharmacokinetics of desmopressin administrated as an oral lyophilisate dosage form in children with primary nocturnal enuresis and healthy adults.
Match Strength: 4.000
The population pharmacokinetics of desmopressin in children with nocturnal enuresis and in healthy adults were compared using a 1-compartment model with first-order absorption and first-order elimination. In addition, the model consisted of a number of transit compartments before absorption to describe a lag-time. The model gave an adequate description of adult as well as children data and provided a statistically significant better fit to data than a standard lag-time model. The main difference in the pharmacokinetics between children and adults was the absorption delay. The pharmacokinetic ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Pharmacol. 2006 Oct;46(10):1204-11.
9. Physical activity of adults with mental retardation: review and research needs.
Match Strength: 3.984
OBJECTIVE: To characterize physical activity levels of adults with mental retardation and identify limitations in published research. DATA SOURCES: Key word searches for "mental retardation," "intellectual disability," "learning disability," or "developmental disability" combined with "physical activity" or "habitual exercise" identified articles from MEDLINE, Academic Search Elite, Psych Articles, Health Source, and SPORT Discus. This produced a total of 801 citations. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Published English-language literature that quantitatively measured physical activity ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Health Promot. 2006 Sep-Oct;21(1):2-12.
10. Serum antibody decay in adults following natural respiratory syncytial virus infection.
Match Strength: 3.936
Serum antibody decay following RSV infection in adults was examined to evaluate the durability of the immune response. Twenty subjects with RSV infection and 10 subjects who remained RSV uninfected had blood samples obtained over 16-25 months analyzed by microneutralization assay and enzyme immunoassay. The mean titers of infected subjects rose approximately eightfold post-infection. The mean rate of antibody decline was -0.20 log 2 titer per month which led to a > or =fourfold drop in titer in 75% of subjects at 1 year. In contrast, titers of uninfected subjects were relatively stable. The ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Virol. 2006 Nov;78(11):1493-7.
11. Self-reports of psychosocial functioning among children and young adults with cleft lip and palate.
Match Strength: 3.919
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was employed to determine the psychosocial effects of cleft lip and/or palate among children and young adults, compared with a control group of children and young adults without cleft lip and palate. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 160 children and young adults with cleft lip and/or palate and 113 children and young adults without cleft lip and/or palate. All participants were between 8 and 21 years of age. OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological functioning (anxiety, self-esteem, depression, and behavioral problems) was assessed using validated psychological ... Read More »
» Published in Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2006 Sep;43(5):598-605.
12. The effect of music listening on older adults undergoing cardiovascular surgery.
Match Strength: 3.694
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of music listening on postoperative anxiety and intubation time in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. Coronary artery disease and valvular heart disease affect approximately 15 million Americans and 5 million persons in the U.K. annually, with the majority of these patients being older adults. The anxiety experienced before, during and after surgery increases cardiovascular workload, thereby prolonging recovery time. Music listening as a nursing intervention has shown an ability to reduce anxiety. The study used a randomized ... Read More »
» Published in Nurs Crit Care. 2006 Sep-Oct;11(5):224-31.
13. Self-care management in adults undergoing hemodialysis.
Match Strength: 3.636
The research literature on self-care management for adults with end stage renal disease being treated with hemodialysis was reviewed to ascertain the current state of knowledge, identify gaps, and propose future research. Sixty-four studies were reviewed. Many studies focused on compliance and whether subjects were meeting predetermined values of outcome variables set by professionals. Self-care management of ESRD is multidimensional and warrants further research from the client professional, and health care system perspectives ... Read More »
» Published in Nephrol Nurs J. 2006 Jul-Aug;33(4):387-94; quiz 395-6.
14. Development, implementation, and evaluation of a geriatric nurse education program.
Match Strength: 3.629
Substantial gaps exist between the number of older adults requiring competent geriatric care and the number of nurses able to provide it. The purpose of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a geriatric nurse education program to ensure nurses meet the needs of the increasing elderly population. Establishing partnerships between individuals in academia and those in a clinical practice was imperative in the development of the program. Content for the program was created with the assistance of a geriatric nursing consultant and approved by the State Nurses Association. The program ... Read More »
» Published in J Contin Educ Nurs. 2006 Sep-Oct;37(5):214-7.
15. Evaluation of a community-based health promotion program for the elderly: lessons from Seniors CAN.
Match Strength: 3.595
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a community-based educational program designed to promote health by enhancing older adults' mastery while decreasing loneliness and stress. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2004, 339 older adults who participated in Seniors CAN completed standardized assessments of mastery, loneliness, and stress, prior to and upon completion of the 4-month intervention. Participants'scores were compared using paired t-tests to measure changes from preintervention to postintervention. Change scores were then subjected to three-way ANOVA to assess the relative effectiveness based ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Health Promot. 2006 Sep-Oct;21(1):45-8.
16. Bangers, burgers and burns. A 10-year review of barbeque burns in South Wales.
Match Strength: 3.571
This is a retrospective study of the epidemiology of barbeque burns presenting to the Welsh Centre for burns from January 1994 to December 2004. A total of 68 were treated of which 57 are included in this study 25% are in the paediatric age group. The epidemiology varies between adults and paediatrics. Males are the most commonly injured in both groups. The paediatric group have a different aetiology compared with the adult group. All paediatric barbeque burns were caused by direct contact with either the barbeque or hot sand. This compares to the adult group, where 51% were caused by flash ... Read More »
» Published in Burns. 2006 Nov;32(7):913-5. Epub 2006 Sep 14.
17. Acknowledging Adult Bias: A Focus-Group Approach to Utilizing Beauty Salons as Health-Education Portals for Inner-City Adolescent Girls.
Match Strength: 3.571
To assess the feasibility of using beauticians as health literacy agents and beauty salons as health-education portals for adolescent, inner-city, African American girls, the authors conducted focus groups with 25 women: salon clients, salon owners, and medical students. Facilitators to program development included (a) beautician-client relationships, (b) teens' access to health information, and (c) beauticians as information resources. Barriers included (a) adult opinions of teen behaviors, (b) teen mistrust of adults, and (c) low health literacy of beauticians. In developing a health ... Read More »
» Published in Health Promot Pract. 2006 Sep 15;
18. Geriatric heart failure, depression, and nursing home admission: an observational study using propensity score analysis.
Match Strength: 3.567
OBJECTIVE: Heart failure (HF) and depression are both common in older adults, and the presence of depression is known to worsen HF outcomes. For community-dwelling older adults, admission to a nursing home (NH) is associated with loss of independent living and poor outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of depression on NH admission for older adults with HF. METHODS: Using the 2001-2003 National Hospital Discharge Survey datasets, the authors identified all community-dwelling older adults who were discharged alive with a primary discharge diagnosis of HF. The authors ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Oct;14(10):867-75.
19. Development of theory-based, online health learning modules for older adults: Lessons learned.
Match Strength: 3.560
Recently, the number of older adult online users has increased rapidly. In 2004, 22% of Americans aged 65 years or older (about 8 million) used the Internet, and 66% of them performed online searches for health information. The Web, therefore, can serve as a useful medium to educate older adults on selected health topics. In this study, the researchers developed four Web-based learning modules related to hip fracture prevention and tested the usability of these modules employing eight older adult online users. The findings from the usability tests demonstrated that the online learning modules ... Read More »
» Published in Comput Inform Nurs. 2006 Sep-Oct;24(5):261-8.
20. The prevalence of person-perceived participation restriction in community-dwelling older adults.
Match Strength: 3.557
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, nature and distribution of person-perceived participation restriction, in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Population based cross-sectional postal survey of 11,055 adults aged 50 years and over in North Staffordshire, United Kingdom. Person-perceived participation restriction was measured using the Keele Assessment of Participation which covers 11 different aspects of life mapped to the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning. Four-week period prevalence was calculated for restriction in any, multiple and for each ... Read More »
» Published in Qual Life Res. 2006 Nov;15(9):1471-9. Epub 2006 Sep 29.
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