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Gastroenteritis
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1. Clinical severity of Norwalk virus and Sapporo virus gastroenteritis in children in Hokkaido, Japan.
Match Strength: 11.189

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the clinical significance and etiologic impact of Norwalk virus (NV) and Sapporo virus (SV) in viral gastroenteritis in Japanese children. STUDY DESIGN: Two outbreaks each of NV gastroenteritis and SV gastroenteritis occurring in an infant home in Sapporo, Japan, as well as 95 hospitalized children with acute gastroenteritis were retrospectively evaluated using a 0- to 20-point clinical severity scoring system. RESULTS: The mean severity scores for NV and SV gastroenteritis outbreaks were 7.9 and 5.2, respectively, as compared with 8.4 for rotavirus A gastroenteritis that ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Sep;20(9):849-53.

2. The diagnostic value of serum interleukins 6 and 8 in children with acute gastroenteritis.
Match Strength: 10.603

OBJECTIVES: Early identification of the pathogen causing acute gastroenteritis in children helps the physicians managing the disease and prevents unnecessary antibiotic treatment. C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-8 play a major role in immune responses and have been studied in a large number of infectious and noninfectious inflammatory diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the serum IL-6 and IL-8 concentrations early in the course of acute gastroenteritis to see if these cytokines were useful diagnostic markers in differentiating viral from bacterial ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Jul;43(1):25-9.

3. Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interleukin-10 in Viral and Bacterial Gastroenteritis in Children
Match Strength: 10.486

BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is a common cause of hospitalization and is associated with high morbidity in children. C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) are primary mediators of inflammation, and have been implicated in many infectious and non-infectious inflammatory diseases. The main objective of this study was to identify serum markers in viral and bacterial gastroenteritis. METHODS: Thirty-one patients admitted to a pediatric infection ward with gastroenteritis and definite pathogens were enrolled in the study: 17 patients had viral ... Read More »
» Published in J Chin Med Assoc. 2005 Jun;68(6):250-3.

4. Genetic relatedness of noroviruses identified in sporadic gastroenteritis in children and gastroenteritis outbreaks in northern Alberta.
Match Strength: 10.380

We compared the proportion and genotype distribution of norovirus (NoV) identified in sporadic acute gastroenteritis in children younger than 7 years old with the NoV strains found in outbreaks from January 2003 through April 2004 in northern Alberta, Canada. Eight genogroup I (GI) and 133 GII NoV cases were detected in 1,166 cases of acute sporadic childhood gastroenteritis with a monthly detection rates varying from 6.0% to 20.4% and no sporadic gastroenteritis case in October 2003. Seventy-eight outbreaks (65%) tested positive for NoV during the study period with an obvious winter ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Virol. 2008 Feb;80(2):330-7.

5. Infantile gastroenteritis in the community: a cost-of-illness study.
Match Strength: 10.081

Rotavirus infections are the main cause of gastroenteritis in infants and children and it is expected that by the age of 5 years, nearly every child will have experienced at least one episode of rotavirus gastroenteritis. While severe cases are hospitalized, milder disease is either treated at home or by the GP, and as such the true prevalence of rotavirus infection in the community, and the burden of disease, is unknown. This paper reports the results of a cost-of-illness study which was conducted alongside a structured community surveillance study. Forty-eight percent of our sample was found ... Read More »
» Published in Epidemiol Infect. 2007 Mar 5;:1-10

6. Acute encephalopathy and rhabdomyolysis following rotavirus gastroenteritis.
Match Strength: 9.950

Rotavirus is a common cause of severe gastroenteritis in children, and other unusual extraintestinal manifestations have also been attributed to the virus. We report a case of acute encephalopathy and rhabdomyolysis following rotavirus gastroenteritis in a 6-month-old infant ... Read More »
» Published in J Paediatr Child Health. 2007 Jan;43(1-2):90-1.

7. Acute encephalopathy and rhabdomyolysis following rotavirus gastroenteritis.
Match Strength: 9.950

Rotavirus is a common cause of severe gastroenteritis in children, and other unusual extraintestinal manifestations have also been attributed to the virus. We report a case of acute encephalopathy and rhabdomyolysis following rotavirus gastroenteritis in a 6-month-old infant ... Read More »
» Published in J Paediatr Child Health. 2007 Jan;43(1-2):90-1.

8. Rotavirus gastroenteritis among children under five years of age in Valencia, Spain.
Match Strength: 9.873

The population-based incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age in Valencia, Spain, over a 1-year period (December 1, 2003, to November 30, 2004) was determined.A total of 553 episodes of gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age (mean age, 22.8 +/- 14.5 months) were recorded (annual incidence of 138 per 1,000). A positive enzyme-linked immunoadsorbant assay result for rotavirus antigen was obtained in 15% of the samples. The incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis was 15 per 1,000 children <5 years of age, being the highest incidence in children ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 May;25(5):455-7.

9. Epidemics of gastroenteritis during 2006 were associated with the spread of norovirus GII.4 variants 2006a and 2006b.
Match Strength: 9.759

BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis is commonly associated with norovirus genogroup II (GII) infection. Norovirus GII has 17 classified genotypes (GII.1-GII.17), but only 1 norovirus genotype (GII.4) is associated with global epidemics of gastroenteritis. In 2006, an increase in global norovirus activity was observed. METHODS: During the period from December 2005 through August 2006, a total of 231 fecal samples were obtained from patients with acute gastroenteritis from Australia and New Zealand. Norovirus RNA was amplified and sequenced to determine norovirus genotype and relatedness to known ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 1;46(3):413-20.

10. Ondansetron for acute gastroenteritis in children.
Match Strength: 9.732

QUESTION: In my pediatric practice I see many children with acute gastroenteritis. Their parents ask for antiemetic medications. Ondansetron has been well tolerated when used to control nausea and vomiting in patients receiving chemotherapy. Is there a role for it in managing acute gastroenteritis in children? ANSWER: Use of antiemetics is not indicated for treatment of acute gastroenteritis. Some evidence suggests ondansetron is clinically more effective and better tolerated and has a better side effect profile than other antiemetics, but does not suggest that it reduces hospital admission ... Read More »
» Published in Can Fam Physician. 2006 Nov;52(11):1397-8.

11. Rotavirus gastroenteritis: epidemiological data from a regional hospital in Belgium.
Match Strength: 9.522

The Belgian Institute of Public Health registered from 2000 to 2005 a yearly average of 6,790 hospital admissions for rotavirus gastroenteritis in children less than 5 years of age. Very efficacious rotavirus vaccines are available nowadays. The surveillance of hospitalisation due to rotavirus gastroenteritis is a good target for the follow-up of vaccine-related prevention. In a large regional Belgian hospital, rotavirus is associated with 12% to 21% of all hospitalisation days among children less than 2 years of age. The general implementation of rotavirus vaccination could dramatically ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Pediatr. 2007 Feb 9;

12. Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis Presenting in an Adolescent with Isolated Colonic Involvement
Match Strength: 9.503

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis most commonly involves the stomach and proximal small intestine with eosinophilic inflammation of either the mucosa, submucosa or serosa. The patient reported here had isolated eosinophilic colitis. The initial presentation with iron deficiency anaemia owing to occult gastrointestinal blood loss emphasises the need to evaluate the entire gastrointestinal tract in patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis ... Read More »
» Published in Gut. 1986 Oct;27(10):1219-22.

13. Pancreatic hyperamylasemia during acute gastroenteritis: incidence and clinical relevance.
Match Strength: 9.392

BACKGROUND: Many case reports of acute pancreatitis have been reported but, up to now, pancreatic abnormalities during acute gastroenteritis have not been studied prospectively. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence and the clinical significance of hyperamylasemia in 507 consecutive adult patients with acute gastroenteritis. METHODS: The clinical significance of hyperamylasemia, related predisposing factors and severity of gastroenteritis were assessed. RESULTS: Hyperamylasemia was detected in 10.2 % of patients studied. Although amylasemia was found over four times the normal values in three ... Read More »
» Published in BMC Infect Dis. 2001;1:18. Epub 2001 Sep 27.

14. Gastrointestinal infections in children.
Match Strength: 9.379

New pathogens that cause gastroenteritis in children are being recognized. Even well-recognized pathogens, such as Clostridium difficile, may require more extensive testing than was previously thought necessary. Several new tests have emerged that allow for faster identification of these pathogens so that same-day results may be possible. Probiotic therapy has emerged as a novel strategy for the treatment of gastroenteritis. New vaccines against both viral and bacterial causes of gastroenteritis are being developed. The most exciting recent advance in vaccine development may be the creation of ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2000 Jan;16(1):40-44.

15. Rotavirus Vaccine RIX4414 (Rotarixtrade mark).
Match Strength: 9.346

black triangle RIX4414 is a human, live attenuated rotavirus vaccine containing a rotavirus strain of G1P[8] specificity; it is administered orally using a two-dose schedule.black triangle RIX4414 showed good immunogenicity in healthy infants in several well designed trials in terms of both seroconversion rates and vaccine take. Moreover, RIX4414 did not impair the immune response of infants to other vaccines.black triangle RIX4414 provided significant protection against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. In a subgroup analysis (n = 20 169) of a large (n = 63 225), well designed, placebo ... Read More »
» Published in Paediatr Drugs. 2006;8(6):389-95.

16. Eosinophilic gastroenteritis with ascites and hepatic dysfunction.
Match Strength: 9.311

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare gastrointestinal disorder with eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal wall and various gastrointestinal dysfunctions. Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion and exclusion of various disorders that are associated with peripheral eosinophilia. We report a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis, which had features of the predominant subserosal type presenting with ascites and hepatic dysfunction, and which responded to a course of low-dose steroid ... Read More »
» Published in World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Feb 28;13(8):1303-5.

17. Synchronous first manifestation of an idiopathic eosinophilic gastroenteritis and bronchial asthma
Match Strength: 9.292

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare disease of the gastrointestinal tract in which the eosinophils seem to play an important role in the inflammation of the gut wall. We report on a case with a synchronous first manifestation of eosinophilic gastroenteritis and bronchial asthma, which also occurred synchronously in all further episodes. The diagnosis was first made at the end of the second episode during which the patient lost more than 13 kg in weight. Under steroid therapy, symptoms of both diseases disappeared quickly in the third episode. We assume that participation of the ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2001 Jun;13(6):721-5.

18. Antiemetics for children with gastroenteritis: off-label but still on in clinical practice.
Match Strength: 9.269

Antiemetics are not included for treatment of vomiting associated with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in children by standard guidelines. We performed a survey to determine antiemetic prescribing rates by Italian pediatricians. A structured questionnaire was distributed at a pediatric national conference. The majority of responders reported prescribing antiemetics for pediatric gastroenteritis. Although there is insufficient evidence to justify their use, the use of antiemetics is widely present among pediatricians ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Sep;43(3):402-4.

19. Acute gastroenteritis is followed by an increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease.
Match Strength: 9.242

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bacterial intestinal infections have been implicated as a possible cause of exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We explored the relationship between infectious gastroenteritis and the occurrence of IBD using data from the General Practice Research Database. METHODS: A cohort of patients aged 20-74 years with an episode of acute infectious gastroenteritis (n = 43,013) was identified. From the same source population, an age-, sex-, and calendar time-matched control group free of gastroenteritis was sampled (n = 50,000). Both cohorts were followed up for a mean ... Read More »
» Published in Gastroenterology. 2006 May;130(6):1588-94.

20. Consumption of untreated tank rainwater and gastroenteritis among young children in South Australia.
Match Strength: 9.118

BACKGROUND: Tank rainwater is a source of untreated drinking water in Australia and elsewhere. The aim of this study was to determine whether the risk of gastroenteritis among children who drank tank rainwater differed from that of children who drank treated public mains water. METHODS: A cohort study of 1,016 4- to 6-year old children who drank rainwater or treated mains water in rural South Australia was undertaken in 1999. Parents kept a daily diary of their child's gastrointestinal symptoms and water consumption for a period of 6 weeks. Data on respiratory illness and other risk factors ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Aug;35(4):1051-8. Epub 2006 May 24.

21. Rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure in a child with Salmonella enteritidis gastroenteritis.
Match Strength: 9.116

We report on an 11-year-old boy who developed rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure following Salmonella enteritidis gastroenteritis. Rhabdomyolysis should be considered as a potentially fatal complication in patients with Salmonella gastroenteritis ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Pediatr. 2006 Dec 30;

22. Use of mannanoligosacharides as an adjuvant treatment for gastrointestinal diseases and this effects on E.coli inactivated in dogs
Match Strength: 9.060

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of mannanoligosacharides on dogs showing gastroenteritis. METHODS: Sixteen dogs, 2-6 month-old, distributed into two groups: T1 - animals with gastroenteritis receiving treatment for the disease + mannanoligosacharides (2 g/animal).; and T2 - animals with gastroenteritis receiving just treatment for the disease. The animals were randomly included in the sample and all of them were submitted to blood and feces collection for coproculture. In the treatment for gastroenteritis antibiotic, antihemetic, vermifuge, vitamins and sorotheraphy were used. The parameters ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Cir Bras. 2006 00;21:23-26.

23. Rotavirus gastroenteritis.
Match Strength: 9.041

Rotavirus is the single most important cause of severe, dehydrating gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide. Rotavirus gastroenteritis is associated with high morbidity in developed countries and significant mortality in developing countries. Virtually all children are infected with rotavirus by 3 years of age. Fecal-oral transmission is the most likely route of virus spread. Group A serotype strains G1 through G4 account for more than 90% of rotavirus gastroenteritis in humans, with G1 being the predominant serotype. The virus preferentially infects the mature small-intestinal ... Read More »
» Published in Adv Ther. 2005 Sep-Oct;22(5):476-87.

24. Biosurveillance of ED visits for gastroenteritis.
Match Strength: 8.936

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to characterize emergency department (ED) visits for gastroenteritis by season and age and develop a predictive model. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients seen in 19 EDs from 1988 to 2002. We examined differences in the annual peaks of younger (<60 months) and older (>60 months) age groups and developed a time series regression model. RESULTS: Of the 5,182,019 total visits, 88,504 were for gastroenteritis. On average, the percentage of gastroenteritis on the peak days was higher in the younger (26%) than older group (4%), and the ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Emerg Med. 2007 Jun;25(5):535-9.

25. Estimating foodborne gastroenteritis, Australia.
Match Strength: 8.853

We estimated for Australia the number of cases, hospitalizations, and deaths due to foodborne gastroenteritis in a typical year, circa 2000. The total amount of infectious gastroenteritis was measured by using a national telephone survey. The foodborne proportion was estimated from Australian data on each of 16 pathogens. To account for uncertainty, we used simulation techniques to calculate 95% credibility intervals (CrI). The estimate of incidence of gastroenteritis in Australia is 17.2 million (95% confidence interval 14.5-19.9 million) cases per year. We estimate that 32% (95% CrI 24%-40%) ... Read More »
» Published in Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Aug;11(8):1257-64.

26. Under-nutrition affects time to recurrence of gastroenteritis among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children.
Match Strength: 8.852

This study investigated whether under-nutrition affected time to hospitalization for recurrence of gastroenteritis in Australian children. Linked hospitalization records of all infants, born in 1995 and 1996 in Western Australia, who were admitted for gastroenteritis during their first year of life (n=1001), were retrieved. A survival frailty model was used for determining the factors influencing the recurrent times over the subsequent seven years. Aboriginality and under-nutrition were significantly associated with an increased risk of recurrence (hazard ratios of 2.59 and 1.28). ... Read More »
» Published in J Health Popul Nutr. 2006 Mar;24(1):17-24.

27. A case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis with severe peripheral eosinophilia.
Match Strength: 8.838

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare heterogeneous disorder of undetermined etiology that is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tissues and various clinical manifestations. We report an uncommon case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis involving a patient with a short history of mild upper abdominal pain, severe peripheral eosinophilia (absolute eosinophil count of > 5,000 cells per microL), and ascites. The patient was treated successfully with a course of methylprednisolone. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Mil Med. 2006 Apr;171(4):331-2.

28. Incidence, impact on the family and cost of gastroenteritis among 4 to 6-year-old children in South Australia.
Match Strength: 8.821

BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is an important cause of morbidity in both adults and children worldwide. Although the burden of morbidity and mortality is highest in developing countries, gastroenteritis is still a significant cause of morbidity in Australia, particularly in young children. The aims of the present study were to determine the incidence of gastroenteritis among 4-6-year-old children in South Australia, to describe the impact on daily activities of the child and caregiver and estimate the cost of gastroenteritis in this population. METHODS: A diary study of drinking water ... Read More »
» Published in J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Aug;21(8):1320-5.

29. Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis in the United States, 1993-2002.
Match Strength: 8.816

BACKGROUND: In the United States, rotavirus gastroenteritis remains a common disease of children that results in many hospitalizations, clinic visits and medical costs. It is a common cause of morbidity and is associated with a high economic burden in developing countries. Prevention of hospitalizations is the primary target of rotavirus vaccines. METHODS: To update estimates of rotavirus hospitalization rates in the United States, we conducted a retrospective analysis of 10 years of national hospitalization data associated with gastroenteritis and used both direct and indirect methods to ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 Jun;25(6):489-93.

30. Infantile Gastroenteritis Associated with Excretion of Pestivirus Antigens
Match Strength: 8.780

Faeces from children under 2 years old who had gastroenteritis that could not be attributed to recognised enteric pathogens were examined with a monoclonal-antibody-based immunoassay for Pestivirus antigens. Such antigens were detected in 30 of 128 episodes of gastroenteritis. Children without diarrhoeal disease and children infected with rotaviruses had little evidence of Pestivirus infection (faeces positive in 1 of 28 and 1 of 31, respectively). The diarrhoeal disease in children excreting Pestivirus antigens resembled that in other children except that it was more commonly associated with ... Read More »
» Published in Lancet. 1989 Mar 11;1(8637):517-20.

31. Diagnostic value of bacterial stool cultures and viral antigen tests based on clinical manifestations of acute gastroenteritis in pediatric patients.
Match Strength: 8.761

The study presented here aimed to elucidate the diagnostic value of bacterial stool cultures and viral antigen tests when performed based on the clinical characteristics of acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children. A total of 21 (11.2%) bacterial and 74 (39.6%) viral infections affecting 187 children under the age of 3 years was investigated. Blood (p<0.001) and mucus (p=0.014) in the stool and a C-reactive protein (CRP) level of >or=50 mg/l (p=0.006) were more significantly associated with gastroenteritis of bacterial rather than viral origin. Vomiting (p<0.001) was ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2005 Aug;24(8):559-61.

32. Arthritis risk after acute bacterial gastroenteritis.
Match Strength: 8.700

OBJECTIVES: Reactive arthritis (ReA) may occur from bacterial gastroenteritis. We studied the risk of arthritis after an outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter species within a regional drinking water supply to examine the relationship between the severity of acute diarrhoea and subsequent symptoms of arthritis. METHODS: Participants with no known history of arthritis before the outbreak participated in a long-term follow-up study. Of the 2299 participants, 788 were asymptomatic during the outbreak, 1034 had moderate symptoms of acute gastroenteritis and 477 had severe symptoms ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Feb;47(2):200-4. Epub 2008 Jan 9.

33. Norovirus gastroenteritis, increased understanding and future antiviral options.
Match Strength: 8.591

Increasing epidemiological data indicate that norovirus is an important cause of acute gastroenteritis. Norovirus gastroenteritis is difficult to control owing to its widespread nature and the lack of a suitable antiviral agent or a vaccine to prevent infection. Despite the difficulty in cultivating noroviruses, significant advances in understanding the genomic structure, individual viral proteins, RNA replication strategy, and virus-host interaction of the virus have been made. These advancements provide new strategies in the development of antiviral agents against norovirus, including the ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2008 Feb;9(2):146-51.

34. Exploring the cost effectiveness of an immunization programme for rotavirus gastroenteritis in the United Kingdom.
Match Strength: 8.569

Rotavirus is the most common cause of gastroenteritis in children aged <5 years old, two new vaccines have recently been developed which can prevent associated morbidity and mortality. While apparently safe and efficacious, it is also important to establish whether rotavirus immunization is cost effective. A decision analytical model which employs data from a review of published evidence is used to determine the cost effectiveness of a rotavirus vaccine. The results suggest that some of the health sector costs, and all of the societal costs, of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children can be ... Read More »
» Published in Epidemiol Infect. 2007 Mar 5;:1-12

35. Sensor, a population-based cohort study on gastroenteritis in the Netherlands: incidence and etiology.
Match Strength: 8.541

A prospective population-based cohort study with a nested case-control study was conducted to estimate the incidence of gastroenteritis and the associated pathogens in the general Dutch population. Follow-up of two consecutive cohorts was performed by weekly reporting cards from December 1998 to December 1999. Cases and controls in the case-control study supplied a questionnaire and stool samples. The standardized gastroenteritis incidence was 283 per 1,000 person-years. The incidence rose with increasing level of education and was higher for persons with a history of diarrhea and for young ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Oct 1;154(7):666-74.

36. Outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by the pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3:K6 in Mexico.
Match Strength: 8.526

During 2003 and during late September of 2004, more than 1230 cases of gastroenteritis were reported in the south of Sinaloa State, north-western Mexico. All cases were attributed to the consumption of raw or undercooked shrimp collected at the Huizache-Caimanero lagunary system. Vibrio parahaemolyticus was identified by standard biochemical methods, and many strains were positive for PCR amplifications of the tlh and tdh genes and negative for the trh gene. A representative strain belonged to the O3:K6 serogroup. This is the first outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by the pandemic strains of ... Read More »
» Published in FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006 Dec;265(1):76-80.

37. Influence of enteric viruses on gastroenteritis in Albania: epidemiological and molecular analysis.
Match Strength: 8.485

Gastroenteritis is one of the most important diseases in developing country and viral infections are well documented. To understand better the epidemiological aspect of gastroenteritis in Albania and especially viral gastroenteritis, one-year study was carried out with the cooperation of physicians working in the Paediatric Hospital in University Hospital Center "Mother Thereza" in Tirana. Three hundred thirteen stool samples were collected from children with diarrhoea and a questionnaire was filled by the health personnel for each child. Analysis of the questionnaires revealed that ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Virol. 2007 Dec;79(12):1844-9.

38. Eosinophilic gastroenteritis in a dog
Match Strength: 8.475

A 9-year-old mixed-breed dog was evaluated for chronic intermittent vomiting, hematemesis, and melena lasting several months. Biopsy specimens obtained during exploratory laparotomy revealed eosinophilic gastroenteritis. Treatment included drug therapy to reduce gastrointestinal inflammation and dietary management to limit antigenic exposure ... Read More »
» Published in Can Vet J. 2002 Jun;43(6):463-5.

39. Burden of Rotavirus-Associated and Non-Rotavirus-Associated Diarrhea among Nonhospitalized Individuals in Central Italy: A 1-Year Sentinel-Based Epidemiological and Virological Surveillance.
Match Strength: 8.460

A community sentinel pediatrician-based epidemiological and virological surveillance study was conducted to estimate the incidence of gastroenteritis and laboratory-confirmed rotavirus-associated disease. The 1-year cumulative incidence of gastroenteritis in the cohort of children aged 0-5 years was 21%, with the highest rates in the 7-12-month and 13-18-month age groups (41.1% and 41.7%, respectively). Approximately one-third of gastroenteritis cases requiring an office visit or telephone consultation were attributable to rotavirus infection ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 8

40. An outbreak of gastroenteritis due to Sapovirus.
Match Strength: 8.438

An outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred at a kindergarten in Yokote City, Japan, between February 2006 and March 2006. Sapovirus was identified in 19 of 26 stool specimens by RT-PCR. A high viral shedding pattern was found for this strain, which was shown to be antigenically distinct from other genogroups ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Jan 31;

41. Effectiveness of Lanzhou lamb rotavirus vaccine against rotavirus gastroenteritis requiring hospitalization: a matched case-control study.
Match Strength: 8.420

We sought to determine the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of Lanzhou lamb rotavirus (LLR) vaccine against rotavirus gastroenteritis in children <5 requiring hospitalization. Children hospitalized 2002-2004 with rotavirus gastroenteritis were matched by gender, age and community to 838 controls. VE was calculated for one or more doses of LLR vaccine with 95% confidence intervals (CI). For one dose versus zero doses, LLR vaccine VE was 73.3% (95% CI, range 61.2-81.6%). VE of one dose versus zero doses was higher in children 12-23 months than in children 2-11 months (80.9% versus 60.0%). We found ... Read More »
» Published in Vaccine. 2007 Dec 17;25(52):8756-61. Epub 2007 Nov 5.

42. Viral causes of diarrhea.
Match Strength: 8.414

Viruses are important causes of diarrhea. In healthy adults, the main clinical manifestation is acute, self-limited gastroenteritis. Advances in molecular diagnostics have shown that epidemics of acute gastroenteritis most frequently are due to caliciviruses spread through contaminated food or through person-to-person contact. Application of similar technology is needed to make a definitive statement about the role of such candidate viruses as rotavirus, astrovirus, and adenovirus as the cause of nonepidemic acute gastroenteritis in adults. Rarely a previously healthy adult gets acute CMV ... Read More »
» Published in Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2001 Sep;30(3):779-95.

43. Gastroenteritis caused by Edwardsiella tarda in a pediatric renal transplant recipient.
Match Strength: 8.386

Edwardsiella tarda, a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, is a Gram-negative bacillus that is most often pathogenic in aquatic environments. Human infections with Edwardsiella are rare, with most occurring in immunocompromised or immunosuppressed hosts. Reported infections include meningitis, cholecystitis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, soft tissue infections, bacteremia and septicemia, dysentery, and gastroenteritis. This report describes a case of E. tarda gastroenteritis in a renal transplant patient receiving immunosuppressive therapy. The epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical presentation ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Transplant. 2007 Dec 13

44. Secondary bacteremia after rotavirus gastroenteritis in infancy.
Match Strength: 8.355

We describe 1 neonate and 3 infants with bacteremia secondary to rotavirus gastroenteritis. All had a typical course of an increase in temperature several days after admission. The causative organisms were Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae, both normal commensals of the small intestine. Pediatricians should be aware of this complication ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatrics. 2006 Jan;117(1):224-6. Comment in: Pediatrics. 2006 Nov;118(5):2255-6; author reply 2256-7.

45. Clinical and epidemiological aspects of children hospitalized with severe rotavirus-associated gastroenteritis in Salvador, BA, Brazil.
Match Strength: 8.323

Little is known about the epidemiology of severe rotavirus-associated gastroenteritis in Brazil. Given the morbidity associated with this condition and the importance of having detailed knowledge about the impact of rotavirus infection on the epidemiology of acute diarrhea in children, especially those with the most severe diarrheal conditions, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all pediatric patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in Salvador, Brazil, due to rotavirus-associated gastroenteritis during one year. It was observed that rotavirus was responsible for 15.6% of the ... Read More »
» Published in Braz J Infect Dis. 2005 Dec;9(6):525-8. Epub 2006 Jan 9.

46. Eosinophilic gastroenteritis: epidemiology, diagnosis and management
Match Strength: 8.290

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a heterogeneous and uncommon disorder characterized by eosinophilic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tissues. The location and depth of infiltration determine its varied manifestations, and the latter is also the basis for the proposed classification into mucosal, muscular and serosal eosinophilic gastroenteritis. Abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea are each present in nearly 50% of the patients, with some overlap. Peripheral eosinophilia is seen in approximately two-thirds of patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis. It is now clear that eotaxin, a ... Read More »
» Published in Paediatr Drugs. 2002;4(9):563-70.

47. Rotavirus and not age determines gastroenteritis severity in children: a hospital-based study.
Match Strength: 8.266

BACKGROUND: The severity of childhood gastroenteritis is generally believed to be age-related rather than aetiology-related. Rotavirus-induced gastroenteritis is more severe than gastroenteritis caused by other enteric pathogens and is also age-related. We thus addressed the question of whether the increased severity of rotavirus-induced gastroenteritis is related to age or to features intrinsic to the agent. STUDY DESIGN: In this multicentre, hospital-based, prospective survey, we evaluated the severity of diarrhoea in rotavirus-positive and rotavirus-negative children up to 4 years of age. ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Pediatr. 2006 Aug 29;

48. Norovirus gastroenteritis among children in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Match Strength: 8.255

Of 260 children under age 5 years who were hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Kurdistan, Iraq, between April and May 2005, 78 (30%) tested positive for norovirus by RT-PCR. These comprised genogroups GI (23%), GII (74%) and GI + GII (3%). Among 28 noroviruses sequenced, GII/4 was the predominant genotype. J. Med. Virol. 80:506-509, 2008. (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Virol. 2008 Mar;80(3):506-9.

49. Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis in a Domestic Ferret
Match Strength: 8.247

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis without peripheral eosinophilia was diagnosed histologically in a 5-year-old neutered male ferret showing acute signs of projectile vomiting, dark mucoid diarrhea, and chronic weight loss for 2 mo. The ferret was clinically normal after 4 days of treatment with parenteral fluids, antibiotics, and corticosteroids ... Read More »
» Published in Can Vet J. 2000 Sep;41(9):707-9.

50. Impact of acute rotavirus gastroenteritis on pediatric outpatient practices in the United States.
Match Strength: 8.242

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the presenting symptoms, healthcare utilization, and lost time from work and day care associated with acute rotavirus gastroenteritis. METHODS: During the winter to spring seasons of 2002-2003 or 2003-2004, children <36 months of age presenting with acute gastroenteritis to urban and suburban pediatric outpatient practices affiliated with 5 academic centers across the United States were enrolled in similarly designed studies. The case definition required >or=3 watery or looser-than-normal stools and/or forceful vomiting within a ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 Jul;25(7):584-9.

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