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Foot and Mouth Disease
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1. Foot-and-mouth disease virus 3C protease: recent structural and functional insights into an antiviral target.
Match Strength: 12.593

The 3C protease from foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV 3C(pro)) is critical for viral pathogenesis, having vital roles in both the processing of the polyprotein precursor and RNA replication. Although recent structural and functional studies have revealed new insights into the mechanism and function of the enzyme, key questions remain that must be addressed before the potential of FMDV 3C(pro) as an antiviral drug target can be realised. Publication Types: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2007;39(1):1-6. Epub 2006 Aug 14.

2. Role of RNA structure and RNA binding activity of foot-and-mouth disease virus 3C protein in VPg uridylylation and virus replication.
Match Strength: 11.224

The uridylylation of the VPg peptide primer is the first stage in the replication of picornavirus RNA. This process can be achieved in vitro using purified components, including 3B (VPg) with the RNA dependent RNA polymerase (3Dpol), the precursor 3CD, and an RNA template containing the cre/bus. We show that certain RNA sequences within the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) 5' untranslated region but outside of the cre/bus can enhance VPg uridylylation activity. Furthermore, we have shown that the FMDV 3C protein alone can substitute for 3CD, albeit less efficiently. In addition, the VPg ... Read More »
» Published in J Virol. 2006 Oct;80(19):9865-75.

3. Comparisons of original laboratory results and retrospective analysis by real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR of virological samples collected from confirmed cases of foot-and-mouth disease in the UK in 2001.
Match Strength: 8.396

There were 2030 designated cases of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) during the course of the epidemic in the UK in 2001 (including four from Northern Ireland). Samples from 1720 of the infected premises (IPs) were received in the laboratory and examined for either the presence of FMD virus (virological samples from 1421 IPs) or both FMD virus and antibody (virological and serological samples from 255 IPs) or antibody alone (from 44 IPs). The time taken to issue final diagnostic results ranged from a few hours in cases in which positive results were obtained by ELISA on epithelia containing ... Read More »
» Published in Vet Rec. 2006 Sep 16;159(12):373-8.

4. Enhanced immunogenicity to food-and-mouth disease virus in mice vaccination with alphaviral replicon-based DNA vaccine expressing the capsid precursor polypeptide (P1).
Match Strength: 7.325

Recently, alphavirus replicon-based DNA vaccines, also known as suicidal DNA vaccines, have emerged as an important strategy to enhance the potency of DNA vaccines. In this study, two different types of DNA vaccines encoding the capsid precursor polypeptide (P1) of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) were constructed and the immunogenicity were investigated and compared in mouse model. The first DNA vaccine, pcDP1, is a conventional plasmid DNA vaccine in which P1 was driven directly by a cytomegalovirus promoter. The second DNA vaccine, pSCAP1, is a Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replicon-based ... Read More »
» Published in Virus Genes. 2006 Dec;33(3):337-44.

5. Heart rate variability monitoring in the detection of central nervous system complications in children with enterovirus infection.
Match Strength: 6.614

PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest the possibility of autonomic dysfunction in patients with complicated hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina. Heart rate variability (HRV), an index for autonomic nervous system, may be useful to detect disease progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2002, 66 patients (1-9 years old) were enrolled prospectively in either a control (20 patients) or disease (46 patients with HFMD or herpangina) group. The disease group was subdivided into stage I (fever only), stage II (with complications of encephalomyelitis), and stage III (with ... Read More »
» Published in J Crit Care. 2006 Sep;21(3):280-6. Comment in: J Crit Care. 2006 Sep;21(3):286-9.

6. Effects of picornavirus 3A Proteins on Protein Transport and GBF1-dependent COP-I recruitment.
Match Strength: 5.308

The 3A protein of the coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), an enterovirus that belongs to the family of the picornaviruses, inhibits endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi transport. Recently, we elucidated the underlying mechanism by showing that CVB3 3A interferes with ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (Arf1)-dependent COP-I recruitment to membranes by binding and inhibiting the function of GBF1, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor that is required for the activation of Arf1 (E. Wessels et al., Dev. Cell 11:191-201, 2006). Here, we show that the 3A protein of poliovirus, another enterovirus, is also able to interfere ... Read More »
» Published in J Virol. 2006 Dec;80(23):11852-60. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

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