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Epidermoid Cyst
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1. Pancreatic epidermoid cyst.
Match Strength: 23.244

Epidermoid cyst of intrapancreatic spleen is described but epidermoid cyst occurring in the pancreas itself is not documented. We report a 36-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain radiating to the back. On ultrasonography, a multilocular cyst was seen in the head of the pancreas. Fine-needle aspiration cytology suggested a diagnosis of epidermoid cyst, which was confirmed on histology of the resected specimen ... Read More »
» Published in Indian J Gastroenterol. 2007 Mar-Apr;26(2):93-4.

2. Magnetic resonance imaging features of epidermoid cyst of the ovaries: magnetic resonance and computed tomography findings.
Match Strength: 19.561

Epidermoid cyst of the ovary is a very rare tumor. There have been only 21 case reports of it previously. We describe the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) findings of 2 cases of ovarian epidermoid cyst. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing CT and MR findings of epidermoid cysts of the ovary, and ruptured epidermoid cyst of the ovary has never been reported. Publication Types: Case Reports, ... Read More »
» Published in J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2006 Nov-Dec;30(6):906-9.

3. Mollaret meningitis associated with an intraspinal epidermoid cyst.
Match Strength: 19.364

Mollaret meningitis, a benign recurrent aseptic disease, is known to be associated with intracranial epidermoid cysts. In this report, we describe a case of Mollaret meningitis caused by an intraspinal epidermoid cyst located at thoracic level 12. The patient's clinical manifestations and cerebrospinal fluid features were similar to those with bacterial meningitis characterized by predominant polymorphonuclear leukocytes. However, Mollaret cells, not bacteria, were identified in the patient's cerebrospinal fluid. The illness ceased after surgical resection of the cyst, and the cyst tissue was ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatrics. 2007 Jul;120(1):e220-4. Epub 2007 Jun 25.

4. Presacral epidermoid cyst with right hydronephrosis.
Match Strength: 19.257

OBJECTIVE: Epidermoid cyst of the presacral space is a rare congenital lesion of ectodermal origin. Presacral epidermoid cyst with hydronephrosis is even rarer and has never been reported in Taiwan. Herein, we present a patient with presacral epidermoid cyst with right hydronephrosis. CASE REPORT: A 62-year-old woman had low abdominal pain for 2 weeks and was referred to our hospital for further management. In our hospital, computed tomography revealed a multilobulated cystic tumor (20 x 15 x 12 cm) in the lower abdomen, complicated with right severe hydronephrosis. Laparotomy was undertaken ... Read More »
» Published in Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jun;45(2):155-8.

5. Epidermoid cyst of the ureter: A case report.
Match Strength: 18.688

Epidermal cysts of the upper urinary tract are extremely rare. Only three cases have been reported in the published work written in English, Italian or German. We encountered a case of an epidermoid cyst in the ureter of a 72-year-old male. Findings on urine analysis and radiological examination were useful for establishing a correct diagnosis of epidermoid cyst of the urinary tract ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Urol. 2007 May;14(5):443-4.

6. Epidermoid cyst in the floor of the mouth: Report of a case.
Match Strength: 18.397

The occurrence of epidermoid cysts in the oral cavity is extremely rare. These cysts generally present slow and progressive growth and often are not diagnosed until the second or third decade of life. Epidermoid and dermoid cysts in the floor of the mouth are painless, doughy or fluctuant lesions and cause no symptoms until they are large enough to interfere with speech or eating. This article presents the case of a 20-year-old man with swelling in the floor of his mouth that was causing difficulties with speech and swallowing. After surgical removal of the cyst, histopathologic examination ... Read More »
» Published in Quintessence Int. 2007 Jun;38(6):473-7.

7. Imaging diagnosis--intracranial epidermoid cyst in a Doberman Pinscher.
Match Strength: 18.384

A 4-year-old Doberman Pinscher was evaluated for chronic progressive central vestibular disease and aggressiveness. A cyst-like lesion was identified in the region of the left cerebellopontine angle. The lesion was hypointense on T1-weighted and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. Differentials included an epidermoid or dermoid cyst, cystic neoplasm, and brain abscess. Hyperintensity on subsequent fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images excluded an arachnoid cyst. The histopathologic diagnosis was epidermoid cyst within the fourth ventricle. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2007 May-Jun;48(3):250-3.

8. Coexistence of Lymphoepithelial and Epidermoid Cysts on the Floor of the Mouth: Report of a Case
Match Strength: 18.321

Lymphoepithelial and epidermoid cysts in the oral cavity are uncommon. The coexistence of lymphoepithelial and epidermoid cysts in the oral cavity is extremely rare. Only one case of lymphoepithelial cyst associated with two epidermoid cysts on the floor of the mouth has been reported in the literature and the present report describes a second case where a lymphoepithelial cyst coexisted with an epidermoid cyst on the floor of the mouth. It is likely an accidental trauma that was accompanied by inflammation produced the development of implantation-keratinizing epidermoid and lymphoepithelial ... Read More »
» Published in Oral Dis. 2005 Sep;11(5):330-3.

9. Familial epidermoid cysts of the spleen: report of two cases.
Match Strength: 18.253

The familial occurrence of epidermoid cysts of the spleen is rare, with only six cases having ever been reported, to our knowledge. We recently diagnosed epidermoid cysts of the spleen in a mother and son. First, a 15-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital for management of blunt abdominal trauma. Computed tomography (CT) showed a ruptured large splenic cyst with an intraabdominal hematoma. We performed a splenectomy, and histopathological examination confirmed the existence of an epidermoid cyst of the spleen. About 2 years and 6 months later, the family physician found that the patient's ... Read More »
» Published in Surg Today. 2006;36(9):853-6.

10. A rare case of epidermoid cyst of the scrotum with signs of malignization--clinical and morphological features.
Match Strength: 17.943

Proceeding from the fact that epidermoid cysts of the scrotum are rare and often histologically proven to display evidence of malignization in the underlining epithelium, the authors present a case of scrotal epidermoid cyst from their clinical practice. Epidermoid cysts are given a detailed pathohistologic assessment. The finding was a productive granulomatous inflammation containing multinucleated giant cells of foreign body type in the overlying dermis and intraepidermal "horn pearls" (keratin substance of Queyrat) showing unequivocally signs of malignization of the epidermoid cyst. The ... Read More »
» Published in Folia Med (Plovdiv). 2005;47(3-4):92-4.

11. Epidermoid cyst of the ovary.
Match Strength: 17.864

Epidermoid cysts of the ovary are rare lesions and are uniformly incidental findings in hysterectomy specimens. They must be differentiated from mature cystic teratomas of the ovary, and some authors believe them to be monodermal teratomas. The histogenesis is still uncertain. We report an epidermoid cyst of the ovary which was an incidental finding ... Read More »
» Published in J Pak Med Assoc. 2007 May;57(5):263-4.

12. Epidermoid cyst with infiltrative malignant melanoma in the cerebellopontine angle.
Match Strength: 17.570

We report a patient with an intracranial epidermoid cyst associated with malignant melanoma in the cerebellopontine angle. The CT, MRI and histopathological findings showed an intracranial epidermoid cyst with an adjacent infiltrating melanoma. Immunohistochemical staining of the solid tumour was positive for the melanoma marker HMB45 and negative for GFAP and cytokeratin. Both CT and MRI were helpful in this patient but the diagnosis could only be made on histopathology. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Jul;13(6):669-72. Epub 2006 Jul 11.

13. Intraosseous epidermoid cyst of the finger phalanx: a case report.
Match Strength: 17.497

Epidermoid cysts of the finger phalanx are rare pseudotumours. They are benign lesions with a satisfactory outcome after excision. We describe a case of an epidermoid cyst in the distal phalanx of the ring finger. It was treated successfully and the patient had excellent functional results and radiological healing at one-year follow-up ... Read More »
» Published in J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2006 Dec;14(3):340-2.

14. Epidermoid cyst of the buccal mucosa: a case report.
Match Strength: 17.303

AIM: The purpose of this article is to describe a rare case of an epidermoid cyst in the buccal cheek region and a review of the literature. BACKGROUND: Dermoid and epidermoid cysts are developmental pathologies occurring in the head and neck region with an incidence ranging from 1.6% to 6.9%, and both cysts reported in less than 0.01% of all oral cavity cysts. REPORT: A rare case of an epidermoid cyst originating from the buccal mucosa in a 38-year-old woman with a complaint of swelling and facial asymmetry in the left cheek just distal to the commissure for six months is presented in this ... Read More »
» Published in J Contemp Dent Pract. 2007 Mar 1;8(3):90-6.

15. Squamous Cell Liver Cancer Arising from an Epidermoid Cyst
Match Strength: 17.158

Squamous cell liver cancer (SCLC) arising from an epidermoid intestinal cyst is rare. Only 65 cases of this cyst have been reported since 1850, with 2 reported cases of squamous cell cancer. We describe here the case of a 21-year-old man who complained of mild pain, a feeling of fullness in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, and fever and weight loss, who developed SCLC arising from an epidermoid intestinal cyst. The clinical presentation, management, and pathological findings are discussed ... Read More »
» Published in J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg. 2001;8(5):490-3.

16. Giant multilocular epidermoid cyst on the left buttock.
Match Strength: 17.017

BACKGROUND: Epidermoid cysts are the most common cysts of the skin. They are generally small and slow-growing and rarely reach more than 5 cm in diameter. OBJECTIVE: We present a patient with a giant multilocular epidermoid cyst. METHODS: A 75-year-old man presented with a giant, soft, painless, tumorlike mass on the left buttock that had gradually enlarged over a 12-year period. Excision of the mass from the surrounding tissue was extremely easy because of a well-defined capsule. RESULTS: The 28 x 14 x 12 cm mass was totally excised. A histopathologic examination revealed that it was an ... Read More »
» Published in Dermatol Surg. 2005 Oct;31(10):1323-4.

17. An epidermoid cyst with atypical keratinocytes in the lowermost portion of the cyst wall
Match Strength: 16.976

We report on a 31-year-old Japanese female with an epidermoid cyst developed in the right inguinal region. The lesion was excised and drained by a surgeon. Since there was a local recurrence of the lesion within 2 months, the patient visited us, and the lesion was completely excised. Only the cells in the lowermost layer of the cyst wall showed dysplasia, which was characterized by irregular, and hyperchromatic nuclei with coarsely clumped nuclear chromatin pattern. However, solar elastosis was not observed, and spongiosis surrounding the atypical cells was present. In addition, melanophages ... Read More »
» Published in Kurume Med J. 2003;50(1-2):67-70.

18. Lingual epidermoid cyst: case report in an infant
Match Strength: 16.905

The purpose of this article was to present a rare case of epidermoid cyst on the ventral region of the tongue in a 15-month-old child. During clinical examination, a sessile, yellowish lesion measuring approximately 0.5 cm was noticed. The lesion had existed since the child's birth and was causing discomfort due to friction of the tongue against the alveolar ridge during mastication. The chosen treatment was total removal of the lesion. The histopathological findings confirm the diagnosis of an epidermoid cyst, characterized by the presence of: (1) a cyst cavity lined by stratified squamous ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Dent. 2003 Nov-Dec;25(6):591-3.

19. Brainstem epidermoid cyst in a child. Case report.
Match Strength: 16.650

A 10-year-old girl presented with a brainstem epidermoid cyst manifesting as dysphagia and post-prandial vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a cystic mass in the brainstem with associated hydrocephalus. She was treated under a presumptive diagnosis of abscess until the definitive histological diagnosis was established at the fourth admission. In spite of four interventions, she remained in good condition with minimal cranial nerve pareses. Subtotal removal of the epidermoid cyst in the brainstem results in recurrence within a relatively short period, especially in children. Total ... Read More »
» Published in Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2007 Mar;47(3):140-4.

20. Laparoscopic management of a ruptured giant epidermoid splenic cyst.
Match Strength: 16.462

BACKGROUND: Epidermoid splenic cysts are uncommon lesions of the spleen. They are known to become symptomatic as a consequence of enlargement, infection, or rupture, the latter being an exceedingly rare complication traditionally treated with open splenectomy. We herein report a unique case of a giant epidermoid splenic cyst that ruptured spontaneously and was successfully treated with the laparoscopic approach. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery may be considered an initial treatment option in cases of very large epidermoid cysts even when rupture occurs. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in JSLS. 2005 Jul-Sep;9(3):349-51.

21. Epidermoid cyst and teratoma of the testis: sonographic and histologic similarities.
Match Strength: 16.423

OBJECTIVE: The classic sonographic description of an epidermoid cyst is a mass with a target or onion ring appearance of alternating rings of hyperechogenicity and hypoechogenicity. This study presents a pathologic-sonographic assessment of classic and nonclassic appearances of an epidermoid cyst of the testis and reports the possible similarity between a classic epidermoid cyst and a teratoma on sonography. METHODS: We reviewed the sonographic and histologic features of 8 testicular tumors that either had a classic onion ring pattern or were found at pathologic examination to be epidermoid ... Read More »
» Published in J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Oct;24(10):1403-9; quiz 1410-1.

22. Pseudo-Cluster-Like Headache Secondary to Contralateral Epidermoid Cyst of the Pontocerebellar Angle.
Match Strength: 16.252

Cluster-like headaches have been described as secondary to several intracranial lesions. We report the case of a 47-year-old man who presented with a throbbing periocular pain associated with lacrimation and red eye. A contralateral epidermoid cyst was detected in the magnetic resonance imaging ... Read More »
» Published in Headache. 2008 Jan 11

23. Intrinsic brainstem epidermoid cyst. Case report and review of the literature.
Match Strength: 16.249

Brainstem epidermoid cysts are rare lesions, with only 18 reported cases in the literature and only five purely intrinsic epidermoid cysts within this group. The authors present the case of a 3-year-old girl with a history of chronic headaches, progressive diplopia, and relapsing and remitting mild right hemiparesis who was found to harbor an intrinsic brainstem epidermoid cyst at the pontomedullary junction. Initial working diagnoses included intrinsic brainstem astrocytoma and cavernoma. After tumor enlargement and progressive symptoms, a diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurosurg. 2006 Apr;104(4 Suppl):285-9.

24. Malignant transformation of posterior fossa epidermoid cyst.
Match Strength: 16.207

The authors report the case of a 45-year-old man who presented with a short duration of a painful ophthalmoparesis. Initial magnetic resonance imaging revealed an extraaxial petroclival mass characteristic of an epidermoid cyst, with the exception of a contiguous contrast-enhancing lobule. A subtotal resection was performed with the histopathological diagnosis revealing malignant transformation of an epidermoid cyst. Despite aggressive postoperative adjuvant therapy, the patient developed leptomeningeal metastasis and died shortly thereafter. The presence of contrast enhancement at the site of ... Read More »
» Published in Br J Neurosurg. 2005 Dec;19(6):505-10.

25. MRI findings of malignant transformation of epidermoid cyst: case report.
Match Strength: 16.146

Malignant transformation of epidermoid cysts into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) rarely occurs. A 67-year-old man initially presented with an 8-year history of right trigeminal neuralgia. His symptoms had changed into right facial anesthesia with right-ear hearing impairment 8 months before first consulting a neurosurgeon at our hospital. Results obtained using MRI suggested an epidermoid cyst in the right cerebellopontine angle, but showed atypical findings of a small enhancing nodule in the periphery and surrounding edema in the cerebellum and pons. Surgery was performed to remove the mass, ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurooncol. 2006 Sep 27;

26. Diffusion-weighted imaging distinguishes recurrent epidermoid neoplasm from postoperative arachnoid cyst in the lumbosacral spine.
Match Strength: 16.083

Diffusion-weighted imaging can be used to distinguish epidermoid tumor from arachnoid cyst in the intracranial compartment. We report the use of diffusion-weighted imaging in a postoperative spine to successfully distinguish a recurrent epidermoid tumor from arachnoid cyst in a noninvasive manner. Our case illustrates the value of this readily available sequence presently not generally used in the clinical evaluation of spinal pathology. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2006 May-Jun;30(3):507-9.

27. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of epidermoid cyst of the thyroid: Report of a case and review of seven cases.
Match Strength: 15.930

The cytological and histological features of a case of epidermoid cyst of thyroid are reported. Unlike the more common intrathyroid branchial cleft cyst, this lesion does not contain any lymphoid tissue. The presence of scattered small groups of smooth muscle fibers in the periepithelial fibrous tissue in this case suggests a teratomatous histogenesis. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2007;35:123-124. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc ... Read More »
» Published in Diagn Cytopathol. 2007 Feb;35(2):123-4.

28. Laparoscopic and perineal excision of an infected "dumb-bell" shaped retrorectal epidermoid cyst.
Match Strength: 15.926

ABSTRACT Introduction: Extraperitoneal cysts in the pelvis adjacent to the rectum are rare entities. They are of vague etiology, and the pathologic types of the acquired variety are dermoid, epidermoid, and teratoma. As far as we know, laparoscopic excision of a retrorectal epidermoid cyst has never before been reported. Case Report: The patient was an elderly lady with a large pelvic cyst and another large cyst in the perineum, which displaced the vagina and the anus. Laparoscopy was performed; the pelvic cyst was punctured and then dissected out. The perineal extension of the cyst was ... Read More »
» Published in J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2008 Feb;18(1):88-92.

29. Sparing surgery for an epiderom cyst of the testis: a case report and literature review.
Match Strength: 15.820

Epidermoid cyst of the testis is relatively rare and accounts for less than 1% of all testicular neoplasms. This condition usually occurs in young men and it is mostly detected by self-examination or routine physical examination. The case of a 27-year-old male with an epidermoid cyst of the testis is discussed. The diagnosis was based on ultrasonography and management was with testicular-sparing surgery. At 2-year follow-up, the patient had had no relapse or metastasis. In epidermoid cysts of the testis, high-frequency ultrasonography is a reliable diagnostic imaging method. Organ-preserving ... Read More »
» Published in Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2005 Sep;21(9):424-6.

30. Minimal excision technique for epidermoid (sebaceous) cysts
Match Strength: 15.766

Epidermoid cysts are asymptomatic, dome-shaped lesions that often arise from a ruptured pilosebaceous follicle. The minimal excision technique for epidermoid cyst removal is less invasive than complete surgical excision and does not require suture closure. The procedure is easy to learn, and most physicians experienced in skin surgery can perform the procedure after three to five precepted sessions. It involves making a 2- to 3-mm incision, expressing the cyst contents through compression and extracting the cyst wall through the incision. Gauze or a splatter shield should be used to protect ... Read More »
» Published in Am Fam Physician. 2002 Apr 1;65(7):1409-12, 1417-8, 1420.

31. Verrucous trichilemmal cyst containing human papillomavirus.
Match Strength: 15.743

Verrucous cyst is an uncommon nonplantar epidermoid (infundibular) cyst with verrucous changes in its wall. We present the first case of trichilemmal cyst (isthmus-catagen cyst) with verrucous changes of its squamous lining. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Exp Dermatol. 2005 Jan;30(1):38-9.

32. Recurrent carpal tunnel syndrome owing to an implantation epidermoid cyst after carpal tunnel decompression: case report.
Match Strength: 15.742

OBJECTIVE: Implantation epidermoid cysts have been reported after a variety of surgical procedures. Although carpal tunnel surgery is the most common peripheral nerve operation, there have been no previous reports of these cysts after carpal tunnel decompression. We present a case of an implantation epidermoid cyst after carpal tunnel surgery. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old man presented with recurrence of carpal tunnel syndrome and an enlarging mass at the site of his previous carpal tunnel decompression. INTERVENTION: The operation site was re-explored, and a subcutaneous mass was ... Read More »
» Published in Neurosurgery. 2007 May;60(5):E956; discussion E956.

33. Intramedullary epidermoid cysts.
Match Strength: 15.630

Intramedullary inclusion cysts are extremely rare within the rostral spinal cord. In this case report the authors outline the clinical features and surgical treatment of one dermoid cyst and one epidermoid cyst of the cervicothoracic junction. The authors also include a relevant literature discussion regarding the treatment and the embryological origin of these lesions ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurosurg Spine. 2008 Feb;8(2):202-3.

34. Primary intracranial squamous cell carcinoma arising in an epidermoid cyst--a case report and review of literature.
Match Strength: 15.621

Primary intracranial squamous cell carcinoma is extremely rare, with most of the cases arising from malignant transformation of an epidermoid or a dermoid cyst. We report here a case of a 45-year-old male patient who presented with 1-month history of intermittent headache and recent onset of altered sensorium. Imaging revealed a midline posterior fossa mass lesion compressing the fourth ventricle and causing hydrocephalus. A provisional diagnosis of dermoid cyst was considered. Histopathological examination revealed a squamous cell carcinoma possibly arising from an underlying epidermoid cyst. ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2007 Dec;109(10):888-91. Epub 2007 Sep 10.

35. Intradiploic epidermoid cyst with focal internal enhancement.
Match Strength: 15.490

We report a case of intradiploic epidermoid cyst with focal internal enhancement. The patient was a 55-year-old woman presenting with right temporal head protrusion and head heaviness. Skull radiography and computed tomography demonstrated an expansile mass in the right diploic space. On magnetic resonance imaging, the mass showed makedly high signal T2-weighted images (T2WI) and intermediate to low signal on T1WI. On contrast-enhanced T1WI, there was nodular internal enhancement, which corresponded to neovascularity on pathology, as well as rim-like enhancement. It should be noted that ... Read More »
» Published in Radiat Med. 2006 Apr;24(3):224-7.

36. Follicular hybrid cysts with infundibular, isthmic-catagen, and pilomatrical differentiation: a report of 2 patients.
Match Strength: 15.461

The term hybrid cyst was originally coined to describe combination follicular cysts with both epidermoid and trichilemmal (pilar) epithelial zones, separated by an abrupt transition. The concept has since expanded to include many different combinations of pilosebaceous unit differentiation. Entities previously reported also include infundibular and pilomatricomal cyst, trichilemmal and pilomatricomal cyst, eruptive vellus hair cyst combined with steatocystoma or trichilemmal cyst, and trichilemmal, sebaceous, and pilomatricomal cyst. We report 2 cases of follicular hybrid cysts, all mixtures ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Diagn Pathol. 2006 Apr;10(2):110-3.

37. Synchronous epidermoid cyst and mature teratoma of the testis: an unusual association.
Match Strength: 15.414

We describe here the first case of a synchronous epidermoid cyst and mature teratoma of the testis occurring in a young man presenting a with bilateral testicular tumor. After a clinical, biological and ultrasound evaluation, testis-sparing surgery was performed on the left testis and a total orchiectomy on the right side in accordance with oncological principles. Histopathological examination revealed a simple epidermoid cyst on the left side and a mature teratoma on the right side, following Price's criteria. No metastasis was detected, and the patient was closely followed. The patient ... Read More »
» Published in Urol Int. 2007;78(4):364-6.

38. Epidermoid cyst of the thoracic spine: case history.
Match Strength: 15.249

Epidermoid cysts of the spinal cord are very rare tumors. We report a 31 year-old female who presented with a 5 months history of progressive lower extremity weakness and spasticity. Magnetic resonance imaging of the thoracic spine revealed a 2 cm intradural, extramedullary mass at the T4-5 level. A T4 and T5 osteoplastic laminotomy with complete removal of the intradural mass was performed. Intraoperative and final histological examination revealed an epidermoid cyst. Epidermoid cysts must be a consideration for intradural, extramedullary lesions of the spinal cord. Complete surgical ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2001 Dec;103(4):220-2.

39. Giant epidermoid cyst of the spleen with carbohydrate and cancer antigen production managed laparoscopically.
Match Strength: 15.091

True cysts of the spleen are rare; in a few cases, high serum levels of carbohydrate and cancer antigen have been reported. In such instances, cyst resection or splenectomy is indicated to rule out malignant lesions and to remove the cancer antigen producing epithelium. We report the case of a young woman with a symptomatic giant epidermoid cyst of the spleen. Due to the secreting epithelium lining the cyst, serum levels of CA 19-9 and CA 125 were elevated. Laparoscopic splenectomy achieved symptoms relief and and long-term normalization of serum tumor markers ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Ital Chir. 2006 Sep-Oct;77(5):443-6.

40. Concurrent extravasation mucocele and epidermoid cyst of the lower lip: a case report.
Match Strength: 14.895

An uncommon case of concurrent extravasation mucocele and epidermoid cyst in the lower lip of a 13-year-old boy is described. To our knowledge, there is no other report of such a concurrence, neither at the same site nor at different locations, involving these two lesions in the oral mucosa. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2005 Oct;21(10):475-9.

41. Unusual magnetic resonance characteristics of a cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst with upper cervical spinal canal extension.
Match Strength: 14.854

We present a 27-year-old woman with an epidermoid cyst at the cerebellopontine (CP) angle with caudal extension into the upper cervical spinal canal. The lesion showed unusual hyperintensity on T1-weighted images, and hypointensity on T2-weighted images. We used microneurosurgical techniques for tumour dissection and excision. To our knowledge, this is the fifth example in Index Medicus/MEDLINE of histopathologically proven CP angle epidermoid with cervical spine extension. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Aug;13(7):781-4. Epub 2006 May 24.

42. A giant intradiploic epidermoid cyst with perforation of the dura and brain parenchymal involvement.
Match Strength: 14.785

A patient with a long-standing intradiploic epidermoid cyst with perforation of the dura and brain parenchymal involvement is reported. A 69-year-old man, who had previously presented with a subcutaneous mass on the left frontoparietal scalp, developed a sudden grand mal seizure. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a well-defined mass in the frontoparietal scalp with destruction of the skull. Penetration of the dura allowed for communication with the intracranial structures. Surgical resection and cranioplasty were performed. There were no well-defined margins in the deep portion and the mass ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2007 Jan 23;

43. Giant epidermoid cyst as an unusual presentation of hypoglobus and ptosis.
Match Strength: 14.477

A 24-year-old man presented with a large right frontal epidural epidermoid cyst that resulted in right hypoglobus and right upper eyelid ptosis. CT and MRI revealed a bone-destroying mass involving the right frontal bone and eroding through the right orbital roof. Complete surgical removal was performed through a frontal craniotomy. After surgery, there was near-complete resolution of the hypoglobus and ptosis. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 May-Jun;22(3):221-2.

44. Differentiation between pediatric spinal arachnoid and epidermoid-dermoid cysts: is diffusion-weighted MRI useful?
Match Strength: 14.393

BACKGROUND: Appropriate differentiation between epidermoid-dermoid and arachnoid cysts is important for patient management. MRI has had limitations in differentiating these two types of cysts, especially in the region of the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI for differentiation between spinal arachnoid and epidermoid-dermoid cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four children underwent conventional and DW MRI. Turbo spin-echo imaging was used to obtain DW images. RESULTS: On conventional MRI, low T1-W and high T2-W signal was present in all lesions. DW imaging ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Jun;37(6):556-560. Epub 2007 Apr 21.

45. Giant sublingual epidermoid cyst: a report of two cases.
Match Strength: 14.163

Epidermoid cysts are benign epithelial cysts that occur rarely in the neck. In contrast to dermoid cysts,epidermoid cysts do not include dermal attachments such as hair, hair follicles, sebaceous glands and sweat glands. They may be congenital or acquired. Acquired epidermoid cysts are either post-traumatic or iatrogenic. They rarely enlarge markedly.This study discusses epidermoid cysts in a 34-year-old woman and a 35-year-old man, both of which were giant epidermoid cysts in the sublingual space. Both patients were admitted for difficulty swallowing and cosmetic problems. The cysts of both ... Read More »
» Published in J Laryngol Otol. 2006 Mar;120(3):E19.

46. Atypical CT and MRI aspects of an epidermoid cyst.
Match Strength: 14.112

We report a case of an unusual epidermoid cyst (EC) of the cerebellopontine angle that appeared hyperdense on computed tomography (CT) scanning, hyperintense on T1-weighted MR images and hypointense on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Diffusion-weighted imaging showed a hypointense lesion. We discuss imaging characteristics of ECs, explain the atypical findings in our case and confirm that the signal seen on diffusion-weighted images in the EC is related to a T2 effect ... Read More »
» Published in J Neuroradiol. 2007 May;34(2):129-32.

47. Clinical presentation of posterior fossa epidermoid cysts.
Match Strength: 14.112

The aim of this study was to investigate the audiovestibular deficits in those with posterior fossa epidermoid cyst including cerebellopontine angle in two patients and cerebellum in one patient. Prior to operation, all three patients showed bilateral gaze nystagmus. Audiometry revealed mild hearing loss in two patients, and caloric test displayed canal paresis in two patients. After operation, subsidence of gaze nystagmus and recovery of caloric responses were disclosed in all patients. Two patients had both hearing and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) results recovered to normal. ... Read More »
» Published in Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2006 Jun;263(6):548-51. Epub 2006 Feb 14.

48. Adjacent epidermoid cyst and primary central nervous system lymphoma: case report.
Match Strength: 14.005

BACKGROUND: Except for cases with radiotherapy or phacomatosis, multiple primary brain tumors of different histologic types are rare. The authors report the association of an epidermoid cyst and a primary CNS lymphoma. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 66-year-old man with a 20-year history of gait disturbance was admitted because of recently worsening symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an abnormal mass in the posterior fossa. The mass lesion had the appearance of a cystic tumor with a large mural nodule. Gross total removal of the tumor was performed. Histologic examination disclosed the cystic ... Read More »
» Published in Surg Neurol. 2008 Feb 7

49. Presacral epidermoid cyst. A case report.
Match Strength: 13.988

INTRODUCTION: Most of the primitive cystic neoplasms arising in the retrorectal presacral space are congenital. Presacral epidermoid cysts are classified as a type of developmental cysts, resulting from an error during the embryogenesis. They have a slowly-progressive growth that only lately can cause clinically remarkable symptoms. Most patients are middle-aged women. They are often asymptomatic. The discovery is almost always casual. It happens during controls like US, CT MRI, gynecological visit. The surgical treatment must be effected for a correct diagnosis of nature of the lesion and to ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Ital Chir. 2006 Jan-Feb;77(1):75-7.

50. Epidermoid Inclusion Cysts After APTOS Thread Insertion: Case Report with Clinicopathologic Correlates.
Match Strength: 13.942

The APTOS threading procedure is a relatively new method in antifacial ptosis surgery. The reported cases present a small percentage of minor complications. A 57-year-old woman experienced scarring after APTOS threading. Scar biopsy showed an epidermoid inclusion cyst. Epidermoid inclusion cysts are a potential complication of APTOS threading. Proper surgical technique may reduce their likelihood ... Read More »
» Published in Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2008 Jan-Feb;32(1):147-8. Epub 2007 Aug 25.

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