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Dementia Vascular
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1. Neurocognitive differential diagnosis of dementing diseases: Alzheimer's Dementia, Vascular Dementia, Frontotemporal Dementia, and Major Depressive Disorder.
Match Strength: 12.408

Similarities in presentation of Dementia of Alzheimer's Type, Vascular Dementia, Frontotemporal Dementia, and Major Depressive Disorder, pose differential diagnosis challenges. The current study identifies specific neuropsychological patterns of scores for Dementia of Alzheimer's Type, Vascular Dementia, Frontotemporal Dementia, and Major Depressive Disorder. Neuropsychological domains directly assessed in the study included: immediate memory, delayed memory, confrontational naming, verbal fluency, attention, concentration, and executive functioning. The results reveal specific ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Neurosci. 2006 Nov;116(11):1271-93.

2. Functional performance of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia in southern Taiwan.
Match Strength: 9.131

This study investigated the functional performance of two major subtypes of dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD), by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and to understand the need for assistance in performing activities of daily living. The subjects comprised 64 AD and 21 VaD patients who were recruited from two epidemiologic studies of dementia with a total of 3,931 community residents aged 65 years and above in southern Taiwan. The results showed that the severity of dementia was similar between the two groups. The mean score for AD was 82.7 and for VaD was ... Read More »
» Published in Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2006 Sep;22(9):437-46.

3. Genetic characteristics of dementia in Taiwan.
Match Strength: 7.671

The most common causes of dementia in Taiwan are Alzheimer's disease (AD) followed by vascular dementia (VaD). Several genetic studies have documented an increased risk of AD among apolipoprotein E gene allele 4 (ApoE4) carriers in Taiwanese (ethnic Chinese). Although ApoE4 is considered the most important risk factor for AD, the ApoE4 allele frequency is lower in Taiwanese (around 7%), than that in most Caucasian populations (over 10%). This phenomenon raises the hypothesis that low ApoE4 allele frequency contributes to the low prevalence of AD in Taiwanese. Other studies of the genetic ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2006 Sep;15(3):161-9.

4. Association of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor polymorphism in dementia.
Match Strength: 7.392

There is an increasing interest in how oxidative stress can cause cells to go into apoptosis in both normal ageing and in neurodegenerative disorders. Previous research has implicated insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) as being involved in the pathogenesis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) by protecting the neurons through reducing neuronal susceptibility to oxidative stress. IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) polymorphisms alter cerebral and systemic levels of IGF-1 and may alter the function of the receptor. We genotyped the IGF-1R gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length ... Read More »
» Published in Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2006;22(5-6):439-44. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

5. Brain aging in very old men with type 2 diabetes: the Honolulu-Asia Aging Study.
Match Strength: 6.705

OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes leads to cognitive impairment and dementia, which may reflect microvascular and macrovascular complications as well as neurodegenerative processes. There are few studies on the anatomical basis for loss of cognitive function in type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between type 2 diabetes and markers of brain aging on magnetic resonance images, including infarcts, lacunes, and white matter hyperintensities as markers of vascular damage and general and hippocampal atrophy as markers of neurodegeneration in Japanese-American ... Read More »
» Published in Diabetes Care. 2006 Oct;29(10):2268-74.

6. Cognitive impairment of acute onset in the Consortium to Investigate Vascular Impairment of Cognition (CIVIC) study: occurrence, correlates, and outcomes.
Match Strength: 6.130

OBJECTIVE: Having demonstrated that dementia of acute onset represents a distinct syndrome with distinct outcomes, the authors investigated whether similar attributes describe cognitive impairment of acute onset (CIAO). METHODS: The authors conducted a secondary analysis of the Consortium to Investigate Vascular Impairment of Cognition study. RESULTS: Ninety patients met our criteria for CIAO. Compared with cognitive impairment of gradual onset, CIAO was associated with vascular features (odds ratio [OR]: 12.3, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.2-47.9), dementias other than Alzheimer disease (OR ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Oct;14(10):893-6.

7. Evaluation of treatment effects in Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases by MRI and MRS.
Match Strength: 4.548

Neurodegeneration refers to a large clinically and pathologically heterogeneous disease entity associated with slowly progressive neuronal loss in different anatomical and functional systems of the brain. Neurodegenerative diseases often affect cognition, e.g. Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia with Lewy bodies and vascular dementia, or different aspects of the motor system, e.g., amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and ataxic disorders. Owing to increasing knowledge about the mechanisms leading to neurodegeneration, the development of treatments able to modify the ... Read More »
» Published in NMR Biomed. 2006 Oct;19(6):655-68.

8. Effect of treatment with choline alphoscerate on hippocampus microanatomy and glial reaction in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Match Strength: 4.304

The influence of long term treatment with choline alphoscerate on microanatomy of hippocampus and glial reaction was assessed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) used as an animal model of cerebrovascular disease. Choline alphoscerate is a cholinergic precursor, which has shown to be effective in countering cognitive symptoms in forms of dementia disorders of degenerative, vascular or combined origin. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) aged 6 months and age-matched normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were treated for 8 weeks with an oral daily dose of 100 mg/kg of choline ... Read More »
» Published in Brain Res. 2006 Nov 20;1120(1):183-90. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

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