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Deformities
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1. Correction of deformities in children using the Taylor spatial frame.
Match Strength: 7.772

The Taylor spatial frame is a unique external fixator. Despite its growing popularity, few reports on its use have been published. We evaluated the effectiveness of the Taylor spatial frame in the treatment of various deformities in 31 children and adolescents. All but one patient were anatomically corrected. Complications included superficial pin tract infection (45%), three fractures of the femoral regenerate, transient peroneal palsy, and injury to the genicular artery. Despite many challenging problems, our results compared favorably with the results achieved by others. We believe that the ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr Orthop B. 2006 Nov;15(6):387-95.

2. Reconstruction of pectus excavatum with silicone implants.
Match Strength: 5.097

The pectus excavatum deformity is characterised by a deep depression usually involving the lower one-half to two-thirds of the sternum. The indications for surgery are often aesthetic. Extensive procedures, requiring fracturing and remodelling of the chest wall skeleton are associated with high morbidity and high rate of complications. In this article we describe our renewed experience with reconstruction of mild and moderate pectus excavatum deformities with custom made prefabricated silicone implants. The fabrication of the implant and the surgical technique are described in detail. An ... Read More »
» Published in J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59(10):1082-6. Epub 2006 May 11.

3. Modified Japanese medaka embryo-larval bioassay for rapid determination of developmental abnormalities.
Match Strength: 4.203

The Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) early-life-stage bioassay (18-day test) provides a suitable laboratory model for the evaluation of toxicant impact. The naturally high variability in the time to hatch for medaka embryos is, however, a major limitation in terms of the duration of the test. In this study, the 18-day test was modified to use agitation to synchronize hatch and reduce time to hatch for nonexposed embryos. Then, bioassays were conducted using two different complex mixtures (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and naphthenic acids (NAs)) to compare the sensitivity of the ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2006 Nov;51(4):600-7. Epub 2006 Sep 23.

4. Achieving primary closure and enhancing aesthetics with periodontal microsurgery.
Match Strength: 3.902

The continuous search for improved surgical procedures to address gingival deformities is a consequence of an increasing demand for aesthetics in the periodontal clinical practice. Innovative techniques have been reported to help clinicians achieve predictability in root coverage. Significant progress can be attributed to the inclusion of the operative microscope in periodontal therapy, particularly in regards to obtaining primary closure. This article describes a microsurgical technique used to treat gingival recessions, showing its potential for obtaining optimal aesthetic results ... Read More »
» Published in Pract Proced Aesthet Dent. 2006 Aug;18(7):449-54; quiz 456.

5. The enigma of facial beauty: esthetics, proportions, deformity, and controversy.
Match Strength: 3.823

The study of the face and the ability to alter its form have fascinated mankind for thousands of years. The clinical ability to alter dentofacial form, whether through orthodontics, facial growth modification, or surgery, requires an understanding of facial beauty, including the evaluation of facial esthetics, proportions, and symmetry. The purposes of this article were to give a brief contemporary overview of our concepts of facial beauty and esthetics and to consider a long-standing and controversial debate on the treatment of patients with dentofacial deformities ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2006 Sep;130(3):277-82.

6. Renal tubular dysgenesis: report of two cases in a non-consanguineous couple and review of the literature.
Match Strength: 3.660

Renal tubular dysgenesis is a rare congenital abnormality of renal development characterized by short and poorly developed proximal convoluted tubules. It is associated to late-appearing oligohydramnios, Potter's sequence, pulmonary hypoplasia and calvarial bone hypoplasia with enlarged fontanels. The onset of oligohydramnios is delayed and variable, normally later than 22 weeks of gestation, conditioning variation in the expression of the other deformities. We report 2 cases of renal tubular dysgenesis occurring in a non-consanguineous couple. Publication Types: Case Reports, ... Read More »
» Published in Fetal Diagn Ther. 2007;22(1):10-3. Epub 2006 Sep 21.

7. Is measurement of IgM and IgA rheumatoid factors (RF) in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis clinically useful?
Match Strength: 3.257

The prevalence and clinical relevance of IgM and IgA RF detected by ELISA were studied in 91 patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and 45 healthy children. IgM and IgA RF were detected, respectively, in 33 and 44% of the patients, compared to 6.7 and 15.6% of the healthy children (p = 0.001 and 0.0006, respectively). The frequency of IgM RF was significantly higher in patients with polyarticular (52%) as compared to systemic onset JRA (21%; p = 0.04). Five out of ninety-one patients and none of the control group were IgM RF positive by the latex test. High levels of IgM RF were ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatol Int. 2007 Feb;27(4):345-9. Epub 2006 Sep 29.

8. Mastopexy with autologous augmentation after massive weight loss: the intercostal artery perforator (ICAP) flap.
Match Strength: 2.943

The reconstruction of breast and upper-body deformities in massive weight loss (MWL) patients presents specific challenges to the plastic surgeon. In addition to significant breast ptosis and loss of breast volume, bariatric patients also have excessive lateral axillary and posterior truncal tissue that may require dermolipectomy for correction. A wise-pattern mastopexy was designed with a pedicled fasciocutaneous flap based on the intercostal artery perforators (ICAP) to correct breast ptosis, to restore breast volume, and to eliminate redundant upper truncal tissue. Five MWL patients ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Plast Surg. 2006 Oct;57(4):361-5.

9. The prevention of periodontal bone loss at the osteotomy site after anterior segmental and dento-osseous osteotomy.
Match Strength: 2.715

PURPOSE: Degeneration of the gingival margin and periodontal bone loss between segments can occur in various segmental osteotomies. However, treatment and management of these problems have not yet been resolved; improvement of the conventional method is necessary. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the usefulness and advantage of orthodontic devices in osteotomies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty Japanese adults presented with jaw deformities diagnosed as mandibular prognathism with maxillary protrusion, bimaxillary protrusion, and anterior crowding. Of these 40 patients, 20 ... Read More »
» Published in J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006 Oct;64(10):1526-31.

10. Diabetic foot disease.
Match Strength: 2.599

OBJECTIVE: To review the spectrum of foot problems in patients with diabetes and the underlying etiologic factors. METHODS: In this review, the term "diabetic foot disease" (DFD) will be used (previously referred to as simply "diabetic foot"). The relevant anatomy of the foot is discussed, the clinical evaluation and severity of DFD are outlined, and the role of both systemic control and local measures in the management of DFD is addressed. RESULTS: DFD is linked with a wide variety of etiologic associations, pathologic forms, and clinical severity. The causes of DFD include such factors as ... Read More »
» Published in Endocr Pract. 2006 Sep-Oct;12(5):583-92.

11. Analysis of patients with nonambulatory neuromuscular scoliosis surgically treated to the pelvis with intraoperative halo-femoral traction.
Match Strength: 2.091

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. OBJECTIVES: To compare patients treated with and without intraoperative halo-femoral traction to assess neuromuscular spinal deformity correction as well as the safety of the technique. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Optimal sitting balance can be achieved in nonambulatory neuromuscular patients with pelvic obliquity by maneuvering a Galveston-type rod or inserting screws into the iliac wings; however, this is often clinically challenging because of the small, soft bone-stock in the pelvis of these patients. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with ... Read More »
» Published in Spine. 2006 Sep 15;31(20):2381-5.

12. Intramedullary nailing of proximal quarter tibial fractures.
Match Strength: 1.986

OBJECTIVE: To report the results of intramedullary nailing of proximal quarter tibial fractures with special emphasis on techniques of reduction. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: During a 36-month period, 456 patients with fractures of the tibial shaft (OTA type 42) or proximal tibial metaphysis (OTA type 41A2, 41A3, and 41C2) were treated operatively at a level 1 trauma center. Thirty-five patients with 37 fractures were treated primarily with intramedullary nailing of their proximal quarter tibial fractures and formed the study group. Thirteen ... Read More »
» Published in J Orthop Trauma. 2006 Sep;20(8):523-8.

13. Toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in developing red seabream (Pagrus major) embryo: an association of morphological deformities with AHR1, AHR2 and CYP1A expressions.
Match Strength: 1.916

The toxicity of dioxins such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is mainly mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), which regulates the multiple target genes including cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A). In general, bony fishes, which possess at least two distinct AHRs are one of the most sensitive vertebrates to TCDD in early life stage. However, the physiological and toxicological roles of piscine multiple AHRs are not fully understood, especially in marine fish. To understand which AHR is responsible for TCDD toxicity in a marine fish species, we characterized the early life stage ... Read More »
» Published in Aquat Toxicol. 2006 Nov 16;80(2):166-79. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

 << Prev 20  Showing results 1 to 13 of 13 Next 20 >>




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