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Cysts
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1. Ovarian cysts in young girls with hypothyroidism: follow-up and effect of treatment.
Match Strength: 7.850

Ovarian cysts have been reported in girls with longstanding uncompensated primary hypothyroidism. Restoration of euthyroid state has been associated with resolution of these cysts; long-term follow-up of these patients is however lacking. We evaluated the outcome in ten girls with ovarian cysts and hypothyroidism managed at our hospital with special emphasis on subsequent pubertal development and ovarian imaging. Patients were diagnosed at the age of 8.6 +/- 2.3 years (mean +/- SD) with severe uncompensated primary hypothyroidism (TSH levels >100 mIU/l in all; 509.3 +/- 651 mIU/l) and ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Jul;19(7):895-900.

2. Multiple non-odontogenic cysts--a case report.
Match Strength: 7.603

Nonodontogenic cysts have been identified at various locations in oral cavity. These occur primarily in relation to fusion of maxillary process either with its counterpart or different portions of nasal part of frontonasal process. Usually solitary, these primarily affect maxilla alone; can rarely be seen in ramus of mandible. We present a case of multiple non-odontogenic cysts involving both maxilla and mandible. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2006 Jul;49(3):445-7.

3. Unicameral (simple) bone cysts.
Match Strength: 7.582

Since their original description by Virchow, simple bone cysts have been studied repeatedly. Although these defects are not true neoplasms, simple bone cysts may create major structural defects of the humerus, femur, and os calcis. They are commonly discovered incidentally when x-rays are taken for other reasons or on presentation due to a pathologic fracture. Various treatment strategies have been employed, but the only reliable predictor of success of any treatment strategy is the age of the patient; those being older than 10 years of age heal their cysts at a higher rate than those under ... Read More »
» Published in South Med J. 2006 Sep;99(9):966-76.

4. Ultrasonographic screening for cystic echinococcosis in sheep in Tunisia.
Match Strength: 6.926

Sheep from the areas of Fondouk-Jeddid, Bir Mchergua and El Fahs, located in the Northeast of Tunisia, were examined by ultrasonography between 2001 and 2004 in order to assess their infection with Echinococcus granulosus, the agent of hydatid disease, and to evaluate this method as an efficient aire for hydatid cysts. A total of 1039 sheep, aged between 1 and 14 years was examined. The highest prevalence was found in sheep aged more than 8 years. The least infected animals were aged between 1 and 2 years. All hydatid cysts detected by ultrasound were located in the liver. In all age-groups, ... Read More »
» Published in Vet Parasitol. 2007 Jan 19;143(1):42-9. Epub 2006 Sep 14.

5. Branchial cysts. A report of 4 cases.
Match Strength: 6.874

OBJECTIVE: Cysts presented in the lateral aspect of the neck are relatively uncommon anomalies. Many theories have been proposed to explain the aetiology of these cysts, grouped in two main categories: the congenital and the cervical lymph nodes cystic transformation hypotheses. SETTINGS: In this paper we present 4 patient-cases documented in the department of Maxillofacial Surgery, and try to trace the profile of these lesions and investigate their origin. RESULTS: All lesions were well circumscribed by Computed Tomography, and prior to surgery they were assessed by means of fine needle ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Panonica Adriat. 2006 Jun;15(2):85-9.

6. A case of benign retroperitoneal cyst of Mullerian type in kidney transplant patient.
Match Strength: 6.673

Mullerian cysts of the retroperitoneum, which considered to be a subtype of urogenital cysts, are extremely rare disease entities. Herein we have presented successful excision from a second kidney transplantation from a brain-dead donor to a 38-year-old woman with previous kidney graft failure. During the second cadaveric kidney transplantation operation, two fist-sized cysts were found in the left retroperitoneal pelvic space extending from the left common iliac artery to the prevesical region, which compromised the iliac vessels for vascular anastomosis. After complete cyst excision, ... Read More »
» Published in Transplant Proc. 2006 Sep;38(7):2086-7.

7. Single-session prolonged alcohol-retention sclerotherapy for large hepatic cysts.
Match Strength: 6.392

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and therapeutic efficacy of single-session prolonged alcohol sclerotherapy in treating large hepatic cysts. A therapeutic comparison between 4-hour and 2-hour retention techniques was also studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with 31 hepatic cysts were enrolled in this study. Seventeen patients (18 cysts) were treated by alcohol retention for 4 hours (group 1) and 10 patients (13 cysts) for 2 hours (group 2). The mean diameter of the hepatic cysts was 12.4 cm (range, 8-23 cm) with a comparable size range in each group. The ... Read More »
» Published in AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Oct;187(4):940-3.

8. A large splenic cyst mimicking diabetic gastroparesis.
Match Strength: 6.165

Splenic cysts are rare, many of which are asymptomatic and incidental finding. We report an interesting case of a large incidental splenic cyst in a young diabetic patient who presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and mimicking gastroparesis. The differential diagnosis and management of splenic cysts is discussed ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Clin Pract. 2006 Oct;60(10):1317-8.

9. Cryptosporidium and Giardia in commercial and non-commercial oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and water from the Oosterschelde, The Netherlands.
Match Strength: 6.026

The intestinal parasites Cryptosporidium and Giardia cause gastro-enteritis in humans and can be transmitted via contaminated water. Oysters are filter feeders that have been demonstrated to accumulate pathogens such as Salmonella, Vibrio, norovirus and Cryptosporidium from contaminated water and cause foodborne infections. Oysters are economically important shellfish that are generally consumed raw. Commercial and non-commercial oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and oyster culture water from the Oosterschelde, The Netherlands, were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Food Microbiol. 2007 Jan 25;113(2):189-94. Epub 2006 Sep 14.

10. Subtrochanteric femoral fractures due to simple bone cysts in children.
Match Strength: 5.889

Seven children were treated surgically as a result of a pathologic fracture through a simple bone cyst in the subtrochanteric region of the proximal femur. Average age at surgery was 10.6 years. Six children were treated primarily. One child was operated for a refracture through a persistent cyst and malunion of a previous fracture that had been treated nonoperatively. Surgery included curettage of cysts in all patients. The cysts were filled with autologous bone graft in five patients and Osteoset bone substitute in two patients. The fracture was stabilized using a blade plate in three ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr Orthop B. 2006 Nov;15(6):439-42.

11. A selective approach to the resection of cystic lesions of the pancreas: results from 539 consecutive patients.
Match Strength: 5.249

OBJECTIVE: To define a group of patients with pancreatic cysts who do not require resection. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The increased use of cross-sectional imaging has resulted in an increased identification of small, asymptomatic pancreatic cysts. Data have not been available to determine which lesions should be resected. METHODS: All patients evaluated at our institution between January 1995 and January 2005 for the ICD-9 diagnosis of pancreatic cyst were reviewed. Analysis was performed to identify associations between patient and cyst characteristics, and selection of operative or ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Surg. 2006 Oct;244(4):572-82.

12. Pathogenesis of balls in mature ovarian cystic teratoma. Report of 3 cases and review of literature.
Match Strength: 4.991

Ovarian cystic teratomas with intracystic balls are rare, and only 11 cases have been reported since 1946. We present 2 new cases and review the literature for the clinical presentation and morphological appearances of the cysts and balls. We also present our histology findings on a third case reported in the international literature. The pathogenesis of balls formation is unknown. We put forward a hypothesis based on the forces which control the production and absorption of the intracystic contents and also recommendations for investigators who may encounter this lesion. We believe that ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2006 Oct;25(4):347-53.

13. Do pathologies associated with impacted lower third molars justify prophylactic removal? A critical review of the literature.
Match Strength: 4.908

Surgical removal of impacted lower third molars is widely carried out in general dental practice and in many institutional clinics. Despite the fact that there are well established indications for the removal of impacted lower third molars, prophylactic removal of these teeth is still being universally practiced. Some reports have estimated that the proportion of impacted third molars that are removed when no clinically sound justification for surgery is present is between 18% and 50.7%. Justifications for prophylactic surgery include the need to minimize the risk of disease (cysts and tumors) ... Read More »
» Published in Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006 Oct;102(4):448-52. Epub 2006 May 11.

14. Laser and light treatments for pilonidal cysts.
Match Strength: 4.839

Pilonidal (nest of hair) cysts are foreign body reactions accompanied by chronic inflammation. Current accepted treatments include the traditional conservative treatments or aggressive surgery. However, these modalities exhibit a high rate of disease recurrence, especially in patients with hirsutism; therefore, affected patients often are subjected to repeated surgical interventions. This report describes 5 patients treated with either a diode laser or intense pulsed light (IPL), which produced results leaving the patients recurrence free. Four of 5 patients remained recurrence free for 7 ... Read More »
» Published in Cutis. 2006 Aug;78(2):125-8.

15. Perioperative management of peritoneal dialysis patients: review of abdominal surgery.
Match Strength: 3.964

On abdominal computed tomography scan for evaluation of hematuria, the index patient, a 23-year-old male, was found to have multiple renal cysts bilaterally. He had been on peritoneal dialysis for 6 years, complicated by intermittent episodes of exit-site infection and peritonitis. Over time, he developed recurrent urinary tract infection and nephrolithiasis with intermittent hematuria. His maintenance dose of recombinant erythropoietin was discontinued, and he maintained a normal hemoglobin level. Annual surveillance of the bilateral renal cysts with magnetic resonance imaging revealed ... Read More »
» Published in Adv Perit Dial. 2006;22:119-23.

16. Kidney ultrasound is useful tool in posttransplant follow-up.
Match Strength: 3.832

OBJECTIVES: Renal sonography has been an important imaging tool in surveys of kidney diseases. We reviewed our experience in the finding and management of asymptomatic patients who underwent renal transplantation. METHODS: We performed baseline graft and native kidney sonography after renal transplantation, as well as annually even if the patient was asymptomatic. At the end of 2004, a total of 326 transplant cases had been annually surveyed. If the findings were positive, they were compared with previous data to determine the need for further examinations and management. RESULTS: The native ... Read More »
» Published in Transplant Proc. 2006 Sep;38(7):2018-9.

17. Reproductive patterns and reproductive pathologies of stray bitches in the tropics.
Match Strength: 3.751

The objectives of this study were to determine the annual reproductive pattern and to estimate the frequency of reproductive pathologies in female mongrel stray dogs under tropical conditions. The genital tracts of 300 mongrel bitches from a municipal dog pound were examined post-mortem from January to December 2003. Season of the year, age, size, and body condition score (BCS) were recorded for each dog. The year was divided into three seasons: warm-dry (March-June), warm-humid (July-October), and fresh-humid (November-February). Distribution of estrus periods was not influenced by any of the ... Read More »
» Published in Theriogenology. 2007 Jan 15;67(2):382-90. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

18. Squamous cell carcinoma as a rare entity of primary liver tumor with grave prognosis.
Match Strength: 2.608

The development of primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the liver has only rarely been reported in association with pre-existing hepatic cysts and biliary tract diseases. This report describes an unusual case of SCC originating in a cirrhotic liver. A 63-year-old male alcoholic was incidentally found to have a 6-cm liver tumor which showed mixed echogenic by sonography and a low-density area with rim enhancement by computed tomography. Tumor biopsy led to a diagnosis of SCC with a sarcomatoid change. The tumor showed fatal rapid growth accompanied by abdominal pain. Transcatheter arterial ... Read More »
» Published in Hepatol Res. 2006 Dec;36(4):322-7. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

19. Stable knockdown of polycystin-1 confers integrin-alpha2beta1-mediated anoikis resistance.
Match Strength: 2.432

The mechanisms of action of polycystin-1 (PC1) have been difficult to dissect because of its interaction with multiple factors, the heterogeneity of the genetic mutations, and the complexity of the experimental animal models. Here, stable knockdown of PC1 in MDCK epithelial cells was achieved by lentiviral-mediated delivery of a specific small interfering RNA for PKD1. The reduction of PC1 expression prevented tubulogenesis in three-dimensional collagen type I culture in response to hepatocyte growth factor and induced formation of cysts. PC1 knockdown created a condition of haploinsufficiency ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Nov;17(11):3049-58. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

20. Office steroid injections of the larynx.
Match Strength: 2.414

OBJECTIVE: Steroid injection into the larynx has been sporadically reported as helpful in benign lesions of the larynx. Its role in laryngology remains unclear. This study reviews the indications and results of 47 steroid injections in 34 patients in an office setting. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 47 injections in 34 patients. Methylprednisolone acetate suspension, USP (40 mg/mL), was injected by indirect laryngoscopy under local anesthesia. Results were evaluated by stroboscopy and by perceptual evaluation of the GRABS scale before and after injection. Pre- versus ... Read More »
» Published in Laryngoscope. 2006 Oct;116(10):1735-9.

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