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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Sociodemographic and sexual health profile of users of emergency hormonal contraception: data from a British probability sample survey.
Match Strength: 6.430
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify factors associated with the use of emergency hormonal contraception (EHC). METHODS: Data from a probability sample survey of 12,110 men and women aged 16-44 living in Britain were used for this study; 5916 women were selected as potential users of EHC, defined as women reporting at least one male partner in the year prior to the survey. RESULTS: Of the 5916 women, 2.3% reported EHC use in the previous year. EHC use was more common among younger, single women, those with more than one sexual partner in the past year and those using condoms for ... Read More »
» Published in Contraception. 2006 Oct;74(4):309-12. Epub 2006 Jul 3.
2. Utilization of contraception and abortion and its relationship to HIV infection among female sex workers in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Match Strength: 5.336
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe reported contraceptive and abortion utilization and their relationship to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among female sex workers (FSW) in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, women were recruited through outreach workers affiliated with Istiqbolli Avlod. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire and underwent HIV testing. RESULTS: Of 448 participants, the majority (86.2%, n=386) used contraception; 39.6% reported inconsistent use. Methods most frequently utilized were condoms (50.9%) and ... Read More »
» Published in Contraception. 2006 Oct;74(4):318-23. Epub 2006 Jun 30.
3. Knowledge, attitude and practice of natural family planning methods in a population with poor utilisation of modern contraceptives.
Match Strength: 5.120
Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest fertility rates in the world, which is further promoted by the low utilisation of modern contraceptive methods. Yet, many communities claim to have traditional methods of family planning that pre-date the introduction of modern contraceptives, implying that contraception is a culturally acceptable norm. It was therefore postulated that the study population would have a high level of awareness and practice of natural methods of family planning. We aimed to obtain an insight into the extent and correctness of knowledge about natural family planning ... Read More »
» Published in J Obstet Gynaecol. 2006 Aug;26(6):555-60.
4. Effects of the long-term use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate as hormonal contraceptive on bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone remodeling.
Match Strength: 4.247
PURPOSE AND METHOD: Our objective is to evaluate the effects of the long-term use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) as a method of contraception on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone remodeling. Forty women (21-44 years old) who used DMPA for contraception for <1, 1-2 and >5 years, in addition to 20 age-matched healthy women (nonusers), participated in this study. Lumbar spine BMD (LS-BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptionmetry. Serum osteocalcin (OC), a bone formation marker, was measured by enzyme amplification sorbent immunoassay. Urinary deoxypyridinoline (DPD), ... Read More »
» Published in Contraception. 2006 Oct;74(4):297-302. Epub 2006 Jun 16.
5. The Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group: synthesizing the best evidence about family planning.
Match Strength: 3.091
The Fertility Regulation Group of the Cochrane Collaboration has been assessing the best available evidence on fertility regulation, family size and birth spacing. By the end of 2005, this group had published 32 systematic reviews and 12 protocols; most reviews were on contraception. Because of suboptimal trial quality, firm conclusions could be made in only five reviews. Threats to internal validity in published trials include the absence of description of allocation concealment, intentional exclusion of participants after randomization, failure to use intention-to-treat analyses and lack of ... Read More »
» Published in Contraception. 2006 Oct;74(4):280-6. Epub 2006 Jun 19.
6. Bone mineral density loss and recovery during 48 months in first-time users of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate.
Match Strength: 3.008
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in bone mineral density (BMD) during 48 months between first-time depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) users, during use and after discontinuation, to controls. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Academic community. PATIENT(S): Women 18-35 years, newly initiating depot MPA (n = 178) and controls (n = 145) not using hormonal contraception. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The BMD of the hip and spine, measured at 3-month intervals, by dual energy roentgen absorptiometry. RESULTS: Hip and spine BMD declined during 48 months of depot MPA use by 7.7% +/- 0.11% (mean +/- ... Read More »
» Published in Fertil Steril. 2006 Nov;86(5):1466-74. Epub 2006 Sep 25.
7. Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system vs. transcervical endometrial resection for dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
Match Strength: 2.993
OBJECTIVE: To compare the acceptability, efficacy, adverse effects, and user satisfaction of a levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE) for the treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. METHOD: Of 50 women with a pictoral blood loss assessment chart (PBAC) score of 100 or greater, 25 had a LNG-IUS inserted (Mirena; Schering, Berlin, Germany) and 25 underwent TCRE. Procedure-related complications, PBAC score, hemoglobin levels, adverse effects, and rates of acceptability and satisfaction were recorded at 3-month intervals for a period ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2006 Dec;95(3):261-6. Epub 2006 Sep 25.
8. Metabolic and polycystic ovary syndromes in indigenous South Asian women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus.
Match Strength: 2.631
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in a cohort of indigenous South Asian women with a recent history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka. SAMPLE: Two hundred and seventy-four indigenous Sri Lankan women with previous GDM and 168 ethnically matched controls. Of these, 147 with previous GDM and 67 controls not taking hormonal contraception participated in an in-depth endocrine study. METHODS: Assessing the prevalence of MS ... Read More »
» Published in BJOG. 2006 Oct;113(10):1182-7.
9. The role of parent religiosity in teens' transitions to sex and contraception.
Match Strength: 2.566
PURPOSE: To examine whether multiple dimensions of parent and family religiosity--including parental religious attendance, denomination, beliefs, and family religious activities--are associated with the timing of sexual initiation or contraceptive use at first sex. METHODS: We analyze a sample of sexually inexperienced adolescents aged 12-14 years in the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97) to test the association between multiple dimensions of parent and family religiosity and the transition to first sexual experience and contraceptive use at first sex during the teen years. We ... Read More »
» Published in J Adolesc Health. 2006 Oct;39(4):578-87. Epub 2006 Jul 10.
10. Postpartum management of women at increased risk of thrombosis--results of a Canadian pilot survey.
Match Strength: 2.343
OBJECTIVE: To determine current practice patterns in the postpartum management of women at increased risk of thrombosis. METHODS: Physicians affiliated with the University of Toronto departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rheumatology, Hematology, and Obstetric Medicine who provide care to pregnant women were mailed a questionnaire that presented 6 clinical scenarios involving postpartum management of a woman at risk for thrombosis, with (1) recurrent pregnancy loss and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) treated with aspirin (ASA) in the pregnancy; (2) 2 pregnancy losses and a low ... Read More »
» Published in J Rheumatol. 2006 Nov;33(11):2222-6. Epub 2006 Sep 15. Comment in: J Rheumatol. 2006 Nov;33(11):2108-9.
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