Coma Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar NonketoticMatching Summaries of Recent
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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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Match Strength: 32.547
In this paper we describe a successfully treated case of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non ketotic coma (HHNC). The HHNC was observed in a patient affected by Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, associated with type II diabetes and complicated by pulmonary tuberculosis. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma is a clinical condition with a high mortality rate associated with a severe increase in blood viscosity. This increase in blood viscosity justifies several clinical manifestations of the HHNC. We believe that an increase in the blood viscosity produced by the simultaneous presence of the ... Read More »
» Published in Recenti Prog Med. 1992 Apr;83(4):194-6.
2. Closed head injury complicated by nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma.
Match Strength: 26.834
A case of nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma occurring in a patient with closed head injury and basilar skull fracture is reported. The metabolic abnormality masqueraded as a progression of central transtentorial herniation due to cerebral edema. It is suggested that the development of this complication is related to various predisposing factors normally employed in cases of critically ill, neurologically compromised patients. The anatomic lesions found at autopsy were considered inappropriate as a cause of death; the occurrence of central transtentorial herniation three days before ... Read More »
» Published in Surg Neurol. 1975 Sep;4(3):330-2.
3. Concepts of fluid therapy in diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma.
Match Strength: 25.408
Despite many advances in the overall treatment of type I diabetes mellitus during the last few years, no major advance has been made in decreasing the mortality rate of diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma. A major concern in both of these disease states is the development of cerebral edema during treatment. The guiding principles of therapy in both disease states are rehydration, electrolyte replacement, insulin therapy, and treatment of any underlying illnesses. If the patient is hypotensive, therapy begins with colloid or normal saline administration to ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Apr;37(2):313-21.
4. Nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma. Report of neurosurgical cases with a review of mechanisms and treatment.
Match Strength: 22.597
Seventy-eight critically ill patients who died while on the neurosurgical service were studied retrospectively to establish the prevalence of nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma (NHHC). All the patients had been comatose before death, and all underwent necropsy. Criteria for the diagnosis of NHHC included moderate-to-severe hyperglycemia with glucosuria, absence of significant acetonuria, hyperosmolarity with dehydration, and neurological dysfunction. This study revealed seven cases of unequivocal NHHC (9%), and six of hyperosmolarity but with incomplete records. Five of the seven ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurosurg. 1976 Apr;44(4):409-17.
5. Pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus
Match Strength: 16.901
As we learn more about the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus, we find that there is more yet to be learned. This may sound like a trite statement, but in reality it is true. The following article reviews the basic pathophysiology of both type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus as we understand it today. It continues on to reveal the "things that go wrong" when there is too much or too little glucose available to the body organs and especially to the brain. The article points out the signs and symptoms to be aware of when the person is in the acute state of diabetic ... Read More »
» Published in Crit Care Nurs Q. 2004 Apr-Jun;27(2):113-25.
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