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Child Mental Disorders
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1. Mental disorders prevalence among female caregivers of children in a cohort study in Salvador, Brazil.
Match Strength: 14.324

OBJECTIVE: The caregiver-child relationship is important for child development. The prevalence of mental disorders was assessed in a female caregiver group and associated with socioenvironmental factors. METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted in 326 caregivers whose children have been participating in a cohort study on mental development since 1999. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of mental disorders assessed according to the CIDI version 2.1 was 47.5% (95% CI 0.42-0.53). They were predominantly anxiety disorders (32.8%; 95%CI 0.27-0.38), followed by mood disorders (26.1%; 95%CI 0.21-0 ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2006 Jun;28(2):111-7. Epub 2006 Jun 26.

2. Mental health publications from the Arab world cited in PubMed, 1987-2002.
Match Strength: 13.736

The study aimed to identify mental health publications in Arab countries cited in PubMed from 1987 to 2002 and to analyse the year of publication, journal and field of research, specifically for child and adolescent mental health studies. A PubMedsearch was performed for all mental health publications followed by an analysis of child and adolescent mental health citations. The total number of mental health research citations published in Arab countries over the last 15 years was 338, 1.2% of the total number of citations for biomedical research; 17% were on child and adolescent mental health. ... Read More »
» Published in East Mediterr Health J. 2005 May;11(3):319-28.

3. Alcohol problems, mental disorder and mental health among suicide attempters 5-9 years after treatment by child and adolescent outpatient psychiatry.
Match Strength: 13.590

Many studies report associations between alcohol problems, mental disorder, mental health and suicidal behaviour. Still, more knowledge is needed about possible differential characteristics of these factors in risk groups. This naturalistic and retrospective study included former patients who received emergency treatment in child and adolescent outpatient clinics for their mental health problems. One hundred patients were personally interviewed 5-9 years after treatment referral about alcohol problems and mental disorders. Also, they completed questionnaires about 11 indicators of mental ... Read More »
» Published in Nord J Psychiatry. 2006;60(5):351-8.

4. Prevalence and comorbidity of mental disorders among American Indian children in the Northern Midwest.
Match Strength: 13.144

PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of mental disorder and comorbidity among American Indian children aged 10-12 years from four U.S. reservations and five Canadian reserves in the Northern Midwest. METHOD: Specially trained Native interviewers administered the Diagnostic Interview for Children-Revised for 11 diagnostic categories to 736 tribally enrolled children (mean age 11 years) and their female caretakers. RESULTS: Prevalence rates are reported by child self-report, female caretaker reports, and combined caretaker-child reports. Twenty-three percent (combined caretaker-child reports) ... Read More »
» Published in J Adolesc Health. 2006 Sep;39(3):427-34. Epub 2006 Jul 10.

5. Preventing mental disorders in children: a public health priority.
Match Strength: 13.004

BACKGROUND: Mental disorders affect 14% of children, cause significant long-term disability and are arguably the leading health problems that Canadian children face after infancy. Treatment services alone cannot meet children's mental health needs. In addition to treatment, prevention programs hold potential to reduce the number of children with disorders in the population. Effective programs exist for preventing conduct, anxiety and depressive disorders, three of the most prevalent disorders in children. Therefore, we investigated the state of Canadian programs in comparison with prevention ... Read More »
» Published in Can J Public Health. 2007 May-Jun;98(3):174-8.

6. Reproduction and psyche.
Match Strength: 12.848

Mental health and mental disorders can have a close connection to reproduction, especially for women but also for men. The most frequent disorders or problems are described, i.e., mental problems during pregnancy and after delivery, during the menstrual cycle and around menopause. Possible consequences of miscarriage, stillbirth and induced abortion are presented as well as the special problem of a wish for a child in mentally ill women and their treatment during pregnancy ... Read More »
» Published in Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2006 Dec 21;

7. Psychiatric disorders in youth with perinatally acquired human immunodeficiency virus infection.
Match Strength: 12.444

BACKGROUND: Clinical reports from the United States indicate substantive mental health problems in perinatally human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected youth that pose substantial barriers to optimizing their health. This pilot study explores rates and types of psychiatric and substance use disorders, as well as emotional and behavioral functioning in perinatally HIV-infected children and adolescents. METHODS: Forty-seven perinatally-infected youths (9-16 years of age) and their primary caregivers recruited from a pediatric HIV clinic were interviewed using standardized assessments of youth ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 May;25(5):432-7.

8. Mental health in low- and middle-income countries.
Match Strength: 12.444

Mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC) do not attract global health policy attention. This article is based on a selective review of research on mental disorders in adults in LAMIC since 2001 and recent analyses of disease burden in developing countries. Mental disorders account for 11.1% of the total burden of disease in LAMIC. Unipolar depressive disorder is the single leading neuropsychiatric cause of disease burden. Alcohol use disorders account for nearly 4% of the attributable disease burden in LAMIC. Mental disorders are closely associated with other public health ... Read More »
» Published in Br Med Bull. 2007;81-82:81-96. Epub 2007 Apr 30.

9. Child mental health and human capital accumulation: the case of ADHD.
Match Strength: 12.343

One in five U.S. youngsters has a mental disorder, but we know little about the effects of these disorders on child outcomes. We examine U.S. and Canadian children with symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the most common child mental health problem. Our innovations include the use of nationally representative samples of children, the use of questions administered to all children rather than focusing only on diagnosed cases, and the use of sibling fixed effects to control for omitted variables. We find large negative effects on test scores and schooling attainment ... Read More »
» Published in J Health Econ. 2006 Nov;25(6):1094-118. Epub 2006 May 24.

10. Child and adolescent mental health service use in Finland.
Match Strength: 12.282

BACKGROUND: The study examines the associations of parent, teacher and self-report evaluations of child psychopathology, help-seeking variables and family factors with the use of child mental health services. METHOD: The study comprised an 8-year follow-up of the Epidemiological Child Psychiatry Study in Finland. Children were evaluated at age 8 with Rutter parent and teacher scales and with the Child Depression Inventory, and at age 16, with the Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self Report. Information was obtained from about 70% of the follow-up sample (n=857). RESULTS: About 7% of the ... Read More »
» Published in Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2001 Jun;36(6):294-8.

11. Placement into foster care and the interplay of urbanicity, child behavior problems, and poverty.
Match Strength: 11.883

Child welfare involvement is related to involvement with poverty, but the dimensions of that relationship have not been fully explored. Data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being were used to test the relationship between poverty indicators and placement into foster care. Poverty, ages of children, urban or nonurban settings, and the presence of mental health disorders interact to contribute to placement decisions. In urban areas, poverty is strongly associated with involvement with child welfare services, but children's mental health problems are not. In nonurban areas, ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2006 Jul;76(3):358-66.

12. The prevalence of mental health problems in Ethiopian child laborers.
Match Strength: 11.819

BACKGROUND: Child labor refers to a state when a child is involved in exploitative economical activities that are mentally, physically, and socially hazardous. There are no prevalence studies on the magnitude of psychiatric disorders among child laborers. METHODS: A cross-sectional population survey was conducted in Addis Ababa using the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents (DICA). Subjects were a random sample of 528 child laborers aged between 5 and 15 years and comprising child domestics, street-workers and private enterprise workers. These were compared with 472 non ... Read More »
» Published in J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006 Sep;47(9):954-9.

13. Involvement in the child welfare system among mothers with serious mental illness.
Match Strength: 11.814

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the association between maternal schizophrenia and major affective disorders (serious mental illness) and child custody arrangements in a sample of Medicaid-eligible mothers. METHODS: Medicaid eligibility and claims data were merged with data from the child welfare system in Philadelphia for 1995 to 2000. The sample comprised 4,827 female residents of Philadelphia between the ages of 15 and 45 as of 1996, who were initially eligible for Medicaid through Aid to Families With Dependent Children between 1995 and 1996 and who had at least one family member ... Read More »
» Published in Psychiatr Serv. 2006 Apr;57(4):493-7.

14. Child and adolescent mental disorders: the magnitude of the problem across the globe.
Match Strength: 11.635

Objective: Describe objectively the global gaps in policy, data gathering capacity, and resources to develop and implement services to support child mental health. Methods: Report on the World health Organization (WHO) child and adolescent mental health resources Atlas project. The Atlas project utilized key informants and was supplemented by studies that focused on policy. This report also draws on current epidemiological studies to provide a context for understanding the magnitude of the clinical problem. Results: Current global epidemiological data consistently reports that up to 20% of ... Read More »
» Published in J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2008 Jan 21

15. The prevalence of mental health problems in children 1(1/2) years of age - the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000.
Match Strength: 11.489

Background: The Copenhagen Child Cohort, CCC 2000, was established to investigate developmental psychopathology prospectively from birth in a general population. Methods: A random sample of 211 children from the CCC 2000 was investigated when the children were 1(1/2) years of age. The prevalence and associates of mental health problems and psychopathology were studied by clinical and standardised strategies, including videotape recordings, parent interviews and the following instruments: The Child Behavior Check List 1(1/2)-5 (CBCL 1(1/2)-5), The Infant Toddler Symptom Check List (ITSCL), ... Read More »
» Published in J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007 Jan;48(1):62-70.

16. Time trends in child and adolescent mental disorders.
Match Strength: 11.373

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: 1995 saw the publication of a major review of time trends in psychosocial disorders of youth across the second half of the twentieth century. It found evidence for substantial increases in rates of youth crime, alcohol and drug use, depression and suicide in most industrialized countries in the decades following the Second World War, slowing in some instances in the 1980s. Ten years on, we review findings on more recent trends in rates of these and other indicators of child and adolescent mental health. RECENT FINDINGS: Prevalence estimates for autism spectrum disorders have ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2005 Jul;18(4):381-5.

17. Annotation: Economic evaluations of child and adolescent mental health interventions: a systematic review.
Match Strength: 11.052

BACKGROUND: Recognition has grown over recent years of the need for economic information on the impacts of child and adolescent mental health problems and the cost-effectiveness of interventions. METHODS: A range of electronic databases were examined using a predefined search strategy to identify economic studies which focused on services, pharmacological interventions and other treatments for children and adolescents with a diagnosed mental health problem or identified as at risk of mental illness. Published studies were included in the review if they assessed both costs and outcomes, with ... Read More »
» Published in J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2005 Sep;46(9):919-30.

18. Comparison of the PSC-17 and alternative mental health screens in an at-risk primary care sample.
Match Strength: 10.819

OBJECTIVE: To validate the 17-item version of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC-17) as a screen for common pediatric mental disorders in primary care. METHOD: Patients were 269 children and adolescents (8-15 years old) whose parents completed the PSC-17 in primary care waiting rooms. Children were later assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL). The PSC-17's subscales were compared with K-SADS-PL diagnoses and measures of anxiety, depression, general psychopathology, functioning, and impairment. ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2007 May;46(5):611-8.

19. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 5-10 year olds in rural, urban and slum areas in Bangladesh: an exploratory study.
Match Strength: 10.725

BACKGROUND: No previous epidemiological studies of child mental health have been conducted in Bangladesh, partly due to lack of suitable measures. METHODS: A Bangla translation of a standardised child psychiatric interview, the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA), was validated against routine clinical diagnoses on a consecutive series of 100 referrals to a child mental health service. A two-phase study of prevalence was applied to random samples of 5- to 10-year-olds (N=922) drawn from three contrasting areas: a rural area, a moderately prosperous urban area, and an urban slum. ... Read More »
» Published in Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005 Aug;40(8):663-71. Epub 2005 Aug 16.

20. Vulnerability factors for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.
Match Strength: 10.698

With the maturation of community studies of adults in the past decade, there has been growing awareness of the importance of the magnitude and impact of anxiety disorders in the general population. The convergence of findings from adult and child epidemiology reveals that the onset of anxiety disorders occurs in childhood, and a substantial proportion of youth with anxiety continues to manifest lifelong problems with anxiety and other mental disorders. In this article, the major risk factors for the development of anxiety disorders in childhood and adolescence are reviewed. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2005 Oct;14(4):649-79, vii.

21. Correlates of Depressive Disorders in the Quebec General Population 6 to 14 Years of Age.
Match Strength: 10.443

There are relatively few community-based epidemiological studies in which correlates of depressive disorders were identified through multivariate analyses in children and adolescents aged 6--14 years. Moreover, several family characteristics (e.g., parent-child relationship) have never been explored in this regard. The purpose of this study was twofold. Using data from the Quebec Child Mental Health Survey, it sought: (1) to identify psychosocial correlates associated with depressive disorder in two age-groups (6--11 and 12-14 years) according to informant (child/adolescent, parent); and (2) ... Read More »
» Published in J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2007 Feb 13;

22. Cultural influences on diagnosis.
Match Strength: 10.310

Contemporary child psychiatry has both embraced the relevance of culture to diagnosis (in endorsing cultural competence) and taken a largely culture-blind approach to classification (in adopting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV). Different kinds of diagnoses serve different purposes in child psychiatry: classification, understanding the child, and guiding intervention. All discourse about diagnosis is shaped by culture, especially aspects of culture that may be difficult to acknowledge. Integration of the role of culture into clinical practice is facilitated by ... Read More »
» Published in Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2001 Oct;10(4):711-28, viii.

23. Psychiatric disorders in Norwegian 8- to 10-year-olds: an epidemiological survey of prevalence, risk factors, and service use.
Match Strength: 10.179

OBJECTIVE: The Bergen Child Study is a longitudinal study of child mental health from the city of Bergen, Norway. We present methods and results from the first wave of the study, focusing on prevalence of disorders, associations with risk factors, and the use of services. METHOD: The target population included all 9,430 children attending grades 2 to 4 in Bergen schools during the academic year 2002/2003. The main screening instrument was the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, whereas diagnoses were based on the Development and Well-Being Assessment. Information about child and family ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;46(4):438-47.

24. Child abuse and chronic pain in a community survey of women.
Match Strength: 10.166

This study examined the relationship between a self-reported history of child physical and sexual abuse and chronic pain among women (N = 3,381) in a provincewide community sample. Chronic pain was significantly associated with physical abuse, education, and age of the respondents and was unrelated to child sexual abuse alone or in combination with physical abuse, mental disorder (anxiety, depression, or substance abuse), or low income. Number of health problems and mental health disorders did not mediate the relationship between physical abuse and chronic pain. Despite considerable evidence ... Read More »
» Published in J Interpers Violence. 2007 Dec;22(12):1536-54.

25. Age analysis of newspaper coverage of mental illness.
Match Strength: 10.072

In this study, we examine newspaper coverage of mental illness in children and adults taken from 6 weeks during a 1-year period. Articles were coded for (1) type of article; (2) types of disorders named or described; (3) themes related to crime, attributions of the disorder, treatments, and critiques of the mental health system; and (4) "elements of responsible journalism," including inclusion of perspectives from mental health experts, statistics related to mental illness, referrals to additional sources of information, and avoidance of slang terminology. We examine how these variables differ ... Read More »
» Published in J Health Commun. 2007 Jan-Feb;12(1):3-15.

26. Evaluation of a child guidance model for visits for mental disorders to an inner-city pediatric emergency department.
Match Strength: 10.058

BACKGROUND: To address a rising trend of emergency department (ED) visits for mental disorders (VMD), our ED implemented a child guidance model for their efficient evaluation and disposition. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of the child guidance model on the ED length of stay (LOS) and ED costs on children with VMD. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart analysis on 1031 VMD visits made to an inner-city tertiary care pediatric ED in 2002 (1.4% of the total 2002 ED visits). We collected demographic and LOS information on all VMD visits. The child ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Apr;23(4):212-7.

27. Affective disorder in the parents of a clinic sample of children with anxiety disorders.
Match Strength: 10.050

BACKGROUND: Family history studies in adults reveal strong familiality for the anxiety disorders with some specificity. The aim of the current study was to establish whether there was an elevated rate of anxiety disorders in the parents of children with anxiety disorders, and whether there was intergenerational specificity in the form of disorder. METHODS: The mental state of a clinic sample of 85 children with anxiety disorder and their parents was systematically assessed, together with a comparison sample of 45 children with no current disorder and their parents. RESULTS: Compared to the ... Read More »
» Published in J Affect Disord. 2006 Jul;93(1-3):205-12. Epub 2006 May 3.

28. Children with severe developmental disabilities and behavioral disorders have increased special healthcare needs.
Match Strength: 10.013

We studied whether children with severe developmental disabilities (SDDs) who have a comorbid behavioral disorder also have higher rates of special healthcare needs (SHCNs). We used a matched-comparison control group design to establish whether SHCNs were higher in children with SDDs with behavioral disorders versus children with SDDs without behavioral disorders. Thirty-six children were matched for age (mean 12 y 6 mo; range 5 y 2 mo-18 y 8 mo), sex (24 males, 12 females), ethnicity (22 non-white), mental retardation level (22 moderate, eight severe, six profound), and Diagnostic and ... Read More »
» Published in Dev Med Child Neurol. 2007 Dec;49(12):926-30.

29. Obesity and disability - a short review.
Match Strength: 9.972

The prevalence of both obesity and disability is increasing globally and there is now growing evidence to suggest that these two health priorities may be linked. This paper explores the evidence linking obesity to muscular-skeletal conditions, mental health disorders and learning disabilities in both adult and child populations. The impact of obesity on the four most prevalent disabling conditions in the UK (arthritis, mental health disorders, learning disabilities and back ailments) has been examined through novel data analysis of the 2001 Health Survey for England and UK Back Exercise And ... Read More »
» Published in Obes Rev. 2006 Nov;7(4):341-5.

30. Recent trends in pediatric hospitalization in New York state.
Match Strength: 9.928

OBJECTIVE: To describe changing rates of disorders associated with child hospitalization. STUDY DESIGN: Trends for the 100 diagnosis related groups (DRGs) with the largest number of hospitalizations (0-14 years) were analyzed. RESULTS: Children were hospitalized at an average annual rate of 35 per 1000 age-specific population during 1996 to 2002. The hospitalization rate decreased by 2.3% per year. The top 100 DRGs accounted for 90% of all 949,376 child hospitalizations. Hospitalization for mental illness increased by 5.5% per year, accounting for more than 4% of all child hospitalizations in ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr. 2006 May;148(5):637-641.

31. Family and partner psychopathology and the risk of postpartum mental disorders.
Match Strength: 9.921

OBJECTIVE: Family and partner psychopathology characterizes 2 different types of potential risk factors for mental disorders linked to both biological and psychosocial processes, and no studies have included both variables in a study of risk of postpartum mental disorders (PPMD). The aim was to assess how a history of mental disorders in either a first-degree family member or partner affects the risk of admission or outpatient contact with PPMD. METHOD: A population-based cohort study using Danish registers was conducted, and survival analyses were performed. A total of 1,188,822 men and women ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Psychiatry. 2007 Dec;68(12):1947-53.

32. The prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders among 7-10 year old Yemeni schoolchildren.
Match Strength: 9.894

BACKGROUND: The planning of child mental health services should be based on recent high-quality data on the prevalence and type of mental health disorders, and yet such data are not available in Yemen and many other Arab countries. METHODS: Representative samples of Yemeni 7-10 year olds (n = 1,210) were assessed using a two-phase design in an urban area and a one-phase design in a rural area. Psychopathology was assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for screening purposes and the Development and Well-being Assessment to generate psychiatric diagnoses. RESULTS: The ... Read More »
» Published in Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2008 Mar;43(3):224-30. Epub 2007 Nov 26.

33. Annotation: Pathways to care for children with mental health problems.
Match Strength: 9.886

BACKGROUND: Although many children with mental health problems are in contact with primary health care services, few receive appropriate help. METHODS: Using a pathways to care model, this paper systematically reviews the literature relating to access to services. It separates out the various stages of help-seeking: parental perception of problems, use of primary care services, recognition within primary care, and referral to or use of specialist health services. RESULTS: Following parental awareness of child symptoms, parental perception of problems is the key initial step in the help-seeking ... Read More »
» Published in J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006 Jul;47(7):649-59.

34. Does the treatment of mental disorders in childhood lead to a healthier adulthood?
Match Strength: 9.860

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review mechanisms by which intervention for childhood mental disorders may exert an influence on mental health and wellbeing in adulthood, the challenges to demonstrating long-term benefit or harm from such intervention, existing evidence of long-term benefit, and strategies for improving the long-term benefit of treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Intervention may improve long-term outcome through the promotion of protective interpersonal relationships, by enhancing scholastic and later occupational functioning, by arresting the progression of disorder, and by improving general ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2007 Jul;20(4):315-8.

35. Emotional disorders in young offenders.
Match Strength: 9.833

PROBLEM: To estimate rates of emotional disorder in the Maryland Juvenile Justice system as a guide for planning and policy efforts. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, psychopathology and level of functioning in a random sample of 312 committed and detained youth (60 females, 252 males) were assessed. Youth diagnostically classified met criteria for mental disorder using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC) combined with a cut-off score (60 or below) on the Child Global Assessment Scale (CGAS), as established by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). FINDINGS: ... Read More »
» Published in J Nurs Scholarsh. 2001;33(3):259-63.

36. Caregiver, child, family, and service system contributors to caregiver strain in two child mental health service systems.
Match Strength: 9.795

Children's mental health researchers are increasingly recognizing the importance of caregiver strain (i.e., the impact on families of caring for children with emotional and behavioral disorders). This study examined the caregiver, child, family, and service variables associated with caregiver strain with special attention to the role of barriers to care. These relationships were compared across enrollees in a managed care Medicaid and a traditional fee-for-service system. Findings indicated that severity of child problems was the most consistent predictor of caregiver strain. Although there ... Read More »
» Published in J Behav Health Serv Res. 2006 Oct;33(4):408-22.

37. Relationship between parental bonding and mood disorder in six European countries.
Match Strength: 9.750

The linkage between adverse parental child-rearing styles and the occurrence of mood disorders in adulthood has been investigated in a number of studies from different countries and cultural backgrounds. However, as direct cross-cultural comparisons hardly exist, little is known about cultural variations of this relationship. The European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) is a cross-sectional study in a stratified multi-stage random sample of 21,425 adults (18 years or older) from the general population of six European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, ... Read More »
» Published in Psychiatry Res. 2006 Jun 30;143(1):89-98. Epub 2006 May 18.

38. A 3-year panel study of mental disorders among adolescents in Taiwan.
Match Strength: 9.631

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the prevalence and changing trends of mental disorders and the effects of gender and urbanization among adolescents in Taiwan. METHOD: A random sample of seventh-grade students (N=1,070) was recruited from one urban and one rural junior high school in which 1,051 (98.2%) and 1,035 (96.7%) were reassessed in the second and third years, respectively. A two-stage case identification was conducted by mental health professionals with the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Epidemiologic Version, supplemented by information ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Jul;162(7):1344-50.

39. Shine: still a glittering moment, or now a little bit tarnished?
Match Strength: 9.603

The representation of mental illness in the cinema has a long and varied history. Each film emerges from a cultural context and understanding of psychopathology and some landmark films have made a profound impact on the way in which psychiatric disorders are regarded by the general public. One prime example is Shine, produced in 1996 and based on the life of David Helfgott, a child musical prodigy who later developed a severe mental illness. However, although the film garnered numerous awards and public acclaim, its premises have been questioned and the explanatory model of mental illness that ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2007 Jun;16(3):198-202.

40. Parental bonding and suicidality in adulthood.
Match Strength: 9.575

OBJECTIVE: The short-term effect of an adverse parental child rearing style on suicidality in adolescence has been extensively discussed. Nevertheless, little is known about the long-term effect of adverse parental child rearing on lifetime suicidality in adulthood. So the present study aims to examine the relation between parental bonding on the one hand and suicidality in adulthood on the other. METHOD: We used data from 7740 respondents of the European Study of Epidemiology of Mental Disorders project, a cross-sectional household survey carried out in six European countries. The data were ... Read More »
» Published in Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2007 Jan;41(1):66-73.

41. Maternal mental health, substance use, and domestic violence in the year after delivery and subsequent behavior problems in children at age 3 years.
Match Strength: 9.474

CONTEXT: Mental health disorders, substance use, and domestic violence often occur together. However, studies examining the impact of these conditions in mothers on the well-being of their children have focused only on isolated conditions. OBJECTIVE: To examine the cumulative effect of maternal mental health disorders, substance use, and domestic violence on the risk of behavior problems in young children. DESIGN: A birth cohort (1998-2000) followed up to age 3 years. SETTING: Eighteen large US cities. PARTICIPANTS: At 3 years, 2756 (65%) were followed up from the population-based birth cohort ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 May;63(5):551-60.

42. Parent perceptions of the psychological functioning of their children diagnosed with pediatric motility disorders and that of family members.
Match Strength: 9.468

The aim of our study was to characterize the parental perceptions of the behavioral and emotional functioning of their children and families coping with gastrointestinal motility disorders. The American Pseudo-obstruction and Hirschsprung's disease Society sponsored an educational meeting for parents of children afflicted with a variety of pediatric gastrointestinal motility disorders. During the conference, parents completed a questionnaire pertaining to the behavioral and emotional functioning of the afflicted child and other family members. Parents perceived that the child's illness was ... Read More »
» Published in Gastroenterol Nurs. 2006 May-Jun;29(3):209-16.

43. Outcome of patients with unipolar, bipolar and psychotic disorders admitted to a specialist child and adolescent mental health service.
Match Strength: 9.458

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of adolescents with unipolar, bipolar and psychotic disorders admitted to a specialist child and adolescent mental health service in order to inform and enhance service delivery. METHODS: Young people treated over a 2 year period at the Rivendell Unit, Sydney, Australia, were identified. Information was gathered from the medical records, mailed questionnaires and follow-up telephone interviews. RESULTS: Of 114 patients eligible for inclusion in the study, outcome information was available for 85 (75%). After 3 years, there was improvement in mood and general ... Read More »
» Published in Australas Psychiatry. 2006 Jun;14(2):198-201.

44. Maternal mental health and child nutritional status in four developing countries.
Match Strength: 9.441

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that maternal common mental disorders (CMD) are associated with poorer child nutritional status in four developing countries (Ethiopia, India, Vietnam, and Peru). DESIGN: Community based cross sectional survey in 20 sites in each of the four countries. Maternal CMD measured by the self reporting questionnaire 20 items (SRQ20). Potential confounding factors include: household poverty, household composition, maternal characteristics such as age and education, child characteristics such as birth weight, age, and sex. Possible mediating factors included the child ... Read More »
» Published in J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Dec;59(12):1060-4.

45. Preventing mental disorders in children: a systematic review to inform policy-making.
Match Strength: 9.425

BACKGROUND: At any given time, 14% of Canadian children experience clinically significant mental disorders, which frequently persist into adulthood. Canadian public policy has emphasized specialized treatment services, yet these services only reach 25% of children with disorders. Prevention programs hold potential to reduce the number of children with disorders in the population. To inform policy-making, we systematically reviewed the best available research evidence on programs for preventing conduct disorder (CD), anxiety and depression, three of the most prevalent mental disorders in ... Read More »
» Published in Can J Public Health. 2007 May-Jun;98(3):166-73.

46. Patients as parents and young people approaching adulthood: how should we manage the interface between mental health services for young people and adults?
Match Strength: 9.371

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review discusses critically recent research findings (published during the period 2003-2004) on the mental health needs of young people in transition (old adolescents and young adults), including those of young parents. Also, the evidence on effective interventions and service models is considered. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging evidence indicates that young people have high rates of mental health needs (in addition to high prevalence of psychiatric disorders) that may be related to life transitions. These needs often fall between the remit of adolescent/adult and ... Read More »
» Published in Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2005 Jul;18(4):449-54.

47. Relationships between anxiety and externalizing disorders in youth: the influences of age and gender.
Match Strength: 9.370

Minimal information about the relationship between anxiety disorders and externalizing disorders in youth is available. This study examined relationships between different specific anxiety and externalizing disorders and examined whether these associations varied by age and gender. The Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders (MECA) data set, consisting of youth from ages 9 to 17 recruited at four sites across the United States using a probability sampling method, was used. Results indicated that all externalizing disorders (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ... Read More »
» Published in J Anxiety Disord. 2006 Jul 26;

48. Epidemiological study of child & adolescent psychiatric disorders in urban & rural areas of Bangalore, India.
Match Strength: 9.362

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on child mental health needs in our country. Therefore, an epidemiological study to determine the prevalence rates of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders was initiated as a two-centre (Bangalore and Lucknow) study by the Indian Council of Medical Research. It also aimed to study the psychosocial correlates of the psychiatric disorders. We present here the findings of Bangalore Centre. METHODS: In Bangalore, 2064 children aged 0-16 yr, were selected by stratified random sampling from urban middle-class, urban slum and rural areas. The ... Read More »
» Published in Indian J Med Res. 2005 Jul;122(1):67-79.

49. Through a mother's eyes: Sources of bias when mothers with co-occurring disorders assess their children.
Match Strength: 9.325

Mothers are the principal informants on children's emotional and behavioral functioning. Maternal assessments of child functioning can be influenced by a mother's own psychological state. The magnitude and valence of distortion in maternal assessments associated with current maternal mental health and substance abuse symptoms were explored in a clinical sample of 253 mothers with co-occurring disorders and histories of trauma. Analyses estimated the correlation between current maternal symptoms and child assessments after controlling for maternal history of disorders, child's history of ... Read More »
» Published in J Behav Health Serv Res. 2006 Jan;33(1):87-104.

50. The Italian preadolescent mental health project (PrISMA): rationale and methods.
Match Strength: 9.291

The Italian preadolescent mental health project (PrISMA--Progetto Italiano Salute Mentale Adolescenti) is the first Italian study designed to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in preadolescents (10-14 years old) living in urban areas, and to analyse the demographic and biological correlates of emotional and behavioural problems. This paper describes the rationale, methods and the analysis plan of the project. The design of the study used a two-stage sampling procedure, one screening stage of emotional and behavioural problems in a large sample of subjects attending public and private ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2006 Mar;15(1):22-35.

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