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Child Behavior Disorders
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1. Associations of Parental Personality Disorders and Axis I Disorders with Childrearing Behavior.
Match Strength: 13.308

Data from the Children in the Community Study, a community-based longitudinal investigation, were used to investigate the associations of parental anxiety, depressive, substance use, and personality disorders with parental child rearing behavior. Comprehensive psychosocial interviews, including assessments of child rearing, were conducted with 224 women and 153 men (mean age = 33 years; mean off- spring age = 8 years). Findings indicated that parental personality disorders were associated with parental possessiveness, inconsistent parental discipline, low parental communication, and low ... Read More »
» Published in Psychiatry. 2006 Winter;69(4):336-350.

2. Child and adolescent externalizing behavior and cannabis use disorders in early adulthood: An Australian prospective birth cohort study.
Match Strength: 11.906

This study examined the association between age of onset and persistence of externalizing behavior and young adults' cannabis use disorders (CUDs). Data were from a 21 year follow-up of a birth cohort study in Brisbane, Australia. The present cohort consisted of 2225 young adults who had data available about CUDs at 21 years and externalizing behavior at 5 and 14 years. Young adults' CUDs were assessed using the CIDI-Auto. Child and adolescent externalizing behavior were assessed at the 5- and 14-year phases of the study. After controlling for confounding variables, children who had ... Read More »
» Published in Addict Behav. 2008 Mar;33(3):422-38. Epub 2007 Oct 16.

3. Psychoeducation and expressed emotion by parents of children with learning disorders.
Match Strength: 11.238

The present study assessed use of a psychoeducation group program on expressed emotion, family functioning, and child behavior by parents of children with learning disorders. 81 parents of children with learning disorders were randomly assigned to a psychoeducation group program (n=46) or to a regular treatment group (n=35). A semistructured interview for parental expressed emotion, self-reports of family functioning, and child behavior were utilized at baseline and after an 8-session psychoeducation group program. Parents who attended the program differed significantly from parents in the ... Read More »
» Published in Psychol Rep. 2006 Apr;98(2):291-306.

4. How mothers parent their children with behavior disorders: implications for unintentional injury risk.
Match Strength: 10.914

INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to test the role of parental supervision in explaining why children with behavior disorders have increased risk of unintentional injury. METHOD: Children referred to a pediatric behavior disorders clinic and their mothers were unknowingly observed in a "hazard room" environment that housed several items that appeared dangerous but actually were altered to be safe. RESULTS: Mother and child behavior in the hazard room was correlated to parent-, teacher-, and observational-reports of children's externalizing behavior patterns, children's injury history, and ... Read More »
» Published in J Safety Res. 2006;37(2):167-73. Epub 2006 May 3.

5. Intimate partner physical and sexual assault & child behavior problems.
Match Strength: 10.433

PURPOSE: To describe the type and extent of child behavior problems reported by mothers who report intimate partner physical and sexual assault compared to mothers who reported physical assault only. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive analysis of child behaviors, as measured on the Child Behavior Checklist, for 109 children, aged 18 months to 18 years, who were exposed to intimate partner physical and sexual assault. Multivariate analysis of variance and analysis of variance were used to determine whether children from physically and sexually assaulted mothers differed significantly in ... Read More »
» Published in MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2007 Mar-Apr;32(2):74-80.

6. Child mania rating scale: development, reliability, and validity.
Match Strength: 10.381

OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable and valid parent-report screening instrument for mania, based on DSM-IVsymptoms. METHOD: A 21-item Child Mania Rating Scale-Parent version (CMRS-P) was completed by parents of 150 children (42.3% female) ages 10.3 +/- 2.9 years (healthy controls = 50; bipolar disorder = 50; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] = 50). The Washington University Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia was used to determine DSM-IV diagnosis. The Young Mania Rating Scale, Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Mania Rating Scale, Child Behavior ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 May;45(5):550-60.

7. Diagnostic profiles in outpatient child psychiatry.
Match Strength: 10.214

Outpatient child psychiatrists appear to be treating a broadening array of complex, highly comorbid, and difficult-to-treat youths. In this study, designed to evaluate the current demographic and diagnostic profile of outpatient child psychiatric patients 1,292 outpatient records from 8 treatment settings were reviewed. Patient age, race, gender, and diagnoses were recorded and analyzed. Externalizing disorders (ADHD and/or behavior disorders) were diagnosed most frequently, followed by internalizing (depressive and anxiety) disorders. Comorbidity was evident in nearly half of all patients, ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2006 Jan;76(1):98-102.

8. Parenting behaviors associated with risk for offspring personality disorder during adulthood.
Match Strength: 10.173

CONTEXT: Research has suggested that some types of parental child-rearing behavior may be associated with risk for offspring personality disorder (PD), but the association of parenting with offspring PD has not been investigated comprehensively with prospective longitudinal data. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of parental child-rearing behavior with risk for offspring PD during adulthood. DESIGN: The Children in the Community study, a prospective longitudinal investigation. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A community-based sample of 593 families interviewed during childhood (mean age, 6 ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 May;63(5):579-87.

9. Mothers' perceptions of children's refusal to undergo dental treatment: an exploratory qualitative study.
Match Strength: 10.101

Very little is known about mothers' beliefs concerning children's refusal of dental treatment. This qualitative study aimed to explore mothers' perceptions of their children's refusal to submit to dental treatment. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 14 mothers of 4-12-yr-old children resistant to dental treatment who were attending two pediatric dentists. Thematic content analysis was used to interpret the data. From this, three categories were developed and labeled origins of child behavior, caregiver attitudes, and the culture of resistance. The origins of the children's behavior ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Oral Sci. 2006 Dec;114(6):471-7.

10. Early detection of psychological problems in a population of children with enuresis: construction and validation of the Short Screening Instrument for Psychological Problems in Enuresis.
Match Strength: 10.081

PURPOSE: The current study focuses on the construction and validation of the Short Screening Instrument for Psychological Problems in Enuresis, for emotional problems and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, in a population of children with enuresis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In phase I factor analyses were performed on 31 items of the Internalizing scale of the Child Behavior Checklist and on 18 items of the Attention Deficit Disorder scale of the Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale to select the most discriminating items. The question format and cutoff score for referral ... Read More »
» Published in J Urol. 2007 Dec;178(6):2611-5. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

11. Maternal ratings of child behavior improve with treatment of maternal depression.
Match Strength: 10.021

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maternal reports of child behavior are often the sole criterion by which childhood psychiatric disorders are diagnosed and treated, even though maternal distress or psychopathology may influence the accuracy of these reports. This study examines the effect of maternal depression and the impact of its treatment on reported behavior in the depressed women's children. METHODS: A total of 24 women with newly diagnosed major depressive disorder completed a self-rated Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and a Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) of child behavior prior to and ... Read More »
» Published in Fam Med. 2001 Oct;33(9):691-5.

12. Reliability and validity of the screen for child anxiety related emotional disorders (SCARED) in Chinese children.
Match Strength: 9.969

The present study examined the psychometric properties of the screen for child anxiety related emotional disorders (SCARED) in a large community sample of Chinese children. The 41-item version of the SCARED was administered to 1559 primary and junior high school students (774 boys and 785 girls, mean age 11.8+/-2.11) in 12 Chinese cities. The SCARED demonstrated moderate to high internal consistency (alpha=0.43-0.89) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients=0.46-0.77 over 2 weeks and 0.24-0.67 over 12 weeks), moderate parent-child correlation (r=0.49-0.59) and good ... Read More »
» Published in J Anxiety Disord. 2007 Jun 3;

13. Predictors of stress in parents of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Match Strength: 9.948

This study examined child characteristics and family factors as predictors of stress in the biological or adoptive parents of 6- to 12-year-old children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Impaired executive functioning, poorer adaptive functioning, externalizing and internalizing behavior problems, and adoptive parent status all made significant and independent contributions to the prediction of higher levels of child domain stress, as reported by parents on the Parenting Stress Index. Biological parent status and fewer family resources were associated with higher levels of parent ... Read More »
» Published in J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2006 Oct;27(5):396-404.

14. The importance of parental attributions in families of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity and disruptive behavior disorders.
Match Strength: 9.778

Presents a social-cognitive model outlining the role of parental attributions for child behavior in parent-child interactions. Examples of studies providing evidence for the basic model are presented, with particular reference to applications of the model in families of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and/or oppositional defiant/conduct disordered behavior. Parent or child factors that may moderate the operation of links within the model are suggested, and evidence of such moderator effects is presented. The conceptualization and measurement of parental ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2005 Sep;8(3):167-82.

15. Children of currently depressed mothers: a STAR*D ancillary study.
Match Strength: 9.635

OBJECTIVE: To assess the current and lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders among children of currently depressed mothers and to assess the association of clinical features of maternal depression (i.e., severity, chronicity, and clinical features) with child psychopathology. Mothers were participants in the STAR*D (Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression) multisite trial, designed to compare effectiveness and acceptability of different treatment options for outpatients with non-psychotic major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Treatment-seeking mothers with a current DSM ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Psychiatry. 2006 Jan;67(1):126-36.

16. Current psychiatric morbidity, aggression/impulsivity, and personality dimensions in child and adolescent suicide: A case-control study.
Match Strength: 9.576

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to evaluate psychiatric risk factors for child and adolescent suicide, and to determine the association between impulsive-aggressive and other personality traits, and suicide completion in this population. METHOD: Psychiatric diagnoses, impulsive-aggressive and other personality traits were assessed in 55 child and adolescent suicide victims and 55 community controls using semi-structured proxy-based interviews and questionnaires. RESULTS: The most significant psychiatric risk factors associated with child and adolescent suicide were depressive ... Read More »
» Published in J Affect Disord. 2007 Jun 11;

17. The MAVRIC-C and MAVRIC-P: a preliminary reliability and validity study.
Match Strength: 9.512

We administered the Measure of Aggression, Violence, and Rage in Children (MAVRIC; Bass, Geenens, & Popper, 1993a, 1993b), a questionnaire assessing the severity of reactive, impulsive aggression, to 28 prepubertal psychiatrically hospitalized children and 54 prepubertal lowrisk nonpatients and their mothers. Cross-informant reliability was supported between the MAVRIC-Child Version (MAVRIC-C; Bass et al., 1993a) and MAVRIC-Parent Version (MAVRIC-P; Bass et al., 1993b), r = .62, p < .001. Convergent validity was supported with the Aggressive Behavior factor of the Child Behavior Checklist ... Read More »
» Published in J Pers Assess. 2006 Jun;86(3):273-90.

18. Diet and child behavior problems: fact or fiction?
Match Strength: 9.443

Dietary treatment of children with behavioral disorders has had wide public appeal and been a source of controversy since the 1920's. Yet, to date, there is little empirical evidence supporting the effectiveness of dietary restrictions in treating child psychiatric disorders, in particular, autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thus, the purpose of this article is (a) to provide historical background information regarding dietary treatment in children with behavioral disorders, (b) review the evidence-based literature for common dietary interventions, (c) discuss ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Nurs. 2007 Mar-Apr;33(2):138-43.

19. Health care analysis of eating disorders in Valladolid.
Match Strength: 9.374

One of the aims of epidemiological research is to provide some information that makes it possible to adapt and structure health care services. There is an open debate on the need and/or adequacy of the specific units for care given to eating behavior disorders (EBD) and a proper health care model. One way to contribute some ideas in this debate is to make a critical analysis of the reality of the care given for eating behavior disorders, observing the activity of the different health care levels, in our case in the province of Valladolid. The existence of several epidemiological studies, ... Read More »
» Published in Actas Esp Psiquiatr. 2007 Jun 27;

20. Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior in Child and Adolescent With Thalassemia Major.
Match Strength: 9.330

PURPOSE: To study the rate of psychiatric disorder and suicidal behavior in children with thalassemia major. METHOD: One hundred ten subjects with thalassemia major were interviewed according to the K-SADS Farsi version by face-to-face interview. RESULT: The most common psychiatric disorders were major depressive disorder and separation anxiety disorder. The rate of oppositional defiant disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and bipolar mood disorder were 3.6%, 1.8%, and 0.9%, respectively. About 49% suffered from depressed mood and 62.7% suffered from irritability and anger. More ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2006 Dec;28(12):781-784.

21. The prevalence of mental health problems in children 1(1/2) years of age - the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000.
Match Strength: 9.327

Background: The Copenhagen Child Cohort, CCC 2000, was established to investigate developmental psychopathology prospectively from birth in a general population. Methods: A random sample of 211 children from the CCC 2000 was investigated when the children were 1(1/2) years of age. The prevalence and associates of mental health problems and psychopathology were studied by clinical and standardised strategies, including videotape recordings, parent interviews and the following instruments: The Child Behavior Check List 1(1/2)-5 (CBCL 1(1/2)-5), The Infant Toddler Symptom Check List (ITSCL), ... Read More »
» Published in J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007 Jan;48(1):62-70.

22. Placement into foster care and the interplay of urbanicity, child behavior problems, and poverty.
Match Strength: 9.324

Child welfare involvement is related to involvement with poverty, but the dimensions of that relationship have not been fully explored. Data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being were used to test the relationship between poverty indicators and placement into foster care. Poverty, ages of children, urban or nonurban settings, and the presence of mental health disorders interact to contribute to placement decisions. In urban areas, poverty is strongly associated with involvement with child welfare services, but children's mental health problems are not. In nonurban areas, ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2006 Jul;76(3):358-66.

23. Multidimensional scaling of pediatric sleep breathing problems and bio-behavioral correlates.
Match Strength: 9.300

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Complex relationships exist between pediatric sleep disorders and daytime behavior. Using a multidimensional scaling model, we investigated these relationships in 126 children with sleep breathing disorders (SBD). METHOD: Validated questionnaires on nighttime behavior, daytime behavior, and respiratory health were administered to a large number of school children in Belgium. Children who met the criterion of having at least one sleep-related breathing problem (three or more times per week during the past six months) were selected for further analyses. A total of 26 indicators ... Read More »
» Published in Sleep Med. 2006 Apr;7(3):269-80. Epub 2006 Mar 29.

24. The impact of serial transitions on behavioral and psychological problems among children in child protection services.
Match Strength: 9.274

This study focuses on the impacts of serial transitions on externalized and internalized behavior disorders, anxiety, and depression among children in child protection services. The research was carried out with a sample of 741 children. The findings demonstrate that the number of times a family is blended is a stronger predictive factor for children's adjustment than is the family structure at the time of the interview. In predicting externalized and internalized behavior problems among children, however, the effect of family structure disappears in favor of the variables associated with ... Read More »
» Published in Child Welfare. 2006 Nov-Dec;85(6):941-64.

25. Child and adolescent mental health service use in Finland.
Match Strength: 9.254

BACKGROUND: The study examines the associations of parent, teacher and self-report evaluations of child psychopathology, help-seeking variables and family factors with the use of child mental health services. METHOD: The study comprised an 8-year follow-up of the Epidemiological Child Psychiatry Study in Finland. Children were evaluated at age 8 with Rutter parent and teacher scales and with the Child Depression Inventory, and at age 16, with the Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self Report. Information was obtained from about 70% of the follow-up sample (n=857). RESULTS: About 7% of the ... Read More »
» Published in Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2001 Jun;36(6):294-8.

26. Trend study of autistic spectrum disorders at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health.
Match Strength: 9.209

BACKGROUND: Increases in the incidence and prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders have been reported recently in the United States and Europe, but there are only a few reports on the trend of this problem in Thailand. OBJECTIVES: To study trend in autistic spectrum disorder patients and to find the factors that correlate with the incidence of this disorder at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A hospital-based prospective trend study was conducted in patients aged less than 12 years old, who attended the Child and Adolescent Department, Queen Sirikit ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Assoc Thai. 2005 Jul;88(7):891-7.

27. Behaviors associated with fever in children with autism spectrum disorders.
Match Strength: 9.141

OBJECTIVE: Clinical case reports have suggested that the behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorders may improve with fever. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of illness on behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorders. Understanding the role of fever, if any, may be informative regarding causative mechanisms of and treatment opportunities for autism. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 30 children (aged 2-18 years) with autism spectrum disorders during and after an episode of fever. Parent responses to the Aberrant Behavior Checklist were ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatrics. 2007 Dec;120(6):e1386-92.

28. Through a mother's eyes: Sources of bias when mothers with co-occurring disorders assess their children.
Match Strength: 8.944

Mothers are the principal informants on children's emotional and behavioral functioning. Maternal assessments of child functioning can be influenced by a mother's own psychological state. The magnitude and valence of distortion in maternal assessments associated with current maternal mental health and substance abuse symptoms were explored in a clinical sample of 253 mothers with co-occurring disorders and histories of trauma. Analyses estimated the correlation between current maternal symptoms and child assessments after controlling for maternal history of disorders, child's history of ... Read More »
» Published in J Behav Health Serv Res. 2006 Jan;33(1):87-104.

29. Parenting Stress in Mothers and Fathers of Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Associations with Child Characteristics.
Match Strength: 8.944

Elevated parenting stress is observed among mothers of older children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but little is known about parents of young newly-diagnosed children. Associations between child behavior and parenting stress were examined in mothers and fathers of 54 toddlers with ASD (mean age = 26.9 months). Parents reported elevated parenting stress. Deficits/delays in children's social relatedness were associated with overall parenting stress, parent-child relationship problems, and distress for mothers and fathers. Regulatory problems were associated with maternal stress, whereas ... Read More »
» Published in J Autism Dev Disord. 2008 Feb 1

30. The impact of pre- and perinatal factors on attention-deficit and disruptive behavior disorders.
Match Strength: 8.911

Diagnosis of attention-deficit and disruptive behavior disorders defines a group of disorders which have common properties. This group consists of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder. In order to differentiate these disorders, which share similar properties, it is important to verify the existing differences. In this respect, differences between and distribution of perinatal factors in these three disorders were investigated. The study was conducted in the Child Psychiatry and Pediatric Neurology Departments over a 20-month period. Two ... Read More »
» Published in Turk J Pediatr. 2001 Jul-Sep;43(3):231-6.

31. Cognitive-behavior therapy for childhood anxiety disorders.
Match Strength: 8.876

Over the past decade, multiple controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Relying heavily on behavioral exposure, cognitive restructuring, and psychoeducation, CBT for child anxiety has been shown to be adaptable to a variety of implementation formats, including individual, family, and group treatment. This article describes the conceptual framework underlying CBT and the key elements of this treatment approach. Important developmental and family considerations in treatment are ... Read More »
» Published in Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2005 Oct;14(4):863-76, x.

32. Predicting outcome in parent-child interaction therapy: success and attrition.
Match Strength: 8.873

This study explored predictors of treatment response and attrition in Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT). Participants were 99 families of 3- to 6-year-old children with disruptive behavior disorders. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify those pretreatment child, family, and accessibility factors that were predictive of success or attrition. For all study participants, waitlist group assignment and maternal age were the significant predictors of outcome. For treatment participants (study participants excluding those who dropped out after the initial evaluation but before ... Read More »
» Published in Behav Modif. 2006 Sep;30(5):618-46.

33. Impact of treating sleep apnea in a child with autism spectrum disorder.
Match Strength: 8.797

Sleep disorders can affect daytime functioning in a variety of neurologic conditions, including autism spectrum disorder. This report describes improvements in sleep, social communication, attention, repetitive behaviors, and hypersensitivity after adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea in a 5-year-old female with an autism spectrum disorder. Improvements were documented via pre- and postsurgical measures of parent report, polysomnography, validated sleep and behavior scales, and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. Identification and treatment of sleep disorders, including ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Neurol. 2006 Apr;34(4):325-8.

34. Maternal and Paternal Depressive Symptoms and Child Maladjustment: The Mediating Role of Parental Behavior.
Match Strength: 8.790

This study examined parental behaviors as mediators in links between depressive symptoms in mothers and fathers and child adjustment problems. Participants were 4,184 parents and 6,048 10- to 15-year-olds enrolled in the 1998 and 2000 cycles of the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Mothers and fathers self-reported symptoms of depression at Times 1 and 2 and their children assessed parental nurturance, rejection, and monitoring and self-reported internalizing and externalizing problems and prosocial behavior at Time 2. Hierarchical linear modeling showed evidence of ... Read More »
» Published in J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2007 Jun 19;

35. Non-eating disorders psychopathology in children and adolescents with eating disorders: implications for malnutrition and symptom severity.
Match Strength: 8.784

OBJECTIVES: To compare the general psychopathology in an eating disorders (ED) and a child mental health outpatient sample and investigate the implications of comorbidity on psychological and physical measures of ED severity. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six children and adolescents with a DSM-IV ED diagnosis were compared with age- and gender-matched controls. Measures included the Eating Disorders Examination and the Child Behavior Checklist. RESULTS: The ED group had lower general and externalizing psychopathology scores and no difference in internalizing (anxiety-depression) symptoms. Of ... Read More »
» Published in J Psychosom Res. 2006 Mar;60(3):257-61.

36. Comparison of the PSC-17 and alternative mental health screens in an at-risk primary care sample.
Match Strength: 8.690

OBJECTIVE: To validate the 17-item version of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC-17) as a screen for common pediatric mental disorders in primary care. METHOD: Patients were 269 children and adolescents (8-15 years old) whose parents completed the PSC-17 in primary care waiting rooms. Children were later assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL). The PSC-17's subscales were compared with K-SADS-PL diagnoses and measures of anxiety, depression, general psychopathology, functioning, and impairment. ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2007 May;46(5):611-8.

37. Maternal mental health, substance use, and domestic violence in the year after delivery and subsequent behavior problems in children at age 3 years.
Match Strength: 8.648

CONTEXT: Mental health disorders, substance use, and domestic violence often occur together. However, studies examining the impact of these conditions in mothers on the well-being of their children have focused only on isolated conditions. OBJECTIVE: To examine the cumulative effect of maternal mental health disorders, substance use, and domestic violence on the risk of behavior problems in young children. DESIGN: A birth cohort (1998-2000) followed up to age 3 years. SETTING: Eighteen large US cities. PARTICIPANTS: At 3 years, 2756 (65%) were followed up from the population-based birth cohort ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 May;63(5):551-60.

38. Behavioral and emotional problems in young people with pervasive developmental disorders: relative prevalence, effects of subject characteristics, and empirical classification.
Match Strength: 8.588

Parents or teachers rated 487 non-clinically referred young people with Pervasive Developmental Disorders on the Nisonger Child Behavior Rating Form. The objectives of the study were to examine the relative prevalence of specific behavior problems, assess the impact of subject characteristics, and derive an empirical classification of behavioral and emotional problems for this population. Results indicated that the youngsters experienced high rates of behavior and emotional problems. Cluster analysis suggested that six- and eight-cluster solutions best fit the ratings provided by parents and ... Read More »
» Published in J Autism Dev Disord. 2006 Nov;36(8):1101-14.

39. Psychosurgery for self-injurious behavior in Tourette's disorder.
Match Strength: 8.557

One of the most serious and difficult-to-treat conditions in child and adolescent psychiatry is self-injurious behavior (SIB). SIB can be associated with a number of psychiatric disorders, including mental retardation, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, pervasive developmental disorders, stereotypic movement disorder, and Tourette's Disorder. A variety of neurosurgical procedures have been used to treat both intractable SIB and severe Tourette's Disorder. Understandably, there are few reports concerning psychosurgery in children and adolescents for any condition or disorder. This ... Read More »
» Published in J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2004 Winter;14(4):531-8.

40. Multiple Complex Developmental Disorder Delineated from PDD-NOS.
Match Strength: 8.478

The objective of this study was to identify behavioral differences between children with multiple complex developmental disorder (MCDD) and those with pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Twenty-five children (6-12 years) with MCDD and 86 children with PDD-NOS were compared with respect to psychiatric co-morbidity, psychotic thought problems and social contact problems using the child behavior checklist/4-18, the Dutch version of the diagnostic interview schedule for children-Version IV, the child and adolescent functional assessment scale, and the autism ... Read More »
» Published in J Autism Dev Disord. 2006 Oct 25;

41. Does the Child Behavior Checklist Juvenile Bipolar Disorder Phenotype Identify Bipolar Disorder?
Match Strength: 8.427

BACKGROUND: A profile of Child Behavior Checklist(CBCL) T-scores >/=70 on the attention problems, aggression, and anxious/depressed subscales has been proposed to identify juvenile bipolar disorder(JBD). We tested this hypothesis in a population-based sample. METHODS: Data for this analysis come from a birth-records-based twin sample having semi-structured interview and CBCL data (N=1,346). We compared prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders and suicidal behaviors in CBCL-JBD and non-CBCL-JBD subjects. Twin modeling assessed genetic and environmental contributions to CBCL-JBD. ... Read More »
» Published in Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Aug 31;

42. Outcomes of Prolonged Parent-Child Embrace Therapy among 102 children with behavioral disorders.
Match Strength: 8.395

A growing body of research in neuroscience points to the impact of variations in maternal nurturing on child development and provides a rationale for interventions that target stress adaptation conditioning through natural family nurturing. This pilot study was collected within the course of private practice to assess the progress of children with severe behavioral disorders who were treated effectively with a multiple family therapy prototype, Prolonged Parent-Child Embrace (PPCE) Therapy. Subjects were a consecutive series of 102 patient children aged 4-18 years and their families. Children ... Read More »
» Published in Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006 Feb;12(1):3-12. Epub 2005 Nov 23.

43. Clinical profile of depressive disorder in children.
Match Strength: 8.379

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the risk factors, clinical features and co-morbid disorders of depressive disorder in children below the age of 12 years. Children who attended the child guidance clinic between January 2000 and December 2003 formed the subjects for the study. The diagnosis of depressive disorder was based on DSMIV diagnostic criteria for Major Depressive Disorder, Single episode. There were 26 boys and 19 girls. Stress at school and in the family was significantly associated with depressive disorder. Children with depressive disorder had significantly more ... Read More »
» Published in Indian Pediatr. 2006 Jun;43(6):521-6.

44. Prevalence and correlates of asthma in children with internalizing psychopathology.
Match Strength: 8.357

Our objective was to determine the prevalence rate of parent-reported asthma in children with internalizing disorders seeking psychological treatment, and to study the level of internalizing and externalizing problems in these patients compared to patients without asthma. Participants were 367 children (ages 5-18 years) with internalizing disorders seeking psychological treatment. Children's psychiatric diagnosis was established with the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV-Child and Parent versions. Parents reported on their child's asthma diagnosis, medical history, and medication ... Read More »
» Published in Depress Anxiety. 2006;23(8):502-8.

45. Preschool Behavioral and Social-Cognitive Problems as Predictors of (Pre)adolescent Disruptive Behavior.
Match Strength: 8.334

This article describes preschool social understanding and difficult behaviors (hot temper, disobedience, bossiness and bullying) as predictors of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and aggressive conduct disorder (ACD) in a Dutch population sample of (pre)adolescents (N = 1943), measured at age 10-12 and at age 13-15. ODD and ACD were assessed by the Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self-Report, preschool behavior was evaluated by the parental questionnaire [Symbol: see text]How was your child as a preschooler? (age 4-5)'. Adjusted for each other, all difficult preschool behaviors ... Read More »
» Published in Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2007 May 3;

46. Making polysomnography more "child friendly:" aA family-centered care approach.
Match Strength: 8.314

Study Objective: With the increasing recognition of pediatric sleep disorders, there is a growing demand for pediatric sleep medicine services, including polysomnography. The procedure of polysomnography can be particularly challenging in young children with limited ability to cooperate, especially when they have developmental disabilities or other medical complications. This article describes a family-centered care approach to polysomnography in children that is appropriate in any type of sleep laboratory setting. This approach emphasizes respect for the family, psychological preparation, ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Sleep Med. 2005 Apr 15;1(2):189-98.

47. Developmental trajectories of anxiety symptoms among boys across early and middle childhood.
Match Strength: 8.255

This study examined the developmental trajectory of anxiety symptoms among 290 boys and evaluated the association of trajectory groups with child and family risk factors and children's internalizing disorders. Anxiety symptoms were measured using maternal reports from the Child Behavior Checklist (T. M. Achenbach, 1991, 1992) for boys between the ages of 2 and 10. A group-based trajectory analysis revealed 4 distinct trajectories in the development of anxiety symptoms: low, low increasing, high declining, and high-increasing trajectories. Child shy temperament tended to differentiate between ... Read More »
» Published in J Abnorm Psychol. 2008 Feb;117(1):32-47.

48. Post-Institutional Autistic Syndrome in Romanian adoptees.
Match Strength: 8.160

Romanian adoptees have a background of severe neglect. International research has shown that this can give rise to symptoms of autistic behavior. Rutter et al. (1999, Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry, 40(4), 537-549.) refers to "quasi-autistic patterns", and Federici (1998, Help for the hopelss child: A guide for families. Alexandria: Federici & Assocoates.) to Post-Institutional Autistic Syndrome (PIAS). Eighty Romanian adoptees, averaging 8 years of age, who had resided in the Netherlands for 5 years were studied. Parent interviews and the Auti-R scale showed the extent to which the ... Read More »
» Published in J Autism Dev Disord. 2005 Oct;35(5):615-23.

49. Peer play interventions to support the social competence of children with autism spectrum disorders.
Match Strength: 8.088

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty connecting with others because they often lack the communication, social interaction, and play skills necessary for developing relationships with their peers. This article highlights the characteristics of four peer intervention programs described in the literature that have been successful in facilitating the social connections between children with ASD and their typical peers. The environments established for intervention, the role of the typical peer, and the role of the adult are described across the four programs. A fifth peer ... Read More »
» Published in Semin Speech Lang. 2006 Feb;27(1):32-46.

50. Research on day treatment programs for preschoolers with disruptive behavior disorders.
Match Strength: 8.005

OBJECTIVE: This review examined the literature on psychosocial treatments for preschoolers with disruptive behavior disorders to delineate ways in which interventions developed in research settings can be used to enhance existing clinical preschool day treatment programs. METHODS: A PsycINFO search was performed by using the keywords "day treatment," "behavior problems," "disruptive behavior disorder," and "oppositional defiant disorder" to find articles published between 1974 and 2004 on randomized controlled trials of psychosocial interventions for preschoolers (ages two to five years). No ... Read More »
» Published in Psychiatr Serv. 2006 Apr;57(4):477-86.

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