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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. A systematic review of the efficacy of cesarean section in the preservation of anal continence.
Match Strength: 10.682
PURPOSE: Elective primary cesarean section is performed largely to avoid maternal pelvic trauma that may result in anal incontinence, although its efficacy in this regard has not been thoroughly assessed. We perform a systematic review of published reports that compare anal incontinence risk by mode of delivery. METHODS: PubMed was searched from 1966 through August 2005. Authors were contacted for missing data or analyses. Both randomized and nonrandomized reports were included. Eligible studies included females having vaginal delivery or cesarean section, fecal and/or flatal incontinence was ... Read More »
» Published in Dis Colon Rectum. 2006 Oct;49(10):1587-95.
2. Maternal morbidity and mortality associated with delivery after intrauterine fetal death.
Match Strength: 10.375
Objective: To determine the maternal morbidity and mortality associated with delivery after intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) and to find out the place of fetal destructive procedures and cesarean section. Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study : Labour Room, Nishtar Hospital, Multan from January to December 2003. Patients and Methods: All women were included in the present study who presented before the onset of labour pains, after intrauterine fetal death at 26 weeks or onward with singleton pregnancy. Assessment of maternal demographic characteristics, gestational age at ... Read More »
» Published in J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2006 Oct;16(10):648-51.
3. Fetal deformations: a risk factor for obstetrical brachial plexus palsy?
Match Strength: 6.726
The purpose of this report is to discuss the association of brachial plexus palsy and congenital deformations. We reviewed all charts of patients less than 1 year of age with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy evaluated by one of the authors (IA) between January 1998 and October 2005 at Miami Children's Hospital Brachial Plexus Center. Of 158 patients with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy, 7 had deformations (4.4%). Deformations were present in 32% of patients delivered by cesarean section, but in only 2% of patients delivered vaginally. The deformations were ipsilateral, involving the chest ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Neurol. 2006 Oct;35(4):246-9.
4. Prostaglandin E2 induction of labor for isolated oligohydramnios in women with unfavorable cervix at term.
Match Strength: 5.280
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the maternal and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated with isolated oligohydramnios at term, managed by induction of labor. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study. 138 women with uncomplicated oligohydramnios at term [amniotic fluid index (AFI) < or =5 cm] and a low Bishop score (< or =6) underwent induction of labor with prostaglandin E2. These women were compared to 67 women who underwent induction of labor at 42 weeks' gestation and 276 women at low-risk pregnancy and spontaneous onset of labor, matched for parity and race. RESULTS: ... Read More »
» Published in Fetal Diagn Ther. 2007;22(1):75-9. Epub 2006 Sep 22.
5. Progesterone reduces lipopolysaccharide induced interleukin-6 secretion in fetoplacental chorionic arteries, fractionated cord blood, and maternal mononuclear cells.
Match Strength: 4.729
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize effect of progesterone (P4) on interleukin-6 (IL-6) production by fetoplacental artery explants, fetal granulocytes, and fetal and maternal mononuclear cells. STUDY DESIGN: Arteries and cord blood were obtained from 5 term pregnancies undergoing repeat cesarean section. Maternal blood was obtained from another 6 women at 16 to 20 weeks' gestation. Tissues were fractionated by dissection or Histopaque gradient. Specimens were incubated in physiologic media then exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or P4 alone, or pretreated with P4 and ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Oct;195(4):1015-9.
6. Maternal complications and procedures in pregnancy and at birth and wheezing phenotypes in children.
Match Strength: 4.693
RATIONALE: There is increasing interest in the potential influence of fetal and early life conditions on childhood wheezing. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between maternal complications and procedures in pregnancy and at birth and the risk of various wheezing phenotypes in young children. METHODS: We studied 15,609 children, aged 6-7 yr, enrolled in a population-based study. Standardized questionnaires were completed by the children's mothers. RESULTS: Of the children, 9.5% (1,478) had transient early wheezing, 5.4% (884) had persistent wheezing, and 6.1% (948) had late-onset ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Jan 1;175(1):16-21. Epub 2006 Sep 22.
7. Oxidative stress and antioxidant status in fetal circulation in preeclampsia.
Match Strength: 4.502
Preeclampsia is associated with oxidative stress in maternal circulation. The purpose of this study was to explore oxidative stress and antioxidants in the fetal circulation in preeclampsia. Women with preeclampsia (n = 19) or uncomplicated pregnancies (n = 33) delivered by cesarean section were included. Blood was sampled separately from the umbilical vein and artery. 8-Iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-isoprostane), a stable product of lipid peroxidation, is a reliable marker of oxidative stress. Concentration of total 8-isoprostane in cord plasma was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Res. 2006 Nov;60(5):560-4. Epub 2006 Sep 20.
8. Levels of persistent organic pollutant residues in human adipose and muscle tissues in Singapore.
Match Strength: 4.265
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), due to their persistence and bioconcentration in lipid-rich tissue, bioaccumulate in food chains, resulting in elevated concentrations in humans. This study was performed to determine and compare levels of POPs in human adipose and muscle tissues in the female population of Singapore. In total, 36 human adipose tissues and 8 human muscle tissues were collected from volunteer expectant mothers admitted to the National University Hospital Singapore for cesarean section delivery between August 2003 and January 2005. Samples were analyzed using a validated and ... Read More »
» Published in J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2006 Nov;69(21):1927-37.
9. Postpartum management of women at increased risk of thrombosis--results of a Canadian pilot survey.
Match Strength: 3.824
OBJECTIVE: To determine current practice patterns in the postpartum management of women at increased risk of thrombosis. METHODS: Physicians affiliated with the University of Toronto departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rheumatology, Hematology, and Obstetric Medicine who provide care to pregnant women were mailed a questionnaire that presented 6 clinical scenarios involving postpartum management of a woman at risk for thrombosis, with (1) recurrent pregnancy loss and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) treated with aspirin (ASA) in the pregnancy; (2) 2 pregnancy losses and a low ... Read More »
» Published in J Rheumatol. 2006 Nov;33(11):2222-6. Epub 2006 Sep 15. Comment in: J Rheumatol. 2006 Nov;33(11):2108-9.
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