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Catheterization
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1. Risk of local adverse events by gender following cardiac catheterization.
Match Strength: 7.543

PURPOSE: To assess the reason for the relative high risk of local complications for women following cardiac catheterization by evaluating the associations between gender, sheath size, and local adverse outcomes following cardiac catheterization. METHODS: The data used in this study were obtained from a portion of the American College of Cardiology-National Cardiovascular Data Registrytrade mark (ACC-NCDRtrade mark), which included 13 878 patients who underwent cardiac catheterization at one of 59 participating cardiac catheterization institutions throughout the United States during late 2003. ... Read More »
» Published in Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2006 Sep 18;16(2):125-131 [Epub ahead of print]

2. A new method of internal jugular vein catheterization using the cricoid cartilage and the external jugular vein as a landmark.
Match Strength: 7.491

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to find a new external landmark for internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization. METHODS: The locations of the right IJVs of 100 patients were examined by ultrasonography using the external jugular vein and the cricoid cartilage as landmarks, and in a clinical study, we catheterized the right IJVs of 100 patients using these landmarks. RESULTS: By ultrasonography, the average distance from point A (a point 1.5 cm medial from the external jugular vein at the cricoid cartilage level) to the midpoint of the right IJV was 0.35 +/- 0.61 cm, and by clinical study, ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Emerg Med. 2006 Oct;24(6):697-701.

3. Abnormal vascular tone in infants and children with lung hypoplasia: Findings from cardiac catheterization and the response to chronic therapy.
Match Strength: 5.554

OBJECTIVE: We describe four cases of chronic pulmonary hypertension in infants and children with chronic lung disease and pulmonary hypoplasia due to severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) or congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM). We report data from cardiac catheterization under various conditions: baseline respiratory support and room air, hyperoxic and inhaled nitric oxide challenge. We further report cardiac catheterization measures after chronic pulmonary vasodilator therapy with sildenafil alone or a combination of sildenafil and inhaled nitric oxide (three patients). ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Nov;7(6):589-94.

4. Predictors of in-hospital delay to reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction in Japan.
Match Strength: 5.539

The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with in-hospital delay in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Japan. In this observational study, 155 consecutive patients admitted with AMI to one of five urban hospitals were studied. The median door-to-needle time and door-to-catheterization-laboratory time was 19 min and 60 min, respectively. Three variables predicted door-to-catheterization-laboratory times >/= 60 min: failing to call an ambulance, direct admission to the hospital, and absence of diaphoresis (p < 0.05). These findings support the need for ... Read More »
» Published in J Emerg Med. 2006 Oct;31(3):241-5.

5. Transesophageal echocardiographic evaluation of ECG-guided central venous catheter placement.
Match Strength: 4.790

PURPOSE: To facilitate electrocardiography (ECG)-guided central venous catheter placement by observing the shape and size of the P wave at specific locations of a central venous catheter (CVC) tip. METHODS: We evaluated 54 patients for whom central venous catheterization was planned as part of routine care for their elective surgery. The junction of the superior vena cava (SVC) and the right atrium (RA) was defined as the superior border of the crista terminalis by transesophageal echocardiography. The RA ECGs were recorded while withdrawing the CVC into the SVC or advancing it into the RA at ... Read More »
» Published in Can J Anaesth. 2006 Oct;53(10):978-83.

6. The 'pitcher pot' ileal neobladder: early experiences.
Match Strength: 4.124

OBJECTIVE: To analyse initial results of newly designed ileal neobladder-a modification of Studer neobladder METHODS: Twenty-four patients with urinary bladder cancer underwent radical cystoprostatectomy from February 2005 to March 2006. Twenty-one of them had urinary diversion using ileal neobladder in spherical configuration with ileal neourethra (giving the shape of an inverted Indian earthenware container called a 'pitcher pot') to circumvent the problem of short mesentery and construct a low-pressure spherical ileal neobladder. RESULTS: Early post-operative complications occurred in 42% ... Read More »
» Published in Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2006 Nov;36(11):717-22. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

7. Arterial pulse wave analysis: An accurate means of determining cardiac output in children.
Match Strength: 3.984

OBJECTIVE: Cardiac output is a useful measure of myocardial performance. Standard methods of determining cardiac output are not without risk and can be problematic in children. Arterial pulse wave analysis (PulseCO), a novel, minimally invasive cardiac output determination technique, offers the advantage of continuous monitoring, convenience, and low risk. This technique has not been validated in children. The purpose of this study was to validate PulseCO as an accurate means of noninvasively determining real-time cardiac output in children. DESIGN: Prospective, single-center evaluation. ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Nov;7(6):532-5.

8. The diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography compared with stress nuclear imaging in emergency department low-risk chest pain patients.
Match Strength: 3.600

STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compared the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography with stress nuclear imaging for the detection of an acute coronary syndrome or 30-day major adverse cardiac events in low-risk chest pain patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study of the diagnostic accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging and multidetector CT in low-risk chest pain patients. The target condition was an acute coronary syndrome (confirmed >70% coronary stenosis on coronary artery catheterization) or major adverse cardiac events within 30 days. Patients were low risk ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Feb;49(2):125-36. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

9. Medical and minimally invasive treatment of urinary incontinence.
Match Strength: 3.524

Newer agents and procedures give urologists more options in treating patients who have urinary incontinence related to such etiologies as an ineffective sphincter, detrusor hypersensitivity, obstruction, or a combination of these. Abolition of the involuntary contractions characteristic of detrusor instability can be accomplished pharmacologically or surgically. First-line anticholinergic agents are tolterodine and oxybutynin XL, given orally. Alternatively, intravesical administration provides a high concentration of drug, such as capsaicin or resiniferatoxin, at the detrusor muscle level. ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 1999 Spring;1(2):111-9.

10. Pulmonary arterial hypertension and rheumatic diseases--from diagnosis to treatment.
Match Strength: 2.998

Survival rates in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with rheumatic diseases, in particular connective tissue diseases such as systemic sclerosis, are even lower than in idiopathic PAH. These low survival rates highlight the need for early diagnosis and treatment in these patients. Transthoracic Doppler-echocardiography is most often used for diagnostic screening of patients at risk. Other screening tests are serum pro-brain-natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) and diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), which appear to be changed early in the course of the PAH associated with ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatology (Oxford). 2006 Oct;45 Suppl 4:iv22-iv25.

11. Ultrasound imaging of sacral reflexes.
Match Strength: 2.608

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the reliability of examination of the guarding reflex of the pelvic floor by dynamic perineal ultrasonography in children with bladder dysfunction and in controls. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with nonneurogenic bladder/sphincter dyssynergia, 40 with spina bifida, and 40 controls underwent a dynamic ultrasound examination of the pelvic floor while coughing and while being tapped on the abdominal wall. The reflex action of the puborectal muscle in females, and the combined action of the puborectal muscle and external sphincter muscle in males, were recorded. ... Read More »
» Published in Urology. 2006 Sep;68(3):652-4. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

12. Does cyclically iloprost infusion prevent severe isolated pulmonary hypertension in systemic sclerosis? Preliminary results.
Match Strength: 2.422

The objective of this study was to present our clinical experience about scleroderma-related pulmonary hypertension in the patients treated with intermittent iloprost infusions. Eighty-one patients affected by systemic sclerosis (12 men, 69 women; 30 with diffuse pattern and 51 with limited pattern; mean age 55.1 years; mean duration of disease 105.3 months) have been treated with cyclic iloprost infusions for at least 15 months (range 15-126 months). During the last 4 months all patients underwent Doppler echocardiography in order to estimate the value of systolic pulmonary artery pressure. ... Read More »
» Published in Rheumatol Int. 2006 Dec;27(2):203-5. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

13. Contrast-induced nephropathy in urgent coronary interventions.
Match Strength: 2.365

OBJECTIVES: Patients submitted to urgent percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) are quite often at high risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) since they exhibit several predisposing factors such as electrical and haemodynamic instability together with the lack of time to undergo adequate prophylaxis. This was a not blinded, non-randomized study whose aims were (i) to evaluate the incidence of CIN after urgent PCI in a high-volume cardiovascular referral practice (patients with acute myocardial infarction or with acute coronary syndromes enrolled in a single centre), and (ii) to ... Read More »
» Published in J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2006 Oct;7(10):737-41.

14. Attenuation of the negative inotropic effects of metoprolol at short cycle lengths in humans: comparison with sotalol and verapamil.
Match Strength: 2.342

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the influence of changes in systolic interval on the negative inotropic effects of metoprolol, sotalol, and verapamil in patients with ischemic heart disease. BACKGROUND: The long-term symptomatic and prognostic effects of antiarrhythmic agents are not easily predicted on the basis of acute hemodynamic actions at rest, but may be unmasked during tachycardia. However, this has not been studied extensively in vivo. METHODS: The force-interval relationship of the intact human left ventricle was examined before and 10 min after intravenous bolus ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Sep 19;48(6):1234-41. Epub 2006 Aug 28.

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