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Bursitis
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1. Prepatellar Brucella melitensis bursitis: case report and literature review.
Match Strength: 13.674

Bursal infection is an uncommon clinical presentation of brucellosis. We herein report a case of Brucella melitensis bursitis that was successfully treated. Other reported cases of brucella bursitis were reviewed. A high degree of suspicion in the right clinical setting is required for the diagnosis of brucella bursitis ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Rheumatol. 2007 Feb 17;

2. Enlarged Psoas Muscle and Iliopsoas Bursitis Associated With a Rapidly Destructive Hip in a Patient With Rheumatoid Arthritis
Match Strength: 13.159

A 39-year-old man with rheumatoid arthritis developed femoral neuropathy secondary to iliopsoas bursitis. The adjacent hip joint was severely damaged. Magnetic resonance imaging showed enlargement and inflammation of the psoas muscle at the same side of iliopsoas bursitis. Iliopsoas bursitis and abnormal findings of the psoas muscle disappeared while the symptoms improved ... Read More »
» Published in Mod Rheumatol. 2006;16(1):52-4.

3. Enlarged psoas muscle and iliopsoas bursitis associated with a rapidly destructive hip in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis.
Match Strength: 12.980

A 39-year-old man with rheumatoid arthritis developed femoral neuropathy secondary to iliopsoas bursitis. The adjacent hip joint was severely damaged. Magnetic resonance imaging showed enlargement and inflammation of the psoas muscle at the same side of iliopsoas bursitis. Iliopsoas bursitis and abnormal findings of the psoas muscle disappeared while the symptoms improved. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Mod Rheumatol. 2006;16(1):52-4.

4. Sonography of Cubital Bursitis
Match Strength: 12.359

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to describe the sonographic appearance of cubital bursitis in three patients and to illustrate the use of sonographic guidance for therapeutic injections. CONCLUSION: Cubital bursitis, a rare but painful condition of the elbow, can be diagnosed with sonography. Cubital bursitis is seen as distention of the bicipitoradial bursa in the proximal forearm, occasionally with fluid or complex synovial debris in more severe cases. Power Doppler imaging can aid in providing information about active inflammation. Two patients in our series were treated using ... Read More »
» Published in AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Jul;183(1):51-3.

5. Evidence-Based Soft Tissue Rheumatology IV: Anserine Bursitis.
Match Strength: 12.268

Anserine bursitis is a frequent cause of medial knee pain. Despite its name, the structure at fault causing the symptoms remains unknown. Diabetes mellitus is a known predisposing factor leading to the condition. Overweight and knee osteoarthritis are possible additional risk factors, but their role has yet to be assessed. Anserine bursitis is diagnosed clinically based on medial knee pain and localized tenderness at the inferomedial knee. Current treatment of anserine bursitis includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory dugs, physiotherapy, and local glucocorticoid injections. Of these, only the ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Rheumatol. 2004 Aug;10(4):205-206.

6. Ischiogluteal Bursitis in Cancer Patients: an Infrequently Recognized Cause of Pain
Match Strength: 12.080

We report eight patients with metastatic malignancy who developed severe back and leg pain caused by ischiogluteal bursitis. Careful evaluation excluded the possibility of bony metastases. Ischiogluteal bursitis is an easily diagnosed condition that can be effectively treated with local injection of corticosteroids. Recognition of this disorder will allow prompt therapy and unnecessary evaluation expenses ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Clin Oncol. 1993 Jun;16(3):229-31.

7. Inflammatory changes of hip synovial structures in polymyalgia rheumatica.
Match Strength: 11.993

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hip inflammatory lesions and to evaluate the accuracy of clinical examination compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) with pelvic girdle symptoms. Secondary end-point was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography (US) compared to MRI in the assessment of hip lesions. METHODS: Case-control study of 20 consecutive PMR patients and 40 controls with different rheumatic conditions. Both groups were clinically assessed for the presence of hip synovitis, trochanteric, iliopsoas and ischiogluteal ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2005 Jul-Aug;23(4):462-8.

8. Patellar osteomyelitis presenting as prepatellar bursitis.
Match Strength: 11.851

Peripatellar lesions causing knee pain include cellulitis, bursitis, synovitis, septic arthritis and patellar osteomyelitis. We present here two cases of patellar osteomyelitis which were misdiagnosed as prepatellar bursitis. Operative treatment was required for these lesions. Patellar osteomyelitis should always be considered when treating a peripatellar lesion, although it is very rare condition ... Read More »
» Published in Knee. 2007 Jun 11;

9. Septic olecranon bursitis: recognition and treatment.
Match Strength: 11.758

BACKGROUND: The superficial location of the olecranon bursa places it at high risk for injury, possibly leading to the entry of bacteria into the bursal sac. Early differentiation between septic and nonseptic olecranon bursitis is paramount to direct therapy, to hasten recovery, and to prevent chronic inflammation. METHODS: A literature review was performed using MEDLINE files from 1967 to the present. Additional references from the bibliographies of these were also utilized. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Olecranon bursitis is a common condition that requires the treating physician to be aware of ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Board Fam Pract. 1995 May-Jun;8(3):217-20.

10. Anserine Bursitis And Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Match Strength: 11.490

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), knee pain, and anserine bursitis, and its relation to sex, age, or body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Ninety-four consecutive patients with NIDDM, 66 women and 28 men, and 57 nondiabetic patients, 36 women and 22 men, were examined at an outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Date of onset in patients with NIDDM was noted, and serum was analyzed for either hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) or glycosylated hemoglobin (GHb) in 69 of these patients. Anserine bursitis was diagnosed if knee pain and ... Read More »
» Published in J Rheumatol. 1997 Nov;24(11):2162-5.

11. Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Pes Anserinus Tendino-Bursitis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Match Strength: 11.354

OBJECTIVE: To assess musculoskeletal ultrasonographic (US) findings in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with and without pes anserinus (PA) tendinitis or bursitis syndrome; and to determine possible etiologic factors such as systemic diabetic microvascular disease complications in these patients. METHODS: The knee joints were examined with an ultrasound real-time scanner using a 10 MHz electronic linear transducer in 48 patients with type 2 DM and 25 controls. The presence of systemic diabetic microvascular disease complications was evaluated. RESULTS: On examination 23 (23.9%) ... Read More »
» Published in J Rheumatol. 2003 Feb;30(2):352-4.

12. Surgical treatment and histopathology of different forms of olecranon and presternal bursitis in cattle and buffalo.
Match Strength: 11.262

Thirty seven cases of bursitis presented to our Veterinary Teaching Hospital from 2001 to 2005. There were 10 adult female buffalos with olecranon bursitis (one had bilateral bursitis) and 26 calves (7 cattle and 19 buffalos, 16 males and 10 females) with presternal bursitis. There were 10 out of 11 cases of olecranon bursitis and 21 out of 26 cases of presternal bursitis with different forms (cystic, proliferative and fibrous) that were removed surgically. The remaining 6 cases, cystic bursitis (olecranon = 1, presternal = 5), were treated by aspiration of their contents and injection of 4% ... Read More »
» Published in J Vet Sci. 2006 Sep;7(3):287-91.

13. Iliopectineal bursitis complicating hemiarthroplasty: a case report.
Match Strength: 11.032

Enlarged iliopectineal bursitis in the hip region, which usually occurs with degenerative, infectious, or traumatic disorders, is relatively rare. Iliopectineal bursitis complicating bipolar hemiarthroplasty is even more rare. Reported here is an unusual case of a patient with an inguinal mass presenting 8 years after bipolar hemiarthroplasty. Enlarged bursitis complicating the hip prosthesis is rare and has been described only anecdotally in the literature. The enlarged iliopectineal bursa arises from the hip, and the most apparent cause of its formation is polyethylene debris. Treatment ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001 Nov;(392):366-71.

14. Bicipitoradial bursitis. A case report.
Match Strength: 10.756

Mass lesions in the antecubital fossa are uncommon and therefore unknown. We report a case of bicipitoradial bursitis, which initially was mistaken for a malignant lesion. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Orthop Belg. 2006 Jun;72(3):362-5.

15. Cervical interspinous bursitis in active polymyalgia rheumatica.
Match Strength: 10.693

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inflammatory involvement of cervical interspinous bursae in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Twelve consecutive, untreated new patients with PMR were investigated. Five patients with fibromyalgia, 2 patients with cervical osteoarthritis and 6 patients with spondyloarthritis with neck pain served as controls. MRI of the cervical spine was performed in all 12 PMR case-patients and in 13 control-patients. Two of the 4 PMR patients with pelvic girdle pain also had MRI of the lumbar spine. RESULTS: MRI evidence of ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Rheum Dis. 2008 Jan 21

16. Evidence-Based Soft Tissue Rheumatology: III: Trochanteric Bursitis.
Match Strength: 10.630

Trochanteric bursitis is a term used to name a syndrome that features pain and tenderness over the greater trochanter. Present evidence suggests that in the majority of cases, symptoms result from pathology of the gluteus medius or minimus muscles rather than a bursa. Lower limb length discrepancy, iliotibial band contracture, hip osteoarthritis and lumbar spondylosis are often mentioned, but no proved as predisposing factors. After a lumbar spine or hip and other local pathology have been considered and clinically excluded, the clinical features of the syndrome, ie lateral location of pain ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Rheumatol. 2004 Jun;10(3):123-124.

17. Bursitis, adventitious bursa, localized soft-tissue inflammation, and bone marrow edema in tibial stumps: the contribution of magnetic resonance imaging to the diagnosis and management of mechanical stress complications
Match Strength: 10.596

OBJECTIVE: To assess the contribution of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of tibial stump bursitis, in the establishment of differential diagnosis, and in the therapeutic management prosthetic-stump interface, mainly by adaptation of the prosthetic device. DESIGN: Two-year, prospective, consecutive series. SETTING: University-affiliated prosthetic and rehabilitation center and university department of radiology. PARTICIPANTS: A group of 17 persons with stump problems identified from a total of 139 consecutive below-knee amputees with prosthesis problems. INTERVENTIONS: Not ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 May;84(5):770-7.

18. Ileopectineal Bursitis Following Total Hip Replacement
Match Strength: 10.452

Two cases of ileopectineal bursitis following total hip replacement are presented. Inflammation, infection and trauma are discussed as pathogenic factors. The results of fine needle biopsy, radiologic examination including CT and ultrasonography, as well as bacteriological cultures are described. The therapy was surgical in both cases ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Orthop Scand. 1984 Feb;55(1):63-5.

19. Reaction of Superficial Bursae in Response To Specific Disease Stimuli
Match Strength: 10.342

Although microscopic studies have shown similarities between bursal and joint membranes, little is known about bursae and their response to disease states. Eighty-six cases of superficial bursitis due to trauma, bacterial infection, or gout were reviewed and compared with cases of joint inflammation due to the same etiologies. In traumatic bursitis the bursal fluid mucin test was more abnormal and the viscosity lower than that of joint fluid in traumatic arthritis. The bursal fluid total leukocyte count of septic bursitis was less than 20,000/mm3 in 8 of 13 cases but in only 1 of 21 synovial ... Read More »
» Published in Arthritis Rheum. 1979 Dec;22(12):1361-4.

20. Hamular Bursitis and its possible craniofacial referred symptomatology: two case reports.
Match Strength: 10.161

The diagnosis of craniofacial pain is conditioned by the interdisciplinary management of its presentation especially in the absence of unique and objective signs. Bursitis is a pathological entity recently found in the hamular area and should be included in the diagnosis for exclusion of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), ear-nose-throat pathologies, due to the similar symptomatology to other head and neck conditions. The hamular process bursitis is a painful condition that can easily be confused with glosopharinge or trigeminal neuralgia that generates an uncomfortable feeling in the ... Read More »
» Published in Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2006 Jul 1;11(4):E329-33.

21. Sudden Death in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Pulmonary Embolism-a Fatal Complication of Iliopsoas Bursitis.
Match Strength: 10.094

Sudden death resulting from embolic complications of iliopsoas bursitis has not been previously reported. This case report deals with a 48-year-old woman with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis who presented with symptoms suggestive of deep vein thrombosis. She was found to have complete occlusion of the femoral vein secondary to iliopsoas bursal inflammation and swelling. She died suddenly. At autopsy, a large pulmonary embolism was identified as the cause of death.This report should increase awareness of the incidence of iliopsoas bursitis in rheumatoid arthritis and its potential danger. ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Rheumatol. 2002 Aug;8(4):208-11.

22. Necrotizing herpesvirus bursitis, thymusitis, and splenitis in chickens.
Match Strength: 10.002

Spontaneous massive necrotizing herpesvirus bursitis, thymusitis, and splenitis in pale broiler chicks is described. Fibrinopurulent inflammation and necrosis was accompanied by intralesional solitary large dark blue intranuclear inclusion bodies in histiocytes and lymphocytes. Ultrastructurally, swollen nuclei with marginated chromatin contained herpesvirus ... Read More »
» Published in Avian Dis. 1995 Apr-Jun;39(2):444-7.

23. Mycobacterium kansasii olecranon bursitis.
Match Strength: 9.902

A case is reported of a post-traumatic olecranon bursitis caused by Mycobacterium kansasii following an injury sustained in a public swimming pool. It responded to surgical debridement and combined rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol antimicrobial therapy. A literature search was performed and a treatment regimen for this uncommon condition is suggested. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in J Med Microbiol. 2006 Dec;55(Pt 12):1745-6.

24. Lateral Hip Pain: Does Imaging Predict Response to Localized Injection?
Match Strength: 9.819

Lateral hip pain is a common complaint in patients with a history of lower back pain from spinal disease. These patients often are diagnosed and treated for trochanteric bursitis because of localized pain and tenderness in the lateral hip. We presumed numerous scintigraphic features could provide diagnostic criteria for diagnosing gluteus medius tendinitis and trochanteric bursitis. A study was designed to assess the scintigraphic criteria for diagnosis of trochanteric bursitis and to evaluate the relationship of trochanteric bursitis to gluteus medius tendinitis and lumbar degenerative ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2006 Dec 27;

25. Chronic bursitis presenting as a mass in the pes anserine bursa: MR diagnosis
Match Strength: 9.713

A case of chronic, nonspecific synovial inflammation presenting as a mass in the pes anserine bursa is demonstrated by MRI. The lesion was well demarcated and surrounded by a low intensity rim. On spin echo images it was homogeneous and of intermediate signal intensity, whereas on T2-weighted images it showed scattered areas of high signal producing a heterogeneous pattern. It is contrasted with a typical example of acute pes anserine bursitis, presenting as simple fluid within the bursa. The differential considerations vary accordingly between the acute and chronic forms of pes anserine ... Read More »
» Published in J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1993 Jan-Feb;17(1):137-40.

26. Sarcoidosis presenting as prepatellar bursitis.
Match Strength: 9.697

A 61-year-old woman complained of a subcutaneous mass in her right knee. MR images revealed a well-defined subcutaneous mass in the prepatellar region, containing some fluid and foci of short T2. The lesion showed some marginal contrast uptake after an administration of meglumine gadopentetate (Gd-DTPA), consistent with prepatellar bursitis. The pathological specimen, however, revealed subcutaneous sarcoidosis involving the bursa ... Read More »
» Published in Skeletal Radiol. 2006 Jan;35(1):58-60. Epub 2005 Aug 11.

27. The clinical utility of ultrasonography for rotator cuff disease, shoulder impingement syndrome and subacromial bursitis.
Match Strength: 9.572

Periarticular shoulder disorders are common in clinical practice, and diagnosis is often difficult. Medicare statistics indicate that between 2001 and 2006 the use of diagnostic shoulder ultrasonography increased significantly. Rotator cuff disease, shoulder impingement syndrome and subacromial bursitis are among the most common diagnoses reported on shoulder ultrasonography. Shoulder ultrasonography is useful in the diagnosis of full thickness tears, but its utility for other rotator cuff disorders, shoulder impingement syndrome and subacromial bursitis is less well established ... Read More »
» Published in Med J Aust. 2008 Jan 7;188(1):50-3.

28. Tuberculous bicipitoradial bursitis: A case report.
Match Strength: 9.533

An 76-year-old man with an indolent soft tissue mass on the volar aspect of the left elbow was referred to our institution with a diagnosis of a soft tissue tumor. He had a history of lung tuberculosis since the age of 30. The mass was adjacent to the biceps brachi tendon. It demonstrated homogeneous low-signal intensity on T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images and heterogeneous relatively high signal intensity with scattered low and high signal intensity areas on T2-weighted MR images. An excision was performed after needle biopsy with presumptive diagnosis of bicipitoradial bursitis. ... Read More »
» Published in Skeletal Radiol. 2006 Oct 5;

29. Iliopsoas bursitis: clinical features, radiographic findings, and disease associations
Match Strength: 9.510

Inflammation of the iliopsoas bursa is a common manifestation of a wide array of inflammatory, degenerative, and traumatic musculoskeletal conditions. The clinical presentation of iliopsoas bursitis is variable, and includes pain, mass lesion, or compression syndromes of the inguinal compartment. Affected individuals frequently have underlying synovitis of the hip or a history of occupational or recreational injury. Early and accurate diagnosis is facilitated by appropriate radiographic studies ... Read More »
» Published in Semin Arthritis Rheum. 1990 Aug;20(1):41-7.

30. Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of PMR
Match Strength: 9.353

The cause of musculoskeletal symptoms in polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is not clearly defined because joint synovitis may only partially explain the diffuse discomfort. MRI imaging of the shoulders, hip and extremities of patients with PMR has been analyzed. MRI showed that subacromial and subdeltoid bursitis of the shoulders and iliopectineal bursitis and hip synovitis are the predominant and most frequently observed lesions in active PMR. The inflammation of the bursae associated with glenohumeral synovitis, bicipital tenosynovitis and hip synovitis may explain the diffuse discomfort and ... Read More »
» Published in Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2000 Jul-Aug;18(4 Suppl 20):S38-9.

31. Tuberculous trochanteric bursitis.
Match Strength: 9.323

A case of tuberculous trochanteric bursitis in a 40-year old man is reported. The findings of x-rays, echo, bone scanning, CT scan and MRI are shown. After one month of anti-TB therapy the bursa was excised en bloc as well as the lateral part of the trochanter. Then a continuous suction irrigation system was applied for 3 weeks using streptomycin solution. The anti-TB therapy was continued for one year. The patient was asymptomatic with no signs of recurrence 5 years postoperatively. Publication Types: Case ... Read More »
» Published in Chir Organi Mov. 2004 Apr-Jun;89(2):177-80.

32. Non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis: MRI findings.
Match Strength: 9.257

OBJECTIVE: We wished to report on the MRI findings of non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MRI findings of 17 confirmed cases of non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis were analyzed: four out of the 17 cases were confirmed with surgery, and the remaining 13 cases were confirmed with MRI plus the clinical data. RESULTS: The enlarged bursae were located deep to the gluteus muscles and postero-inferior to the ischial tuberosity. The superior ends of the bursal sacs abutted to the infero-medial aspect of the ischial tuberosity. The signal intensity within the enlarged ... Read More »
» Published in Korean J Radiol. 2004 Oct-Dec;5(4):280-6.

33. Suppurative tenosynovitis and septic bursitis.
Match Strength: 9.111

Suppurative tenosynovitis and septic bursitis are closed space infections of the musculoskeletal system. Appropriate antibiotics in combination with incision and drainage are generally recommended. Aggressive surgical management is particularly important in tenosynovitis to prevent tendon necrosis. Empiric antibiotic coverage should be directed toward staphylococci and streptococci. Patient characteristics and epidemiologic exposures may provide clues to unusual causative organisms that are occasionally encountered, such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Pasteurella multocida, atypical mycobacteria, ... Read More »
» Published in Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2005 Dec;19(4):991-1005, xi.

34. Sustained-Release Indomethacin in the Management of the Acute Painful Shoulder From Bursitis And/Or Tendinitis
Match Strength: 9.050

Of all the forms of nonarticular rheumatism, by far the most common are bursitis and tendinitis. Yet, the bursae and neighboring tendon sheaths are the most neglected anatomic structures of the body. Moreover, like the joints, they are lined by synovial membrane, secrete synovial fluid, and are common sites of rheumatic problems. The vast majority of painful shoulder problems are caused by acute subacromial (subdeltoid) bursitis and bicipital tendinitis. In the management of these periarticular disorders, the ultimate goal is to preserve shoulder motion. Although this is accomplished by daily ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Med. 1985 Oct 25;79(4C):32-8.

35. Atypical extraspinal musculoskeletal tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients: part II, tuberculous myositis, tuberculous bursitis, and tuberculous tenosynovites.
Match Strength: 9.047

Tuberculosis involving the soft tissue from adjacent bone or joint is well recognized. However, primary tuberculous pyomyositis, tuberculous bursitis, and tuberculous tenosynovitis are rare entities constituting 1% of skeletal tuberculosis. Tuberculous tenosynovitis involves most commonly the tendon sheaths of the hand and wrist, and tuberculous bursitis occurs most commonly around the hip. The greater trochanteric bursa and the greater trochanter are the most frequent sites of tuberculous bursitis. Cases of primary tuberculous pyomyositis and tenosynovitis of the tendons of the ankle and foot ... Read More »
» Published in Can Assoc Radiol J. 2006 Dec;57(5):278-86.

36. Heel Pain Due To Retrocalcaneal Bursitis-Radiographic Diagnosis (With an Historical Footnote on Sever's Disease)
Match Strength: 8.979

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is a distinct condition causing posterior heel pain in active, healthy children. It appears to result from post-traumatic inflammation of the soft tissues of the posterior heel, and is unrelated to avascular necrosis of the calcaneal apophysis. The diagnosis may be confirmed radiographically by the loss of the lucent retrocalcaneal recess, with a normal Achilles tendon and superficial soft tissue contour, and intact cortex of the underlying os calcis ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Radiol. 1985;15(2):119-22.

37. Aspiration of Joints and Soft Tissue Injections
Match Strength: 8.886

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders are commonly encountered in primary care practice. These disorders include varieties of bursitis, tendinitis, myositis, arthritis, and related conditions. A certain group of these disorders lend themselves to diagnosis by needle aspiration or to treatment by injections. The conditions discussed in this article include subacromial bursitis, supraspinous and bicipital tendinitis, tennis elbow, de Quervain's syndrome, trigger finger, inflammation of the knee, ganglion, and muscle trigger points ... Read More »
» Published in Prim Care. 1986 Sep;13(3):579-99.

38. The Molecular Pathophysiology of Subacromial Bursitis in Rotator Cuff Disease
Match Strength: 8.839

Little information exists on the molecular and biochemical pathophysiology of subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff disease. We investigated the pattern of expression of cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1beta, IL-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor [TNF] alpha, small inducible cytokines), metalloproteases, and cyclooxygenases in the subacromial bursa in patients with rotator cuff disease. Subacromial bursa specimens were prepared for molecular and biochemical analysis in patients undergoing shoulder surgery following an institutional review board-approved protocol. Specimens were analyzed for the ... Read More »
» Published in J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2005 Jan-Feb;14(1 Suppl S):84S-89S.

39. Ultrasonography is superior to clinical examination in the detection and localization of knee joint effusion in rheumatoid arthritis
Match Strength: 8.820

OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal ultrasonography allows real-time imaging of joint structures and may be used to complement clinical examination in rheumatological practice. We compared ultrasonography (US) with clinical examination (CE) in the detection of effusion, suprapatellar bursitis, and Baker's cyst of the knee in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in order to determine whether US provided additional clinical information. METHODS: A total of 22 patients with RA (ACR criteria) underwent independent clinical and US examination of both knees for suprapatellar bursitis, knee effusion, and presence of ... Read More »
» Published in J Rheumatol. 2003 May;30(5):966-71. Comment in: J Rheumatol. 2003 May;30(5):908-9.

40. Ultrasonographic findings in patients with olecranon bursitis.
Match Strength: 8.760

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (U.S.) is an important imaging technique in the diagnosis of olecranon bursitis, especially for early manifestation. It allows sensitive detection of small fluid collections as well as for differentiation between soft tissue and bone lesions. U.S. examination allows detection of effusions, synovial proliferation, calcifications, loose bodies, rheumatoid nodules, gout tophi and septic processes. AIM: To assess the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis and management of patients with olecranon bursitis. METHODS: Ultrasound was used in 34 patients ... Read More »
» Published in Ultraschall Med. 2006 Dec;27(6):568-71. Epub 2006 Feb 22.

41. MR imaging appearance of rheumatoid arthritis in the foot.
Match Strength: 8.581

Although conventional radiographs remain the initial mainstay for imaging of the foot in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has afforded the ability to detect early signs of the disease (i.e., synovitis, tenosynovitis, bone lesions, and bursitis), especially at the forefoot. In addition, the relatively symmetric distribution of the imaging abnormalities depicted in the metatarsophalangeal joints and the frequent involvement of the retro-calcaneal bursitis are almost specific for RA. In more advanced stages of the disease, MR imaging is well suited to ... Read More »
» Published in Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2005 Sep;9(3):199-209.

42. Septic arthritis and bursitis: emergency ultrasound can facilitate diagnosis.
Match Strength: 8.562

This article reports the case of a 52-year-old woman with septic arthritis and bursitis of her shoulder. Due to a minor musculoskeletal injury and lack of fever, the diagnosis was missed on her first Emergency Department visit. Sonographic guidance of the shoulder arthrocentesis led to successful aspiration of the larger fluid collection in the subacromial bursa and allowed the diagnosis and treatment to proceed more rapidly. Septic arthritis is a challenging clinical diagnosis, and when it occurs in more difficult to aspirate joints, the diagnosis can become more challenging still. Ultrasound ... Read More »
» Published in J Emerg Med. 2007 Apr;32(3):295-7. Epub 2007 Feb 22.

43. Apatite-Associated Arthropathy: A Clinical Study of 14 Cases and of 2 Patients with Calcific Bursitis
Match Strength: 8.406

Fourteen cases of acute calcific periarthritis and 2 cases of acute calcific bursitis are described. All patients had radiologic periarticular calcific deposits. Synovial fluid was available from 8 patients. Hydroxyapatite crystals were positively identified in 1 by x-ray diffraction analysis and by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Apatite-associated arthropathy likely represents a form of crystal-induced inflammation. Three articular syndromes can be recognized; acute calcific periarthritis, acute (calcific) arthritis and a subacute-to-chronic arthritis resembling osteoarthritis ... Read More »
» Published in J Rheumatol. 1979 Jul-Aug;6(4):461-71.

44. Massive prepatellar bursitis in cerebral palsy.
Match Strength: 8.310

This case report describes a 36-year-old African American male with cerebral palsy and bilateral slowly enlarging knee masses. He has 90 degrees fixed flexion knee contractures bilaterally. Although he has poor communication skills, he does not have discomfort while ambulating. He has developed massive bilateral prepatellar bursitis from chronic and repetitive injury to the region bearing his body weight while ambulating. As the result of a protective response, the bursa provides a cushion for the underlying bone prominences of the tibial tubercle and patella. This compensatory mechanism has ... Read More »
» Published in J Surg Orthop Adv. 2007 Spring;16(1):23-6.

45. Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1, CXCL12) is increased in subacromial bursitis and downregulated by steroid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents.
Match Strength: 8.248

Several studies have demonstrated that inflammation in the subacromial bursa is an important component in the pathogenesis of impingement syndrome. We have demonstrated in a previous study that many inflammatory cytokines, including stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1, CXCL12), are increased in the subacromial bursa [Blaine et al. 2005. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 14(Suppl 1):84S-89S]. SDF-1 is a potent chemotactic and angiogenic factor that stimulates recruitment of inflammatory cells. In the current study, we proposed that the resident cells in subacromial bursal tissue produce SDF-1, which can ... Read More »
» Published in J Orthop Res. 2006 Aug;24(8):1756-64.

46. Comparison of Clinical, Ultrasonographic, and Postoperative Macroscopic Findings in Cows With Bursitis
Match Strength: 8.148

Clinical, ultrasonographic, and macroscopic findings of bursitis in cows were compared to assess the contribution of diagnosis and therapy planning. Sixteen dairy cows with swelling at the carpal (n = 12) or tarsal (n = 4) region were examined clinically and ultrasonographically and the findings were compared. In 10 patients the bursae were removed in toto. According to the duration of the disease (history) and clinical findings nine and seven patients had acute and chronic bursitis, respectively. Six had fluctuation and in 10 the bursa was firm. Contents were serous (n = 3), serofibrinous (n ... Read More »
» Published in Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2005 Mar-Apr;46(2):143-5.

47. Diagnostic and therapeutic use of sonography-guided iliopsoas peritendinous injections.
Match Strength: 8.112

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review our experience performing sonography-guided iliopsoas bursal/peritendinous injections as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in the workup and treatment of patients with hip pain. CONCLUSION: Sonography-guided iliopsoas bursal/peritendinous injections are useful in determining the cause of hip pain. They can provide relief to most patients with iliopsoas tendinosis/bursitis after hip replacement. The results of injection alone are not as successful in cases of idiopathic iliopsoas tendinosis/bursitis, but the technique can help determine which patients may ... Read More »
» Published in AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Oct;185(4):940-3.

48. Soft tissue metastases presenting as greater trochanteric pain syndrome.
Match Strength: 8.060

Greater trochanteric pain syndrome includes a complex differential diagnosis. We report the case of a 71-year-old woman who consulted us because of pain in the lateral aspect of the hip. A diagnosis of greater trochanter bursitis was suggested, and she was treated with local injections of a mixture of corticosteroids plus anesthetic, but the condition did not improve. A pelvic MRI showed a high intensity signal in the gluteus medius and minimus and a subsequent biopsy revealed a metastasis of an adenocarcinoma of unknown origin.Although pain on the lateral aspect of the hip is often attributed ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Rheumatol. 2003 Dec;9(6):370-2.

49. Swelling of Olecranon Bursa in Uremic Patients Receiving Hemodialysis
Match Strength: 7.933

Three patients with chronic renal failure who received therapy with hemodialysis through arteriovenous fistulas in the forearm had fluctuating swelling over the elbow on the same side as the fistula used for the dialysis. The clinical findings in each case were compatible with olecranon bursitis with effusion. The aspirate obtained from the swellings contained lymphocytes, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and histiocytes, a finding similar to that in cases of uremic pericardial and pleural effusion. Biopsy of the bursa in one case showed hyalinized collagenous tissue with infiltration by ... Read More »
» Published in Can Med Assoc J. 1978 Apr 8;118(7):812-4.

50. Surgical Management of Achilles Tendinitis
Match Strength: 7.881

Inflammation of the Achilles tendon and its contiguous structures is one of the most common overuse problems seen in runners. There are actually several etiologies. Involvement of the tendon itself is secondary to areas of mucinoid or fibrotic degeneration, or may be a result of a partial rupture. The sheath (or mesotenon) may also become chronically inflammed. Retrocalcaneal bursitis seems to be a separate entity with hypertrophy and fibrosis of the bursa usually occurring in conjunction with a prominent posterior superior angle of the os calcis. The vast majority of patients can be ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Sports Med. 1987 Jul-Aug;15(4):308-15.

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