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Brain Dysfunction Minimal
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1. Methylphenidate Vs Dextroamphetamine Vs Caffeine in Minimal Brain Dysfunction: Controlled Comparison By Placebo Washout Design with Bayes' Analysis
Match Strength: 9.162

Double-blind crossover comparison of methylphenidate hydrochloride, dextroamphetamine sulfate, and caffeine after placebo washout in 29 children with minimal brain dysfunction (MBD) showed on six ratings that methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine were significantly (P less than .05 to P less than .001) better than placebo and caffeine, but not significantly (P less than .05) different from each other. Placebo, caffeine, and ratings before drug did not differ significantly. Of 26 drug responders, 12 responded best to dextroamphetamine, ten to methylphenidate, and one to caffeine. The latter ... Read More »
» Published in Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1978 Apr;35(4):463-73.

2. Neurological and neuropsychiatric syndromes associated with liver disease.
Match Strength: 6.785

The clinical presentation of acute liver failure and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in patients with cirrhosis differs significantly. The most serious neurological complication of acute liver failure is the development of devastating brain oedema. Therefore, intracranial pressure monitoring is urgently needed in these patients. Brain oedema is amplified by hypoglycemia, hypoxia and seizures, which are also frequent complications of acute liver failure. Therefore, these parameters must also be monitored. In contrast to acute liver failure in which cerebral dysfunction progresses rapidly, cognitive ... Read More »
» Published in AIDS. 2005 Oct;19 Suppl 3:S93-8.

3. Abnormal cortical activation during response inhibition in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.
Match Strength: 6.356

22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a well-known genetic risk factor for schizophrenia. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene falls within the 22q11.2 minimal critical region of the deletion. Brain activity, as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a Go/NoGo, response inhibition task was assessed in adolescents with 22q11.2DS (n = 13), typically developing (TD) controls (n = 14), and controls with developmental disability (DD, n = 9). Subjects with 22q11.2DS were also genotyped for the COMT Met/Val polymorphism. Groups did not differ on task performance. ... Read More »
» Published in Hum Brain Mapp. 2007 Jun;28(6):533-42.

4. Silver-haired bat rabies virus variant does not induce apoptosis in the brain of experimentally infected mice
Match Strength: 6.322

To examine whether induction of apoptosis plays a role in the pathogenesis of street rabies, we compared the distribution of viral antigens, histopathology, and the induction of apoptosis in the brain of mice infected with a street rabies virus (silver-haired bat rabies virus, SHBRV) and with a mouse-adapted laboratory rabies virus strain (challenge virus standard, CVS-24). Inflammation was identified in the meninges, but not in the parenchyma of the brain of mice infected with either CVS-24 or SHBRV. Necrosis was present in numerous cortical, hippocampal, and Purkinje neurons in CVS-24 ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurovirol. 2001 Dec;7(6):518-27.

5. Bifidobacterium longum with Fructo-Oligosaccharide (FOS) Treatment in Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study.
Match Strength: 6.169

Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) describes patients with chronic liver disease or cirrhosis who have no clinical symptoms of brain dysfunction but perform worse on psychometric tests compared with healthy subjects. The pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy is controversial although ammonia has been found to induce cerebral dysfunction. Increased intestinal ammonia production is due to bacterial urease activity and the production of other toxin methabolities, such as mercaptans, thioles. This study assesses the clinical efficacy of Bifidobacterium longum plus fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) ... Read More »
» Published in Dig Dis Sci. 2007 Mar 28;

6. Prehospital HBOC-201 after traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic shock in swine.
Match Strength: 6.132

BACKGROUND: Data are limited on the actions of hemoglobin based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study evaluates neurotoxicity, vasoactivity, cardiac toxicity, and inflammatory activity of HBOC-201 (Biopure, Cambridge, Mass.) resuscitation in a TBI model. METHODS: Swine received TBI and hemorrhage. After 30 minutes, resuscitation was initiated with 10 mL/kg normal saline (NS), followed by either HBOC-201 (6 mL/kg, n = 10) or NS control (n = 10). Supplemental NS was administered to both groups to maintain mean arterial pressure (MAP) >60 mm Hg until 60 minutes ... Read More »
» Published in J Trauma. 2006 Jul;61(1):46-56.

7. Transoral transclival removal of anteriorly placed cavernous malformations of the brainstem.
Match Strength: 5.835

BACKGROUND: The natural history of brain stem cavernous malformations is unfavorable because of their high hemorrhage rate and resulting neurological deterioration among patients. However, direct surgery of intrinsic and anteriorly situated cavernomas is hazardous and leads to a bad postoperative outcome because of trauma to lateral and dorsally situated eloquent areas of the brain stem. METHODS: We review the cases of two patients with symptomatic cavernous malformations of the anterior brain stem and describe the usefulness of a transoral-transclival approach. A 23-year-old man developed ... Read More »
» Published in Surg Neurol. 2001 Aug;56(2):106-15; discussion 115-6.

8. Transendothelial migration of leukocytes is promoted by plasma from a subgroup of immune thrombocytopenic purpura patients with small-vessel ischemic brain disease.
Match Strength: 5.827

We previously described a subgroup of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients presenting with recurring transient ischemic attack-like symptoms and progressive cognitive impairment due to small vessel disease (SVD) seen in the brain. They presented minimal bleeding despite thrombocytopenia, and platelet activation was elevated compared to classic ITP. On the hypothesis that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is compromised in this subgroup, we investigated the effect of plasma from SVD-ITP patients on the transendothelial migration of leukocytes (TEML). Brain microvascular endothelial cells ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Hematol. 2008 Mar;83(3):206-11.

9. A new procedure for communication with a patient with minimal motor function and fatigability.
Match Strength: 5.704

As with eye movements in locked-in syndrome, severe motor dysfunction should be coped with by an agreed system of interpretation to express feelings and needs. However, it is possible that such patients might make errors in the agreed system of interpretation through fatigue, which would cause misunderstandings. We report here a new questioning and verifying strategy for an agreed system of interpretation. Our questioning strategy is characterized by repeating questions in different forms, specifically by affirmative and negative sentences (Double-Checked agreed system of interpretation). When ... Read More »
» Published in J Rehabil Med. 2007 Mar;39(2):185-8.

10. In vivo imaging of dendritic spines during electrographic seizures.
Match Strength: 5.608

Epilepsy is associated with significant neurological morbidity, including learning disabilities, motor deficits, and behavioral problems. Although the causes of neurological dysfunction in epilepsy are multifactorial, accumulating evidence indicates that seizures in themselves may directly cause brain injury. Although it is clear that seizures can result in neuronal death, it is likely that under some circumstances seizures can induce more subtle functional or structural alterations in neurons. We induced focal neocortical seizures with 4-aminopyridine in transgenic mice expressing green ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Neurol. 2005 Dec;58(6):888-98.

11. Phenylalkyl 1,2-diamines as sigma-receptor ligands: the discovery of novel antidepressant agents.
Match Strength: 5.581

This article focuses on the study of phenylalkyl 1,2-diamines as sigma-receptor ligands for the discovery of antidepressant agents. We synthesized N-chain substituted phenylalkyl 1,2-diamine derivatives. Phenylalkyl 1,2-diamines are one of the most important class of therapeutical medicines useful in managing central nervous system diseases and have been used mainly to treat obesity, narcolepsy, minimal brain dysfunction, and mild depression. In the present study, we found that phenylalkyl 1,2-diamine and amide compounds were strongly bound to the sigma-receptors and showed a potent activity ... Read More »
» Published in Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2006 Jan-Feb;28(1):7-11.

12. Chemical shift magnetic resonance spectroscopy of cingulate grey matter in patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy.
Match Strength: 5.449

Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is frequently diagnosed in patients with liver cirrhosis who do not show overt clinical cirrhosis-associated neurological deficits. This condition manifests primarily with visuo-motor and attention deficits. We studied the association between visuo-motor deficits and magnetic resonance spectroscopic parameters in cingulate grey matter and white matter of centrum semiovale in patients with liver cirrhosis. The data revealed an increase in the glutamate-glutamine/creatine ratio and a decrease in choline/creatine and inositol/creatine ratios in patients with ... Read More »
» Published in Neuroradiology. 2005 Jan;47(1):27-34. Epub 2005 Jan 18.

13. Suprabrow minicraniotomy for suprasellar tumours.
Match Strength: 5.442

We present our experience with suprabow minicraniotomy in the excision of 18 suprasellar tumours between May 2001 and September 2003. There were 14 females and four males with ages ranging from 7 to 59 years. The tumours included one epidermoid cyst, 10 meningiomas, five craniopharyngiomas and two optico-chiasmatico-hypothalamic (OCHG) gliomas. The size of the one-piece craniotomy was about 2.5 cm. Both OCHGs were biopsied; one craniopharyngioma was totally excised, the remaining craniopharyngiomas and epidermoid cyst were subtotally excised. Four meningiomas were radically excised and six ... Read More »
» Published in Br J Neurosurg. 2005 Feb;19(1):33-7.

14. Right and left cardiac function in HIV-infected patients investigated using radionuclide ventriculography and brain natriuretic peptide: a 5-year follow-up study.
Match Strength: 5.423

Objective The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of myocardial dysfunction in an HIV-infected population receiving state-of-the-art treatment. Methods Between April 2001 and July 2002, 91 HIV-infected patients had a radionuclide ventriculography performed with determination of right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), as well as measurement of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). Between July 2005 and January 2007, 63 patients (69%) agreed to participate in a follow-up study with a mean follow-up of 4.5 years. Results All patients had ... Read More »
» Published in HIV Med. 2008 Jan 21

15. Central nervous system changes in hepatitis C virus infection.
Match Strength: 5.166

Patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection frequently describe neuropsychological symptoms. Although hepatic encephalopathy is the best established neurological association of HCV infection, there is a growing body of literature on cerebral dysfunction, occurring at an early stage of chronic HCV infection, well before the development of cirrhosis. In this review we describe recent studies that have documented mild, but significant neurocognitive impairment in HCV infection. These deficits in patients with minimal or absent liver disease do not appear to be attributable to a ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Apr;18(4):333-8.

16. Traumatic brain injury produces delay-dependent memory impairment in rats.
Match Strength: 5.119

Memory impairment following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in both humans and animals. A noteworthy feature of memory dysfunction in human TBI is impaired memory performance that is dependent on the delay between initial learning and recall of information. However, previous studies of TBI-induced memory impairment in animals have failed to control for the initial amount of learning between sham and injured animals. The present study demonstrates that experimental TBI in rats produces delay-dependent memory impairment, even when the initial degree of learning is controlled for. Animals ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurotrauma. 2006 Oct;23(10):1529-34.

17. Mechanisms of edema formation in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. The contribution of inflammatory cells
Match Strength: 5.077

Most of the central nervous system (CNS) endothelium regulates the passage of solutes and functions as a blood-brain barrier (BBB). During experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the CNS, loss of BBB function occurs. The authors have previously shown an increase in endothelial transcytotic activity associated with decreased mitochondrial content as evidence of BBB dysfunction in EAE. These changes occurred in the capillary bed and correlated with CNS edema and clinical signs. In the present report, a fixation procedure before infusion of the ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Pathol. 1990 Nov;137(5):1033-45.

18. Intrathecal administration of Y-27632, a specific rho-associated kinase inhibitor, for rat neoplastic meningitis.
Match Strength: 4.853

The small GTP-binding protein Rho and its target Rho-associated kinase trigger an intracellular signaling cascade that controls actin cytoskeleton and plays an essential role in cell motility and adhesion. A specific Rho-associated kinase inhibitor, Y-27632, has been reported to inhibit cancer invasion. Clinically, disseminated tumor cells in the cerebrospinal fluid invade the intraparenchymal region, damaging the brain and nerves, resulting in fatal brain stem dysfunction, despite intrathecal chemotherapy. To expand therapeutic options for this devastating neoplastic meningitis, we evaluated ... Read More »
» Published in Mol Cancer Res. 2005 Aug;3(8):425-33.

19. Reduced extracellular dopamine and increased responsiveness to novelty: neurochemical and behavioral sequelae of intermittent hypoxia.
Match Strength: 4.841

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Vesicular monoamine transporter and dopamine D1-receptor protein expression are upregulated within the striatum of adults rats exposed to intermittent hypoxic insults as neonates. These observations prompted us to test the hypothesis that intermittent hypoxic insults, occurring during this period of critical brain development, lead to persistent reductions in extracellular levels of dopamine within the striatum. We also tested the hypothesis that post-hypoxic rats exhibit increased novelty-induced behavioral activation and increased basal levels of locomotor activity, two ... Read More »
» Published in Sleep. 2005 Feb 1;28(2):169-76. Comment in: Sleep. 2005 Feb 1;28(2):165-7.

20. Cognitive deficits and psychosis in Parkinson's disease: a review of pathophysiology and therapeutic options.
Match Strength: 4.779

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder causing not only motor dysfunction but also cognitive, psychiatric, autonomic and sensory disturbances. Symptoms of dementia and psychosis are common: longitudinal studies suggest that up to 75% of patients with Parkinson's disease may eventually develop dementia, and the prevalence of hallucinations ranges from 16-17% in population-based surveys to 30-40% in hospital-based series. These cognitive and behavioural features are important in terms of prognosis, nursing home placement and mortality. The pattern of cognitive deficits in Parkinson ... Read More »
» Published in CNS Drugs. 2006;20(6):477-505.

21. Transdermal selegiline.
Match Strength: 4.774

Although older monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are effective in the treatment of depressive disorders, they are underutilized in clinical practice due to main concerns about interaction with tyramine-containing food, and side effects. Efforts to address these safety issues led to the development of a transdermal formulation of selegiline, called selegiline transdermal system (STS). STS has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of major depression. Transdermal administration of selegiline bypasses gastrointestinal absorption and first-pass ... Read More »
» Published in Drugs Today (Barc). 2007 Jun;43(6):361-77.

22. Northern epilepsy syndrome (NES, CLN8)--MRI and electrophysiological studies.
Match Strength: 4.643

Northern epilepsy syndrome (NES, EPMR, progressive epilepsy with mental retardation, CLN8), an inherited childhood-onset epilepsy with mental retardation, has been recently characterized to belong to the family of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs). In this study, four patients (ages 26-44 years) with NES and eight healthy controls underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electrophysiological evaluation with somatosensory evoked magnetic field (SEF) studies. The findings in NES were compared with the known findings in juvenile NCL (JNCL, CLN3) and Finnish variant late infantile NCL ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2001;5 Suppl A:167-73.

23. Synergistic association of mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP) genes with schizophrenia.
Match Strength: 4.569

Many studies suggest that mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. We performed a case-control study using tag SNPs in the mitochondrial uncoupling protein genes, UCP2, UCP4, and BMCP1/UCP5, to investigate their association with schizophrenia. These neuronal UCPs are expressed in various brain tissues and may exert a neuroprotective effect against increased oxidative stress. We found modest associations between schizophrenia and the four tag SNPs, rs660339 (odds ratio (OR) = 1.330; P = 0.0043) and rs649446 (OR = 0.739; P = 0.0069) in UCP2, and rs10807344 ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2006 Oct 25;

24. The interpretation of the EEG in stupor and coma.
Match Strength: 4.522

This review discusses a variety of causes of stupor and coma and associated electroencephalographic (EEG) findings. These include metabolic disturbances such as hepatic or renal dysfunction, which are often characterized by slowing of background rhythms and triphasic waves. Hypoxia and drug intoxications can produce a number of abnormal EEG patterns such as burst suppression, alpha coma, and spindle coma. Structural lesions, either supra- or infratentorial, are reviewed. EEGs in the former may show focal disturbances such as delta and theta activity, epileptiform abnormalities, and attenuation ... Read More »
» Published in Neurologist. 2005 Sep;11(5):271-84.

25. Development of Experimental Models for Meningeal Neoplasia Using Intrathecal Injection of 9l Gliosarcoma and Walker 256 Carcinosarcoma in the Rat
Match Strength: 4.259

Two models for meningeal neoplasia have been developed in rats using intrathecal injection of 9L gliosarcoma and Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cells. Tumor cells were injected in unanesthetized animals through an indwelling catheter inserted at the cisterna magna to the level of the lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord. Survival of rats was dependent on the number of tumor cells injected. Spread of tumor was quantified by histology using a grading scale, and functional and behavioral changes were measured. Rats injected with 10(6) 9L gliosarcoma cells showed progressive weight loss, flaccid ... Read More »
» Published in Cancer Res. 1986 Jan;46(1):317-23.

26. Comparison of relaxation responses to multiple vasodilators in TxA-analog and endothelin-1-precontracted pulmonary arteries.
Match Strength: 4.168

Background: Peri-operative pulmonary hypertension can lead to right ventricular dysfunction and to an increase in morbidity and mortality. Altered function of the pulmonary vascular endothelium and vasoconstriction play a crucial role in the development of elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. Because pulmonary artery vasoreactivity is dependent on many factors including the constricting agent that precipitated the event therefore the aim of the current study was to investigate the effectiveness of different classes of vasodilator agents to reverse endothelin-1 (ET-1) or thromboxane A(2) ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2007 Jul;51(6):714-21. Epub 2007 May 4.

27. Index of lipid peroxidation and glucose utilization in the cerebrospinal fluid in patients with cerebral infarction
Match Strength: 4.085

Cerebral ischemia could be observed as acute metabolic crisis, when oxygen and glucose supply is compromised and synthesis of energy is insufficient. Apart from the excitotoxicity, increased production of reactive oxygen species with consequent lipid peroxidation is also included in neuronal cell damage. Furthermore, these toxic compounds could also be produced during the process of secondary inflammation of ischemic tissue. In the early stage of ischemia, as a systemic response to acute stress, there is an increase in glucose level in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and peripheral blood. According ... Read More »
» Published in Vojnosanit Pregl. 2000 Jul-Aug;57(4):375-9.

28. The effect of antipyretic therapy upon outcomes in critically ill patients: a randomized, prospective study.
Match Strength: 3.989

BACKGROUND: Despite the large body of evidence suggesting a beneficial role of fever in the host response, antipyretic therapy is commonly employed for febrile critically ill patients. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of antipyretic therapy strategies on the outcomes of critically ill patients. METHODS: Patients admitted to the Trauma Intensive Care Unit over a nine-month period were eligible for inclusion, except those with traumatic brain injury. Patients were randomized on day three of the ICU stay into aggressive or permissive groups. The aggressive group received acetaminophen 650 ... Read More »
» Published in Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2005 Winter;6(4):369-75.

29. Clinical signs, magnetic resonance imaging features, and outcome after surgical and medical treatment of otogenic intracranial infection in 11 cats and 4 dogs.
Match Strength: 3.935

Brainstem dysfunction resulting from central extension of infection is a life-threatening complication of otitis media/interna (OMI) that has been described infrequently in dogs and cats. We review the clinical signs of disease, diagnostic findings, and results of surgical and medical treatments of brainstem disease attributable to otogenic intracranial infection in cats and dogs. Eleven cats and 4 dogs were examined because of acute, subacute, or chronic clinical signs of brain disease including central vestibular signs, altered mentation, abnormal posture/gait, cranial nerve deficits, and ... Read More »
» Published in J Vet Intern Med. 2006 May-Jun;20(3):648-56.

30. Long-term neuropsychological outcome in preterm twins.
Match Strength: 3.889

Few long-term studies have yet described neuropsychological outcome in preterm twins. Our aim was to assess, by long-term evaluation, neuropsychological outcome in preterm twins in order to define a correct follow-up program. Our study was a cohort one, with an index and a comparison group. Neonatal medical records of all preterm newborns admitted to our centre between 1991 and 1997 were reviewed and selected patients were recalled. The sample population included two matched groups of children aged 6-12 years, 86 twins and 86 singletons, submitted to paediatric, neurological, psychological, ... Read More »
» Published in ScientificWorldJournal. 2006 Aug 3;6:899-907.

31. Pathogenicity of a Hong Kong-origin H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus for emus, geese, ducks, and pigeons.
Match Strength: 3.782

The H5N1 type A influenza viruses that emerged in Hong Kong in 1997 are a unique lineage of type A influenza viruses with the capacity to transmit directly from chickens to humans and produce significant disease and mortality in both of these hosts. The objective of this study was to ascertain the susceptibility of emus (Dramaius novaehollandiae), domestic geese (Anser anser domesticus), domestic ducks (Anas platyrhynchos), and pigeons (Columba livia) to intranasal (i.n.) inoculation with the A/chicken/Hong Kong/220/97 (H5N1) highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. No mortality occurred ... Read More »
» Published in Avian Dis. 2002 Jan-Mar;46(1):53-63.

32. Long-term results of radiosurgery for refractory cluster headache.
Match Strength: 3.651

OBJECTIVE: Medically refractory cluster headache (CH) is a debilitating condition for which few surgical modalities have proven effective. Previous reports involving short-term follow-up of CH patients have reported modest degrees of pain relief after radiosurgery of the trigeminal nerve ipsilateral to symptom onset. With the recent success of deep brain stimulation as a surgical modality for these patients, it becomes imperative for the long-term risks and benefits of radiosurgery to be more extensively delineated. To address this issue, we present our findings from the largest retrospective ... Read More »
» Published in Neurosurgery. 2006 Dec;59(6):1258-62; discussion 1262-3.

33. Experimental autoimmune panencephalitis and uveoretinitis transferred to the Lewis rat by T lymphocytes specific for the S100 beta molecule, a calcium binding protein of astroglia.
Match Strength: 3.404

The pathogenic potential of autoimmune T cell responses to nonmyelin autoantigens was investigated in the Lewis rat using the astrocyte-derived calcium binding protein S100 beta, as a model nonmyelin autoantigen. The Lewis rat mounts a vigorous RT1B1 (major histocompatibility complex class II) restricted autoimmune response to an immunodominant S100 beta epitope (amino acid residues 76-91). The adoptive transfer of S100 beta-specific T cell lines induced a severe inflammatory response in the nervous system, but only minimal neurological dysfunction in naive syngeneic recipients. The inability ... Read More »
» Published in J Exp Med. 1994 Sep 1;180(3):817-29.

34. Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and global reperfusion injury: avoidance by making a pump prime reperfusate--a new concept.
Match Strength: 3.005

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether damage after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest can be diminished by changing pump prime components when reinstituting cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Fifteen piglets (2-3 months old) were cooled to 19 degrees C by using the alpha-stat pH strategy. Five were cooled and rewarmed without ischemia (control animals), and the other 10 piglets underwent 90 minutes of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Of these, 5 were rewarmed and reperfused without altering the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit blood prime. In the other 5 animals, the bypass blood prime ... Read More »
» Published in J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Mar;125(3):625-32. Comment in:: J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Mar;125(3):460-2.

35. Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Mercuric Chloride (CAS No. 7487-94-7) in F344 Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies)
Match Strength: 2.235

Mercuric chloride is an inorganic compound that has been used in agriculture as a fungicide, in medicine as a topical antiseptic and disinfectant, and in chemistry as an intermediate in the production of other mercury compounds. The widespread use of mercury has resulted in increased levels of mercury in rivers and lakes. Mercuric chloride was evaluated in toxicity and carcinogenicity studies because of its extensive use and its occurrence as an environmental pollutant, and because of the lack of adequate long-term rodent studies. Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies were conducted by ... Read More »
» Published in Natl Toxicol Program Tech Rep Ser. 1993 Feb;408:1-260.

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The Silent Revolution in Weight Loss
Help your doctor keep up with the big changes happening in natural health!
weight-loss-revolution.html

Borage Oil: What it is & Why You Need it
Like fish oil, borage gets around your delta-6 enzyme deficiency & lowers inflammation.
borage-oil-benefits.html

Lose 85 Pounds, No Calorie Counting
Don't count or measure. Foods to avoid & eat to lose weight, without food cravings.
weight-loss-story.html

Desease Finder: 4,000 Research Links
Quick list of your health issues, conditions, concerns; linked to our large online database of recent peer-reviewed scientific studies.
disease-list-alphabetical.html

Just Say "No" to Noni
Noni may be the last thing you want to add to your diet.
noni-dangers.html

ADHD, Symptoms & Controversy
Information on causes and possible help for attention deficit hyperactivity dissorder.
adhd-research.html

Avoiding Osteoporosis, Naturally
Foods to eat, supplements to take, foods to avoid.
calcium-bones.html

Guide to Insulin & Diabetes
Our guide to understanding insulin & its role in diabetes.
insulin-diabetes.html

Guide to Insulin Resistance & Diabetes
Our guide to understanding diabetes, the metabolic syndrome & some ways to reduce dangerous diabetic symptoms.
diabetes-information.html

Folic Acid Supplements and Foods
High folate foods & folic acid supplements.
folic-acid-info.html

250 Natural Health Issues
Our big one-page survey of most up-to-date health concerns.
natural-health-concerns.html

Is Bitter Orange Safe for Weight Loss?
The seville orange that flavors Grand Marnier® may help you lose weight, but at what price?
bitter-orange-benefits.html

Deadly Oils: How Trans Fatty Acids Are Killing You
New laws limit the amount of trans fats in your food. Do they go far enough? Read the details...
trans-fat-health-risks.html





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