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Matching Summaries of Recent
Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.

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 << Prev 20  Showing 1 to 20 of 119 Matches Next 20 >>

1. Low-cost phantom for stereotactic breast biopsy training.
Match Strength: 6.441

OBJECTIVE: This article reports on the construction of a low-cost phantom to be used for training technologists, residents, and radiologists to perform stereotactic breast biopsy. The model is adaptable to a variety of biopsy devices and realistically simulates the aspects of stereotactic breast biopsy. CONCLUSION: We believe our model provides an excellent alternative to more expensive commercial products ... Read More »
» Published in AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Oct;187(4):972-4.

2. Optimizing prostate biopsy strategies for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Match Strength: 5.988

The importance of prostate biopsy in urologic practice has been magnified by the routine use of serum prostate-specific antigen in prostate cancer screening. Given the potential impact of the procedure on both patient care and health care costs, an optimal strategy for accurate and judicious detection of early prostate cancer is imperative. Maintaining maximal sensitivity and negative predictive value are equally important to the patient. In this article, we review recent modifications in prostate biopsy indications and techniques that may allow for a systematic biopsy approach to the patient ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2003 Summer;5(3):149-55.

3. A case of needle tract implantation of hepatocellular carcinoma after percutaneous biopsy with an 18G Tru-cut needle.
Match Strength: 5.873

Needle tract implantation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare complication of percutaneous biopsy, and it is largely associated with end-cutting needles or aspiration biopsy. The CT findings that have been reported include oval or round soft tissue nodules with persistent contrast enhancement along the needle tract, mostly in the subcutaneous tissue or the intercostal muscle layers. In this report, we describe a case of needle tract implantation of HCC after US-guided percutaneous biopsy with an 18G tru-cut needle ... Read More »
» Published in Korean J Hepatol. 2006 Sep;12(3):439-43.

4. Sonographically guided percutaneous needle biopsy of soft tissue masses with histopathologic correlation.
Match Strength: 5.825

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of sonographically guided percutaneous core biopsy of soft tissue masses. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent sonographically guided biopsy of soft tissue masses at our institution during a 50-month period. Core biopsy histopathologic results were compared with surgical or clinical follow-up. RESULTS: One hundred eighty-three patients, 76 male and 107 female, with a mean age of 48.5 years were included in the study. Thirteen patients had more than 1 biopsy, and the total number of ... Read More »
» Published in J Ultrasound Med. 2006 Oct;25(10):1271-7; quiz 1278-9.

5. Pleural mesothelioma: sensitivity and incidence of needle track seeding after image-guided biopsy versus surgical biopsy.
Match Strength: 5.783

PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare the sensitivity of image-guided core-needle biopsy, thoracoscopy, and thoracotomy in the diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma and to retrospectively determine the incidence of needle track seeding after these procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained, and informed consent was not required. The study included 100 consecutive patients (81 men, 19 women; average age, 65.8 years) with pathologically proved malignant pleural mesothelioma who were treated between 1994 and 2002. A total of 23 core-needle biopsies ... Read More »
» Published in Radiology. 2006 Nov;241(2):589-94. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

6. African-American race is a predictor of prostate cancer detection: incorporation into a pre-biopsy nomogram.
Match Strength: 5.331

OBJECTIVES: To construct a pre-biopsy predictive model incorporating several clinical variables, including African-American (AA) or Caucasian race, to predict the risk of prostate cancer detection on prostate biopsy, as traditionally AA men have had a higher incidence of prostate cancer than Caucasian men, but previous predictive tools for prostate cancer have not incorporated the effect of race. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 9473 patients undergoing initial prostate biopsy at three equal-access healthcare institutes from 1993 to 2003. At each biopsy session, patient age, race, serum ... Read More »
» Published in BJU Int. 2006 Oct;98(4):783-7.

7. Lymphatic mapping and sentinel node analysis: current concepts and applications.
Match Strength: 5.127

Since the introduction of sentinel node biopsy in 1990 as a minimally invasive surgical technique for the diagnosis of melanoma lymphatic metastases, the number of applications has expanded. We review applications and the current status of sentinel node biopsy in melanoma, breast, colon, gastric, esophageal, head and neck, thyroid, and lung cancer. Variations on techniques specific to each organ are explained, and the current role of sentinel node biopsy in diagnosis and treatment is discussed. Publication Types: ... Read More »
» Published in CA Cancer J Clin. 2006 Sep-Oct;56(5):292-309; quiz 316-7.

8. Duration of pneumothorax as a complication of CT-guided lung biopsy.
Match Strength: 4.884

The purpose of this study was to determine management guidelines for biopsy-induced pneumothorax with the assistance of manual aspiration, mainly based on the duration of complicated pneumothorax. Data from 388 consecutive percutaneous needle lung biopsies were examined. Patients with pneumothorax on postbiopsy chest CT images underwent percutaneous manual aspiration with an 18-G i.v. catheter. Frequency and management of biopsy-induced pneumothorax and period to its disappearance were reviewed. Postbiopsy pneumothorax occurred in 133 of 388 (34.3%) procedures. Manual aspiration in 72 of these ... Read More »
» Published in Australas Radiol. 2006 Oct;50(5):435-41.

9. CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy using a puncture site-down positioning technique.
Match Strength: 4.656

OBJECTIVE: We have developed a new CT-guided technique using puncture site-down positioning during the biopsy. The goal of our study was to determine the efficacy and safety of this technique for biopsy of lung lesions compared with the standard technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 236 patients who underwent CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy were retrospectively evaluated. This study included 89 cases that were biopsied using the standard technique (group A) and 147 cases that were biopsied using the puncture site-down positioning technique (group B). A 20-gauge automated ... Read More »
» Published in AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Oct;187(4):926-32.

10. Transbronchial biopsy guided by low-dose MDCT: a new approach for assessment of solitary pulmonary nodules.
Match Strength: 4.433

OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine whether transbronchial bronchoscopic biopsy of solitary pulmonary nodules under CT guidance using a low-dose protocol can increase diagnostic yield in patients who had undergone unsuccessful conventional bronchoscopic biopsy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We included 33 consecutive patients (25 men; mean age +/- SD, 64 +/- 9.6 years) with solitary pulmonary nodules at different sites and with a lesion-to-pleura distance of at least 2 cm who previously underwent conventional bronchoscopy that did not result in histologic diagnosis. All patients ... Read More »
» Published in AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Oct;187(4):933-9.

11. Thoracoscopic pleural biopsy for tuberculous pleurisy under local anesthesia.
Match Strength: 4.411

OBJECTIVE: We directly examined the thoracic cavity by thoracoscopy under local anesthesia, performed pleural biopsy, and made a definitive pathological diagnosis in tuberculous pleurisy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 32 patients who had been bacteriologically and pathologically diagnosed with tuberculous pleurisy by thoracoscopy under local anesthesia in our hospital between January 1995 and November 2004. RESULTS: Bacteriological examination of pleural fluids obtained by thoracentesis before examination showed that one sample was polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Aug;12(4):245-8.

12. Comparison of plain potassium hydroxide mounts, fungal cultures and nail plate biopsies in the diagnosis of onychomycosis.
Match Strength: 4.174

Objective: To compare the relative sensitivity of direct microscopy, fungal culture and nail plate biopsy in the diagnosis of onychomycosis. Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: The Skin Department, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi from February 1998 to February 1999. Patients and Methods: A total of 50 patients who were suffering from different clinical variants of onychomycosis, irrespective of their age, gender, with or without simultaneous presence of systemic diseases, were subjected to laboratory investigations including direct microscopy with 20% potassium hydroxide ... Read More »
» Published in J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2006 Oct;16(10):641-4.

13. Large needle percutaneous aspiration biopsy of the testicle in men with nonobstructive azoospermia: technical performance.
Match Strength: 4.161

The aim of this study was to relate retrospectively in 215 percutaneous large needle aspiration biopsy (LNAB) of the testicles the number of seminiferous tubules (ST) per testicular biopsy, from differently sized testicles, to the size of the needle used in order to obtain information useful for selecting the needle size according to the testicular size. Clinical, ultrasonographic and pathologic data of 134 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia examined with LNAB were retrospectively analyzed. One hundred and sixty-three testicles with volume>or=10 ml, 39<10 ml and>or=6 ml, 13<6 ... Read More »
» Published in Biomed Pharmacother. 2006 Nov;60(9):557-60. Epub 2006 Aug 28.

14. Identification of breast cancer in patients with pathologic nipple discharge: does ductoscopy predict malignancy?
Match Strength: 4.120

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to review characteristics of patients with nipple discharge who underwent ductoscopy-assisted excisional biopsy who had a final diagnosis of carcinoma. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients presenting with pathologic nipple discharge (PND) who underwent ductoscopy-assisted excisional biopsy and had a final diagnosis of carcinoma. RESULTS: A total of 14 (7%) of 188 patients who underwent ductoscopy-assisted excision had a final pathology of ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS) (12/14, 86%) or invasive breast cancer with DCIS (2/14, ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Surg. 2006 Oct;192(4):530-3.

15. Cattle with thymic lymphoma and haematoma of the ventral neck: A comparison of findings.
Match Strength: 4.074

The goal of the present paper was to establish criteria for the differentiation of thymic lymphoma and haematoma of the ventral neck in cattle. Four cattle with thymic lymphoma and seven with haematoma of the ventral neck underwent physical, haematological, biochemical and ultrasonographic examinations as well as histological evaluation of a biopsy specimen. All of the animals had firm non-painful swellings, which were no warmer than normal and extended from the pharyngeal region to the thoracic inlet. A diagnosis could not be established based on the results of physical examination and ... Read More »
» Published in Vet J. 2006 Sep 16;

16. The clinical potential of pretreatment serum testosterone level to improve the efficiency of prostate cancer screening.
Match Strength: 3.993

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical value of the pretreatment serum testosterone (T) level as a potential predictor of prostate cancer risk in screening for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 420 patients suspected of having prostate cancer who underwent prostate biopsy, and whose pretreatment T levels were recorded. We checked for association between the presence of prostate cancer and the following clinical factors: pretreatment serum T level, age, pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, digital rectal examination findings, ... Read More »
» Published in Eur Urol. 2007 Feb;51(2):375-80. Epub 2006 Sep 12.

17. Lobular neoplasia at 11-gauge vacuum-assisted stereotactic biopsy: correlation with surgical excisional biopsy and mammographic follow-up.
Match Strength: 3.945

OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the outcome of lobular neoplasia diagnosed at 11-gauge stereotactic vacuum-assisted biopsy (SVAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 1,819 lesions sampled with 11-gauge SVAB yielded 27 patients with lobular neoplasia as the most severe pathologic entity diagnosed. Patients with lobular neoplasia associated with atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), or infiltrating carcinoma were excluded. Twenty patients underwent surgical excisional biopsy, and seven patients were followed mammographically for a ... Read More »
» Published in AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Oct;187(4):949-54.

18. Prevalence of perianal intraepithelial neoplasia in HIV-infected patients referred for high-resolution anoscopy.
Match Strength: 3.820

PURPOSE: This study was designed to describe perianal disease in a cohort of HIV-infected patients referred for high-resolution anoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 52 HIV-infected patients referred for high-resolution anoscopy from 2001 to 2005. All patients underwent anal canal and perianal high-resolution anoscopy in the office with biopsy of suspicious areas. Patients with high-grade intraepithelial perianal lesions underwent multiple biopsies under general anesthesia in the operating room to rule out malignancy. RESULTS: Of the 52 patients, 19 (37 percent) had ... Read More »
» Published in Dis Colon Rectum. 2006 Oct;49(10):1581-6.

19. Prostate cancer: risk assessment and diagnostic approaches.
Match Strength: 3.815

The successful treatment of prostate cancer relies on detection of the disease at its earliest stages. Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening has been a significant advance in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, identifying specific genetic alterations in a given family or patient will allow more appropriate screening for early disease. Mapping and identification of specific prostate cancer susceptibility genes is slowly becoming a reality. Other prostate cancer risks include a family history, race, and possibly serum markers such as insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). ... Read More »
» Published in Rev Urol. 2001;3 Suppl 2:S31-8.

20. Management and algorithm for focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver in children.
Match Strength: 3.664

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine an appropriate management plan for childhood and adolescent FNH, in particular to establish an algorithm for preoperative diagnosis and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1985 and 2003, 4 children with FNH were diagnosed. Of these 4 patients, 3 (Group A) underwent tumor resection, and 1 (Group B) was treated by conservative management. Clinical data, pathological findings and follow-up were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The 3 patients in Group A were symptomatic, while the 1 patient in Group B was asymptomatic. In 3 of 4 patients, a ... Read More »
» Published in Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Aug;16(4):235-40.

 << Prev 20  Showing results 1 to 20 of 119 Next 20 >>

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