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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. Here's egg in your eye: a prospective study of blunt ocular trauma resulting from thrown eggs.
Match Strength: 6.535
OBJECTIVE: To see if a public awareness campaign might be justified around Halloween with regard to the dangers of egg throwing. METHOD: A prospective study was carried out of all patients who attended the St Paul's Eye Unit's Primary Care Department with ocular injuries resulting from a thrown egg over a 14-month period from November 2004. All injuries were classified as minor, intermediate or major and patients were followed up until discharge. RESULTS: 13 ocular injuries that were attributed to assault with a raw egg were reported. In all the 13 cases, the eggs had been thrown by strangers. ... Read More »
» Published in Emerg Med J. 2006 Oct;23(10):756-8.
2. Epidemiology and therapeutic aspects of burn injuries in Slovakia (1993-2003).
Match Strength: 6.488
The authors analyze the epidemiology and trend of thermal injuries in Slovakia since 1990. The article includes statistics from both of the burn injury workplaces in Bratislava and Kosice. The article contains conclusions and proposals for preventive measures which have contributed to the decrease of thermal injuries in Slovakia since 2000 ... Read More »
» Published in Acta Chir Plast. 2006;48(2):39-42.
3. Trampoline-related injury in children.
Match Strength: 6.284
OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe trampoline-related injuries in children attending an urban pediatric emergency department. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients attending a children's emergency department with trampoline-related injuries over a 3-month period (May-July 2005). RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-eight children were treated for trampoline-related injuries during the period reviewed. Sixty-three percent were girls. Their age ranged between 4 months and 16 years (mean, 10.4 years [SD, 3 years and 10 months]). Lower limb injuries (51%) were more common overall ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Sep;22(9):644-6.
4. A one-year review of craniofacial injuries in amateur soccer players.
Match Strength: 6.230
The purpose of this study was to investigate the rate of craniofacial injuries in amateur soccer and help us better understand the nature of these injuries. Retrospective study was carried out using records from the patients with craniofacial injuries associated with soccer activities. All data were collected on the basis of sex, age, type and anatomic site of the injury. In the one-year period of this study, 11/53 cases with craniofacial injuries associated with soccer activities have been treated in our clinic. The highest incidence was in the 18 to 24 year age group (mean age 20.7) with ... Read More »
» Published in J Craniofac Surg. 2006 Sep;17(5):825-7.
5. Detection of cervical spine injuries in alert, asymptomatic geriatric blunt trauma patients: who benefits from radiologic imaging?
Match Strength: 6.104
There are differing recommendations in the literature regarding cervical spine imaging in alert, asymptomatic geriatric patients. Previous studies also have not used computed tomography routinely. Given that cervical radiographs may miss up to 60 per cent of fractures, the incidence of cervical spine injuries in this population and its implications for clinical management are unclear. We conducted a retrospective study of blunt trauma patients 65 years and older who were alert, asymptomatic, hemodynamically stable, and had normal neurologic examinations. For inclusion, patients were required ... Read More »
» Published in Am Surg. 2006 Sep;72(9):773-6; discussion 776-7.
6. Ultrasonographic examination for inversion ankle sprains associated with osseous injuries.
Match Strength: 5.615
OBJECTIVE: The study attempted to evaluate the value of ultrasonography in determining the therapeutic strategy for patients with osseous injuries caused by ankle sprains. DESIGN: A 10-MHz compact linear-array ultrasound transducer was used to assess patients with inversion ankle sprains. Eleven female and 12 male patients who had fractures detected by sonograms were included in the study. All 23 patients underwent radiographic examination for identification of fractures. Bone scintigraphy was performed for those who had negative x-ray findings. RESULTS: Eighteen patients had distal fibular ... Read More »
» Published in Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Oct;85(10):785-92.
7. Sports-related injuries among high school athletes--United States, 2005-06 school year.
Match Strength: 5.561
Participation in high school sports helps promote a physically active lifestyle. High school sports participation has grown from an estimated 4 million participants during the 1971-72 school year to an estimated 7.2 million in 2005-06. However, despite the documented health benefits of increased physical activity (e.g., weight management, improved self-esteem, and increased strength, endurance, and flexibility), those who participate in athletics are at risk for sports-related injuries. High school athletes account for an estimated 2 million injuries, 500,000 doctor visits, and 30,000 ... Read More »
» Published in MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006 Sep 29;55(38):1037-40.
8. Selective nonoperative management of penetrating abdominal solid organ injuries.
Match Strength: 5.434
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of selective nonoperative management in penetrating abdominal solid organ injuries. BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management of blunt abdominal solid organ injuries has become the standard of care. However, routine surgical exploration remains the standard practice for all penetrating solid organ injuries. The present study examines the role of nonoperative management in selected patients with penetrating injuries to abdominal solid organs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, protocol-driven study, which included all penetrating abdominal solid organ ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Surg. 2006 Oct;244(4):620-8.
9. Long-term prognosis of Salter-Harris type 2 injuries of the distal femoral physis.
Match Strength: 5.206
The objective of this study was to assess long-term sequelae of Salter-Harris type 2 injuries on growth of the distal femoral physis. A retrospective study of 20 patients with Salter-Harris type 2 distal femoral injuries, who were managed between 1994 and 2003, was carried out. The average period of follow-up was 4 years and 2 months. Mean age of fracture was 11 years (range 8-15 years). We classified radiologically these fractures into three types according to initial displacement on anteroposterior and lateral radiographs (type 1=less than 2 mm; type 2=more than 2 mm, contact between ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr Orthop B. 2006 Nov;15(6):433-8.
10. Trampoline injuries.
Match Strength: 5.200
OBJECTIVE: To describe the mechanism, location and types of injury for all patients treated for trampoline-associated injuries at St Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway, from March 2001to October 2004. Materials and METHODS: Patients were identified from a National Injury Surveillance System. All patients were asked to complete a standard questionnaire at their first visit at the hospital. Most data were recorded prospectively, but data on the mechanism of injury, the number of participants on the trampoline at the time of injury, adult supervision and whether the activity occurred ... Read More »
» Published in Br J Sports Med. 2006 Dec;40(12):984-7. Epub 2006 Sep 25.
11. Odds of critical injuries in unrestrained pediatric victims of motor vehicle collision.
Match Strength: 5.119
OBJECTIVES: To compare morbidity and mortality between pediatric victims of motor vehicle collisions (MVC) who were unrestrained to those restrained and to describe compliance with child restraint usage in our population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective consecutive chart review study was performed on MVC victims 14 years old and younger who presented to our academic, level 1 trauma emergency department in 2003. Each patient's emergency department and hospital course was reviewed and data were collected. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for unrestrained children with respect to ... Read More »
» Published in Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Sep;22(9):626-9.
12. Pattern of visceral injuries following blunt abdominal trauma in motor vehicular accidents.
Match Strength: 5.005
Objective: To determine the frequency of various visceral injuries following, high-speed motor vehicle crashes with special reference to frequency of liver injuries, severity and complications. Design: A descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Surgical Unit III, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, from August 1999 to February 2002. Patients and Methods: The study included 100 consecutive patients of blunt abdominal trauma. Patients of either gender and age above 12 and below 70 were included in this study. Purposive non-probability sampling was done. Injuries were identified, graded and managed ... Read More »
» Published in J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2006 Oct;16(10):645-7.
13. Amputation Is Not Isolated: An Overview of the US Army Amputee Patient Care Program and Associated Amputee Injuries.
Match Strength: 4.969
Rates of amputation as a percentage of all combat injuries have increased significantly since the Korean War. Following traumatic and combat-related amputation, definitive treatment and rehabilitation require a large, multidisciplinary team to provide comprehensive medical and supportive care. Associated injuries are remarkably frequent, complicating treatment and potentially delaying rehabilitation and/or limiting outcomes. Patient and family psychosocial issues also must be assessed and appropriately addressed. The US Army Amputee Patient Care Program, with the support of numerous other ... Read More »
» Published in J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006 Oct;14(10 Suppl):S188-90.
14. A comparison of paediatric soccer, gaelic football and rugby injuries presenting to an emergency department in Ireland.
Match Strength: 4.931
OBJECTIVES: Children presenting with sport related injuries (SRIs) as a result of soccer, rugby and gaelic football are frequently seen in an emergency medicine (EM) setting in Ireland. A comparison of the demographics of injuries in these three sports has however not previously been performed. The purpose of this study was to provide up-to-date data on the nature of these SRIs. METHOD: Data was collected retrospectively on all children (<17 years of age), injured in these three sports, presenting to an emergency medicine department over 6 months, and was entered into a database for ... Read More »
» Published in Injury. 2007 Jan;38(1):104-11. Epub 2006 Sep 20.
15. Sonography of the acetabular labrum: visualization of labral injuries during intra-articular injections.
Match Strength: 4.914
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this series was to describe the improved conspicuity in the sonographic appearance of acetabular labral injuries during routine sonographically guided intra-articular injections. METHODS: Sonographic examinations of patients undergoing routine sonographically guided intra-articular hip injections were reviewed for evidence of labral injuries (n=21). Sonographic examinations were then correlated with magnetic resonance images of the ipsilateral hip when available (n=14). RESULTS: Before injection, 13 acetabular labra had linear or irregular hypoechoic clefts or ... Read More »
» Published in J Ultrasound Med. 2006 Oct;25(10):1321-6.
16. The neurological consequences of explosives.
Match Strength: 4.886
Neurological injuries produced by explosive blasts are the result of a cascade of events that begin with the initial explosion and evolve from the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary effects that the explosion engenders [Lavonis EJ. Blast Injuries. EMedicine.htm]. Only the results of the primary blast are predictable, and subsequent actions ripple outward in an increasingly random and chance sequence. This article reviews and explains how the ensuing chain of circumstances injures the nervous system, and what examining physicians should anticipate when they treat these patients. Publication ... Read More »
» Published in J Neurol Sci. 2006 Nov 1;249(1):63-7. Epub 2006 Sep 22.
17. Excess mortality caused by medical injury.
Match Strength: 4.859
PURPOSE: We wanted to estimate excess risk of in-hospital mortality associated with medical injuries identified using an injury surveillance system, after controlling for risk of death resulting from comorbidities. METHODS: The Wisconsin Medical Injuries Prevention Program (WMIPP) screening criteria were used to identify medical injuries, defined as "any untoward harm associated with a therapeutic or diagnostic healthcare intervention," among discharge diagnoses for all 562,317 patients discharged from 134 acute care hospitals in Wisconsin in 2002. We then derived estimates for crude and ... Read More »
» Published in Ann Fam Med. 2006 Sep-Oct;4(5):410-6.
18. Motor vehicle restraint system use and risk of spine injury.
Match Strength: 4.760
OBJECTIVE: Motor vehicle collision (MVC)-related spinal injury is a severe and often permanently disabling injury. In addition, strain injuries have been reported as a common outcome of MVCs. Although advances in automobile crashworthiness have reduced both fatalities and severe injuries, the impact of varying occupant restraint systems (seatbelts and airbags) on thoracolumbar spine injuries is unknown. This study examined the relationship between the occurrence of mild to severe cervical and thoracolumbar spine injury and occupant restraint systems among front seat occupants involved in ... Read More »
» Published in Traffic Inj Prev. 2006 Sep;7(3):256-63.
19. Occupational health problems and injuries among Quebec's physical educators.
Match Strength: 4.758
The purpose of this study was to describe the traumatology of teaching physical education (PE) and to document the causes and mechanisms of injuries in this occupation. Our sample was composed of 314 physical educators (PEs) teaching at three school levels (primary school, secondary school and college) who responded to a questionnaire survey. The results showed a 0.55 rate of recent lesion per teacher per year (0.65 for women and 0.51 for men). A total of 37.6% of subjects were affected by a lesion during the last year at work. Subjects with a higher weekly frequency of leisure physical ... Read More »
» Published in Appl Ergon. 2006 Sep 19;
20. Application of the Ottawa Knee Rules in assessing acute knee injuries.
Match Strength: 4.552
The Ottawa Knee Rules (OKR) were established to identify which adults with acute knee injuries require knee x-rays as part of their assessment. This study evaluates the compliance of non-consultant hospital doctors (NCHDs), working in an Irish Emergency Dept., with these guidelines and assesses the impact of raising the profile of these rules on their implementation. Emergency Dept. (ED) notes of all adults who presented with an acute knee injury in a 3-month period were analysed retrospectively and compliance with the OKR was assessed. ED NCHDs were then educated on the details and value of ... Read More »
» Published in Ir Med J. 2006 Jul-Aug;99(7):199-200.
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