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Peer Reviewed Scientific Research Reports.
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1. A factor analytic approach to distinguish pure and co-occurring dimensions of proactive and reactive aggression.
Match Strength: 9.799
This study used a confirmatory factor model to distinguish pure and co-occurring dimensions of proactive and reactive aggression, and examined the relation between parenting variables and these dimensions of aggression in a sample of 100 children (9 to 12 years of age; 69 boys). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported 3 dimensions of proactive and reactive aggression: pure proactive, pure reactive, and their co-occurrence. Parenting variables differentially related to the pure and co-occurring dimensions of aggression. Findings indicate that CFA provides a promising approach for ... Read More »
» Published in J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2006 Dec;35(4):578-82.
2. Measles and rubella antibody status in children after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Match Strength: 3.350
OBJECTIVE: To assess the vaccination history and the status of vaccine-induced protection from measles and rubella in children after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. METHODS: Measles and rubella immunological status was assessed by the ELISA technique for 22 children previously treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. RESULTS: From the total of 22 patients, 20 had been given two doses of measles vaccine and 18 had had one dose of rubella vaccine. The percentage of patients seropositive for measles and rubella were 65 and 88.9%, respectively, with no correlation with age of patient, ... Read More »
» Published in J Pediatr (Rio J). 2006 Nov-Dec;82(6):481-4. Epub 2006 Sep 21.
3. Attention control in middle childhood: Relations to psychopathological symptoms and threat perception distortions.
Match Strength: 3.028
The present study examined the construct of attention control, which is an important aspect of effortful control, in a sample of non-clinical children aged between 9 and 13 years. Results demonstrated that attention control was associated with a broad range of psychopathological complaints, including symptoms of anxiety, aggression, depression, and ADHD. As predicted, lower levels of attention control were accompanied by higher levels of these symptoms. Further, attention control was also negatively related to threat perception distortions, which indicates that children who display low levels ... Read More »
» Published in Behav Res Ther. 2006 Sep 18;
4. Vicissitudes in adult life resulting from traumatic experiences in adolescence.
Match Strength: 2.997
The author deals with the difficulties in combining the concepts of trauma and phantasy. He evaluates Freudian observations relating to chance and trauma. He considers traumatic effects of chance in relation to the rupture of a narcissistic phantasy of invulnerability. The narrating of traumatic events may awaken in the analyst tendencies to repeat the aggression of these traumatic events towards the subject. The accusatory interpretation can be one of the means by which this repetition is established. The author explores a type of trauma which is essentially related to the disturbance of the ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Psychoanal. 2006 Oct;87(Pt 5):1239-57.
5. Systematic review of pharmacotherapy of disruptive behavior disorders in children and adolescents.
Match Strength: 2.971
RATIONALE: Pharmacotherapy is frequently considered in the treatment of disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) in children and adolescents. There are, however, no systematic reviews of this literature. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to determine whether medication is effective in treating pediatric disruptive behavior disorders and related problems of impulse control, as well as to examine differences in the treatment response and tolerability of different medication classes and agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of the pharmacotherapy of DBDs in children and ... Read More »
» Published in Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2006 Sep 16;
6. Time course of alterations after olfactory bulbectomy in mice.
Match Strength: 2.929
Olfactory bulbectomy in rodents causes behavioral alterations, which result in a model of depression, validated for pharmacological screening of antidepressant drugs. To unravel the appearance and time course of the major behavioral effects which follow surgery, mice underwent olfactory bulb ablation or sham operation, and were analyzed after 1, 2, or 4 weeks. Bulbectomized (BX) mice were anosmic, and hyperactive when tested under stressful situations in the forced swimming test. Predatory aggression was upregulated in a time-dependent way: only after 4 weeks BX mice were faster than controls ... Read More »
» Published in Physiol Behav. 2006 Dec 30;89(5):637-43. Epub 2006 Sep 12.
7. Locomotion by Abdopus aculeatus (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae): walking the line between primary and secondary defenses.
Match Strength: 2.830
Speeds and variation in body form during crawling, bipedal walking, swimming and jetting by the shallow-water octopus Abdopus aculeatus were compared to explore possible interactions between defense behaviors and biomechanics of these multi-limbed organisms. General body postures and patterns were more complex and varied during the slow mode of crawling than during fast escape maneuvers such as swimming and jetting. These results may reflect a trade-off between predator deception and speed, or simply a need to reduce drag during jet-propelled locomotion. Octopuses swam faster when ... Read More »
» Published in J Exp Biol. 2006 Oct;209(Pt 19):3697-707.
8. Factors related to potentially harmful behaviors towards disabled older people by family caregivers in Japan.
Match Strength: 2.660
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine factors related to potentially harmful behaviors (PHB) by family caregivers towards their older family members. METHODS: Four hundred and twelve pairs of disabled older adults and their family caregivers participated in the study. All of these disabled older adults were users of visiting nursing services under the public Long-Term Care insurance system, who resided in one of the eight catchment areas of visiting nursing services in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. The caregivers were asked to complete questionnaires in relation to their PHB ... Read More »
» Published in Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Sep 22;
9. Omega-3 fatty acids and rodent behavior.
Match Strength: 2.508
This paper reviews the role of the n-3 fatty acids in the regulation of cognitive functions, locomotor and exploratory activity and emotional status in rodents. There are disparate data on the performance of n-3 fatty acid deficient animals in the open field test and elevated plus maze. Results obtained in our laboratory indicated slower habituation to the open field in deficient mice, which affects total locomotor and exploratory parameters. We also observed no change in plus maze performance of deficient mice under low-stress but elevated anxiety under high-stress conditions. There is some ... Read More »
» Published in Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2006 Oct-Nov;75(4-5):271-89. Epub 2006 Sep 14.
10. Sleep deprivation as a neurobiologic and physiologic stressor: Allostasis and allostatic load.
Match Strength: 2.305
Sleep has important homeostatic functions, and sleep deprivation is a stressor that has consequences for the brain, as well as many body systems. Whether sleep deprivation is due to anxiety, depression, or a hectic lifestyle, there are consequences of chronic sleep deprivation that impair brain functions and contribute to allostatic load throughout the body. Allostatic load refers to the cumulative wear and tear on body systems caused by too much stress and/or inefficient management of the systems that promote adaptation through allostasis. Chronic sleep deprivation in young healthy volunteers ... Read More »
» Published in Metabolism. 2006 Oct;55(10 Suppl 2):S20-3.
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