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Effect of traditional Greek Mediterranean meals on platelet aggregation in normal subjects and in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Epidemiological studies have shown a correlation between diet and incidence of coronary heart disease. The aim of the study is to determine the effect of a traditional Greek Mediterranean diet on platelet aggregation induced by ADP, arachidonic acid (AA), and especially platelet-activating factor (PAF) on patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus as well as on healthy volunteers. The patients were randomized into two subgroups, A and B. The lipid extracts from traditional Greek Mediterranean-type meals were tested in in vivo for their ability to reduce PAF- or thrombin-induced platelet aggregation. The meals with the most potent anti-aggregating activity were chosen for the diet of both subgroup A and healthy subjects and consumed for a period of 28 days, whereas subgroup B kept to their regular diet that was followed before entering the study. Platelet-rich plasma was isolated before and after the diet, and the ability of platelets to aggregate under the aggregating factors was tested. One-month consumption of diet resulted in a significant reduction in PAF- and ADP-induced aggregation of platelets in both groups of healthy volunteers (PAF and ADP, P < .05) and subgroup A (PAF, P < .001; ADP, P < .05), whereas the AA-induced aggregation was not affected. No effect was observed in subgroup B, which followed the standard diet. Thus the consumption of a traditional Greek Mediterranean diet even for a short period can reduce platelet activity in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus and in healthy subjects. Publication Types: Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


Keywords: traditional greek mediterranean, traditional greek, diabetes mellitus, greek mediterranean, healthy subjects, induced aggregation, healthy volunteers, platelet aggregation, patients with, mediterranean diet, with type, platelet, patients, aggregation, healthy, subgroup, induced, mediterranean, diabetes, mellitus, traditional, greek

Authored by Antonopoulou S, Fragopoulou E, Karantonis HC, Mitsou E, Sitara M, Rementzis J, Mourelatos A, Ginis A, Phenekos C. Department of Science of Nutrition-Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, Greece. antonop@hua.gr

Published in J Med Food. 2006 Fall;9(3):356-62. The full report is available online. link   A subscription to the periodical may be required.



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